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JT/T 1094-2016

Chinese Standard: 'JT/T 1094-2016'
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Detail Information of JT/T 1094-2016; JT/T1094-2016
Description (Translated English): (Safety conditions for operating passenger cars)
Sector / Industry: Highway & Transportation Industry Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard: T42
Word Count Estimation: 13,162
Date of Issue: 2016-12-30
Date of Implementation: 2017-04-01
Regulation (derived from): Ministry of Transport Notice No.61 of 2016

JT/T 1094-2016
JT
NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY
STANDARD OF THEPEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.080.20
T 42
Record No..
Safety Specifications for Commercial Bus
营运客车安全技术条件
ISSUED ON. DECEMBER 30, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. APRIL 1, 2017
Issued by. Ministry of Transport of PRC
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Terms and Definitions ... 6
4 Technical Requirements ... 6
5 Requirements for Transition Period of Standard Implementation ... 13
Appendix A (Normative) Performance Requirements and Test Method for
Electronic Stability Control System of the Commercial Bus ... 15
Foreword
This Standard was drafted as per the rules specified in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Standard was proposed by Transport Service Department, Ministry of Transport
of the PRC.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of Bus Subcommittee of the National
Technical Committee for Standardization of Automotive (SAC/TC 114/SC22).
Drafting organizations of this Standard. Chongqing Vehicle Test & Research Institute
Co., Ltd., and Bus Institute of China Highway &Transportation Society.
Participating drafting organizations of this Standard. Research Institute of Highway
Ministry of Transport, Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co., Ltd., Xiamen King Long United
Automotive Industry Co., Ltd., Beiqi Foton Motor Co., Ltd., King Long United
Automotive Industry (Suzhou) Co., Ltd., Zhongtong Bus Holding Co., Ltd., Xiamen
Golden Dragon Van Co., Ltd., Anhui Ankai Automobile Co., Ltd., Jinhua Youngman
Automobile Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Transport Administration Bureau of Jiangsu
Transportation Department, Chongqing Municipal Road Transport Administration
Bureau, Road Transport Administration Bureau of Hunan Provincial Transportation
Department, Guizhou Provincial Road Transport Bureau, and Beijing North Huade
Neoplan Bus Co., Ltd.
Chief drafting staffs of this Standard. Zhang Yidong, Hu Xuanru, Li Qiang, Yao Bo, Wu
Xiaoguang, You Guoping, Cao Fei, Zhang Hongwei, Zhang Xiong, Tian Yongsheng,
Zhong Bin, Huang Xinyu, Chen Zhangyu, Su Liang, Zhao Tianhong, Yu Yali, Zhang
Mike, Yan Zejin, Xu Xiaofang, Pu Yanliang, Wang Hua, Li Jianfang, and Gao Bin.
Safety Specifications for Commercial Bus
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the safety technical requirements for the entire vehicle, main
assembly, safety protection device of the commercial bus.
This Standard is applicable to the Class-B and Class-III commercial bus in the Type-
M2 and Type-M3 vehicle.
This Standard is not applicable to the school bus.
2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the
dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this
document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the
amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB/T 2408 Plastics – Determination of Burning Characteristics – Horizontal and
Vertical Test
GB/T 3730.1 Motor Vehicles and Trailers – Types – Terms and Definitions
GB/T 6323 Controllability and Stability Test Procedure for Automobiles
GB 7258 Safety Specifications for Power-Driven Vehicles Operating on Roads
GB 12676 Technical Requirements and Testing Methods for Commercial Vehicle
and Trailer Braking Systems
GB 13057 The Strength of the Seats and their Anchorages of Passenger Vehicles
GB 13094 The Safety Requirements for Bus Construction
GB/T 13594 Antilock Braking Performance and Test Procedure for Motor Vehicles
and their Trailers
GB 14166 Safety-Belts, Restraint Systems, Child Restraint Systems and ISOFIX
Child Restraint Systems for Occupants of Power-Driven Vehicles
GB 14167 Safety-Belt Anchorages, ISOFIX Anchorages Systems and ISOFIX Top
Tether Anchorages for Vehicles
GB/T 14172 Static Roll Stability Test Method for Motor Vehicles
GB/T 15089 Classification of Power-Driven Vehicles and Trailers
GB 17578 Requirements and Test Methods of Strength for the Superstructure of
Bus
GB/T 17619 Limits and Methods of Testing for Immunity of Electrical / Electronic
Sub-Assemblies in Vehicles to Electromagnetic Radiation
GB 18565 Composite Performance Requirement and Detecting Methods for Road
Transport Vehicles
GB/T 18655 Vehicles Boats and Internal Combustion Engines - Radio Disturbance
Characteristics - Limits and Methods of Measurement for the Protection of on-
Board Receivers
GB/T 19056 Vehicle Travelling Data Recorder
GB 19239 Mounting Requirements of Special Equipment for Gas Vehicle
GB/T 23334 Open-Type Roof Escape Hatch on Bus
GB/T 24545 Requirement of Speed Limitation System for Motor Vehicles
GB/T 30677 Performance Requirements and Testing Methods for Electronic
Stability Control System (ESC) for Light Vehicles
GB 30678 Safety Signs and Information Symbols for the Use of Bus
JT/T 721 Requirements and Test Methods of Electromagnetic Retarder for the Use
of Bus
JT/T 782 Technical Requirements of Tyre Failure Emergency Safety Device for
Bus
JT/T 794 GNSS System for Operating Vehicles - Technical Specification for
Vehicle Terminals
JT/T 808 GNSS System for Operating Vehicles - General Specifications for Vehicle
Terminal Communication Protocol and Data Format
JT/T 883 Driving Danger Warning System for Commercial Vehicles - Technical
Requirements and Test Method
JT/T 889 Loading Performance Requirements and Test Methods for Engine
3500kg shall meet the requirements of GB/T 30677; the ESC equipped onto the other
commercial buses shall meet the requirements of Appendix A. The electromagnetic
compatibility of the ESC shall conform to the provisions of GB/T 18655 and GB/T
17619.
4.1.5 The commercial bus with length greater than 9m shall be equipped with the
Lane Departure Warning System (LDWS) that conforms to the provisions of JT/T 883;
and equipped with the Automatic Emergency Braking System (AEBS). The forward
collision warning function of the AEBS shall conform to the provisions of JT/T 883;
other functions shall conform to the provisions of relevant standards.
4.1.6 When leaving the factory, the commercial bus shall be equipped with vehicle
inside and outside video monitoring system with the storage and upload functions; and
equipped with the vehicle terminal based on satellite positioning system with the travel
recording function.
--- The video monitoring system shall conform to the provisions of JT/T 1076 and
JT/T 1078; and the video monitoring range shall cover at least the driver’s area,
passenger door area, passenger area, and front area outside of the vehicle.
--- The vehicle terminal based on satellite positioning system shall conform to the
provisions of GB/T 19056, JT/T 794 and JT/T 808.
4.1.7 The commercial bus shall be equipped with safety signs, which shall conform
to the provisions of GB 30678.
4.1.8 The commercial bus shall indicate the number of seats (including the driver’s
seat) in Chinese and Arabic numerals with a height greater than or equal to 100mm in
the vicinity of the passenger door outside the bus.
4.1.9 The commercial bus roll stability shall conform to the provisions of GB 7258.
4.10 The commercial bus with maximum design speed of greater than 100km/h shall
have the speed limit function; or shall be equipped with the speed limit device meeting
the requirements of GB/T 24545; and the maximum speed adjusted by the speed limit
function or speed limit device shall be no greater than 100km/h.
4.2 Steering system
4.2.1 When the maximum design axle load of steering shaft is greater than 4000kg,
the power steering device shall be installed. When steering, the power steering
function shall be continuously valid; and when the power steering device failed, the
steering wheel can also control the vehicle.
4.2.2 The commercial bus shall be understeering characteristics; perform the test as
per GB/T 6323; the understeering degree shall conform to the provisions of QC/T 480.
4.6.3.8 The commercial bus with length greater than 9m shall be equipped with at
least 2 safety roof windows; while the commercial bus with length greater than 7m and
less than or equal to 9m shall be equipped with at least 1 safety roof window. The
open-type safety roof window shall meet the requirements of GB/T 23334.
4.6.3.9 The emergency hammer conforming to the provisions of QC/T 1048 shall be
installed nearby the emergency window of the commercial bus; when the emergency
hammer i......
Related standard:   JT/T 1164-2017  JT/T 616-2016
   
 
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