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YY/T 0127.7-2017

Chinese Standard: 'YY/T 0127.7-2017'
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID YY/T 0127.7-2017 (YY/T0127.7-2017)
Description (Translated English) Biological evaluation of dental materials. Part 2: Biological evaluation test method of dental materials. Pulp and dentine usage test
Sector / Industry Medical Device & Pharmaceutical Industry Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard C33
Classification of International Standard 11.060.10
Word Count Estimation 8,849
Date of Issue 2017-03-28
Date of Implementation 2018-04-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) YY/T 0127.7-2001
Drafting Organization National Food and Drug Administration Peking University Medical Device Quality Supervision and Inspection Center
Administrative Organization National Stomatological Materials and Equipment Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 99)
Regulation (derived from) China Food & Drug Administration Announcement 2017 No. 38
Proposing organization China Food and Drug Administration
Issuing agency(ies) State Food and Drug Administration

YY/T 0127.7-2017
YY
PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 11.060.10
C 33
Replacing YY/T 0127.7-2001
Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices Used in Dentistry -
Part 7. Pulp and Dentine Usage Test
口腔医疗器械生物学评价
第七部分. 牙髓牙本质应用试验
(ISO 7405.2008, Dentistry - Evaluation of Biocompatibility of Medical Devices
Used in Dentistry, NEQ)
ISSUED ON. MARCH 28, 2017
IMPLEMENTED ON. APRIL 1, 2018
Issued by. China Food and Drug Administration
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 6 
2 Normative References ... 6 
3 Negative Control Material ... 6 
4 Positive Control ... 6 
5 Animal and Animal Welfare ... 7 
6 Experimental Cycle ... 7 
7 Experimental Steps ... 7 
8 Result Evaluation ... 12 
9 Experiment Report ... 12 
Foreword
This Standard is drafted in accordance with stipulations in GB/T 1.1-2009.
YY/T 0127 series standard is specific biological test methods and standards of medical
devices used in dentistry. It shall be divided into the following sections.
-- YY/T 0127.1 Biotic Experiment Method for Dental Materials - Hemolysis Test
-- YY/T 0127.2 Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices Used in Dentistry - Part 2.
Test Method - Acute Systemic Toxicity. Intravenous Path
-- YY/T 0127.3 Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices Used in Dentistry - Part 3.
Endodontic Usage Test
-- YY/T 0127.4 Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices Used in Dentistry - Unit 2.
Biological Evaluation Method of Dental Materials - Bone Implant Test
-- YY/T 0127.5 Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices Used in Dentistry - Part 5.
Inhalation Toxicity Test
-- YY/T 0127.6 Biological Evaluation of Dental Materials - Unit 2. Biological Test
Methods of Dental Materials - Dominant Lethal Test
-- YY/T 0127.7 Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices Used in Dentistry - Part 7.
Pulp and Dentine Usage Test
-- YY/T 0127.8 Biological Evaluation of Dental Materials - Part 2. Biological
Evaluation Test Method of Dental Materials - Subcutaneous Implant Test
-- YY/T 0127.9 Biological Evaluation of Dental Materials - Part 2. Biological
Evaluation Test Method of Dental Materials - Cytotoxicity Tests. Agar Diffusion
Test and Filter Diffusion Test
-- YY/T 0127.10 Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices Used in Dentistry - Part
2. Test Method - Salmonella Typhimurium Reserve Mutation Assay (Ames
Mutagenicity Test)
-- YY/T 0127.11 Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices Used in Dentistry - Part
11. Pulp Capping Test
-- YY/T 0127.12 Dentistry - Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices Used in
Dentistry - Part 2. Test Method - Micronucleus Test
-- YY/T 0127.13 Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices Used in Dentistry - Part
2. Test Method - Oral Mucous Membrane Irritation Test
Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices Used in Dentistry -
Part 7. Pulp and Dentine Usage Test
1 Scope
This part of YY/T 0127 specifies methods of dental materials, pulp and dentine usage
test.
This part shall be applied to evaluate biocompatibility of dental materials, dentine and
endodontic pulp, including evaluation methods and steps that are indispensable to the
anticipated clinical application of the materials.
2 Normative References
The following documents are indispensable to the application of this Standard. In terms
of references with a specified date, only versions with a specified date are applicable
to this Standard. The latest version (including all the modifications) of references
without a specified date is also applicable to this Standard.
GB/T 16886.2 Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices - Part 2. Animal Welfare
Requirements (GB/T 16886.2-2011, ISO 10993-2.2006, IDT)
3 Negative Control Material
Zinc oxide eugenol cement that can be instantly solidified is a suitable negative control
material. In terms of long-term research, zinc oxide eugenol cement shall be preferably
protected to prevent from hydrolysis. A thin layer of zinc polycarboxylate cement or
traditional (self-condensed) glass ionomer cement can be smeared onto the surface of
zinc oxide eugenol cement to prevent from hydrolysis. Then, resin-based composite
material that adopts acid etching for retention shall be utilized as the filling. It needs to
be noted that if zinc oxide eugenol cement directly contacts with resin-based composite
material, the polymerization of resin-based composite material will be prevented.
Traditional glass ionomer cement can also be considered as a negative control
material.
4 Positive Control
When fillings or techniques that are applied to unexposed endodontic pulp can trigger
moderate and severe reaction of the endodontic pulp, these are suitable positive
control cases (for example, silicone cement).
that contain experimental materials and 4 teeth that contain negative control materials
in each experimental cycle. Anesthetize animals and conduct the experiment in
accordance with what’s described in 7.2.
7.2 Tooth Preparation
7.2.1 Cavity preparation
Remove all tooth stones and soft mucinous deposits on the surface of teeth. Take 3%
(volume fraction) hydrogen peroxide to clean and sterilize the surface of teeth, then,
use disinfectant that contains iodine or chlorhexidine to sterilize the teeth. Under
sufficient vapor spray, take sharp drill to prepare a necessary number of V-type cavities
on the buccal side of the teeth or the lip side. The thickness of residual dentine on the
bottom of all the cavities shall be < 1 mm, and preferably < 0.5 mm. However, the
endodontic pulp shall not be exposed. Experimental filling materials require a different
operation. Other than this, all cavities shall be rinsed with water, and dried with
absorbent cotton.
Note 1. if animals manifest apparent gingival inflammation, remove all tooth
stones and soft mucinous deposits on the surface of teeth several days
before cavity preparation; repeat the step of cleaning if necessary, till the
inflammation is under control.
Note 2. during cavity preparation, impedance measuring instrument that has been
calibrated can be adopted, for example, apical instrument, to assist in the
estimation of the thickness of the residual dentine.
7.2.2 Material preparation
Prepare experimental materials in accordance with product specification. If product
specification requires the application of cavity lining material or treatment agent (for
example, dentine glue), these operations can be added in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instruction.
7.2.3 Cavity filling
In accordance with the principle of random allocation, experimental materials shall be
utilized to fill at least 7 cavities, negative control materials shall be utilized to fill at least
4 cavities in each experimental cycle. If necessary (refer to the note below), there shall
be 4 positive control cavities in each experimental cycle.
Note. if laboratory possesses previous positive control database, it is unnecessary
to conduct another positive control experiment, unless positive reaction
needs to be verified.
7.2.4 Postoperative observation and nursing
Slight inflammation. the structure of dental pulp tissue that passes
dentinal tubule and adjoins cavity bottom is normal, inflammatory
cells are dispersed
Moderate inflammation. the structure of dental pulp tissue that
passes dentinal tubule and adjoins cavity bottom is still normal,
small-scale lesions of concentrated inflammatory cells exist
Severe inflammation. the structure of dental pulp tissue that
passes dentinal tubule and adjoins cavity bottom is abnormal,
inflammatory cells infiltrate extensively
Abscess is formed, or extensive inflammatory cells infiltrate to
tissue area except from dental pulp tissue that adjoins dentinal
tubule on cavity bottom
During the evaluation of each section, record the minimum thickness of residual
dentine, including the measurement of the distance from cavity bottom to endodontic
pulp - (early stage) dentine interface and the distance along dentinal tubule from the
vertical angle. The latter refers to when the plane section is not completely consistent
with dentinal tubule, namely, each dentinal tubule in this area fails to stretch from cavity
bottom to pulp - (early stage) dentine interface, then, the basic direction of dental tubule
shall be complied with during the measurement. Calculate inflammatory response
index in each experimental cycle, namely, add the grading score of each section
together, then, divide it by the total number of sections being observed.
In experimental data, experimental materials (including lining materials and treatment
agents recommended by manufacturers), and results of negative control and positive
control shall be listed out respectively. Cavity that’s filled with positive control materials
can adopt previous data that’s acquired under the same experimental conditions. In
addition, record the number of cavity bottoms or side walls with bacteria in
exp......
Related standard:   YY/T 0127.13-2018  YY/T 0127.15-2018
Related PDF sample:   YY/T 0127.4-2009
   
 
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