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HJ 616-2011

Chinese Standard: 'HJ 616-2011'
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Detail Information of HJ 616-2011; HJ616-2011
Description (Translated English): Guideline for technical review of environment impact assessment on construction projects
Sector / Industry: Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard: Z00
Classification of International Standard: 13.020
Word Count Estimation: 38,363
Date of Issue: 2011-04-08
Date of Implementation: 2011-09-01
Quoted Standard: GB 3095; GB 3097; GB 3838; GB 16297; GB 18597; GB 18598; GB 18599; HJ/T 2.1; HJ 2.2; HJ/T 2.3; HJ 2.4; HJ 19; HJ/T 6; HJ/T 176
Drafting Organization: Environmental Protection Department of Environmental Engineering Assessment Center
Administrative Organization: Ministry of Environment Protection
Regulation (derived from): Department of Environmental Protection Notice 2011 No. 28
Summary: This standard specifies requirements for the construction project environmental impact assessment documents the technical assessment of the general principles, procedures, methods, basic content elements and requirements. This standard applies to all levels of environmental impact assessment agencies on the construction project environmental impact assessment documents for technical evaluation. This standard does not apply to nuclear facilities and other possible radioactive contamination, power transmission engineering and other electromagnetic environmental impacts of construction project environmental impact assessment documents the technical evaluation.


HJ 616-2011
Guideline for technical review of environment impact assessment on construction projects
People's Republic of China National Environmental Protection Standards
Construction Project Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines
Guideline for technical review of environment impact assessment on
construction projects
Issued on:2011-04-08
2011-09-01 implementation
Issued by the Ministry of Environmental Protection
People's Republic of China Ministry of Environmental Protection
announcement
2011, No. 28
To implement the "People's Republic of China Environmental Protection Law" and "People's Republic of China Environmental Impact Assessment Law," to protect the environment, prevent pollution
Dyeing and ecological damage, regulate the construction project environmental management, are now approved, "Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines ecological impact" and other two criteria
As national environmental standards, and to publish. Standard name, numbered as follows:
First, the Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines for Ecological Impact (HJ 19-2011)
Above standard since September 1, 2011 implementation, published by the China Environmental Science Press, standard content in website of the Ministry of Environmental Protection
From the date of implementation of the above criteria, the former State Environmental Protection Agency approval, the following criteria published abolished, standard name, numbered as follows:
Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines for non-polluting Ecological Impact (HJ/T 19-1997).
Special announcement.
April 8, 2011
Table of Contents
Preface ..iv
1. Scope ..1
2 Normative references ..1
3 Terms and Definitions .1
4 environmental impact assessment procedures ..2 Technology
Principle 5 Environmental impact assessment technologies, the basic content and methods ..2
Point 6 of the Environmental Impact Assessment and technical requirements .5
Appendix A (informative) Environmental impact assessment report prepared technical format ..31
iv
Foreword
To implement the "People's Republic of China Environmental Protection Law" and "People's Republic of China Environmental Impact Assessment Law" to regulate and guide the environmental Movies
Sound technology assessment, development of this standard.
This standard specifies the construction project (not including other nuclear facilities and radioactive contamination, and other power transmission project generates electromagnetic environment
General Principle on construction projects) environmental impact assessment documents for technical assessments, procedures, methods, basic content elements and requirements.
This standard is the first release.
Appendix A of this standard is an informative annex.
This standard is developed by the Ministry of Environmental Protection Science, Technology organization.
This standard is mainly drafted by: Environmental Protection Department of Environmental Engineering Assessment Center.
This standard MEP April 8, 2011 for approval.
This standard since September 1, 2011 implementation.
The standard explanation by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Construction Project Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines
1 Scope
This standard specifies the general principles of the construction project environmental impact assessment documents technical evaluation, procedures, methods, basic content, to
Points and requirements.
This standard applies to the environmental impact assessment agencies at all levels of the construction project environmental impact assessment documents for technical evaluation.
This standard does not apply to nuclear facilities and other radioactive contamination, and other electromagnetic power transmission project environmental impact construction items may have
Project environmental impact assessment document technology assessment.
2 Normative references
The standard content of the following documents cited in the articles. For undated references, the effective version applies to this standard.
GB 3095 Ambient Air Quality Standard
GB 3097 water quality standards
GB 3838 Surface Water Quality Standards
GB 16297 Air Pollutant Emission Standards
GB 18484 Hazardous Waste Incineration Pollution Control Standard
GB 18597 Hazardous Waste Storage Pollution Control Standard
GB 18598 Hazardous Waste Landfill Pollution Control Standard
GB 18599 general industrial solid waste storage and disposal site pollution control standards
HJ/T 2.1 Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines Master
HJ 2.2 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment of Atmospheric Environment
HJ/T 2.3 Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines surface water
HJ 2.4 Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines make a sound environment
HJ 19 Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines ecological impact
HJ/T 6 in mountain landscape resources development environment impact evaluation index system
HJ/T 176 hazardous waste incineration project construction technical specifications
"Interim Measures on Public Participation in Environmental Impact Assessment" ([2006] No. 28)
3 Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1
Environmental Impact Assessment technology technical review of environment impact assessment
In accordance with national and local environmental protection laws, rules, regulations and standards, technical specifications and requirements of the regulations, the environmental impact of technology
Environmental impact assessment agencies after comprehensive analysis of the construction project may cause, environmental feasibility and environmental impact assessment of the construction project implementation
File an objective, open and impartial technical evaluation, to provide a scientific basis for decision-making and administrative department of environmental protection activities carried out.
3.2
Pollution Impacted Construction Project pollutional impacted construction project
In pollution-based projects, such as the petrochemical, chemical, power generation (including thermal power), medicine, light industry and so on.
3.3
Ecological Impacted Construction Project ecological impacted construction project
In the main ecological impact of construction projects, such as roads, railways, pipelines, civil aviation airports, water, agriculture, forestry, water conservancy, hydropower, mineral resources
Source exploitation.
4 Environmental impact assessment technologies work program
Environmental impact of technology assessment program shown in Figure 1.
Will not convene expert assessment
Technology assessment agencies received Environmental Protection
Administrative departments entrusted
The main laws and regulations and planning documents symbol
Adequacy sealing properties, front file
Site visits Project site and its surroundings
Environmental, construction, etc.
Submit to the environment protection administrative department
The impact of technology assessment report
Experts on environmental impact assessment documents and construction
Environmental feasibility of the project set up to conduct feasibility studies
And put forward the views of experts
Environmental impact assessment documents
Preliminary examination
Technology assessment agencies assessment report
work process
Will convene expert assessment
1 Environmental impact assessment technologies block diagram
Principle 5 Environmental impact assessment technologies, the basic content and methods
5.1 Environmental Impact Assessment of the principle of technology
5.1.1 the principle of scientific decision-making and services
Environmental impact assessment technologies in environmental protection before competent administrative departments of environmental impact assessment documents, a technical support behavior. in
Assessment based on the content, method, timing and other aspects of environmental management must reflect the principle of scientific decision-making services.
5.1.2 objective impartiality
Environmental Impact Assessment Technology in considering the construction and infrastructure projects during implementation of the project on the environment may impact on the pair
Environmental feasibility and construction project environmental impact assessment document of a construction project of technical evaluation, the conclusions of the assessment must be realistic, passenger
View and fair.
5.1.3 and environmental impact assessment is based on the same principle
Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Impact Assessment Technology file using the same basis, should be based on existing national or local laws and regulations, the Ministry of
Door regulations, technical norms and standards.
5.1.4 focused principle
Environmental impact assessment should be based on technical characteristics of the project construction and environmental characteristics Area for the environmental impact of the project possible, from the film
Aspects of sound, factors influencing the way, scope, impact, and other environmental protection measures focus on the assessment, a clear assessment of major environmental issues
Assessment conclusions.
5.1.5 Principles broad participation
Environmental impact assessment technologies must listen to public opinion, considering the relevant disciplines and industry experts, and environmental impact assessment unit
His comments relevant units, and listened carefully to the views of local environmental protection administration departments.
5.1.6 Technical guiding principles
Environmental impact assessment technologies to deal with countermeasures for environmental protection projects and environmental design work of technical guidance. Involving new technologies
Construction projects, promotion of new technologies should be noted that the guide.
5.2 evaluate the content of the environmental impact of construction projects
5.2.1 Compliance with laws, regulations and policies
In terms of project size, product solutions, process route, and technical equipment, construction projects and the assessment of laws and regulations, environmental planning,
Compliance resources and energy use planning, national industrial development planning and national industry access conditions and other policies.
5.2.2 Conformance with the relevant planning
Assessment Project site (or line selection) with the existing national and local relevant planning, and related urban planning, regional planning, river basin
Planning, environmental planning, environmental function zoning, ecological function zoning, biodiversity conservation planning, various planning and land-protected areas
With the planning of the match.
5.2.3 Circular Economy and Cleaner Production Level
- In terms of energy and material consumption, water consumption, pollutants and emissions, and clean production standards promulgated by the state or similar products at home and abroad
Product advanced level, compared to the raw materials, process, technology and equipment, production processes, cleaner production and product management of construction projects carried out
Comprehensive Evaluation;
- Different levels of business, industry and other areas or to assess projects in terms of resource use, emissions, and waste disposal and
Compliance requirements of circular economy.
5.2.4 discharge standards and environmental protection measures
- Assess the implementation of the construction project environmental protection measures taken by the various stages of reliability and rationality, including pollution prevention measures, raw
State recovery measures, the ecological compensation and protection measures, environmental management, environmental monitoring and control plan (or program), Construction Environmental Supervision meter
Plan well "with a new band and old" regional pollutant reduction and so on.
- Requirements of environmental protection measures taken by the technical and economic feasibility, advanced equipment and reliable pollution control technology policy in line with the industry,
In line with industry requirements of clean production, to ensure stability and pollutant discharge standards, secondary pollution prevention and control measures implemented simultaneously with the main project.
5.2.5 Environmental Risk
- Environmental Risk Assessment Project constraints exist to assess the environmental acceptability of risk from the construction of environment-sensitive perspective.
- Reliability and rationality to assess the environmental risk prevention measures and emergency pollution incident handling program.
5.2.6 Environmental Impact Prediction
After assessing the environmental impact of construction projects and the implementation of a range of acceptability.
5.2.7 pollutant emission control
Consistency pollutant emissions assessment of construction projects and the overall national development goals, and pollutant emissions to local government control
The feasibility of seeking compliance, take appropriate pollutant emission control measures.
5.2.8 Public Participation
- Assess the public, especially the public directly affected by the project environmental impact opinions on project construction;
- Analysis of the construction units to adopt reasonable explanation or not adopted by the relevant units, experts and public opinion right.
5.3 evaluate the content of the environmental impact assessment documents
5.3.1 Assessment Evaluation file contents
5.3.1.1 Environmental Investigation objectivity, accuracy
According to the environmental quality standards, the Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines and other relevant requirements, Evaluation of environmental assessment documents the objectivity, quasi
Correctness.
5.3.1.2 Environmental impact prediction science, credibility
According to the construction characteristics of the project area and the characteristics of the environment, according to the environmental quality standards, the Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines and other relevant requirements,
Assessment evaluation documents using prediction (mode) and the choice of parameters, the boundary conditions of scientific validity.
5.3.1.3 Feasibility of environmental protection measures, reliability
In accordance with the total pollutant control, environmental quality standards, emissions standards, cleaner production, recycling economy, energy conservation, resource mechanized
Combined use, ecological protection requirements and advanced, reliable, up, economic rationality, environmental protection measures on evaluation documents submitted
Feasibility assessment.
5.3.2 assess the underlying data
According to the environmental quality standards, environmental impact assessment and other relevant requirements of the Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment project data files that are used with
Source of environmental data, timeliness and reliability assessment.
Normative assessment 5.3.3 Assessment File
5.3.3.1 and Environmental Impact Assessment Technology Guidelines for Conformance
The normative assessment of the environmental impact assessment documentation, mainly determine the original file and the evaluation of environmental impact assessment under the Technical Guidelines
Then, consistent method, content and requirements.
5.3.3.2 terminology, formats, maps, tables normative
Verification term evaluation file format (including units of measurement), maps, tables and other normative, maps and drawings should scale
Matching pieces of information should meet the environmental quality assessment and environmental impact prediction requirements.
5.4 Environmental impact of technology assessment methodologies
The main on-site investigation, expert advice, data comparative analysis, special investigations and research, simulation checking methods.
Preparation of guidelines and requirements 5.5 Assessment Report
5.5.1 compilation principles
Technical assessment reports should be realistic, outstanding engineering characteristics and environmental characteristics of the region, reflecting the objective, fair and accurate scientific principles.
5.5.2 Composition requirements
Technology assessment reports formats refer to Appendix A, can be carried out according to the requirements of the characteristics of the project and the environment, environmental protection administrative department of
Appropriate deletion. Requirements concise text smooth, project profiles and key issues to explain clearly to assess the demands made on the basis of full and objective feasible, commentary
Conclusion estimate clear, credible.
6 points and requirements of the Environmental Impact Assessment Technology
6.1 Policy Conformance Technical Assessment
6.1.1 laws, regulations and policies consistent evaluation
6.1.1.1 Conformance assessment laws
Match assessment project construction and environmental protection laws and regulations related to environmental protection and other laws, regulations and normative documents
Sex.
6.1.1.2 Environmental Protection Policy Conformance Assessment
Evaluate projects with national and local environmental protection policies of the match.
6.1.1.3 Industrial Policy Conformance Assessment
Assessment of project construction and industrial structure policy, industrial policy and regional distribution of industrial access conditions of the match.
6.1.1.4 use of resources and energy policy consistent evaluation
Assessment of project construction and conservation and protection of resources, energy-related policies, regulations and compliance of indicators.
6.1.2 plan consistent assessment
6.1.2.1 Environmental Protection Plan Conformance Assessment
Conformity assessment projects with national and local ecological protection and pollution prevention planning programs, such as the construction project in your area or watershed
Compliance, including environmental impact and pollution control and ecological protection plan planning pollution control and ecological protection planning construction projects identified
The objective measures of compliance.
6.1.2.2 Project conformity assessment and environmental function zoning area
Assess whether projects meet environmental area functional zoning requirements, if not met, the factor is the environmental constraints of the project. Review
Estimated required environmental capacity and environmental carrying capacity from the viewpoint of environmental feasibility of the project.
6.1.2.3 Assessment of construction projects and urban system planning, urban master planning of the match.
6.1.2.4 construction projects with regional, consistent assessment and development planning in development zone development planning Basin
Assessment of construction projects and the state for the region, watershed development planning and national development zones identified class development plan compliance.
6.1.2.5 Conformance assessment of construction projects and land use planning
Key construction projects to assess the land use change in the nature of environmental rationality.
6.1.2.6 Assessment Project and approved by the relevant state industrial development plans and planning EIA Conformance.
6.1.2.7 Assessment of various types of construction projects and protected area planning of the match.
6.2 Engineering Analysis Technology Assessment
6.2.1 Basic requirements
a) to form a complete, it should include the main project, aided engineering, public works, environmental engineering, transportation engineering, and support projects;
b) a clear focus, the project should be a clear focus on composition, size and location;
c) a comprehensive process should include exploration, route selection, design, construction phase, operation phase and decommissioning;
d) reasonable layout, site selection, line selection and the regions in which environmental compatibility;
e) pollutant discharge standards, types of pollutants, to determine the exact source intensity;
f) technology, advanced equipment, environmentally safe storage and transportation systems, resources and energy conservation;
g) data information is true and accurate.
6.2.2 pollution type analysis and evaluation Project Highlights
6.2.2.1 New Project
a) the basic situation: the size of the project, the product (including the main products and by-products) scheme, investment, construction sites and so on.
b) projects: Project Content (Structural work, aided engineering, public works, environmental engineering, transportation engineering, and support projects
Etc.) complete, there is no omissions, should pay attention to the analysis of transportation projects; and projects directly associated with the project said the need for content
Bright.
c) the construction process: construction period, operation period, after the expiration of the environmental impact of the service should be analyzed clearly, and gives quantitative indicators.
d) material consumption, energy consumption: The project consumed raw materials, auxiliary materials, fuel, water and other clear type and quantity, consumption, total consumption indicators clear;
Give the main raw material, the content of hazardous substances materials and fuel.
e) production process and analyze pollution: the main production process and description of materials, water to clear, and types of pollutants producing position is correct,
Clear maps. Chemical projects given the primary and secondary chemical reaction.
f) material balance, water balance, balance of fuel, vapor balance: items that match the characteristics of the data, accurate and credible, the main level of harmful substances
Value analysis is clear, relevant statistical tables and maps clear specification.
Rationality and types of pollutants and verification of emissions, methods, concentration and emissions estimating methods: g) emissions of pollutants and
Accuracy of the data. According to various kinds of pollutants, disposal, discharge characteristics, focus on assessing the reasonableness of the following:
- Air pollution: distribution and emission parameters organized emission sources, fugitive emission source strength determination, the occurrence of abnormal discharge strip
Members and duration;
- Water pollution: the type of sewage collection and treatment scheme, reuse wastewater, sewage normal operating conditions and emission source intensity parameters,
Occurs abnormal discharge, location, intensity and duration, priority control water generation and emission of pollutants strong;
- Noise pollution: spatial location of the main sound source, type, manner and intensity estimates and source strength determination method;
- Solid waste: general industrial solid waste and hazardous waste types, properties, composition, volume and moisture content;
- Source of vibration (vibration have a greater impact of the project): the vibration source spatial location, intensity (measures taken before and after the change), the source is indeed strong
Setting Method.
6.2.2.2 Reconstruction Project
a) before the expansion process, means emissions: analysis of the production process, the size of the device with the current standards and national cleaner production
Compliance-related industrial policy; evaluate the kind of major pollutants, discharge position, emissions compliance and stability and reliable data
And other conditions.
b) emission of pollutants before and after expansion: before and after the assessment of the accuracy of the renovation and expansion of the type of pollutant emissions, methods, changes in emissions and the like.
c) Assessment expansion project relies on existing relations with engineering and feasibility of relying on clear whether there is any existing environmental problems, as well as
"In the old with the new" measures to solve the problem of feasibility.
6.2.2.3 relocation project
In addition to the assessment requirements, we must also focus on assessing the nature of the project is the relocation of legacy environmental issues (such as soil, groundwater pollution, etc.)
The degree of influence, as well as the feasibility of the solution.
6.2.3 Ecological Impact Analysis Project Type Assessment Highlights
In addition to referring to pollution type analysis technology assessment project, we must also assess the project site, line selection is reasonable, the project at different times, places
It affects the way segment, the impact and influence of significant features, and environmentally sound manner of construction and operation mode.
6.2.3.1 Location, line selection and reasonable assessment
By environmental conditions and the conditions of the project selection, to assess and address, line selection is reasonable.
6.2.3.2 Construction assessed Points
Assess the reasonableness of the construction of construction technology and construction timing from the point of view of environmental protection.
Assess the accuracy of the composition of different engineering construction technology description; according to similar projects at home and abroad, combined with the protection of sensitive targets mainly
Demand, advanced construction technology and environmental feasibility assessment, assess the reasonableness of the construction of different construction scheduling content. In the aforementioned base
On the construction organization determine optimization possibilities.
6.2.3.3 Run Evaluation Essentials
Rationality and feasibility assessment scheduled to run optimized operating mode.
6.2.3.4 Assessment should pay attention to factors may cause ecological impacts of secondary.
6.3 Cleaner Production and Circular Economy Technology Assessment
6.3.1 Basic requirements
a) from the product life cycle (location, layout, product selection program, selection of raw materials and energy programs, process equipment selection, production
Each step of the construction and construction products) the whole process of consideration;
b) with the national industrial policy and industry promulgated, consistent clean production standards and environmental policies;
c) the relevant industry advanced technology, technology, equipment, raw materials and pollution prevention measures is based;
d) in line with the national circular economy and energy saving requirements;
e) national cleaner production index industry has been enacted, promulgated by the cleaner production indicators to assess; cleaner production targets not promulgated
Industry, with reference to similar products industry, clean production targets the same size, the same process and advanced technology assessment.
6.3.2 Main evaluation index
6.3.2.1 layout and product mix
In accordance with the requirements of clean production, a reasonable assessment of the layout and product mix, focusing on industrial layout and product mix of the types of pollutants, Regulation
Causes and effects of mold.
6.3.2.2 Production Technology and Equipment
In terms of control, recycling, recovery, abatement energy and process treatment, the evaluation unit scale, production process and technology
Clean production technique and equipment and the like.
6.3.2.3 Energy resource use indicators
According to toxicity, renewable, recyclable requirement to assess raw material selection is reasonable. In accordance with the relevant requirements, from a single
Bit products or yuan output value of raw material consumption, water consumption, energy consumption or a combination of aspects of energy consumption, as well as utilization of raw materials, water reuse, etc.
Cleaner Production Assessment Project resource use and consumption.
6.3.2.4 Product Index
In accordance with the product non-toxic and less harmful, with and without the environmental impact caused by scrapped after less environmental impacts of requirements, assessment of cleaning products
Production levels.
6.3.2.5 pollutant indicator
Generation (amount of pollutants in waste water and waste water, waste gas and the amount of pollutants in the exhaust gas, solid waste and solid contaminants from tons of products
Aspects of waste pollutants), comprehensive utilization, to assess the level of pollutants cleaner production indicators.
6.3.2.6 pollutant emission targets
Tons of products from pollutant emissions (COD, SO2, etc.), assessment of project emission levels of pollutants and the national and local control
System indicators conditionality requirements compliance.
6.3.2.7 waste recycling
Cycle economic analysis from different levels of an enterprise, region or industry, improve resource utilization and optimization of waste disposal route.
6.3.2.8 energy conservation
Assessment project with the national emission reduction targets for compliance, and must focus on project characteristics of pollutants, greenhouse gases and
The feasibility of emission reduction measures and effectiveness.
6.3.3 Cleaner Production Assessment level grade
Cleaner production is divided into three levels, one for the international advanced level, two domestic advanced level, three for the domestic basic level or average
Level.
New construction and renovation and expansion project of cleaner production level has reached at least the domestic advanced level; the introduction of cleaner production projects and strive to reach the international advanced level
Level, at least not less than the introduction of national or regional level.
For not yet released the industry clean production standards, the level of the major projects of clean production evaluation index on behalf of the industry at home and abroad
Table enterprises comparative analysis should be at or above the level of the existing business representatives.
6.4 Atmospheric Environmental Impact Assessment Technology
6.4.1 General Principles for Assessment
6.4.1.1 Evaluation Criteria Evaluation
Category or project assessment need time to judge the corresponding ambient air quality standards based on ambient air quality and the large ribbon Assessment District
Correctness air pollutant emission standards in use.
6.4.1.2 evaluation level assessment
Evaluation grade, should be concerned about the environmental impact assessment of the project's biggest project emissions of major pollutants and the impact of the farthest distance, and commentary
The degree of price sensitive environmental areas, local air pollution levels, etc., and pay attention HJ 2.2 in additional provisions for special cases such as multi-source project.
Assessment 6.4.1.3 scope of the evaluation
- Evaluation should be concerned about the environmental impact of the project on the farthest distance, the sensitivity of the surrounding environment and so on. Such as the scope of the evaluation of the boundary nearby residents
Ambient air quality zone sensitive areas, hospitals, schools, office areas, nature reserves and scenic spots, etc., should be appropriate to expand the scope of the evaluation.
- According to the parameter estimates and model environmental impact assessment document provides the option to review and evaluate the scope of the evaluation level checking.
6.4.1.4 Identification and Evaluation of Environmental Impact Assessment Screening factor
Atmospheric Environmental Impact Assessment factors should include the characteristics of conventional pollutants and pollutant emissions from construction projects.
Assessment should focus on project-related characteristics of the region pollutants, pollution is more serious or aggravated trend contaminants, construction items
Potential contamination that may result or have a significant impact after the implementation of the project on the surrounding ambient air to protect sensitive target contaminants.
6.4.1.5 determine the assessment of ambient air sensitive areas
Investigation should include all environmental protection targets ambient air sensitive areas within the scope of the evaluation, and marked in the figure, the sample to verify the environmental impact assessment
Atmospheric levels of ambient air environment functional zoning of sensitive areas listed in the document, and the relative distance of the project, direction, and protected object
The scope and number.
6.4.2 Environmental Situation Assessment Survey and Evaluation Points
6.4.2.1 Atmospheric pollution investigation and assessment
Pollution survey and content shall comply with the provisions of the evaluation level. Status monitoring can focus on the value of evaluating the scope of the changes
Sources of pollution, such as including all alternative sources of investigation, as well as evaluating the district and project emissions of major pollutants in the construction of other related projects,
It has approved the environmental impact assessment of the proposed project and other file sources.
Status Air Quality 6.4.2.2 Environmental Assessment Survey and Evaluation
(1) existing monitoring data
Sources of information include existing monitoring items within the last three years and the scope of the collection and evaluation of each routine air quality monitoring sites near the scope of the evaluation
Project related monitoring data. Existing monitoring data should be noted that the timeliness and validity of the data.
(2) Status Monitoring
Monitoring Sites, point number, time and frequency of monitoring should be consistent with the effectiveness of different evaluation level monitoring distribution principles, statistics, etc.
The relevant provisions.
Statistics Content GB 3095 contains pollutants monitoring data should meet the GB 3095 statistical data specified validity; pollution characteristics
Statistics monitoring the contents of the information shall comply with the relevant provisions of reference data standard statistical validity; monitoring of fugitive emissions of pollutants should be consistent
GB 16297 Appendix C requirements.
(3) status assessment
- Assess the validity of statistical and analytical methods of monitoring data, as well as the accuracy of the ambient air quality status of evaluation results.
- Regional Situation Assessment of ambient air quality should be concerned about the validity of the data. For the average daily concentration value and hour average concentration values both
Can be used to monitor the value of the status quo, may also be used in the assessment area nearly three years of routine monitoring data or other effective monitoring data from the annual average general
Routine monitoring data. Monitoring data should reflect the environmental quality of the region in recent years, major changes in the regional pollution, the status quo should be based on monitoring data
And then the routine monitoring data shall prevail.
- When assessing the status of regional environmental air quality assessment, environmental impact assessment should check the file status assessment methods and evaluation criteria are
Accuracy, maximum annual average concentration of attention, maximum daily average concentration and maximum hourly average concentrations corresponding standard limit comparison and analysis,
Given accounting standard rate exceeded the rate or, if exceeded, should verify the description of the environmental impact assessment documents exceeding reason.
- When the state of the environment above the standard, should be combined with regional air management plan and the past three years the trend of routine monitoring data analysis zone
Environmental Capacity.
6.4.3 assessment of meteorological data
6.4.3.1 meteorological data investigation and assessment
Meteorological data for the survey, first from the source of meteorological data and weather stations Category assess the environmental impact assessment document attachments in the air
As informative, as well as the content and amount of survey data can meet the requirements of the respective evaluation level. Special attention should be continuity of meteorological data,
That conventional meteorological observation data should be investigated daily throughout the year, the required analysis of successive continuous meteorological data, as well as conventional high predicted air
Like sounding data.
It should also be concerned about the need to supplement meteorological observations when assessing the case, that is from the ground meteorological station for the project exceeds
At 50 km, and the ground station and the scope of the evaluation of geographic features inconsistent, should be complementary in situ meteorological observation. Supplementary meteorological observation
It should be noted Rank different observational time requirements.
6.4.3.2 meteorological data analysis and evaluation
Meteorological statistics from the region focuses on the prevailing wind direction and wind roses.
Wind roses should include evaluation of the range of many years (over 20 years) and climate statistics collected by local daily successive annual ground
Surface meteorological statistics data. In considering the project site and plant layout should be based on more than 20 years of wind roses mainly,
When laid monitoring points should be considered in each monsoon meteorological observation data to investigate the daily successive annual statistics to the roses based.
Assessment should be concerned about whether there is a local dominant wind direction, wind prevailing wind direction means the frequency range of the largest wind angle, emphasizing a range of general
Between 22.5 to 45 degrees. Dominant wind direction in a region should have a distinct advantage, the dominant frequency of wind direction and wind angle should be greater than or equal to 30% No
The region can be said that there is no dominant or dominant wind direction is not obvious. In the absence of dominant wind areas, particularly for emissions and odors with a swing
Project made contaminants should be concerned about the impact on the full range of environmentally sensitive sites.
6.4.4 Environmental Impact Assessment Forecasting and Assessment
Select 6.4.4.1 prediction mode
HJ 2.2 are recommended in three models, further prediction mode can be used to predict the environmental impact, attention should select mode mode
The applicability of the parameters and requirements of the general construction project EIA can choose AERMOD or ADMS. If you are using a version of the guide mode
Appendix follow the recommended version of an upgraded version, should explain the differences between the versions, the recommended list mode if not used in the Guidelines Appendix
Required technical specifications and model checking results.
Select Assessment 6.4.4.2 calculated point
Calculation points can be divided into the ambient air sensitive area (point) within the range forecast, the scope of the evaluation grid point and regional point of maximum ground concentration categories.
Assessing the need to focus on the scope of the calculation shall include all ambient air sensitive area (point), set the forecast grid points should have sufficient resolution to make
May accurately predict the impact of the largest sources of pollution on the evaluation zone, and should cover the entire area of evaluation, provided in high concentration can be encrypted distribution grid points,
To find the maximum ground concentration point region.
6.4.4.3 Prediction evaluate the content set
Setting predictive content should be consistent with the evaluation rating. Prediction content according to general working conditions and pollutant emissions predicted concentration requirements.
Pollutant emissions and operating conditions including normal discharge and abnormal discharge; the results predicted concentrations hour average concentration, the daily average concentrations and annual average concentration
degree. According to forecasts predict content setting scenarios predict scenarios should reflect the characteristics of pollution and pollution control programs and evaluation projects optimal environment
influence level.
Assessment should be noted that the calculation hour average concentration should be used long-term weather conditions, hourly or successive calculation, select the most polluted
(Calculated for all points) hours of weather conditions and on various environmental protection air target maximum number of hours meteorological conditions (for each visual
The impact of ambient air sensitive areas may be) as a typical hour meteorological conditions; calculating the daily average concentration requires the use of long-term weather conditions,
Average daily basis, choose the most polluted (calculated for all points) daily meteorological conditions and the greatest impact on the conservation objectives of each ambient air
Several Japanese meteorological conditions (visual impact on various environmental air sensitive areas may be) as a typical day weather conditions.
6.4.4.4 Environmental impact prediction on the basis of data evaluation
Assessment of the environmental impact assessment should check the information in the file attachment content, namely meteorological input file, terrain input file, the program master file,
Predicted concentrations output files. According to the environmental impact assessment document annex description of each file and the original data source, the sampling data
Authenticity, and to assess the environmental impact assessment of the reasonableness and validity of the basic data and model parameters using.
6.4.4.5 ambient air quality assessment and evaluation of predictive analysis
Ambient air quality prediction analysis and evaluation should focus on the siting of the project, the intensity of emission sources and emissions manner, pollution control measures
Evaluation of the merits and other aspects of emission scenarios, as well as the problems (if any) to assess the proposed terms of solutions.
Note that when assessing the environmental impact of ambient air sensitive areas of analysis, the status quo should consider the background value and its predicted value at the same point of maximum
Superimposed impact value; the environmental impact of maximum ground concentration point analysis can be considered superimposed shadow average predictive value and status of all background values
ring. Annual concentration value superimposed generally choose the annual concentration of routine monitoring and the corresponding point on the meteorological conditions; if there is no routine monitoring point, then
It may be superimposed. If there are other areas evaluated under construction, proposed projects should be considered superimposed on the evaluation zone after the completion thereof.
For the evaluation of excessive superimposed background concentrations arising in the region, should be combined with the extent of the environmental impact assessment report exceeded the standard range,
Excessive position and exceeded the maximum duration time of occurrence results of predictive analysis and environmental impact evaluation findings, the final assessment of the environmental impact of the project
Acceptable level.
6.4.5 protection from the atmospheric environment assessment
For the discharge of pollutants concentration field boundary unorganized emissions monitoring the concentration limit requirements, but may affect the regional environmental quality without excessive
Tissue source can be delineated from the atmospheric environment protection alone.
According to HJ 2.2 determine atmospheric environment protection distance, combined with the factory floor plan, determine the project atmospheric environment protection area. For large
Gas environment protection area of memory in people living in long-term, such as centralized residential areas, schools, hospitals, offices and other environmentally sensitive protection goals,
Relocation should be given the appropriate advice or recommend adjustments to optimize the layout.
6.4.6 Assessment of atmospheric environmental protection measures
- Construction of an effective compliance dust and other atmospheric pollutants control measures.
- Run Production waste gas treatment processes meet industry pollution control technology policy, technical and economic feasible and reasonable, stable discharge standards, the main
Secondary pollution to pollutant emissions, waste gas utilization levels can be used in line with the industry's level of clean production requirements and related policies, resulting
Prevention is feasible.
- To determine a reasonable distance atmospheric environment protection, environmental protection objectives disposal program within feasible distance.
- Combating air pollution estimate reasonable investment.
6.5 Surface Water Environmental Impact Assessment Technology
6.5.1 General Principles for Assessment
6.5.1.1 Surface Water environmental impact assessment should be related topics (such as groundwater, ecology) assess the effectiveness and cohesion should be at each other.
In addition to HJ/T 2.3 content provision, the assessment should also pay special attention to the relevant documents on the basis of water environment sensitive issues, the environmental impact of water channels, water
Strong pollution, water pollution and the type of characteristic, evaluation standards.
Strengthen the technical methods and parameters to choose a reasonable assessment.
Near the outfall by strengthening the reliability of the assessment is satisfied with the distribution of water pollution and excessive water prediction calculation results.
6.5.1.2 Environmental Impact Assessment Factors Assessment Factors identified
a) by HJ 2.1 requires the identification of surface water environmental factors, including different stages of construction, operation and service of the expiration, as well as
Direct impact, indirect impact on the potential impact of cumulative impacts.
b) screened surface water environmental impact assessment should include factors characteristic pollutant emissions from construction projects, receiving water (or watershed area
Domain) Characteristics of Water Environment factors, water quality has exceeded or there is increasing trend of pollution contaminants, after the construction of the project could lead to
Potential contamination hazards or have a significant impact on the water environment protection of sensitive target contaminants.
c) shall be separately and distinctly Survey evaluation factors and impact prediction and evaluation factors.
6.5.1.3 evaluation level assessment
Verification Rank Rank employed and determining the reasonableness of the data and criteria.
Assessment 6.5.1.4 scope of the evaluation
Assessment Particular attention should be evaluated within the scope of water in environmentally sensitive issues and environmental protection goals (such as water sources, nature reserves, etc.) Movies
ring. We should assess the reasonableness of the evaluation to determine the scope of:
a) assessing the scope of sensitive waters near the boundary should be extended to evaluate sensitive boundary waters;
b) under abnormal operating conditions and accident conditions of discharge waters may be affected should be included in the scope of the evaluation;
c) because of the potential environmental impacts of surface water ecological degradation, groundwater pollution, it should be reasonable to expand the scope of the evaluation, covering may be involved
Ecological degradation region or groundwater pollution area.
6.5.1.5 Assessment of water environmental protection objectives
a) assess the completeness and accuracy of the identification of water environmental protection objectives, it must be considered superior to GB 3838 in waters class Ⅲ water features,
Drinking water source protection areas and related water intake, GB 3097 in the first two, the sea waters function, as well as important breeding,
Landscape, entertainment and other special-purpose waters.
b) within the scope of the evaluation by the assessment of social concern sensitive issues of water environment comprehensiveness and accuracy of identification, such as water shortages, organic
Pollution, eutrophication, heavy metal pollution, priority pollutants pollution.
c) the basic situation of water environmental protection objectives must be clearly described, including the name, relative position, water and water environment function zoning, security
Care planning and related requirements, the actual use of functions, scale and scope of services (objects), Situation and Development Planning, Water Quality Status
And existing environmental issues.
6.5.2 Assessment Survey and Evaluation
6.5.2.1 Assessment of water pollution survey
- Pollution survey and content shall comply with the provisions of the evaluation level.
- Location Basin Project (area) if regional water pollution alternatives should include all alternative sources of investigation,
And both the investigation and assessment of pollution sources within the scope of the project construction of sewage-related projects in other sources of pollution, environmental impact assessment document has been approved
The proposed project and other sources of pollution.
6.5.2.2 Assessment of hydrological data and hydrographic survey
- Collection and use of hydrological data and hydrological measurements shall comply with the provisions of the evaluation level.
- According to the construction project environmental impact assessment documents (including special reports, collected hydrological data, etc.), focus on assessing the hydrological data
And selection of relevant hydrological parameters......
Related standard:   HJ 611-2011  HJ 617-2011
   
 
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