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JB/T 10238-2017 (JBT10238-2017)

JB/T 10238-2017_English: PDF (JBT 10238-2017, JBT10238-2017)
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JB/T 10238-2017English250 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Rolling bearings - Automotive hub bearing units Valid JB/T 10238-2017

BASIC DATA
Standard ID JB/T 10238-2017 (JB/T10238-2017)
Description (Translated English) Rolling bearings - Automotive hub bearing units
Sector / Industry Mechanical & Machinery Industry Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard J11
Word Count Estimation 22,295
Date of Issue 2017-11-07
Date of Implementation 2018-04-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) JB/T 10238-2011
Regulation (derived from) Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Bulletin 2017 No. 48
Summary This standard specifies the definition, classification, code method, basic structure type, basic size, technical requirements, matching installation, testing methods, inspection rules, signs, rust-proof packaging, transportation and storage of the hub bearing unit for passenger cars.

Standards related to: JB/T 10238-2017

JB/T 10238-2017
MECHANICAL INDUSTRY STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 21.100.20
J 11
Registration number: 61241-2018
Replacing JB/T 10238-2011
Rolling bearings - Automotive hub bearing units
ISSUED ON: NOVEMBER 07, 2017
IMPLEMENTED ON: APRIL 01, 2018
Issued by: Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of PRC
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 4 
1 Scope ... 7 
2 Normative references ... 7 
3 Terms and definitions ... 9 
4 Symbols ... 9 
5 Classification ... 10 
6 Coding method ... 11 
6.1 Code composition ... 11 
6.2 Type code ... 12 
6.3 Size code ... 12 
6.4 Post-positioned code ... 13 
6.5 Example ... 13 
7 Basic structure type ... 14 
8 Basic size ... 17 
9 Technical requirements ... 17 
9.1 Materials and heat treatment ... 17 
9.2 Tolerance ... 18 
9.3 Surface roughness ... 20 
9.4 Clearance ... 20 
9.5 Residual magnetism ... 20 
9.6 Vibration ... 21 
9.7 Lubrication and sealing ... 21 
9.8 Bolt ... 21 
9.9 Friction torque ... 21 
9.10 Sensor ... 22 
9.11 Appearance quality ... 22 
9.12 Service life ... 22 
9.13 Others ... 22 
10 Fitting installation ... 23 
11 Testing method ... 23 
12 Inspection rules ... 25 
12.1 Exit-factory inspection ... 25 
12.2 Acceptance inspection... 25 
12.3 Type inspection ... 25 
13 Marking ... 26 
14 Anti-rust packaging ... 26 
15 Transportation and storage ... 26 
Appendix A (Normative) Basic sizes of some hub bearing units ... 27 
A.1 DAC type hub bearing unit ... 27 
A.2 DU type hub bearing unit ... 27 
A.3 DACF type hub bearing unit ... 28 
A.4 DUF type hub bearing unit ... 28 
A.5 DAC2F type hub bearing unit ... 29 
Appendix B (Informative) Technical conditions for fitting installation of hub
bearing unit ... 30 
B.1 Dimensional tolerance ... 30 
B.2 Clearance ... 30 
B.3 Tightening torque ... 30 
Rolling bearings - Automotive hub bearing units
1 Scope
This standard specifies the terms and definitions, symbols, classification,
designation method, basic structure type, basic size, technical requirements,
matching installation, testing methods, inspection rules, markings, anti-rust
packaging, transportation, storage of the hub bearing unit for passenger
vehicles (hereinafter referred to as the hub bearing unit).
This standard applies to the production, inspection and acceptance of hub
bearing units.
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For
the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable
to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including
all the amendments) are applicable to this standard.
GB/T 272 Rolling bearing - Identification code
GB/T 307.2-2005 Rolling bearings - Measuring and gauging principles and
methods
GB/T 307.3-2017 Rolling bearings - General technical regulations
GB/T 699-2015 Quality carbon structural steels
GB/T 2828.1-2012 Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes - Part 1:
Sampling schemes indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot
inspection
GB/T 2829-2002 Sampling procedures and tables for periodic inspection by
attributes (Apply to inspection of process stability)
GB/T 3077-2015 Alloy structure steels
GB/T 3098.1-2010 Mechanical properties of fasteners - Bolts, screws and
studs
GB/T 3103.1-2002 Essential oils and aromatic extracts - Determination of
residual benzene content
GB/T 3478.1-2008 Straight cylindrical involute splines - Metric module side
fit - Part 1: Generalities
GB/T 3478.5-2008 Straight cylindrical involute splines - Metric module side
fit - Part 5: Inspection
GB/T 4199-2003 Rolling bearings - Tolerances - Definitions
GB/T 5617-2005 Determination of effective depth of hardening after
induction or flame hardening of steel
GB/T 5671-2014 General purpose lithium lubricating grease for automobile
GB/T 6930-2002 Rolling bearings - Vocabulary
GB/T 7811-2015 Rolling bearings - Symbols for physical quantities
GB/T 8597-2013 Rolling bearings - Rust proof packaging
GB/T 18254-2016 High-carbon chromium bearing steel
GB/T 24605-2009 Rolling bearings - Marking for products
GB/T 24606-2009 Rolling bearings - Non-destructive testing - Magnetic
particle testing
GB/T 24610.2-2009 Rolling bearings - Measuring methods for vibration -
Part 2: Radial ball bearings with cylindrical bore and outside surface
GB/T 24610.3-2009 Rolling bearings - Measuring methods for vibration -
Part 3: Radial spherical and tapered roller bearings with cylindrical bore and
outside surface
GB/T 34891-2017 Rolling bearings - Parts made from high-carbon chromium
bearing steels - Specifications for heat treatment
JB/T 5000.15-2007 Heavy mechanical general techniques and standards -
Part 15: Non-destructive inspection of forged steel
JB/T 6639-2015 Rolling bearings - Rubber seals reinforced with a sheet steel
insert - Specifications
JB/T 6641-2017 Rolling bearings - Residual magnetism and its assessment
method
JB/T 7048-2011 Rolling bearing parts - Plastic cage - Specifications
JB/T 7051-2006 Rolling bearing parts - Methods for the measurement and
assessment of surface roughness
dmp1 - dmp2: The difference between the average inner diameters of the two inner
rings in a complete set of bearings;
F: Outer diameter of flange;
G: Diameter of flanged inner ring’s screw hole or bolt’s center circle;
G1: Diameter of flanged outer ring’s screw hole or bolt’s center circle;
I: The distance between the reference end face of the flanged hub bearing unit
of the outer ring to the mounting plane or the distance between the reference
installation planes of the two flanges of the flanged hub bearing units of the
outer ring;
Kea: The radial runout of the guidance installation diameter of the brake end as
relative to the guidance installation diameter of knuckle end;
Kia1, Kia2: The radial runout of a single inner ring of a complete set of bearings;
Kia1 - Kia2: The difference between the tolerance of inner ring’s radial runout;
Ps1: The position degree of bolt;
Ps2: The position degree of threaded hole (plain hole);
Sm1: The perpendicularity of the threaded hole (plain hole) to the mounting
reference plane;
Sm2: The perpendicularity of the bolt to the mounting reference plane;
Sn1, Sn2: The flatness of the mounting reference plane of flange;
Sea: The axial runout of the mounting reference plane of brake end;
ΔDs, ΔD1s: The deviation of installation guidance diameter of flange;
ΔIs: Deviation of distance between the mounting reference planes of two flanges.
5 Classification
5.1 The hub bearing unit is divided as follows according to its structural type
features:
- Double-row angular contact ball hub bearing unit or double-row tapered
roller hub bearing unit;
- Double-row angular contact ball hub bearing unit or double-row tapered
roller hub bearing unit with flanged outer ring;
of hub bearing units shall comply with the provisions of the product drawings.
9.6 Vibration
The vibration of the hub bearing unit shall comply with the provisions of the
product drawings.
9.7 Lubrication and sealing
9.7.1 The hub bearing unit shall be filled with the No.3 automobile general-
purpose lithium-base grease which complies with the provisions of GB/T 5671-
2014. It may also use other greases with comparable or better performance.
The grease filling amount is about 30% ~ 50% of the effective space volume
inside the hub bearing unit. If the user has special requirements for grease and
grease filling amount, it is determined through negotiation between the
manufacturer and the user.
9.7.2 The sealing device of the hub bearing unit shall be intact. After the high-
speed durability test, the maximum temperature of the hub bearing unit shall
not exceed 120 °C, meanwhile the grease leakage rate shall not exceed 10%.
9.7.3 The sealing device of the hub bearing unit shall have good mud-proof
performance. After the 144 h mud-water performance test, the hub bearing unit
shall rotate flexibly; there shall be no signs of peeling, cracking, muddy water
intrusion, grease discoloration, etc. The increase of the moisture content of the
grease of the hub bearing unit near the cage and the raceway shall not exceed
3%.
9.8 Bolt
The hub bearing unit shall use the bolt which has a performance grade not
exceeding 10.9 in accordance with GB/T 3098.1-2010; its dimensional
accuracy shall be in accordance with grade A of GB/T 3103.1-2002. The anti-
slip torque of bolt on the hub bearing unit is: not lower than 150 N·m for the
M12 bolt; not lower than 250 N·m for the M14 bolt; the pull-out resistance shall
be not lower than 4.9 kN.
9.9 Friction torque
The friction torque of the double-row angular contact ball hub bearing unit shall
not exceed 1.7 N·m; the friction torque of the double-row tapered roller hub
bearing unit shall not exceed 2.5 N·m; or comply with the provisions of the
product drawings. If the user has special requirements for the friction torque, it
For DU type, DUF type, DU2F type hub bearing unit, when the measurement
result is controversial, the axial clearance is measured by the method as
specified in JB/T 8236-2010. Meanwhile the clearance value obtained by this
shall prevail.
11.5 The negative axial clearance of hub bearing unit is measured by a
dedicated measuring instrument. The measurement principle is generally
based on the displacement method. After testing the height and axial clearance
before pressing the inner ring, the height after pressing the inner ring, the height
before rotate-rivet the inner ring, the height after rotate-rivet the inner ring,
calculate the negative axial clearance after rotate-riveting.
11.6 The measurement of residual magnetism of the hub bearing unit is in
accordance with JB/T 6641-2017.
11.7 The measurement of vibration of the DAC type, DACF type, DAC2F type
hub bearing unit is carried out according to GB/T 24610.2-2009, wherein the
test speed is 900 r/min. The measurement of vibration of the DU type, DUF type,
DU2F type hub bearing unit is carried out according to the provisions of GB /T
24610.3-2009.
11.8 The test of sealing performance of the hub bearing unit is carried out
according to the high-speed durability test and mud-water performance test
method as specified in JB/T13353-2017.
11.9 The performance testing of bolts of wheel bearing unit is in accordance
with GB/T 3098.1-2010. The measurement of anti-slip torque of the bolt is
checked by an indicator type torque wrench which has an accuracy greater than
1 N·m. The measurement of the resistance to pull-out of the bolt is as follows:
allow the bolt of the hub bearing unit to face upwards; fix the outer ring or the
flange; press the indenter of the universal testing machine against the end of
the bolt rod; under the condition of slow moving without producing shock, use
the speed of not more than 5 mm/min to apply a downward load, until the bolt
is detached; read the pull-out force of the bolt form the indicator.
11.10 The testing of the friction torque of the hub bearing unit is carried out
according to the friction torque test method as specified in JB/T 13353-2017.
11.11 The testing of the sensor of hub bearing unit is carried out according to
the provisions of QC/T 783-2007 or QC/T 824-2009. The number of teeth of the
ring gear, the number of pole pairs of the magnetic encoder AND the magnetic
field strength of the magnetic encoder are tested at a speed of 60 r/min ~ 240
r/min and an air gap of 0.5 mm ~ 1.5 mm. They may also be as specified
according to the drawing.
11.12 Non-destructive testing of hub bearing unit’s ferrules and rolling elements
shall be in accordance with GB/T 24606-2009 and JB/T 5000.15-2007.
- In case of type finalization of new products;
- In case of major changes in product design, materials, processes, etc.,
which may affect product quality and performance;
- After two years of continuous production of a product;
- The production is restored after suspension for more than half a year;
- In case of significant difference between the exit-factory inspection result
and the previous type inspection;
- The National Quality Supervision Agency requests the type inspection.
12.3.2 The type inspection products shall be taken from the same batch of
products that have passed the exit-factory inspection. The exit-factory
inspection items shall be re-inspected first. After passing the re-inspection,
carry out the bench simulation test for service life, sealing performance, bolt
anti-slip torque, bolt pull-out resistance, friction torque of bolt. In the test and
evaluation of general durability, high-speed durability, muddy water
performance, bolt anti-slip torque, bolt pull-out resistance, friction torque,
according to the provisions of GB/T 2829-2002, take the rejected quality level
RQL as 40; the judgement level is I; use the one sampling scheme; the sample
size for each is 2; the number of qualified judgments for each batch of tests is
0; the number of unqualified judgments is 1.
13 Marking
The marking of the hub bearing unit is in accordance with the provisions of GB/T
24605-2009.
14 Anti-rust packaging
The anti-rust packaging of the hub bearing unit is in accordance with the
provisions of GB/T 8597-2013.
15 Transportation and storage
Under normal storage and transportation conditions, the hub bearing unit shall
ensure no rust within one year. The rust prevention period shall be calculated
from the date of exit-factory.
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