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HJ 616-2011

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Detail Information of HJ 616-2011; HJ616-2011
Description (Translated English): Guideline for technical review of environment impact assessment on construction projects
Sector / Industry: Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard: Z00
Classification of International Standard: 13.020
Word Count Estimation: 38,363
Date of Issue: 2011-04-08
Date of Implementation: 2011-09-01
Quoted Standard: GB 3095; GB 3097; GB 3838; GB 16297; GB 18597; GB 18598; GB 18599; HJ/T 2.1; HJ 2.2; HJ/T 2.3; HJ 2.4; HJ 19; HJ/T 6; HJ/T 176
Drafting Organization: Environmental Protection Department of Environmental Engineering Assessment Center
Administrative Organization: Ministry of Environment Protection
Regulation (derived from): Department of Environmental Protection Notice 2011 No. 28
Summary: This standard specifies requirements for the construction project environmental impact assessment documents the technical assessment of the general principles, procedures, methods, basic content elements and requirements. This standard applies to all levels of environmental impact assessment agencies on the construction project environmental impact assessment documents for technical evaluation. This standard does not apply to nuclear facilities and other possible radioactive contamination, power transmission engineering and other electromagnetic environmental impacts of construction project environmental impact assessment documents the technical evaluation.

HJ 616-2011
Guideline for technical review of environment impact assessment on construction projects
People's Republic of China National Environmental Protection Standards
Construction Project Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines
Guideline for technical review of environment impact assessment on
construction projects
Issued on:2011-04-08
2011-09-01 implementation
Issued by the Ministry of Environmental Protection
People's Republic of China Ministry of Environmental Protection
2011, No. 28
To implement the "People's Republic of China Environmental Protection Law" and "People's Republic of China Environmental Impact Assessment Law," to protect the environment, prevent pollution
Dyeing and ecological damage, regulate the construction project environmental management, are now approved, "Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines ecological impact" and other two criteria
As national environmental standards, and to publish. Standard name, numbered as follows:
First, the Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines for Ecological Impact (HJ 19-2011)
Above standard since September 1, 2011 implementation, published by the China Environmental Science Press, standard content in website of the Ministry of Environmental Protection
From the date of implementation of the above criteria, the former State Environmental Protection Agency approval, the following criteria published abolished, standard name, numbered as follows:
Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines for non-polluting Ecological Impact (HJ/T 19-1997).
Special announcement.
April 8, 2011
Table of Contents
Preface ..iv
1. Scope ..1
2 Normative references ..1
3 Terms and Definitions .1
4 environmental impact assessment procedures ..2 Technology
Principle 5 Environmental impact assessment technologies, the basic content and methods ..2
Point 6 of the Environmental Impact Assessment and technical requirements .5
Appendix A (informative) Environmental impact assessment report prepared technical format ..31
To implement the "People's Republic of China Environmental Protection Law" and "People's Republic of China Environmental Impact Assessment Law" to regulate and guide the environmental Movies
Sound technology assessment, development of this standard.
This standard specifies the construction project (not including other nuclear facilities and radioactive contamination, and other power transmission project generates electromagnetic environment
General Principle on construction projects) environmental impact assessment documents for technical assessments, procedures, methods, basic content elements and requirements.
This standard is the first release.
Appendix A of this standard is an informative annex.
This standard is developed by the Ministry of Environmental Protection Science, Technology organization.
This standard is mainly drafted by: Environmental Protection Department of Environmental Engineering Assessment Center.
This standard MEP April 8, 2011 for approval.
This standard since September 1, 2011 implementation.
The standard explanation by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Construction Project Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines
1 Scope
This standard specifies the general principles of the construction project environmental impact assessment documents technical evaluation, procedures, methods, basic content, to
Points and requirements.
This standard applies to the environmental impact assessment agencies at all levels of the construction project environmental impact assessment documents for technical evaluation.
This standard does not apply to nuclear facilities and other radioactive contamination, and other electromagnetic power transmission project environmental impact construction items may have
Project environmental impact assessment document technology assessment.
2 Normative references
The standard content of the following documents cited in the articles. For undated references, the effective version applies to this standard.
GB 3095 Ambient Air Quality Standard
GB 3097 water quality standards
GB 3838 Surface Water Quality Standards
GB 16297 Air Pollutant Emission Standards
GB 18484 Hazardous Waste Incineration Pollution Control Standard
GB 18597 Hazardous Waste Storage Pollution Control Standard
GB 18598 Hazardous Waste Landfill Pollution Control Standard
GB 18599 general industrial solid waste storage and disposal site pollution control standards
HJ/T 2.1 Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines Master
HJ 2.2 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment of Atmospheric Environment
HJ/T 2.3 Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines surface water
HJ 2.4 Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines make a sound environment
HJ 19 Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines ecological impact
HJ/T 6 in mountain landscape resources development environment impact evaluation index system
HJ/T 176 hazardous waste incineration project construction technical specifications
"Interim Measures on Public Participation in Environmental Impact Assessment" ([2006] No. 28)
3 Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
Environmental Impact Assessment technology technical review of environment impact assessment
In accordance with national and local environmental protection laws, rules, regulations and standards, technical specifications and requirements of the regulations, the environmental impact of technology
Environmental impact assessment agencies after comprehensive analysis of the construction project may cause, environmental feasibility and environmental impact assessment of the construction project implementation
File an objective, open and impartial technical evaluation, to provide a scientific basis for decision-making and administrative department of environmental protection activities carried out.
Pollution Impacted Construction Project pollutional impacted construction project
In pollution-based projects, such as the petrochemical, chemical, power generation (including thermal power), medicine, light industry and so on.
Ecological Impacted Construction Project ecological impacted construction project
In the main ecological impact of construction projects, such as roads, railways, pipelines, civil aviation airports, water, agriculture, forestry, water conservancy, hydropower, mineral resources
Source exploitation.
4 Environmental impact assessment technologies work program
Environmental impact of technology assessment program shown in Figure 1.
Will not convene expert assessment
Technology assessment agencies received Environmental Protection
Administrative departments entrusted
The main laws and regulations and planning documents symbol
Adequacy sealing properties, front file
Site visits Project site and its surroundings
Environmental, construction, etc.
Submit to the environment protection administrative department
The impact of technology assessment report
Experts on environmental impact assessment documents and construction
Environmental feasibility of the project set up to conduct feasibility studies
And put forward the views of experts
Environmental impact assessment documents
Preliminary examination
Technology assessment agencies assessment report
work process
Will convene expert assessment
1 Environmental impact assessment technologies block diagram
Principle 5 Environmental impact assessment technologies, the basic content and methods
5.1 Environmental Impact Assessment of the principle of technology
5.1.1 the principle of scientific decision-making and services
Environmental impact assessment technologies in environmental protection before competent administrative departments of environmental impact assessment documents, a technical support behavior. in
Assessment based on the content, method, timing and other aspects of environmental management must reflect the principle of scientific decision-making services.
5.1.2 objective impartiality
Environmental Impact Assessment Technology in considering the construction and infrastructure projects during implementation of the project on the environment may impact on the pair
Environmental feasibility and construction project environmental impact assessment document of a construction project of technical evaluation, the conclusions of the assessment must be realistic, passenger
View and fair.
5.1.3 and environmental impact assessment is based on the same principle
Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Impact Assessment Technology file using the same basis, should be based on existing national or local laws and regulations, the Ministry of
Door regulations, technical norms and standards.
5.1.4 focused principle
Environmental impact assessment should be based on technical characteristics of the project construction and environmental characteristics Area for the environmental impact of the project possible, from the film
Aspects of sound, factors influencing the way, scope, impact, and other environmental protection measures focus on the assessment, a clear assessment of major environmental issues
Assessment conclusions.
5.1.5 Principles broad participation
Environmental impact assessment technologies must listen to public opinion, considering the relevant disciplines and industry experts, and environmental impact assessment unit
His comments relevant units, and listened carefully to the views of local environmental protection administration departments.
5.1.6 Technical guiding principles
Environmental impact assessment technologies to deal with countermeasures for environmental protection projects and environmental design work of technical guidance. Involving new technologies
Construction projects, promotion of new technologies should be noted that the guide.
5.2 evaluate the content of the environmental impact of construction projects
5.2.1 Compliance with laws, regulations and policies
In terms of project size, product solutions, process route, and technical equipment, construction projects and the assessment of laws and regulations, environmental planning,
Compliance resources and energy use planning, national industrial development planning and national industry access conditions and other policies.
5.2.2 Conformance with the relevant planning
Assessment Project site (or line selection) with the existing national and local relevant planning, and related urban planning, regional planning, river basin
Planning, environmental planning, environmental function zoning, ecological function zoning, biodiversity conservation planning, various planning and land-protected areas
With the planning of the match.
5.2.3 Circular Economy and Cleaner Production Level
- In terms of energy and material consumption, water consumption, pollutants and emissions, and clean production standards promulgated by the state or similar products at home and abroad
Product advanced level, compared to the raw materials, process, technology and equipment, production processes, cleaner production and product management of construction projects carried out
Comprehensive Evaluation;
- Different levels of business, industry and other areas or to assess projects in terms of resource use, emissions, and waste disposal and
Compliance requirements of circular economy.
5.2.4 discharge standards and environmental protection measures
- Assess the implementation of the construction project environmental protection measures taken by the various stages of reliability and rationality, including pollution prevention measures, raw
State recovery measures, the ecological compensation and protection measures, environmental management, environmental monitoring and control plan (or program), Construction Environmental Supervision meter
Plan well "with a new band and old" regional pollutant reduction and so on.
- Requirements of environmental protection measures taken by the technical and economic feasibility, advanced equipment and reliable pollution control technology policy in line with the industry,
In line with industry requirements of clean production, to ensure stability and pollutant discharge standards, secondary pollution prevention and control measures implemented simultaneously with the main project.
5.2.5 Environmental Risk
- Environmental Risk Assessment Project constraints exist to assess the environmental acceptability of risk from the construction of environment-sensitive perspective.
- Reliability and rationality to assess the environmental risk prevention measures and emergency pollution incident handling program.
5.2.6 Environmental Impact Prediction
After assessing the environmental impact of construction projects and the implementation of a range of acceptability.
5.2.7 pollutant emission control
Consistency pollutant emissions assessment of construction projects and the overall national development goals, and pollutant emissions to local government control
The feasibility of seeking compliance, take appropriate pollutant emission control measures.
5.2.8 Public Participation
- Assess the public, especially the public directly affected by the project environmental impact opinions on project construction;
- Analysis of the construction units to adopt reasonable explanation or not adopted by the relevant units, experts and public opinion right.
5.3 evaluate the content of the environmental impact assessment documents
5.3.1 Assessment Evaluation file contents Environmental Investigation objectivity, accuracy
According to the environmental quality standards, the Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines and other relevant requirements, Evaluation of environmental assessment documents the objectivity, quasi
Correctness. Environmental impact prediction science, credibility
According to the construction characteristics of the project area and the characteristics of the environment, according to the environmental quality standards, the Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines and other relevant requirements,
Assessment evaluation documents using prediction (mode) and the choice of parameters, the boundary conditions of scientific validity. Feasibility of environmental protection measures, reliability
In accordance with the total pollutant control, environmental quality standards, emissions standards, cleaner production, recycling economy, energy conservation, resource mechanized
Combined use, ecological protection requirements and advanced, reliable, up, economic rationality, environmental protection measures on evaluation documents submitted
Feasibility assessment.
5.3.2 assess the underlying data
According to the environmental quality standards, environmental impact assessment and other relevant requirements of the Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment project data files that are used with
Source of environmental data, timeliness and reliability assessment.
Normative assessment 5.3.3 Assessment File and Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines for Conformance
The normative assessment of the environmental impact assessment documentation, mainly determine the original file and the evaluation of environmental impact assessment under the Technical Guidelines
Then, consistent method, content and requirements. terminology, formats, maps, tables normative
Verification term evaluation file format (including units of measurement), maps, tables and other normative, maps and drawings should scale
Matching pieces of information should meet the environmental quality assessment and environmental impact prediction requirements.
5.4 Environmental impact of technology assessment methodologies
The main on-site investigation, expert advice, data comparative analysis, special investigations and research, simulation checking methods.
Preparation of guidelines and requirements 5.5 Assessment Report
5.5.1 compilation principles
Technical assessment reports should be realistic, outstanding engineering characteristics and environmental characteristics of the region, reflecting the objective, fair and accurate scientific principles.
5.5.2 Composition requirements
Technology assessment reports formats refer to Appendix A, can be carried out according to the requirements of the characteristics of the project and the environment, environmental protection administrative department of
Appropriate deletion. Requirements concise text smooth, project profiles and key issues to explain clearly to assess the demands made on the basis of full and objective feasible, commentary
Conclusion estimate clear, credible.
6 points and requirements of the Environmental Impact Assessment Technology
6.1 Policy Conformance Technical Assessment
6.1.1 laws, regulations and policies consistent evaluation Conformance assessment laws
Match assessment project construction and environmental protection laws and regulations related to environmental protection and other laws, regulations and normative documents
Sex. Environmental Protection Policy Conformance Assessment
Evaluate projects with national and local environmental protection policies of the match. Industrial Policy Conformance Assessment
Assessment of project construction and industrial structure policy, industrial policy and regional distribution of industrial access conditions of the match. use of resources and energy policy consistent evaluation
Assessment of project construction and conservation and protection of resources, energy-related policies, regulations and compliance of indicators.
6.1.2 plan consistent assessment Environmental Protection Plan Conformance Assessment
Conformity assessment projects with national and local ecological protection and pollution prevention planning programs, such as the construction project in your area or watershed
Compliance, including environmental impact and pollution control and ecological protection plan planning pollution control and ecological protection planning construction projects identified
The objective measures of compliance. Project conformity assessment and environmental function zoning area
Assess whether projects meet environmental area functional zoning requirements, if not met, the factor is the environmental constraints of the project. Review
Estimated required environmental capacity and environmental carrying capacity from the viewpoint of environmental feasibility of the project. Assessment of construction projects and urban system planning, urban master planning of the match. construction projects with regional, consistent assessment and development planning in development zone development planning Basin
Assessment of construction projects and the state for the region, watershed development planning and national development zones identified class development plan compliance. Conformance assessment of construction projects and land use planning
Key construction projects to assess the land use change in the nature of environmental rationality. Assessment Project and approved by the relevant state industrial development plans and planning EIA Conformance. Assessment of various types of construction projects and protected area planning of the match.
6.2 Engineering Analysis Technology Assessment
6.2.1 Basic requirements
a) to form a complete, it should include the main project, aided engineering, public works, environmental engineering, transportation engineering, and support projects;
b) a clear focus, the project should be a clear focus on composition, size and location;
c) a comprehensive process should include exploration, route selection, design, construction phase, operation phase and decommissioning;
d) reasonable layout, site selection, line selection and the regions in which environmental compatibility;
e) pollutant discharge standards, types of pollutants, to determine the exact source intensity;
f) technology, advanced equipment, environmentally safe storage and transportation systems, resources and energy conservation;
g) data information is true and accurate.
6.2.2 pollution type analysis and evaluation Project Highlights New Project
a) the basic situation: the size of the project, the product (including the main products and by-products) scheme, investment, construction sites and so on.
b) projects: Project Content (Structural work, aided engineering, public works, environmental engineering, transportation engineering, and support projects
Etc.) complete, there is no omissions, should pay attention to the analysis of transportation projects; and projects directly associated with the project said the need for content
c) the construction process: construction period, operation period, after the expiration of the environmental impact of the service should be analyzed clearly, and gives quantitative indicators.
d) material consumption, energy consumption: The project consumed raw materials, auxiliary materials, fuel, water and other clear type and quantity, consumption, total consumption indicators clear;
Give the main raw material, the content of hazardous substances materials and fuel.
e) production process and analyze pollution: the main production process and description of materials, water to clear, and types of pollutants producing position is correct,
Clear maps. Chemical projects given the primary and secondary chemical reaction.
f) material balance, water balance, balance of fuel, vapor balance: items that match the characteristics of the data, accurate and credible, the main level of harmful substances
Value analysis is clear, relevant statistical tables and maps clear specification.
Rationality and types of pollutants and verification of emissions, methods, concentration and emissions estimating methods: g) emissions of pollutants and
Accuracy of the data. According to various kinds of pollutants, disposal, discharge characteristics, focus on assessing the reasonableness of the following:
- Air pollution: distribution and emission parameters organized emission sources, fugitive emission source strength determination, the occurrence of abnormal discharge strip
Members and duration;
- Water pollution: the type of sewage collection and treatment scheme, reuse wastewater, sewage normal operating conditions and emission source intensity parameters,
Occurs abnormal discharge, location, intensity and duration, priority control water generation and emission of pollutants strong;
- Noise pollution: spatial location of the main sound source, type, manner and intensity estimates and source strength determination method;
- Solid waste: general industrial solid waste and hazardous waste types, properties, composition, volume and moisture content;
- Source of vibration (vibration have a greater impact of the project): the vibration source spatial location, intensity (measures taken before and after the change), the source is indeed strong
Setting Method. Reconstruction Project
a) before the expansion process, means emissions: analysis of the production process, the size of the device with the current standards and national cleaner production
Compliance-related industrial policy; evaluate the kind of major pollutants, discharge position, emissions compliance and stability and reliable data
And other conditions.
b) emission of pollutants before and after expansion: before and after the assessment of the accuracy of the renovation and expansion of the type of pollutant emissions, methods, changes in emissions and the like.
c) Assessment expansion project relies on existing relations with engineering and feasibility of relying on clear whether there is any existing environmental problems, as well as
"In the old with the new" measures to solve the problem of feasibility. relocation project
In addition to the assessment requirements, we must also focus on assessing the nature of the project is the relocation of legacy environmental issues (such as soil, groundwater pollution, etc.)
The degree of influence, as well as the feasibility of the solution.
6.2.3 Ecological Impact Analysis Project Type Assessment Highlights
In addition to referring to pollution type analysis technology assessment project, we must also assess the project site, line selection is reasonable, the project at different times, places
It affects the way segment, the impact and influence of significant features, and environmentally sound manner of construction and operation mode. Location, line selection and reasonable assessment
By environmental conditions and the conditions of the project selection, to assess and address, line selection is reasonable. Construction assessed Points
Assess the reasonableness of the construction of construction technology and construction timing from the point of view of environmental protection.
Assess the accuracy of the composition of different engineering construction technology description; according to similar projects at home and abroad, combined with the protection of sensitive targets mainly
Demand, advanced construction technology and environmental feasibility assessment, assess the reasonableness of the construction of different construction scheduling content. In the aforementioned base
On the construction organization determine optimization possibilities. Run Evaluation Essentials
Rationality and feasibility assessment scheduled to run optimized operating mode. Assessment should pay attention to factors may cause ecological impacts of secondary.
6.3 Cleaner Production and Circular Economy Technology Assessment
6.3.1 Basic requirements
a) from the product life cycle (location, layout, product selection program, selection of raw materials and energy programs, process equipment selection, production
Each step of the construction and construction products) the whole process of consideration;
b) with the national industrial policy and industry promulgated, consistent clean production standards and environmental policies;
c) the relevant industry advanced technology, technology, equipment, raw materials and pollution prevention measures is based;
d) in line with the national circular economy and energy saving requirements;
e) national cleaner production index industry has been enacted, promulgated by the cleaner production indicators to assess; cleaner production targets not promulgated
Industry, with reference to similar products industry, clean production targets the same size, the same process and advanced technology assessment.
6.3.2 Main evaluation index layout and product mix
In accordance with the requirements of clean production, a reasonable assessment of the layout and product mix, focusing on industrial layout and product mix of the types of pollutants, Regulation
Causes and effects of mold. Production Technology and Equipment
In terms of control, recycling, recovery, abatement energy and process treatment, the evaluation unit scale, production process and technology
Clean production technique and equipment and the like. Energy resource use indicators
According to toxicity, renewable, recyclable requirement to assess raw material selection is reasonable. In accordance with the relevant requirements, from a single
Bit products or yuan output value of raw material consumption, water consumption, energy consumption or a combination of aspects of energy consumption, as well as utilization of raw materials, water reuse, etc.
Cleaner Production Assessment Project resource use and consumption. Product Index
In accordance with the product non-toxic and less harmful, with and without the environmental impact caused by scrapped after less environmental impacts of requirements, assessment of cleaning products
Production levels. pollutant indicator
Generation (amount of pollutants in waste water and waste water, waste gas and the amount of pollutants in the exhaust gas, solid waste and solid contaminants from tons of products
Aspects of waste pollutants), comprehensive utilization, to assess the level of pollutants cleaner production indicators. pollutant emission targets
Tons of products from pollutant emissions (COD, SO2, etc.), assessment of project emission levels of pollutants and the national and local control
System indicators conditionality requirements compliance. waste recycling
Cycle economic analysis from different levels of an enterprise, region or industry, improve resource utilization and optimization of waste disposal route. energy conservation
Assessment project with the national emission reduction targets for compliance, and must focus on project characteristics of pollutants, greenhouse gases and
The feasibility of emission reduction measures and effectiveness.
6.3.3 Cleaner Production Assessment level grade
Cleaner production is divided into three levels, one for the international advanced level, two domestic advanced level, three for the domestic basic level or average
New construction and renovation and expansion project of cleaner production level has reached at least the domestic advanced level; the introduction of cleaner production projects and strive to reach the international advanced level
Level, at least not less than the introduction of national or regional level.
For not yet released the industry clean production standards, the level of the major projects of clean production evaluation index on behalf of the industry at home and abroad
Table enterprises comparative analysis should be at or above the level of the existing business representatives.
6.4 Atmospheric Environmental Impact Assessment Technology
6.4.1 General Principles for Assessment Evaluation Criteria Evaluation
Category or project assessment need time to judge the corresponding ambient air quality standards based on ambient air quality and the large ribbon Assessment District
Correctness air pollutant emission standards in use. evaluation level assessment
Evaluation grade, should be concerned about the environmental impact assessment of the project's biggest project emissions of major pollutants and the impact of the farthest distance, and commentary
The degree of price sensitive environmental areas, local air pollution levels, etc., and pay attention HJ 2.2 in additional provisions for special cases such as multi-source project.
Assessment scope of the evaluation
- Evaluation should be concerned about the environmental impact of the project on the farthest distance, the sensitivity of the surrounding environment and so on. Such as the scope of the evaluation of the boundary nearby residents
Ambient air quality zone sensitive areas, hospitals, schools, office areas, nature reserves and scenic spots, etc., should be appropriate to expand the scope of the evaluation.
- According to the parameter estimates and model environmental impact assessment document provides the option to review and evaluate the scope of the evaluation level checking. Identification and Evaluation of Environmental Impact Assessment Screening factor
Atmospheric Environmental Impact Assessment factors should include the characteristics of conventional pollutants and pollutant emissions from construction projects.
Assessment should focus on project-related characteristics of the region pollutants, pollution is more serious or aggravated trend contaminants, construction items
Potential contamination that may result or have a significant impact after the implementation of the project on the surrounding ambient air to protect sensitive target contaminants. determine the assessment of ambient air sensitive areas
Investigation should include all environmental protection targets ambient air sensitive areas within the scope of the evaluation, and marked in the figure, the sample to verify the environmental impact assessment
Atmospheric levels of ambient air environment functional zoning of sensitive areas listed in the document, and the relative distance of the project, direction, and protected object
The scope and number.
6.4.2 Environmental Situation Assessment Survey and Evaluation Points Atmospheric pollution investigation and assessment
Pollution survey and content shall comply with the provisions of the evaluation level. Status monitoring can focus on the value of evaluating the scope of the changes
Sources of pollution, such as including all alternative sources of investigation, as well as evaluating the district and project emissions of major pollutants in the construction of other related projects,
It has approved the environmental impact assessment of the proposed project and other file sources.
Status Air Quality Environmental Assessment Survey and Evaluation
(1) existing monitoring data
Sources of information include existing monitoring items within the last three years and the scope of the collection and evaluation of each routine air quality monitoring sites near the scope of the evaluation
Project related monitoring data. Existing monitoring data should be noted that the timeliness and validity of the data.
(2) Status Monitoring
Monitoring Sites, point number, time and frequency of monitoring should be consistent with the effectiveness of different evaluation level monitoring distribution principles, statistics, etc.
The relevant provisions.
Statistics Content GB 3095 contains pollutants monitoring data should meet the GB 3095 statistical data specified validity; pollution characteristics
Statistics monitoring the contents of the information shall comply with the relevant provisions of reference data standard statistical validity; monitoring of fugitive emissions of pollutants should be consistent
GB 16297 Appendix C requirements.
(3) status assessment
- Assess the validity of statistical and analytical methods of monitoring data, as well as the accuracy of the ambient air quality status of evaluation results.
- Regional Situation Assessment of ambient air quality should be concerned about the validity of the data. For the average daily concentration value and hour average concentration values both
Can be used to monitor the value of the status quo, may also be used in the assessment area nearly three years of routine monitoring data or other effective monitoring data from the annual average general
Routine monitoring data. Monitoring data should reflect the environmental quality of the region in recent years, major changes in the regional pollution, the status quo should be based on monitoring data
And then the routine monitoring data shall prevail.
- When assessing the status of regional environmental air quality assessment, environmental impact assessment should check the file status assessment methods and evaluation criteria are
Accuracy, maximum annual average concentration of attention, maximum daily average concentration and maximum hourly average concentrations corresponding standard limit comparison and analysis,
Given accounting standard rate exceeded the rate or, if exceeded, should verify the description of the environmental impact assessment documents exceeding reason.
- When the state of the environment above the standard, should be combined with regional air management plan and the past three years the trend of routine monitoring data analysis zone
Environmental Capacity.
6.4.3 assessment of meteorological data meteorological data investigation and assessment
Meteorological data for the survey, first from the source of meteorological data and weather stations Category assess the environmental impact assessment document attachments in the air
As informative, as well as the content and amount of survey data can meet the requirements of the respective evaluation level. Special attention should be continuity of meteorological data,
That conventional meteorological observation data should be investigated daily throughout the year, the required analysis of successive continuous meteorological data, as well as conventional high predicted air
Like sounding data.
It should also be concerned about the need to supplement meteorological observations when assessing the case, that is from the ground meteorological station for the project exceeds
At 50 km, and the ground station and the scope of the evaluation of geographic features inconsistent, should be complementary in situ meteorological observation. Supplementary meteorological observation
It should be noted Rank different observational time requirements. meteorological data analysis and evaluation
Meteorological statistics from the region focuses on the prevailing wind direction and wind roses.
Wind roses should include evaluation of the range of many years (over 20 years) and climate statistics collected by local daily successive annual ground
Surface meteorological statistics data. In considering the project site and plant layout should be based on more than 20 years of wind roses mainly,
When laid monitoring points should be considered in each monsoon meteorological observation data to investigate the daily successive annual statistics to the roses based.
Assessment should be concerned about whether there is a local dominant wind direction, wind prevailing wind direction means the frequency range of the largest wind angle, emphasizing a range of general
Between 22.5 to 45 degrees. Dominant wind direction in a region should have a distinct advantage, the dominant frequency of wind direction and wind angle should be greater than or equal to 30% No
The region can be said that there is no dominant or dominant wind direction is not obvious. In the absence of dominant wind areas, particularly for emissions and odors with a swing
Project made contaminants should be concerned about the impact on the full range of environmentally sensitive sites.
6.4.4 Environmental Impact Assessment Forecasting and Assessment
Select prediction mode
HJ 2.2 are recommended in three models, further prediction mode can be used to predict the environmental impact, attention should select mode mode
The applicability of the parameters and requirements of the general construction project EIA can choose AERMOD or ADMS. If you are using a version of the guide mode
Appendix follow the recommended version of an upgraded version, should explain the differences between the versions, the recommended list mode if not used in the Guidelines Appendix
Required technical specifications and model checking results.
Select Assessment calculated point
Calculation points can be divided into the ambient air sensitive area (point) within the range forecast, the scope of the evaluation grid point and regional point of maximum ground concentration categories.
Assessing the need to focus on the scope of the calculation shall include all ambient air sensitive area (point), set the forecast grid points should have sufficient resolution to make
May accurately predict the impact of the largest sources of pollution on the evaluation zone, and should cover the entire area of evaluation, provided in high concentration can be encrypted distribution grid points,
To find the maximum ground concentration point region. Prediction evaluate the content set
Setting predictive content should be consistent with the evaluation rating. Prediction content according to general working conditions and pollutant emissions predicted concentration requirements.
Pollutant emissions and operating conditions including normal discharge and abnormal discharge; the results predicted concentrations hour average concentration, the daily average concentrations and annual average concentration
degree. According to forecasts predict content setting scenarios predict scenarios should reflect the characteristics of pollution and pollution control programs and evaluation projects optimal environment
influence level.
Assessment should be noted that the calculation hour average concentration should be used long-term weather conditions, hourly or successive calculation, select the most polluted
(Calculated for all points) hours of weather conditions and on various environmental protection air target maximum number of hours meteorological conditions (for each visual
The impact of ambient air sensitive areas may be) as a typical hour meteorological conditions; calculating the daily average concentration requires the use of long-term weather conditions,
Average daily basis, choose the most polluted (calculated for all points) daily meteorological conditions and the greatest impact on the conservation objectives of each ambient air
Several Japanese meteorological conditions (visual impact on various environmental air sensitive areas may be) as a typical day weather conditions. Environmental impact prediction on the basis of data evaluation
Assessment of the environmental impact assessment should check the information in the file attachment content, namely meteorological input file, terrain input file, the program master file,
Predicted concentrations output files. According to the environmental impact assessment document annex description of each file and the original data source, the sampling data
Authenticity, and to assess the environmental impact assessment of the reasonableness and validity of the basic data and model parameters using. ambient air quality assessment and evaluation of predictive analysis
Ambient air quality prediction analysis and evaluation should focus on the siting of the project, the intensity of emission sources and emissions manner, pollution control measures
Evaluation of the merits and other aspects of emission scenarios, as well as the problems (if any) to assess the proposed terms of solutions.
Note that when assessing the environmental impact of ambient air sensitive areas of analysis, the status quo should consider the background value and its predicted value at the same point of maximum
Superimposed impact value; the environmental impact of maximum ground concentration point analysis can be considered superimposed shadow average predictive value and status of all background values
ring. Annual concentration value superimposed generally choose the annual concentration of routine monitoring and the corresponding point on the meteorological conditions; if there is no routine monitoring point, then
It may be superimposed. If there are other areas evaluated under construction, proposed projects should be considered superimposed on the evaluation zone after the completion thereof.
For the evaluation of excessive superimposed background concentrations arising in the region, should be combined with the extent of the environmental impact assessment report exceeded the standard range,
Excessive position and exceeded the maximum duration time of occurrence results of predictive analysis and environmental impact evaluation findings, the final assessment of the environmental impact of the project
Acceptable level.
6.4.5 protection from the atmospheric environment assessment
For the discharge of pollutants concentration field boundary unorganized emissions monitoring the concentration limit requirements, but may affect the regional environmental quality without excessive
Tissue source can be delineated from the atmospheric environment protection alone.
According to HJ 2.2 determine atmospheric environment protection distance, combined with the factory floor plan, determine the project atmospheric environment protection area. For large
Gas environment protection area of memory in people living in long-term, such as centralized residential areas, schools, hospitals, offices and other environmentally sensitive protection goals,
Relocation should be given the appropriate advice or recommend adjustments to optimize the layout.
6.4.6 Assessment of atmospheric environmental protection measures
- Construction of an effective compliance dust and other atmospheric pollutants control measures.
- Run Production waste gas treatment processes meet industry pollution control technology policy, technical and economic feasible and reasonable, stable discharge standards, the main
Secondary pollution to pollutant emissions, waste gas utilization levels can be used in line with the industry's level of clean production requirements and related policies, resulting
Prevention is feasible.
- To determine a reasonable distance atmospheric environment protection, environmental protection objectives disposal program within feasible distance.
- Combating air pollution estimate reasonable investment.
6.5 Surface Water Environmental Impact Assessment Technology
6.5.1 General Principles for Assessment Surface Water environmental impact assessment should be related topics (such as groundwater, ecology) assess the effectiveness and cohesion should be at each other.
In addition to HJ/T 2.3 content provision, the assessment should also pay special attention to the relevant documents on the basis of water environment sensitive issues, the environmental impact of water channels, water
Strong pollution, water pollution and the type of characteristic, evaluation standards.
Strengthen the technical methods and parameters to choose a reasonable assessment.
Near the outfall by strengthening the reliability of the assessment is satisfied with the distribution of water pollution and excessive water prediction calculation results. Environmental Impact Assessment Factors Assessment Factors identified
a) by HJ 2.1 requires the identification of surface water environmental factors, including different stages of construction, operation and service of the expiration, as well as
Direct impact, indirect impact on the potential impact of cumulative impacts.
b) screened surface water environmental impact assessment should include factors characteristic pollutant emissions from construction projects, receiving water (or watershed area
Domain) Characteristics of Water Environment factors, water quality has exceeded or there is increasing trend of pollution contaminants, after the construction of the project could lead to
Potential contamination hazards or have a significant impact on the water environment protection of sensitive target contaminants.
c) shall be separately and distinctly Survey evaluation factors and impact prediction and evaluation factors. evaluation level assessment
Verification Rank Rank employed and determining the reasonableness of the data and criteria.
Assessment scope of the evaluation
Assessment Particular attention should be evaluated within the scope of water in environmentally sensitive issues and environmental protection goals (such as water sources, nature reserves, etc.) Movies
ring. We should assess the reasonableness of the evaluation to determine the scope of:
a) assessing the scope of sensitive waters near the boundary should be extended to evaluate sensitive boundary waters;
b) under abnormal operating conditions and accident conditions of discharge waters may be affected should be included in the scope of the evaluation;
c) because of the potential environmental impacts of surface water ecological degradation, groundwater pollution, it should be reasonable to expand the scope of the evaluation, covering may be involved
Ecological degradation region or groundwater pollution area. Assessment of water environmental protection objectives
a) assess the completeness and accuracy of the identification of water environmental protection objectives, it must be considered superior to GB 3838 in waters class Ⅲ water features,
Drinking water source protection areas and related water intake, GB 3097 in the first two, the sea waters function, as well as important breeding,
Landscape, entertainment and other special-purpose waters.
b) within the scope of the evaluation by the assessment of social concern sensitive issues of water environment comprehensiveness and accuracy of identification, such as water shortages, organic
Pollution, eutrophication, heavy metal pollution, priority pollutants pollution.
c) the basic situation of water environmental protection objectives must be clearly described, including the name, relative position, water and water environment function zoning, security
Care planning and related requirements, the actual use of functions, scale and scope of services (objects), Situation and Development Planning, Water Quality Status
And existing environmental issues.
6.5.2 Assessment Survey and Evaluation Assessment of water pollution survey
- Pollution survey and content shall comply with the provisions of the evaluation level.
- Location Basin Project (area) if regional water pollution alternatives should include all alternative sources of investigation,
And both the investigation and assessment of pollution sources within the scope of the project construction of sewage-related projects in other sources of pollution, environmental impact assessment document has been approved
The proposed project and other sources of pollution. Assessment of hydrological data and hydrographic survey
- Collection and use of hydrological data and hydrological measurements shall comply with the provisions of the evaluation level.
- According to the construction project environmental impact assessment documents (including special reports, collected hydrological data, etc.), focus on assessing the hydrological data
And selection of relevant hydrological parameters representative and reasonable.
- Hydrographic survey project to be carried out on-site work, construction project environmental impact assessment document should reflect the appropriate hydrographic survey work
And to provide hydrographic survey results. Evaluation should be noted that the representative of rationality analysis of hydrological parameters, as necessary, using historical data, the
Mortem estimates, and other analog data verification or proof. Assessment of Environmental Quality Survey
- The need for the scope of the investigation, survey methodology, survey content, the survey factor, sampling points (including sections, vertical, sampling points) setting,
Sampling time and sampling frequency, sampling and analysis methods, findings and other serious verification.
- Basic data and representation, rationality, if necessary, the construction project environmental impact assessment documents provided by the survey data to assess the status of
Relevant information for verification. Required to carry out the investigation and assessment of non-point source, it can be used analogy analysis, empirical method to estimate the like manner, the investigation should factor
Determined based on the measured data, statistical reports and the nature of pollution and other relevant circumstances.
- Assessment of water environmental quality of the survey results of representative and reasonable. The evaluation results should be clearly the main source of water pollution related to the case
Outfall location, and status of water quality meets the water function and the corresponding water quality standards, the main characteristics of water environment and water pollution problems due to
Son, spatial and temporal distribution of water and other environmental quality. For important water bodies and special-purpose waters, should analyze the trend of water environment.
- Situation appears excessive for water quality status quo, need to be clearly excessive factor, excessive waters with excessive periods and other relevant circumstances, water quality analysis
Cause excessive, and whether there is a clear construction project conditionality. The main problem concerns the assessment
- Need to focus on the assessment of the main factors of water quality in environmentally sensitive issues involved, whether the target total control factor, whether to meet water quality
Control objectives and total amount of emissions control requirements. Sediment survey should include easy to accumulate pollutants and sewage construction projects related to water quality, such as pesticides
Class, heavy metals, nitrogen and phosphorus.
- Assessment should be requested to provide a complete survey of surface water environment distribution map, including the collection and use of historical data and field investigations are laid
A sampling point. Sampling and analysis methods shall comply with the relevant monitoring standards and technical standards.
- Assessment describes the evaluation of projects by the waters of the country upon request, provincial and municipal levels Water Quality Control Settings section of the case,
Related to the evaluation of water quality and water environment can reflect the trend evaluation of water quality control sections waters, should provide at least the last three years different
Water quality monitoring data of water, and the corresponding region of the sewage load statistics.
6.5.3 Environmental Impact prediction and evaluation of assessment
Assessment prediction program
Scenarios include forecasting range predictor forecast period, forecast points to predict conditions, forecasting, predictive content.
Assessment Highlights include:
a) predict conditions must be comprehensive and should include normal operating conditions, abnormal operating conditions, accident condition.
b) prediction of a representative period, the water environment impact assessment are generally considered to be the dry season, the waters due to the individual point source pollution should also be
Consider the wet period; for sensitive waters should assess the environmental impact of self-purification capacity of a plurality of different stages and different water of water;
For the northern rivers of ice should be considered; for seasonal drying up rivers, assess the environmental impact of water shut-off situations, including
Impact on groundwater and the environment; for tidal reach, should assess the environmental impact of different tidal water.
c) For large water consumption, water area, water source protection areas involved in the project, should assess the development and utilization of environmentally sound water resources
Of water with the corresponding environmental impacts.
Applicability and rationality d) prediction methods.
e) the applicability of predictive models. The main forecasting model is to assess the conditions of application of the model parameters for the construction project environmental impact water fitness
Versatility, such as the conditions applicable water quality model, water quality model of the spatial dimension, the type of model to predict water quality prediction model applicable
Environmental conditions and environmental hydraulics hydrology characteristics.
Assessment forecast condition and model parameters selected
a) assessment of water quality model parameter acquisition method parameter value selection is reasonable and representative;
b) For steady-state model, mainly to assess the environmental conditions of hydrology, water quality boundary conditions generalized rationality;
c) for dynamic modeling or simulation of accidental discharge, assess prediction boundary conditions, initial conditions on behalf of rationality;
d) For two-dimensional, three-dimensional model, the need to assess the results of model validation;
e) compatibility and consistency of assessment of water quality and water dynamical predictions predicted results.
Assessment outfall waters and exceeded the set
a) sensitive waters and waters not need special protection and sewage outlets excessive waters;
b) outfall mixing zone and approved by relevant authorities set excessive water pollution caused by construction projects shall not affect fish migration channel
And adjacent waters of the function and water quality;
c) exceeded the allowable amount of pollutant waters approved, the total area must meet the emission control requirements.
Assessment predicted results
a) Water quality predictions include sewage contribution Water Quality Status and value of construction projects, including the contribution to be within the scope of the evaluation and the same receiving water
Field construction projects, the proposed project (already approved the environmental impact assessment document) water quality impacts; water quality prediction and evaluation should include
Evaluation of water quality standards and meet the total construction project emissions control requirements in two ways.
b) prediction section should include evaluation of changes in water quality control sections waters, waters and water environmental protection of sensitive target control section, and near
Relevant national, provincial and municipal control section and the like.
c) Assessment outfall location selection, discharge mode, affecting way, the scope, impact and the degree of harm, and excessive waters
Environmental acceptability forecasting credibility of the results.
d) assessment and prediction basin, regional water quality objective compliance.
6.5.4 assess environmental protection measures
(1) the construction period.
Collection and processing scheme of sewage and wastewater, reuse or discharge destination route feasibility and reliability ensure the discharge standards or
Meet emission control requirements Evaluation waters.
(2) runtime.
- Wastewater treatment processes in line with industry pollution control technology policy, technical and economic reasonable and practicable; repeat Lee wastewater emissions, water
Use and recycling rate levels consistent with the use of cleaner production and related industries to save water management policy requirements. Sewage collection, treatment
Process is effective and feasible; pollution control in accordance with the requirements of a stable discharge standards, pollutant characteristics to meet the control requirements of the total area and the total amount of clear indicators
Implementation; that may lead to secondary contamination, prevention of secondary pollution measures should analyze the technical and economic feasibility of the measures and treatment effect
Validity, reliability.
- Waste water discharged into the sewage treatment plant has been built or park, urban sewage treatment plant project, should assess the relevance of the sewage treatment plant sewage interception pipeline
Network, process scale, the treatment process for construction projects receiving wastewater quality and quantity of the feasibility and effectiveness.
- The existence of lower temperature water project, the water temperature should be stratified water or restorative measures; the presence of the river downstream Save (off) water projects
Upon request, the discharged volume of the discharged volume and value of the process, clear the corresponding engineering support facilities and management measures; irrigation project focuses retreat
Pollution control measures water, return water; flood control projects should focus on regional hydraulic connection (including surface water and groundwater hydraulic connection), land
Immersion effects and the impact on regional sewage, and drainage.
(3) Pollution Prevention estimate reasonable investment.
6.5.5 Other assessment requirements
- Focus on projects pollutants into irrigated farming or aqueous discharge function or bioaccumulation easy to accumulate, such as pesticides, heavy metals, etc.,
It requires little or no row row.
- For zero discharge of wastewater project, we should assess the feasibility and reliability of zero emissions from a technical and economic point of view, respectively.
- Assessment of water environmental protection objectives within a reasonable and standardization, verification of the scope of the evaluation of water environmental monitoring programs. It should be required to be regulated
Fan monitoring specimens from background values for supervision and post-assessment of the project after the operation.
- Assess the effectiveness of risk prevention measures. In case of an accident on the way could cause surface water pollution hazards should be taken strictly
Risk prevention measures. Especially drinking water source protection areas, should ensure quality and safety of drinking water sources.
6.6 Groundwater Environmental Impact Assessment Technology
6.6.1 General assessment of questions of principle evaluation level assessment
- According to the construction project on the characteristics of groundwater environmental impact assessment of a reasonable classification of construction projects;
- Classification based on the evaluation work based assessment evaluation of different projects classification is correct. Identification of the environmental impact assessment of groundwater
- According to which the project characteristics and environmental characteristics of groundwater, assess the impact of the correctness of the identification;
- Binding pollution characteristics of the project to assess the screening evaluation factors, rational evaluation of the content identified;
- Should be concerned about impact of mining, tunneling works on groundwater resources and the ecological and social impacts of the secondary.
6.6.2 Environmental Situation Assessment Survey and Evaluation
Assessment pollution survey
Comprehensive assessment of pollution investigations.
Assessment hydrogeological conditions and environmental hydrogeological survey questions
Application and rationality assess hydrogeological conditions survey data, analyzes the main groundwater exploitation and related human activities that may arise
To groundwater environmental problems.
Assess the state of the environment base data
- Assessment of environmental quality of the data meets the respective evaluation level requirements, including the scope of the investigation, monitoring factor, distribution and monitoring
Monitoring frequency.
- If necessary, should be based on the characteristics and environmental pollution hydrogeological conditions, and carry out a hydrogeological tests. Assessment of evaluation findings
Assessment of environmental quality evaluation of the validity of the conclusions, which focuses on ways to assess groundwater pollution and excessive rationality of reason analysis.
6.6.3 Environmental Impact prediction and evaluation of assessment
Assessment forecasting methods and models, boundary conditions, parameters are correct, the validity of the model of water quality monitoring data to verify the reasonableness of,
Forecast period, forecast feasibility lots of choice, the conclusions of the scientific prediction.
According to the degree of influence, select some or all of the contents of the assessment:
a) a forecast shall be evaluated by numerical method; two evaluation prediction, when hydrogeological conditions should be used for complex numerical methods, hydrogeological
Simple analytical method can be used when conditions; three can be evaluated regression analysis, trend extrapolation, time series analysis and forecasting analysis analogy.
b) Evaluation period should include the construction of projects, operation and service after the expiration of three hours; basis having normal pollutant emissions and things
In both cases it is emissions forecasting; forecasting area to include protection objectives; predictors features pollutants, excessive
c) to predict the conclusions of science, credibility, impact on the surrounding environment of acceptability.
6.6.4 assess environmental protection measures
Construction of sub-projects, and services running on the expiry of three stages, in considering the place of production pollution, sewage channels, affecting way, the impact of
Basic features and other content on the feasibility and operability of environmental protection measures will be assessed.
6.7 Acoustic Environmental Impact Assessment Technology
6.7.1 General Principles for Assessment evaluation level assessment
Rank reasonable assessment determined. Evaluation Criteria Evaluation
Evaluation criteria used to assess the applicability and accuracy.
Assessment scope of the evaluation
According to HJ 2.4 scoping, scope of the evaluation of major projects near sensitive points, should be extended to the standard range. Selection of site assessment
- Site Selection zoning should be compatible with the city (town) overall planning function and acoustic environment, sound environmental protection in no significant constraints due to
- Follow the alternative site selected line, from the feasibility of noise control. Environmental Assessment objectives
Completeness and accuracy of the assessment of the environmental protection target identification, environmental protection targets including schools, hospitals, institutions, research institutes, residents
Residential, should be concerned about the environment in rural area to perform the ribbon category.
Acoustic environment sensitive objects thoroughly investigated. Orientation and distance engineering height relationship, in which the acoustic environment functional areas and the corresponding implementation of standards and human
Distribution mouth to speak clearly and clearly relevant maps.
6.7.2 Assessment of noise sources
Assess the impact of pollution and ecological impacts of the project type Project type noise sources respectively according to the following requirements. Assessment of noise pollution source type projects
- Noise Yuanyuan strong determination method (project method, a quasi-engineering method, simple method) to select the correct;
- Noise source type, location distribution (distribution in accordance with the process or plant, or in accordance with the general layout), the number of accurate noise level;
- Noise measurement conditions and strong stream of acoustic correction (necessary condition parameters and acoustic correction amount) is clear;
- For special conditions (such as exhaust vent noise, car noise and commissioning etc.), to be given stream of noise intensity and duration.
Ecological Impact Assessment noise source type projects
- Subparagraph (Press Interchange) traffic, vehicles proportion (by tonnage) roads (including urban roads) projects, speed, day and night car
Flow ratio data such as complete and clear;
- Daily cargo rail projects/bus logarithmic, the average number of hours on the train, boundary conditions, different speed and other parameters of the state of the noise source
- Average hourly train urban rail projects logarithm of the number of peak-hour trains, boundary conditions and status of different speed and other noise sources
Parameter clear;
- The amount of annual flight Airport Project, the average daily amount of flight, and the proportion of different distribution models, the amount of peak-hour flight, during the day and evening and night
Flight proportion between the change of flight arrival and departure procedures and weather conditions caused by the complete contents clearly;
- Other ecological impact type noise sources in accordance with the nature of the project, the type of noise source can be evaluated with reference to each of the above categories.
6.7.3 Environmental Situation Assessment Survey and Evaluation
Evaluation criteria used, rationality and reliability methodologies and survey programs, highlights include:
- Monitoring sites and laid in line with the requirements of GB 3095 HJ 2.4, monitoring programs and monitoring period in line with the purpose of evaluation;
- Standardized monitoring methods, clear measurement conditions (including environmental conditions);
- Analysis clearly exceeded the environmental quality of the causes and conditions, there is excessive and impact of demographic statistics;
- Survey and monitoring of the content and results of expression in line with regulatory requirements, accompanied by standardized Spot Location diagram;
- For sensitive targets high-level, pay special attention to whether the vertical sound field distribution.
6.7.4 Environmental Impact prediction and evaluation of assessment
a) evaluate and select the prediction point evaluation rating, relevant regulatory requirements Conformance. Prediction point should be representative, covering the status quo
Monitoring points and all environmental protection targets, and including the special points need to predict.
b) assess the correctness of the prediction mode selection, forecasting and parameter selection is reasonable. Select prediction mode, should have the necessary mode
Verify the results and adjust the parameters of the description (in particular the use of non-recommended guidelines mode).
c) assess the accuracy of predicted results. Forecast results should include all environmental protection targets within the scope of the acoustic environment in different functional areas of
Standard situations and different circumstances exceeding regional population (statistics shall complete), primary, secondary and other relevant evaluation should also include the sound level curve.
6.7.5 assess environmental protection measures
Targeted and operable a) assessment of the project to be taken sound environmental protection measures, noise reduction measures to be taken after the analysis of. Shall plant
(Field) boundary acoustic noise control and environmental protection objectives based environmental compliance, requiring control measures technically feasible and economically reasonable, noise control
From the system as reasonably practicable.
b) environmental impact prediction results based on each acoustic environment sensitive targets shall be on the basis of Alternatives proposed targeted specific
Sound environmental protection measures. Different projects during the implementation of programs in different segments or different measures of clear, reasonable investment estimation.
6.8 Solid Waste Environmental Impact Assessment Technology
6.8.1 Basic requirements
a) solid waste environmental impact assessment shall be in accordance with relevant state regulations, standards for solid waste properties were identified, according to solid waste
And storage of different types belong, transport, use and disposal are assessed in different ways.
b) focus on the environmental impact of solid waste technical assessment of the environmental feasibility of the project site.
6.8.2 assessment of site selection general industrial solid waste site selection assessment
Assessment of general industrial solid waste siting and GB 18599 in the environmental protection requirements for site selection of Conformance, focusing on class Ⅱ
Field the following questions:
a) The selected site must meet the requirements of the foundation bearing capacity, in order to avoid the effects of ground subsidence, particularly the impact of uneven or localized subsidence,
In "site engineering geological survey report" as the basis.
b) fault, fault fracture zone, cave area, as well as the degree of development of natural landslides or mudslides affected zone in the selected sites should be "Geology
Hazard assessment report "as a basis for this assessment.
c) whether the site to avoid groundwater recharge areas and main source of drinking water aquifers, to the site to more than 1:10 000 scale hydrogeological
Pictured on the basis of quality, and provide a venue permeability barrier properties and assessing their pros and cons.
d) a base layer of natural ground water table from a distance not less than 1.5 m, should be based on local groundwater water depth of the wet period value as a basis,
Assess the feasibility of seepage control measures. hazardous waste and medical waste site selection assessment
Site Assessment and GB 18484, GB 18597, GB 18598, HJ/T 176 and "hazardous waste landfill construction technology
Conformance requirements "and other requirements.
Focus on the following elements:
Requirements a) landfill base layer should be effective "site engineering geological survey report" as the basis.
b) the degree of stability and development of the selected sites tectonic geological disasters should be approved "geological hazard assessment report" or
Opinions Homeland administrative department resources as a basis for this assessment.
c) whether the site to avoid groundwater recharge areas and main source of drinking water aquifers, the site area should be greater than 1:10 000 scale hydrological
The picture shows the geological basis.
d) based on the venue and the local permeability of the wet ground water level to assess the feasibility and rationality of seepage control measures.
6.8.3 assess the underlying data
According to the requirements of the evaluation guidelines, evaluation criteria and other normative documents, scientific verification of the underlying data, credibility, the information provided should
In line with national regulatory requirements and meet evaluation needs.
(1) For general industrial solid waste projects need verification on the basis of the data include:
- The selected sites basic engineering data;
- Investigation and monitoring of sensitive data around the target sites of the various environmental factors and the quality of the status quo, ecosystems, biodiversity, biomass,
Protected species, sensitive targets of survey data;
General industrial solid waste produced by the project and the whole process of storage and transportation for each pollutant organized and unorganized, the normal condition and abnormal operating conditions -
Was produced, cut emissions data;
- Risk of accident source intensity data;
- Sites related to the implementation of the different stages of land use, resource development and utilization of strength, relocation and other issues involving the ecological impact of data;
- The nature of general industrial solid waste identification, generation, the main pollutant content, storage and disposal of information;
- Near the site engineering geology and hydrogeology information.
(2) for hazardous waste and medical waste projects need verification on the basis of the data include:
- Project plant layout (drawings), hazardous waste and medical waste collection, transportation, storage, pretreatment, or the combination of interest
With equal conditions, hazardous waste and medical waste characterization data and the like;
- Status survey objectives and quality sensitive environment surrounding the various elements and monitoring data, the type of biological systems, diversity, biomass, Paul
Survey data protected species, and other sensitive targets;
- The whole process of production and storage of the various sources of organized and unorganized, the normal condition and abnormal condition of pollutants, reduction,
Emissions data;
- Risk of accident source intensity data; different stages of project implementation related to land use, resource exploitation strength, relocation and other issues involving students
Form of the data.
6.8.4 Environmental Impact Assessment prediction
a) subject to the environmental impact prediction methods for Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines request, the selected mode or method of construction projects should be consistent
The characteristics of the environment to determine the parameters and conditions clear and reasonable.
b) the different stages, different seasons environmental impact prediction results are representative, credible predictions under adverse conditions, with particular attention to protection
Distance and pollutant concentration field boundary calculations of science, the various predictions of environmental admissibility (bearer) and the like.
c) hazardous waste and medical waste storage and disposal sites affect the forecast construction projects should focus on toxic substances.
6.8.5 assess environmental protection measures
(1) general industrial solid waste.
- Generated by the project of solid waste processing and utilization of the national industry pollution control technology policy should be consistent with the quality as the processing of raw materials
Requirements, pollution prevention and control measures for processing and utilization process (including off-site processing and utilization) feasible and realistic.
- Solid Waste Temporary (interim) yard reasonable location, we need to take anti-seepage, anti-erosion, anti-dust measures feasible; solid waste
Site storage field, closed with closure shall comply with the relevant requirements of GB 18599, and pollution prevention measures possible, in line with region
The actual environment, technical and economic reasonable.
(2) hazardous waste.
- Hazardous waste generated by the project storage, processing and utilization, the transfer shall comply with the requirements of relevant national policies, pollution control recycling process
Measures (including off-site processing and utilization) feasible, technical and economic reasonable;
- The storage of dangerous waste incinerator Technical indicators height incinerator exhaust, the hazardous waste incinerator emissions of air pollutants
Limits should be consistent with GB 18484 of the relevant requirements;
- Hazardous waste piling up, closed storage facility shall comply with the relevant requirements of GB 18597;
- Hazardous waste landfill pollution control, closure should be consistent with GB 18598 of the relevant requirements.
(3) Solid Waste Pollution Prevention estimate reasonable investment.
6.9 terrestrial ecosystems Environmental Impact Assessment Technology
6.9.1 General Principles for Assessment
Assessment scope of the evaluation
- Evaluation of the project should include all space activities and the impact of space;
- Consider the integrity of the characteristics of ecosystem structure and function;
- Be able to explain the ecosystem affected by the project to other relationship with the surrounding ecosystems;
- Including all sensitive ecological area may affect the project or sensitive ecological conservation objectives. Evaluation Criteria Evaluation
a) The main function of the evaluation criteria should characterize ecological functional area planning, planning objectives and targets; characterization of natural resources and protection policies
Provisions; characterization of environmental management goals, targets.
b) relative to the same type of evaluation over the state of the region largely unaffected natural ecosystems for the evaluation criteria; or climatic production
Theoretical force as an evaluation criterion of natural ecosystems; selection of indicators based on ecological function area or functional area targets and indicators
Classifying the determined evaluation criteria.
Ecological cumulative effects c) pollution in the evaluation of the ecological impact of pollution on the basis of conduct which can be based on the evaluation criteria of scientific research has ascertain
Ecological effects, threshold, etc. to determine the maximum allowable amount, shall evaluate the application of these research results are reasonable.
d) Evaluation of ecological and environmental problems and the corresponding ecosystem structure - process - a standard feature, the choice of indicators according to the evaluation method used
And indicators were classified according to the requirements of protection of regional sustainable development as a standard option.
Ecological Impact Assessment discrimination
a) identification of the factors included in the (main role) should reflect the major influence of the project; the project listed by the whole process and influencing factors
The main influence as a key stage; content shall highlight key projects and major impacts.
b) identification of the inclusion of ecological factors (receptor) should be mainly affected by ecological factors, including eco-sensitive areas, the main area
And ecological risks to the environment, important natural resources.
c) shall distinguish the effects of nature (reversible and irreversible), the scope, timing, extent, affect the number and sensitivity of receptors.
Assessment screening evaluation factors
- Select the evaluation factors should characterize the most affected ecosystems and factors, ecologically sensitive areas, important natural resources, the main
To ecological issues;
- Evaluation factor (index) and the available parameters characterizing biodegradable;
- Evaluation of factors and parameters should be measured or metered. evaluation level assessment
Affecting different ecosystems or different conservation objectives of the project, a project only given a rating evaluation, according to the most important and indeed the greatest impact
Given evaluation grades.
6.9.2 Survey and Evaluation of terrestrial ecological assessment Natural Environment Assessment Survey
Focus of the investigation is the natural environment and the environmental impact of the project close, content with the regional environmental characteristics, including the general topography, ground
Maung, geology, hydrology, climate, soil, animals and plants.
Assessment ecological survey of the status quo
Topics covered include landscape ecology, ecosystems, vegetation, species diversity, critical habitats and important biomes, regional ecological problems
Etc. Methods to assess the reasonableness of the investigation, reference accuracy, the results of ecological monitoring data representation and major ecological problems identified
Correctness. Ecological status assessment evaluation
(1) ecosystem integrity.
- When using the landscape ecology method to evaluate the integrity of the ecosystem, it should explain the basic structure and the state of the system, based on certain indicators and
Standard stability and recoverability analysis system;
- When using the method of analysis and evaluation of the ecological mechanisms of ecosystem integrity, we shall illustrate the structure of the system, using the characterization system state evaluation means
Standard system evaluation;
- The integrity and status of vegetation were evaluated;
- Evaluation of the correlation between the ecosystem and the surrounding ecosystem, near the line item stating support ecosystems;
- Description of the integrity of the system have a major impact factors.
(2) ecologically sensitive areas.
Special clear ecologically sensitive areas and important ecological sensitive areas; ecological sensitive area can be characterized to determine the features and functions of evaluation, analysis of its present
Like the question; the legal protection of ecologically sensitive areas should be given plans should be given the ecological environment quality assessment maps if necessary.
(3) Regional ecological functions.
Clearly evaluate ecological function zoning and planning EIA ecological planning or ecological function zoning; ecological function is not clear, reference may be "full
State Ecological function zoning "method recommended by the regional environmental sensitivity evaluation, assessment, evaluation of the ecological environment features or ecological sensitivity; Analysis
Whether the project meets the requirements of regional ecological functions.
(4) The major ecological problems.
Identification of the major regional ecological problems, ecological problems of the survey area classification, origin, distribution, historical development and development trends, points
The main limiting factor analysis of regional ecology.
6.9.3 terrestrial ecological impact prediction and evaluation of assessment ecosystem impact prediction and evaluation of assessment
Follow Evaluation Methods of rationality and the degree of influence the correct judgment when evaluating. Evaluation should be concerned about:
- Land use impacts on ecosystem integrity;
- Regional linear engineering division, blocking effects on plants and animals and their habitats;
- Use of natural resources or biodiversity due to reduced system component offset or simplified;
- Landscape fragmentation and reduced productivity due to reduced system stability and resilience decline. Influence of ecological sensitive area prediction and evaluation of assessment
Special focus on ecologically sensitive areas and important ecological sensitive areas. Assess the reasonableness of the project site, the project site should try to avoid special students
State sensitive areas and important ecological sensitive areas; the project can not be avoided, the project shall assess whether the scale of the impact of ecological sensitive area leading ecological functions
Energy; according to Pathway project, affecting the manner and extent to assess the impact prediction methods and evaluation index selection is reasonable.
Evaluation Essentials include the following types of ecologically sensitive areas:
- Rare habitat Impact Assessment points: to be clear of key factors affect the habitat or the way the project (such as occupation, broken
Bad, segmentation, barrier, interference, weaken, reduce the area, harvest resources, etc.), the nature of the impact (whether to restore or compensate for) the degree
(Scope, duration and intensity).
- Nature Reserve Impact Assessment points: clear the name of nature reserves, protection level, boundaries and functions along with the approval of partitioning
Plans; explain the main protected object or target nature reserves; animal-protection objectives should explain the main distribution area (mainly live
Dynamic area), diet and habits, requirements for nesting areas, breeding conditions, with or without migration characteristics; assess the impact of the nature, scope and extent.
- Scenic Area Impact Assessment points: from scenic vantage points inside and outside and the crowd collectively angle of observation and assessment of landscape aesthetics
- Natural Heritage Impact Assessment points: stating the type of natural heritage, protection level, scientific value, protected areas, and
Attached protected area plans; should explain the relationship between the project and natural heritage sites, compliance with regulatory requirements, the availability of alternatives; assessing the impact of nature,
The scope and extent.
- Ecologically fragile zones Impact Assessment points: vulnerability assessment should be carried out and explain the main causes of ecologically fragile; brittle clarify ecology
Characteristics of weak, fragile area distribution; relations and impact of the project and fragile areas; ecologically fragile restraining effect on the project; proposed for ecologically fragile
Special characteristics and problems of environmental protection measures and the like. Species diversity impact assessment
Species under the impact assessment project of reducing the likelihood of, and to discriminate the degree of impact assessments should be considered a direct impact, and secondary impact
Cumulative effects.
Impact assessment of the project biologically important: Important biological means included in the statutory list of protected creatures, rare and endangered species, special place
Biological and bio-public special attention. Assessment should pay attention to:
- Shall organisms and their habitat as a whole look;
- Demonstrating the importance of each of the names and types of organisms, the level of protection, population status, centralized distribution and scope of activities, food sources,
Breeding conditions, the nest area requirements, the availability of animal migratory habits and channel requirements;
- Construction of the project affected ways and means to influence the degree would be acceptable;
- There are a variety of biological object during impact assessment, prioritizing the protection can be dangerous or affect sorted to determine the most need of protection
Like, also can be used on typical biological assessment;
- Must make a judgment on the degree of influence.
Ecological Risk Assessment
Ecological Risk Assessment considered the main cause of species endangered or at risk of extinction, resulting in the risk of natural disasters, resulting in harm to human health
Or the risk of significant resources and economic losses and so on.
Assessment of the potential ecological risk caused by construction projects, a clear risk impact pathways, form the mechanism and frequency; mainly affects
Objects as well as the impact, extent and consequences; whether there are preventive measures and contingency plans.
Assessment Regional Ecological Problems
Analysis of the relationship between the project and the major ecological problems of the region, to assess the feasibility of the project site and construction programs. natural resources impact assessment
Resource use and impact assessment scale manner sustainable use of resources, compliance with principles of resource use and planning to determine the index is
No compliance with national and local government resource utilization policies and regulations, compliance with standards and norms of the industry resource utilization.
6.9.4 Agricultural Ecological Environmental Impact Assessment
Soil of Farmland Assessment
a) Soil Erosion Assessment: Project Water Conservation Scheme in three areas should be clearly soil erosion modulus, loss and soil erosion area
Quantity; soil and water conservation programs or measures should meet the requirements of environmental protection, slope protection works consider the impact of landscape aesthetics, to revegetation
Demand should be consistent with the local climate and soil conditions;
b) assessment of soil degradation: soil impact assessment should be selected to characterize soil degradation indicators, quantitative estimates, calculated degraded area,
Assess the degree of degradation of agricultural soil, in order to evaluate the impact on the ecological integrity (such as vegetation) and on ecosystems;
c) Soil Pollution Assessment: clear contaminated land area, the main sources of pollution and contaminants; according to GB 15618 Evaluation of soil pollution drive
Degrees, and to evaluate the ecological impact; crops were measured pollutants or other indication, if necessary, to evaluate the biological or ecological pollution
Cumulative effects. Soil pollution should be evaluated according to the acceptability of land planning functions, such as the degree of contamination of agricultural land shall not affect the
Edible farm product quality assessment, rather than whether the size of the growth of plants or biomass assessment.
d) soil salinization assessment: analysis of soil salinization through relationships with local crops, salinization assess trends, and its impact on agriculture
Impact business environment. agricultural resources impact assessment
a) Agricultural land: Description and type of the project area, accounting for arable land, agricultural losses accordingly; rationality and evaluation of cultivated land occupied
Discuss alternatives and measures to reduce the occupation of cultivated land, the land reclamation feasibility; legitimacy. Urban Vegetable Basket Project on land,
Specialty farms, fish ponds, Sonoda occupation should be targeted for protection or restoration, compensation measures.
b) basic farmland: a clear project footprint of basic farmland, distribution, and drawings, calculate agricultural losses. Assess their legality, may
Compensatory, and demonstrates the feasibility of measures to reduce the area.
6.9.5 Urban Ecological Environmental Impact Assessment Urban nature and function of assessment
- According to the overall urban planning, land use planning, ecological function zoning, environmental planning, assessment of functional nature of the project, the size and layout
Planning Bureau of Compliance;
- According to urban development constraints of resources and environment factors to assess project impacts (environmental rationality) for sustainable urban development. Assessment of urban district function and ecological function zoning
Coordination function zoning and ecological functional area planning research and clarify the city's construction project site analysis and construction programs and ecological planning
Sex. Project Impact Assessment (site rationality) of important ecological function of urban areas and environmentally sensitive areas. Assessment of natural systems and urban spatial structure
- Investigation and evaluation of urban natural environment system (rivers and lakes/mountain hilly, etc.) on Urban Ecological important regulatory function;
- Impact assessment project on urban natural systems;
- Assess whether the impact of urban air duct, waterway smooth, moderate population density livable.
Assessment Urban Greening System
Clarify the urban greening system planning, a clear layout and green indicators, impact assessment system projects greening greening system; Greening Party
Case meets urban greening planning objectives, targets and layout requirements. Urban Landscape Impact Assessment
Clarify the requirements for urban planning landscape; assess cityscape and landscape features; identify the major landscape resources and landscape areas (section, points)
And sensitive landscapes segment; evaluation of projects and urban landscape conservation objectives relationship, affect the nature of the urban landscape, the impact of the form, the affected section
And other ways to measure the impact and extent of mitigation.
Supporting Resources Assessment Influence of Urban Sustainable Development
Evaluation support sustainable urban development of key factors, including water resources, land resources, ecological carrying capacity and environmental capacity and so on. Criteria
Head competing uses long-term impact of urban resources environment. Urban Ecological Security Assessment
Ecological safety assessment in accordance with the city's ecological function zoning, clearly important ecological function areas, natural disaster-prone areas, geologically unstable area
And building control areas. Environmental assessment of the project site rationality, ecological safety impact.
6.9.6 Assessment terrestrial ecological protection measures
Basic requirements Ecological Protection Measures
a) follow the basic principles of ecological science. Protect the ecological integrity of the system, and then to maintain the production capacity, the protection of biological diversity and protection
The ecologically sensitive areas, development of ecological concerns limiting factor holding dominant ecological functions and rehabilitation of degraded ecosystems.
b) protection of the whole process. For each phase of construction project implementation process of the environmental impact of different ecological problems, take appropriate protective measures
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Shi, and adopt the most stringent measures to protect and manage the most affected period.
c) targeted. Shall evaluate and implement protective measures for specific characteristics of the project and the specific ecological features.
d) feasible. Protection measures should be economically viable, and can manage technical reach. Key environmental protection measures Assessment
(1) prevention measures assessment.
- Diversity protection, biological protection of sensitive ecological areas, natural landscape protection should specifically prevent irreversible impact. The project site
Selection must be considered to avoid interference or damage to such protection objectives;
- A significant impact and influence of sensitive ecological protection objectives should demonstrate alternatives;
- Avoid during the critical period of biological breeding season and so influential activities.
(2) assessment of engineering measures.
- Pollution prevention and control measures should achieve the emission concentration standards and environmental quality standards, have biological effects or the cumulative effects of long-term monitoring of contaminants should
Measurement control;
- Ecological Engineering measures should be appropriate and effective environment;
- Afforestation programs should meet the relevant planning requirements;
- Landscaping project design, project coordination and surrounding landscape to optimize the design;
- Ecological compensation measures should be fully feasible, effective, ecological function losses should be an effective remedy;
- Ecological restoration measures should be scientifically feasible, there should be scientific proof of its key technologies;
- Land reclamation objectives, targets, measures and technologies should be clear, economically viable and so on.
(3) construction of the assessment of measures.
- Construction of concrete environmental protection measures should be comprehensive and cover all the important construction points;
- Preparation of construction supervision of environmental protection plan;
- Construction of the monitoring plan should include ecological monitoring, including.
(4) Environmental management measures.
- Press the entire process of implementation of the project proposed environmental management plan;
- Shall establish environmental management institutions and management systems;
- For projects involving ecologically sensitive areas, the project involves important biodiversity conservation, there is a significant ecological risk project impacts,
Ecological monitoring program should be prepared for a long period of monitoring;
- The continuation of the project should be carried out after a long evaluation;
- Carry out environmental protection investment estimate and included a list of sub-investment in environmental protection;
- Environmental investment carried out technical and economic feasibility.
(5) in the event of the following environmental issues, its environmental protection measures must be strengthened.
- Ecosystem integrity irreversibly affected, or ecological factors affect irreversible;
- Irreversible impact on the protection of ecologically sensitive areas or sensitive targets;
- Could cause a regional ecosystems (such as wetlands) or the demise of the demise of a biome;
- May cause one species endangered or extinct influence;
- Cause regeneration cycle to restore long slow heavy losses in some important natural resources;
- Environmental impacts could lead to natural disasters.
6.10 Aquatic Ecosystems Environmental Impact Assessment Technology
6.10.1 General Principles for Assessment assess the scope of the evaluation
a) Evaluation should include spatial and temporal scope of activities and projects are all involved and affected aquatic ecosystems;
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b) reflect the integrity of aquatic ecosystems;
c) include ecologically sensitive areas and environmental protection goals. Aquatic Ecosystems Environmental Evaluation Criteria Evaluation
a) shall meet the water quality and ecological environment planning functional requirements;
b) impact assessment indicators and criteria should be scientific and rational, can characterize ecosystem features and functions. aquatic ecosystem assessment evaluation level
Rank main consideration aquatic ecological function, ecological sensitivity and the extent of the ecological impact of the project. aquatic ecological impact assessment identified
a) the main factors included in the project (the role of the body): Including the impact of the whole process of the project, including pollution and non-pollution;
Note on the protection of sensitive targets; attention to cumulative impacts and ecological risks.
b) the inclusion of the identified ecological factors (receptor):
- Characterization of the integrity of aquatic ecosystems affected by ecological factors;
- Ecologically sensitive areas;
- Important resources, such as fisheries resources.
c) Effects: the nature of the impact, scope, frequency, time, degree, and the impact on ecologically sensitive areas. assess aquatic ecosystem evaluation factor screening
- Evaluation should be able to characterize the dominant factor ecological functions, the main ecological problems, the most sensitive or most affected by environmental and ecological
- Evaluation should be measurable or quantifiable factors;
- Benthic and fish as the most representative of the evaluation factors.
6.10.2 Aquatic Ecosystem Assessment Survey and Evaluation
Assessment aquatic ecological surveys
- Distribution of water system of rivers and lakes should be identified, hydrological status, or existing hydraulic structures and other natural water systems;
- Surveys of fish resources and biological diversity;
- River system should map or Basin Water distribution network;
- Should clarify factors and aquatic ecosystems are closely related to the flow, temperature variation and so on;
- Investigate whether the dam and other water retaining structures;
- Riparian, lakeshore beach wetland status and exploitation conditions, the proportion of natural coastline and natural shoreline protection plan distribution;
- The trend of the ocean, shoreline characteristics, sea and shoreline development and utilization of the status quo, sea biodiversity, wetlands estuaries, bays and natural
Distribution and shoreline protection planning, functional zoning and sea waters environmental function zoning.
Assessment aquatic organisms Status Monitoring Survey
a) assess the monitoring site layout is reasonable, whether the comprehensive monitoring and research projects.
b) investigation of aquatic ecosystems and fishery resources in the history of the dynamic situation.
The ecological status of aquatic Evaluation Assessment
Evaluation of the content of the following assessment of the information requested full, reliable sources, reasonable and credible conclusion.
- Aquatic ecosystem integrity evaluation;
- Evaluation of the nutritional status of water bodies, water environmental capacity analysis;
- Aquatic organisms or food chain linkages for analysis;
- The distribution of benthic organisms, density, biomass situation make an assessment of both factors for analysis;
- Clear fish spawning grounds, ecology feeding grounds, wintering grounds, migration routes and other sensitive conservation goals, map the distribution;
- At the time the distribution of rare and endemic aquatic organisms, to make evaluation of their rarity, specific importance;
- Marine ecological evaluation should pay attention to the use of different biological characteristics in different seasons of the habitat, in order to prevent a monitor to make incomplete junction
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On, for example, need to pay attention to high biodiversity and tropical waters throughout the year biological reproduction characteristics.
6.10.3 aquatic ecological impact prediction and evaluation of assessment affect the integrity of aquatic ecosystems
Effect a) of aquatic biodiversity: compared with the natural history of the state of aquatic biodiversity loss, the biggest reduction in raw
And the reason was because of the advantages of aquatic organisms and uniformity variation and change.
b) aquatic ecosystem productivity: Historical Changes of the normative assessment of the sampling sites and the sampling methods, analysis of system productivity; focus
Assessment benthic and fish resources.
Effect c) aquatic biological populations: selectable benthic (sea) and fish populations for the monitoring and evaluation of aquatic ecosystem dynamics, by
Dominant populations of fish and benthic organisms change the overall status and problems of analysis system.
d) Effect of aquatic habitats: to be the main factor in aquatic habitats and to assess the impact of the major impact of lead, such as river hydrology law,
Flow Form, temperature changes, or occupation and destruction of spawning grounds, feeding grounds, wintering grounds.
e) the migration routes of influence: River dam barrier crab migration routes class is severely affected. Should the investigation confirm the existence of migratory creatures,
Have alternative habitats like.
f) gas supersaturation effects: assess flood caused by dissolved gas supersaturation and the impact on fish. ecological impact of changes in water quality assessment
a) Influence of Organic Matter: Assessment planning water quality meets function, spawning grounds for fish and shrimp larvae and other biological (high sensitivity) of
Waters or waters should improve the water quality requirements (such as an order of magnitude).
b) According to the monitoring of plankton and water, nitrogen and phosphorus monitoring and evaluation of the degree of nitrogen and phosphorus eutrophication and ecological impact (water bodies should be used as water quality
Control key indicators).
c) suspended solids and sediment impact: Impact assessment of the main construction of benthic organisms.
d) Other pollutants: Impact Assessment of heavy metals, pesticides and hazardous chemical pollution of water on aquatic ecosystems, and to distinguish between emergency
Of toxic effects and cumulative effects. Assess the impact of sources of information used in the analysis may be cited scientific research, or do special
Biological effects test, or analogy investigations.
For different conditions, assessment should pay attention to:
- Accidental discharge risk-impact assessment;
- Abnormal discharge should be primarily a direct assessment of the acute toxic effects;
- Bioaccumulative contaminants should analyze the long-term cumulative effects, such as disposable after sediment contamination in the longer term to become persistent dirt
Transfection source and cause long-term cumulative effects on aquatic organisms. fish resources impact assessment
a) fish resources Impact: Key fish species diversity and productivity impact assessment, focusing on economic fish, mainly from habitat conditions change
He turned, and put forward specific protective measures; assess changes in fish stocks and their ecological significance; assessment of fish spawning grounds,
Effect of feeding grounds, wintering grounds of water damage or other changes in habitat, migration routes barrier impact, the impact of harvesting, thus resulting in fish
Diversity reduce their reduced productivity and economic losses.
b) the impact of alien species invasion: from aquaculture, and watch entertainment, scientific experiments, aquatic ecosystems and releasing compensatory proliferation and other activities cited
The possible impact of alien species on native species. Possible ways to evaluate impacts of alien species, alien species survival study
Conditions, ecological risk assessment, propose effective preventive measures. Aquatic ecologically sensitive areas impact assessment
a) critical habitats: the impact based on the distribution of such habitats, scope, characteristics, bioavailability, assessing the project. For being
Destruction of habitat shall assess habitat irreplaceable.
b) habitat of rare and endangered biological and legal protection: depending on the type of protected object, distribution, diet, ecological, breeding special
Point and other information to assess the impact of the project and the extent of the way, to assess habitat protection and biological trends.
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6.10.4 Wetland Ecosystem Assessment
General principles Assessment
The main function of the existence and sustainable wetland conservation as a basic principle. Wetland Ecological Assessment Survey and Evaluation
a) wetland ecological survey: From the wetland ecosystem integrity departure watershed ecological survey clearly wetlands and river systems and wetlands Off
Department; wetlands out of the water and out of the water law; to investigate and identify the ecological functions of wetlands, the planning function zoning; wetland water quality monitoring;
The wetland ecological sensitive areas or sensitive conservation objectives; investigate the presence of wetlands and other key environmental issues.
b) Wetland Ecological Evaluation: To identify wetlands; composition from wetlands and biodiversity, water completeness, naturalness hydrology, wetland
Productivity and other indicators comprehensive evaluation of wetland ecosystem integrity status; clear ecological functions of wetlands; clear sensitive conservation status of the target;
Assess major environmental problems wetlands exist. wetland ecological impact assessment system
a) affect the integrity of wetland ecosystems: evaluate the integrity of wetlands River basin, factors affecting the degree; wetland river runoff
Natural hydrological characteristics, the magnitude of changes in flood and dry; habitat affected, the extent of the impact assessment wading organisms, if not lead to some species
It can survive in the area; the impact or change in wetland ecological structure.
b) wetland sustainability: assessing the impact of the project is to reduce the causes of wetland area, resulting in shrinkage of wetlands or wetland demise; wet
And out of the water balance calculation, clear water supply, water supply and manner; comprehensive analysis of wetlands pressure.
c) A wetland ecological impact: assessing the impact of the nature and extent of the main ecological functions of wetlands; the effectiveness of environmental protection measures taken.
d) wetland biological impact assessment: assessment of direct and indirect impacts of wetland species and their habitats; habitat assessment main article
Food items and the impact assessment of the credibility of the conclusions.
e) wetland ecological sensitive areas or sensitive targets Impact: mainly from the biological assessment of habitat and food requirements and effective way to influence factor,
Conclusion assess credibility.
6.10.5 aquatic ecosystem protection measures Assessment
Assessment protection principles
a) implementation of national development strategies, policies; implementation of laws and regulations; compliance with water planning and functional area requirements.
b) comply with the basic principles of ecological science, by rivers, lakes, oceans and wetlands of different ecosystem types and their characteristics and impact
Particularity, put forward specific protection measures.
c) implementation of the project the whole process of protection measures. For the long-term cumulative effects, monitoring and evaluation should be carried out to track the impact.
d) highlight the principle of priority habitat protection, protection of major ecological functions, whether such functionality is still planning to determine the actual possess. Evaluation Essentials
a) protect the integrity of aquatic ecosystems: protection of natural aquatic biodiversity and water system integrity, state waters. Assess
Are ecological basic flow of water is sufficient to keep the works to protect the river fish purposes.
Since fish spawning grounds, bait, the wintering grounds, migration channels and rivers and lakes and marine waters: b) aquatic ecological sensitive area protection measures
Water nature reserve, there is the survival of rare aquatic organisms and activities, coral reefs, mangroves, bays and estuaries wetlands and other areas are
We shall take protective measures of prevention. We must maintain a large proportion of the area of aquatic natural wetlands, natural beaches, natural shore belt
Biological environment necessary for survival; science and evaluate the effectiveness of the measures.
c) construction of environmental protection measures: for the construction of Impact Characteristics take appropriate environmental protection measures; implementation of environmental protection supervision of construction; construction period
Environmental protection measures should be aimed at reducing suspended solids, vibration and noise pollution and proposed; reasonable construction plan, effectively reducing green
Reproduction of material.
d) assessment of pollution prevention measures: measures taken to protect the water quality of the environment to achieve the quality requirements of its planning function; marine pollution control
Measures must also meet the relevant requirements of international maritime conventions.
e) aquatic ecosystem protection and management measures: the establishment of water environment and aquatic biological conservation management agencies, establish a management system; the preparation of the water environment monitoring
Measured (including sediment) and aquatic ecological monitoring program to determine the biological monitoring of water objects monitoring sites, monitoring frequency, monitoring methods
And other specific implementation of the content; tracking and monitoring should be for environmental protection measures; estimated investment aquatic ecosystem protection measures and a breakdown of investment
List; environmental measures technical and economic feasibility studies; ecological risk should be tracking and monitoring the impact and post-evaluation plan.
f) assessment of compensation measures: aquatic ecological compensation measures should be carried out to assess the feasibility, such as the proliferation of releasing, etc; should be based on scientific tests
, And shall be tracking and monitoring and evaluation.
6.11 landscape aesthetics effect technology assessment
Assessment 6.11.1 general issue of principle
Landscape aesthetic impact assessments to protect the natural landscape resources as the main purpose, mainly for roads, railways, mining, quarrying, tourist
Area, water conservancy and hydropower project reservoir dam type, urban area and other large construction projects that may affect the important landscape or may have adverse landscape projects. assess the scope of the evaluation
For high scenery or landscape protection requirements in the project point of view sensitive, visually see the distance for the evaluation range. Evaluation Criteria
a) Evaluation of Landscape Sensitivity Sensitivity Classification can be combined with the nature of the landscape and planning functions targeting an acceptable standard.
b) general landscape beauty of the natural landscape to the status quo or landscape planning target evaluation criteria.
c) landscape aesthetics evaluation criteria and evaluation methods and criteria to be used to adapt. Evaluation level of assessment
Mainly from the landscape and landscape impact protection level to divide the evaluation level; there are special landscape protection requirements can be appropriately raised evaluation
level. landscape impact identification
a) Landscape factors (the role of the project) project should include all major factors may affect the landscape, such as the towering chimneys and smoke emissions,
Excavation and mountain vegetation destruction; should also consider the different stages of the project development impact factor;
b) the landscape of environmental factors (receptor) should cover all of the natural landscape, cultural landscape planning and conservation objectives.
Assessment evaluation factor screening
a) the current characteristics should characterize the landscape conservation objectives and impacts.
b) should characterize the landscape sensitivity and beauty of the landscape features.
c) quantitative or semi-quantitative.
6.11.2 Landscape Assessment Survey and Evaluation Landscape Sensitivity Assessment
Points for the assessment:
- Whether to conduct a comprehensive survey of the sensitivity of the landscape;
- Landscape Sensitivity Evaluation and Methods should be reasonable and feasible;
- Is there a field survey image data, or sensitive distribution landscape. sensitive landscape aesthetics evaluation assessment
Aesthetics can be evaluated with reference to HJ/T 6, select specific indicator system was evaluated. Assessment Focus:
- Made for sensitive landscape landscape aesthetics evaluation;
- Landscape aesthetics evaluation index system and evaluation methods chosen to take reasonable;
- Whether realistic or evaluation findings to gain public acceptance.
6.11.3 landscape aesthetics Impact Assessment
Assessment landscape aesthetics influencing factors
Landscape aesthetics affect construction projects include changing landscape beauty nature, influence, or destroy the target with a landscape of high aesthetic value landscape, cover
Shelter landscape objectives, project adverse landscape and in sensitive landscapes (paragraph district) and the like. Assessment focus:
- Clear factor causing visual impact of the project;
- The precise nature and extent of the impact of landscape aesthetics, form and influence spatial location;
- Adverse landscape formed by clear project type, point, affect the target;
- Evaluation of the elimination of the adverse visual impact of the degree of difficulty. important landscape conservation objective impact assessment
Important goal is a landscape view of high sensitivity and high aesthetic value of landscape and scenery. Landscape planning and conservation objectives and regulations established
Important landscape protection shall target cities. For important landscape conservation objectives must be specific and targeted impact assessment, clarify Movies
Sound of nature, the way, the degree of influence.
6.11.4 affect important landscape resources aesthetic assessment
Important landscape aesthetic resources are likely to become available as travel or other entertainment resources and potential economic value of the scenery, attractions.
Key advantages of the project area to assess the aesthetic landscape resources, accessibility, resources, scale, aesthetic value (degree of beauty, rare degree of diversity
, Attractiveness) and other implications.
6.11.5 landscape aesthetics safeguard assessment
a) First, consider taking preventive protection measures, including the location of the escape route selection, project design changes and so on, seriously affected by even worse;
Followed by restoration or take other protective measures for the affected landscape; assess the effectiveness of conservation measures;
b) the project should be carried out landscaping design, project coordination and surrounding landscape to optimize the design of the project does not result
Good landscape to take effective measures to deal with;
c) the implementation of measures to protect the landscape management project design and construction of the project, estimated the investment;
d) there should be public participation in landscape impact assessment, adopt reasonable public comments or suggestions concerning landscape protection.
6.12 Environmental Risk Assessment Technology
6.12.1 Identification of major hazard assessment
- Material risk identification covering the main raw materials and auxiliary materials, fuel, intermediate products, final products and the "three wastes" pollution
It was covering the main production equipment, transportation systems, public works system, auxiliary production facilities and environmental engineering facilities.
- Identification of major hazard should an online quantity of dangerous substances as the basis to estimate the amount of focus on assessing the online science and rationality.
- Requires the identification information is complete, and gives major hazard maps.
6.12.2 Assessment of environmental sensitivity
- Environmentally sensitive targets within the survey construction project around 5 km range, including settlements (region), important social concern area (schools,
Hospitals, culture, education, government agencies, etc.), an important water protection target (source of drinking water, etc.), and other ecologically sensitive areas may be especially affected by the accident
Special protected areas and so on.
- Survey data include population distribution, meteorological data, surface groundwater data, ecological data, social region of interest, important conservation objectives
Etc., complete survey data, the scope of investigation of not less than 5 km radius.
Environmental Risk Assessment 6.12.3 Analysis
a) assessment of fire, explosion and leakage of three kinds of types of accidents and pollutant migration path analysis is correct, focusing on leakage, fire explosion
Fried or accidents associated secondary secondary pollution hazard identification and risk analysis. Key environmental risk assessment to identify the source term scientific hehe
Rational, maximum credible accident source intensity and probability determination is reasonable, and the prediction mode, parameter selection science and rationality.
b) hazardous substances in the atmosphere diffusion, multi-puff model; for heavy gas diffusion in complex terrain conditions, for
Mode amended accordingly. Pollution meteorological data used should be consistent with the actual situation of the project site.
Focus on industrial sites for hazardous substances harmful occupational exposure limit damage threshold and median lethal concentration, the concentration of the respective ground
And distribution within the target range of environmental conditions (social concern areas, population distribution, etc.).
c) entering the water body of toxic and hazardous substances transfer and transform analysis, according to HJ/T 2.3 were asked to select the appropriate mode
When focusing on the concentration of hazardous substances in water distribution, environmental protection objectives damage cases within the threshold, the corresponding impact
Section, density greater than water content of hazardous substances in the sediment, fish and aquatic organisms.
d) Based on these predictions, from the perspective of environmental risk, assess the environmental feasibility of the project.
6.12.4 assess environmental risk prevention measures
Feasibility assessment of environmental risk prevention measures, including: risk prevention system complete, feasible and operable; pollutants into the ring to prevent accidents
Measures transboundary movements, environmental accident risk technology support systems, environmental risk monitoring system implementation technical support; environmental risk prevention area (or
Environmental safety distance) corresponding requirements clearly; environmental risk prevention "three simultaneous" content complete, require explicit.
Environmental Risk Assessment 6.12.5 Emergency Plan
Environmental risk assessment of accident emergency response system, response level, joint response, emergency monitoring operability and effectiveness.
6.13 Total Control Technology Assessment
Accurate accounting of pollutant emissions, total control sources are clear, reasonable and feasible area reduction programs, the total control scheme falls
Pollutant emissions in line with the actual project, consistent with the overall development objectives of the country, to meet the capacity requirements and watershed areas, to meet the national
And local total pollutant control management requirements, the total control plan and the environmental quality requirements.
6.14 Public Participation in Technology Assessment
6.14.1 Basic requirements public representative and extensive. targeted public opinion. measures adopted after public comments to be taken feasible.
6.14.2 evaluate the content and methods
Public participation in the work program, information disclosure, information exchange and public comment process four parts checks, to determine the environmental impact
Public Participation in evaluation documents and forms part of the contents of legitimacy. For the public, especially the directly affected public attitudes and intended project
See analysis of the reasonableness of the construction unit of relevant entities, experts and the public opinion is accepted or rejected the description.
Accordance with the "Interim Measures on Public Participation in Environmental Impact Assessment" analysis of environmental impact assessment documents in this section of the form and content matches; root
According to the characteristics of the project, location and site survey to assess the situation, the analysis of representative objects of public participation; the problems for the project, analysis
Targeted public opinion and referred to the appropriate measures to be taken feasible.
6.14.3 assessment should concern Environmental impact assessment document has a separate public participation section, take the form of public participation to meet the relevant requirements. accordance with the "Construction Project Environmental Impact Assessment Classification Catalogue" site survey and assessment, Min inspect the project environment in which
Emotional. public shall include the directly affected populations, affected parties on behalf of the public, other interested groups or individuals. Respondents
It should facilitate the verification of environmental protection administration departments. Project Information disclosed in a manner convenient for the public knows the content of the project on the environment may affect the narrative objective and accurate,
Measures to be taken in the case, and clarify the scope and impact directly affected public.
Content Public Participation in the survey should include the major environmental issues related with this construction project, the findings should reflect the public
All the basic attitude of the construction of the (support, opposition, non-committal), opposed the public should be justified. handling of public opinion
Measures adopted by public opinion and complement shall demonstrate the feasibility of public opinion is not adopted should justify. And environmental rights of the public
Reasonable opinions related to the construction unit or evaluation unit shall propose practical solutions. particularly sensitive to public opinion and building larger units were not adopted, or the environment, technology assessment will be at the invitation of the relevant public
All delegates and issue a written opinion.
6.15 environmental monitoring technology assessment program
6.15.1 Basic requirements
Combined with sensitive targets and distribution projects in different periods (the construction period, and operation of the service after the expiration of) environmental impact characteristics, assessment monitoring meter
Planning and design is reasonable, focus on monitoring project to monitor distribution.
Follow assessing the monitoring program monitoring distribution, monitoring time, monitoring frequency, sampling and analysis methods and techniques related to monitoring standards of character
Sealing properties.
Environmental assessment 6.15.2 Construction Supervision Plan
a) According to the construction schedule, the distribution of sensitive targets, sources and distribution of characteristics, characteristics of the project, the characteristics of the project area to assess pollution
Source, environmental quality, soil and water conservation monitoring programs reasonable.
b) Assessment of pollution control and management system and a comprehensive feasibility. Ecological Impacted Construction Project shall include supervision of ecological engineering aspects
Assessment 6.15.3 runtime environment supervision plan
Assessment pollution monitoring programs
- Pollution sources (including waste gas, waste water, noise, solid waste) and operation status of various types of pollution control facilities will be given
Period or occasional monitoring.
- In accordance with the technical specifications for monitoring, combined with the distribution of sensitive targets, sources and distribution of characteristics, characteristics of the project, to assess the monitoring points
Bit, rationality sampling and analysis methods to monitor the reasonableness of factors, focusing on waste gas and wastewater on-line monitoring equipment layout and monitoring programs. assess environmental quality monitoring plan
According to the scope and extent of the impact, combined with the distribution of sensitive targets, project pollution characteristics of environmental quality with periodic or sentinel surveillance
Track monitoring. Reasonable assessment monitoring program, with the relevant technical specifications for monitoring compliance. Assessment should focus on the following issues:
- Multi-year adjustment of water conservancy and hydropower project, to be concerned on water temperature observation, observation section is set to consider the downstream river tributaries love
Cases, social (and living) and ecological use of water, time and frequency should be based on observation of irrigation water, aquatic organisms Suitability (protection goals
Identifying needs) and other factors.
- Coal, mining and other resource extraction projects must focus on ground movement and deformation (including subsidence, horizontal movement, horizontal deformation,
Curvature deformation and inclination deformation) observations.
- For thermal discharge generated by the project shall focus on eutrophication and red tide monitoring program induced environmental problems such as pollution factors.
- Aquatic organisms of the object to be concerned about fish stocks and spawning grounds, wintering grounds, feeding grounds distribution of rare and endangered, endemic, focusing Paul
Protect fish.
- Terrestrial monitoring content to be concerned about land vivid flora of the region composition, types and distribution of the object to be concerned about rare and endangered,
Key protected wild species.
- For groundwater pollution generated by the project shall assess the reasonableness of monitoring wells layout and frequency of monitoring, if not set up to monitor groundwater quality
Project well, it does not set the required feasibility assessment. Emergency Monitoring Assessment Programme
According to the environmental risk assessment results, assess the reasonableness of the emergency monitoring program. outfall standardized assessment
According to the requirements of the relevant national standards and norms, standardized assessment outfall settings.
Assessment Environmental Management
Assessment of construction project management measures in terms of environmental management organization, responsibilities, and other targeted system, operability and effectiveness.
Appendix A
Technical preparation of the environmental impact assessment report format of
A.1 thematic principles set
According to the project characteristics, environmental characteristics, national and local environmental protection requirements of the administrative department, select the following but not limited to all of the following
Or part of the topic to be evaluated.
A.2 budgeting format
A.2.1 Project Overview
A.2.1.1 Project Background
Project and existing environmental procedures related. The planning of the proposed Project, mainly refers to the country's top ten revitalization plan or other countries Regulation
Draw. Basin or mine before (mainly water utilities, extractive industries), containing relevant planning EIA and so on. The proposed project and location
A.2.1.2 existing projects and the situation "with a new band and old" environmental protection measures
For the expansion project, first introduced the basic situation and main environmental problems existing projects, including existing projects Regulation
Mode, the main environmental protection facilities, sewage whereabouts, production time and acceptance of the situation, the proposed project is based on environmental protection facilities and the "new band and old" green initiatives
Shi and so on.
A.2.1.3 The proposed Project Overview
Describes the construction unit, construction site, the project primarily concerned with point (such as a city, nature reserves) and the positional relationship between the distance. project
The construction includes: the scale of construction, the main project, aided engineering, public works, transportation facilities, water sources, land and other properties; change expansion
Relying on the construction project should explain the relationship between the relative positional relationship existing engineering and engineering. The main profile than the alternatives engineering (predominantly linear work
Cheng), to assess the election than the conclusions. Finally, the total project investment, environmental investment and environmental protection investment percentage of total investment.
Situation A.2.2 Environmental Quality
From the point of view of environmental impact receptors, specifically the project site Area Environmental Quality (ambient air quality, surface water or marine environment
Quality, sound quality of the environment and ecological environment quality, ground water environment, soil environment, etc.), indicating that the standard and level of execution. For the project
Hydrogeological, climatic characteristics of the region, etc., associated with the proposed project environment Area exist. Environmental protection is given by environmental factors
Protection goals.
A.2.3 environmental protection measures and major environmental impact
Pollution-oriented projects are mainly pollution prevention, pollution prevention and control measures by environmental factors summarize the project to be undertaken (including process, go
In addition to efficiency and Status), itemized clear whether the measures taken can achieve long-term stable operation and meet the appropriate standards. Reconstruction
The project also includes the "old with new" measures.
Ecological Impacted project is mainly ecological impact mitigation measures.
The environmental impact of the project after the forecast to take measures to clear the project on environmental protection of objectives of the conclusions.
A.2.4 assessment findings
A.2.4.1 industrial policy and planning compliance
Projects and industrial policy and local master planning, environmental function zoning of the match. According to the national valid file determines whether the project operator
Together industrial policy. Effective planning based on local project file determines whether the overall local development planning, environmental planning and environmental
Function zoning.
A.2.4.2 Cleaner Production
Energy and material consumption, water consumption per unit of product and emissions of pollutants and other aspects of domestic and foreign advanced production compared with the same type of process, to
The level of clean production projects.
A.2.4.3 total control
The total discharge of major pollutants given the proposed project, the source of aggregate indicators of whether the local authorities has been approved.
A.2.4.4 Environmental Risk
The main environmental risk given project, preventive measures to be taken, an acceptable level of risk and consequences.
A.2.4.5 public participation
Clear public participation approach taken and the results. If objections should describe the reasons for the objections and the case resolved.
A.2.4.6 Conclusion
Environmental feasibility of environmental impact assessment document preparation and quality of the project is given a clear conclusion. If not possible, point out the environmental impact assessment
The main problem or project file exists exists constraints.
A.2.5 Approval Recommendation
For environmentally feasible project this paragraph. The main project approval by environmental factors put forward proposals to give the project from a technical point preliminary
Design, construction, completion and acceptance as well as operation and management problems should be noted.
A.3 Other notes
A.3.1 When the evaluation process construction and environmental protection measures changes in the content of the assessment report should be reflected.
A.3.2 After each thematic assessments should, if they meet the criteria or not, measures feasible or not, the prediction results are reliable or not and so on.
Related standard:   HJ 611-2011  HJ 617-2011
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