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HJ/T 400-2007

Chinese Standard: 'HJ/T 400-2007'
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Detail Information of HJ/T 400-2007; HJ/T400-2007
Description (Translated English): Determination of volatile organic compounds and carbonyl compounds in cabin vehicles
Sector / Industry: Environmental Protection Industry Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard: Z11
Classification of International Standard: 13.040.30
Word Count Estimation: 23,250
Date of Issue: 2007-12-07
Date of Implementation: 2008-03-01
Quoted Standard: GB/T 15089
Drafting Organization: China Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation
Administrative Organization: ?State Environmental Protection Administration
Regulation (derived from): SEPA Notice No. 81 of 2007
Summary: This standard specifies the measurement of volatile organic compounds and vehicle occupant compartment aldehydes and ketones sampling point settings, environmental conditions, technical requirements for sampling, sampling methods and equipment, the corresponding measurement methods and equipment, data processing, quality assurance, and so on. This standard applies to the vehicle is stationary state, the interior of volatile organic compounds and aldehydes and ketones sampling and measurement.

HJ/T 400-2007
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds
and Carbonyl Compounds in Cabin of Vehicles
车内挥发性有机物和醛酮类物质采样测定方法
ISSUED ON. DECEMBER 7, 2007
IMPLEMENTED ON. MARCH 1, 2008
Issued by. General Administration of State Environmental Protection
General Administration of State Environmental Protection
Announcement
2007 No.81
In order to implement "Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of
China", protect the environment, safeguard human health, improve environment
management level, normalize environmental monitoring, "Technical specifications for
emission monitoring of stationary source" and other 3 standards have been approved
and issued as national environment protection standards.
The names and serial numbers of the four standards are as follows.
1 Technical specifications for emission monitoring of stationary source (HJ/T 397-
2007)
2 Stationary source emission-Determination of blackness of smoke plumes -
Ringelmann smoke chart (HJ/T 398-2007)
3 Water quality - Determination of the chemical oxygen demand - Fast digestion-
Spectrophotometric method (HJ/T 399-2007)
4 Determination of volatile organic compounds and carbonyl compounds in cabin
of vehicles (/HJ/T 400-2007)
The aforesaid standards are guiding standards, implemented from March 1, 2008,
published by China Environmental Science Press. The details may be searched on the
website of the State Environmental Protection Administration
Hereby it is announced.
December 7, 2007
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 4 
1 Application Scope ... 5 
2 Normative References ... 5 
3 Terms and Definitions ... 5 
4 Sampling ... 6 
5 Analysis ... 9 
6 Quality Assurance and Control ... 9 
Appendix A ... 12 
Appendix B ... 14 
Appendix C ... 24 
Appendix D ... 33 
Foreword
In order to implement "Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of
China", prevent and control air pollution in cabin of vehicles, and improve
environmental quality in cabin of vehicles, this Standard is formulated.
This Standard specifies the arrangement of the sampling points for measuring the
volatile organic compounds and carbonyl compounds in crew cabin of motor vehicles,
technical requirements of sampling environment condition, sampling method and
equipment, corresponding measurement method and equipment, data processing, and
quality assurance etc.
This Standard is formulated for the first time.
This Standard is a guiding standard.
This Standard was proposed by the Department of Science, Technology and
Standards of Ministry Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China.
Main Drafting Organizations of this Standard. China Ordnance Equipment Group
Corporation, Beijing Municipal Institute of Labor Protection, Beijing Municipal
Environmental Monitoring Center, Environment Science and Technology Development
Center of China North Industries Group Corporation, China National Institute of
Standardization, Volkswagen (China) Investment Company Ltd., Nissan (China)
Investment Co., Ltd., and GM (China) Investment Co., Ltd. etc.
The following organizations provide technical support in the preparation of this
Standard. Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle Company of Dongfeng Motor Co., Ltd.,
Changan Ford Mazda Automobile Co., Ltd., Toyota Motor Technical Center(China) Co.,
Ltd., Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co., Ltd., Honda Motor (China) Investment Co., Ltd.,
Shanghai Volkswagen Co. Ltd, Pan Asia Technical Automotive Center Co., Ltd.,
Chang'an Automobile Co., Ltd., National Institute of Metrology P.R. China, Centre
Testing Co., Ltd. (Shenzhen), China Automotive Technology & Research Center,
Beijing Institute of Technology, Chongqing Environmental Monitoring Center, Jiangsu
Environmental Monitoring Center, Henan Environmental Monitoring Central Station,
Hubei Environmental Monitoring Central Station, and Guangzhou Environmental
Monitoring Central Station.
This Standard was approved by the General Administration of State Environmental
Protection on December 7, 2007.
This Standard was implemented from March 1, 2008.
This Standard shall be interpreted by the General Administration of State
Environmental Protection.
Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds and
Carbonyl Compounds in Cabin of Vehicles
1 Application Scope
This Standard specifies the arrangement of the sampling points for measuring the
volatile organic compounds and carbonyl compounds in crew cabin of motor vehicles,
sampling environment condition and technical requirements, sampling method and
equipment, corresponding measurement method and equipment, data processing,
quality assurance etc.
This Standard is applicable to the sampling and measurement of volatile organic
compounds and carbonyl compounds in cabin of vehicles in static state.
2 Normative References
This Standard cites the provisions of the following documents. For undated documents,
the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies.
GB/T 15089 Classification of Power-driven Vehicles and Trailers
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purpose of this Standard, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 Vehicles of categories M1, M2, M3 and N
Adopt the definitions in GB/T 15089.
M1–category vehicle refer to the passenger motor vehicles having four wheels, and the
seat number does not exceed nine, including the driver's seat.
M2–category vehicle refer to the passenger motor vehicles having at least four wheels,
and the seat number does not exceed nine, including the driver's seat, and the
maximum design total weight does not exceed 5000 kg.
M3–category vehicle refer to the passenger motor vehicles having at least four wheels,
and the seat number does not exceed nine, including the driver's seat, and the
maximum design total weight exceeds 5000 kg.
N–category vehicles refer to the cargo motor vehicles having four wheels.
3.2 Volatile organic constituent
4.4 Sampling procedure
4.4.1 Preparation stage of vehicles-to-be-tested
a) Place the vehicle-to-be-tested in sampling environmental chamber;
b) The covering (for example plastic film used to protect seats and carpet, etc.) on
the internal component surfaces shall be removed, and the covering shall be
moved out of the sampling environmental chamber.
c) Open the windows and doors (if they can be opened) of the vehicle-to-be-tested,
and keep the vehicle stationary for at least 6h;
d) During process of the whole preparation stage, the environment condition of
the sampling environmental chamber shall, at least in the last 4h, meet the
requirements of sampling technical condition specified in 4.1.2 of this Standard;
quality assurance measures meeting the requirements of 6.7 of this Standard
shall be taken to monitor environment condition.
4.4.2 Closing stage of vehicles-to-be-tested
a) Enter closing stage after preparation stage is completed;
b) Install sampling devices in the vehicle-to-be-tested according to the requirements
of 4.3.2 in this Standard; completely close the windows and doors of the
vehicle-to-be-tested to ensure tightness of the complete vehicle.
c) Keep the vehicle-to-be-tested closed for 16h, and then start collecting samples;
d) During the whole closing stage, the environment condition of the sampling
environmental chamber at where the vehicle-to-be-tested is located shall meet
the requirements of sampling technical condition specified in 4.1.2 of this
Standard; the environment condition shall be monitored according to the
requirements of 6.7 in this Standard.
4.4.3 Sampling stage
In sampling stage, the sampling environment condition shall meet the requirements of
4.1.2 in this Standard.
Use the packed column sampling tube of solid-phase adsorbent specified in Appendix
B of this Standard to collect volatile organic constituents; and use the packed column
sampling tube of sol......
Related standard:   HJ 865-2017  HJ 644-2013
   
 
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