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SH/T 0770-2005

Chinese Standard: 'SH/T 0770-2005'
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Detail Information of SH/T 0770-2005; SH/T0770-2005; SHT 0770-2005; SHT0770-2005
Description (Translated English): Standard test method for freezing point of aviation fuels (Automatic phase transition method)
Sector / Industry: Petrochemical Industry Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard: E31
Classification of International Standard: 75.160.20
Word Count Estimation: 8,000
Date of Issue: 2005-10-10
Date of Implementation: 2006-02-01
Adopted Standard: ASTM D5972-2002, MOD
Drafting Organization: China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation Research Institute of Petroleum
Administrative Organization: China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation - Research Institute
Regulation (derived from): Development and Reform Commission Notice (2005/ 62)
Summary: This standard specifies the determination of the freezing point of jet fuel, jet fuel, below this temperature the formation of crystalline solid hydrocarbons. This standard applies to the determination of the freezing point in the range of -80 �� ~ +20 ��, however, mentioned in 12. 4 interlaboratory study only on jet fuel freezing at -45 �� ~ -65 �� range has been verified.

SH/T 0770-2005
SH
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 75.160.20
E31
Standard test method for freezing point of aviation fuels
(Automatic phase transition method)
航空燃料冰点测定法
(自动相转换法)
ISSUED ON. OCTOBER 10, 2005
IMPLEMENTED ON. FEBRUARY 01, 2006
Issued by. National Development and Reform Commission
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Terms and definitions ... 4 
4 Method summary ... 5 
5 Significance and purpose ... 5 
6 Instrument ... 6 
7 Reagent and material ... 6 
8 Preparation of instrument ... 7 
9 Calibration and standardization ... 7 
10 Test steps ... 7 
11 Report ... 8 
12 Precision and deviation ... 8 
Foreword
This Standard modifies and adopts American Society for Testing and Materials Standard
ASTM D 5979-02 Standard Test Method of Aviation Fuel Freezing Point (Automatic Phase
Transition Method).
This Standard is redrafted according to ASTM D 5979-02.
In order to adapt to the situations of our country, this Standard is amended when it uses
ASTM D 5979-02. The main differences between this Standard and ASTM D 5979-02 are
as follows.
- The references of this Standard use the corresponding national standards of China.
For convenient use, this Standard also made the following editorial amendments.
- The representation of repeatability and reproducibility text was amended according to
the practice of China.
- Delete the key words in Chapter 13.
Annex A in this Standard is the normative.
This Standard was proposed by China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation.
This Standard shall be under jurisdiction of Research Institute of Petroleum and Chemical
of China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation.
Drafting organization of this Standard. Research Institute of Petroleum and Chemical of
China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation.
Main drafters of this Standard. Zhang Qian, and Gong Dongmei.
Standard Test Method of Aviation Fuel Freezing Point
(Automatic Phase Transition Method)
1 Scope
1.1 This Standard specifies the determination method of freezing point of jet fuel; the jet
fuel less than this temperature will form the solid hydrocarbon crystalline.
1.2 This Standard is applied to determine the range of freezing point of -80°C ~ +20°C,
however, the research among laboratories mentioned in Article 12.4 only verifies the
range of freezing point of jet fuel of -45°C ~ -65°C.
1.3 When this standard is used to determine JetB and JP4 specimen, the user shall note
that (see Article 12.3).
Note. JetB and JP4 are equivalent to the wide distillation jet fuel specified in GJB 2375 of China.
1.4 This Standard uses SI (international unit system) as the standard measurement unit.
1.5 In the use of this Standard, it may involve in the hazardous materials, operation and
equipment. This Standard does not propose the suggestions on all safety problems
related to this; the user has the responsibility to establish the corresponding safety and
protection measures before it uses this Standard, and identify its limited applicable scope.
2 Normative references
The articles contained in the following documents have become part of this document
when they are quoted herein. For the dated documents so quoted, all subsequent
modifications (excluding corrigendum) or revisions made thereafter do not apply to this
Standard. However, the parties who reach an agreement according to this Standard are
encouraged to study whether the latest versions of these documents may be used. For
the undated documents so quoted, the latest versions (including all modification sheets)
apply to this document.
GB/T 2430 Jet fuels - Determination of freezing-point
GJB 2376 Specification for wide distillation jet fuels
ASTM D2386 Standard Test Method of Aviation Fuel Freezing Point
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions are applied to this Standard.
Warning. use the wooden cotton swab will cause the damage to the mirror surface of
sample cup.
8 Preparation of instrument
8.1 Install the instrument according to the operation instructions of manufacturer.
8.2 Open the liquid cooling media circulation system according to the operation
instructions of manufacturer to ensure that the temperature of cooling media is suitable to
the test requirements of specimen (refer to Article 7.2 note).
8.3 Open the gas purge system according to the instructions of manufacturer to ensure
adjusting to the proper pressure.
Note. Some instruments may have a gas source for generating the drying and purging the
gas; in this case, it is not required to be equipped with the compression gas equipment.
8.4 Open the switch of master power supply of this analysis instrument.
9 Calibration and standardization
9.1 It shall ensure that the instrument is calibrated, inspected and operating according to
the instructions of manufacturer.
9.2 Use a specimen of jet fuel, which has been determined by the method in GB/T 2430
and has a lot of freezing data, to verify the performance of this instrument. Take multiple
specimens which have been verified in laboratory as the inspection standard; the
specimens of these standards may be obtained from the mutually verified specimens in
laboratory. The n-octane or n-nonane with analytically pure of the known freezing value
may be used to verify the temperature measurement device in the instrument.
10 Test steps
10.1 Open the cover of detection chamber, and use the cotton swab to clean the sample
cup in detection chamber.
10.2 Use the sample injector to take 0.15mL ± 0.01mL of specimen to inject into the
sample cup for cleaning; use the cotton swab to wipe the sample cup; the sample cup
shall be wiped until there is no obvious residual sample drop.
10.3 Clean the sample cup according to the steps of 10.2 again.
10.4 Take 0.15mL ± 0.01mL of specimen accurately; inject it into the sample cup.
10.5 Cover and lock the cover of detection chamber.
is no same-deviation in all samples; all differences are within the reproducibility range
(2.5°C) of ASTM D2386 (i.e. GB/T2430); two kinds of fuel are exceptional; these two
samples are the samples of JP4 and JetB; and they are 2.5°C and 2......
Related standard:   SH/T 0765-2005  SH/T 0806-2008
   
 
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