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HJ 596.3-2010 English PDF

HJ 596.3-2010_English: PDF (HJ596.3-2010)
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 596.3-2010 (HJ596.3-2010)
Description (Translated English) Water quality. Vocabulary. Part 3
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard Z16
Classification of International Standard 13.060.40
Word Count Estimation 10,186
Date of Issue 2010-11-05
Date of Implementation 2011-03-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 11915-1989; GB 6816-1986
Adopted Standard ISO 6107.3-1993, MOD
Drafting Organization China Environmental Monitoring Station
Administrative Organization Ministry of Environment Protection
Regulation (derived from) Department of Environmental Protection Notice No. 81 of 2010
Summary This standard specifies the quality characteristics provided for the term.

Standards related to: HJ 596.3-2010

HJ 596.3-2010
Water quality.Vocabulary.Part 3
National Environmental Protection Standard of the People's Republic
HJ 596.1~7-2010 replaces GB 6816-86 and GB 11915-89
Water quality vocabulary part three
(Equivalent to ISO 6107.3-1993)
Released on.2010-11-05
2011-03-01 Implementation
Ministry of Environmental Protection released
HJ 596.1~7-2010
Ministry of Environmental Protection
announcement
No. 81 of.2010
In order to implement the "Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China", protect the environment, and protect human health, the first part of the Water Quality Vocabulary
The seven standards, such as “Division”, are national environmental protection standards and are released.
The standard name and number are as follows.
First, the first part of the water quality vocabulary (HJ 596.1-2010);
Second, the second part of the water quality vocabulary (HJ 596.2-2010);
Fourth, the fourth part of the water quality vocabulary (HJ 596.4-2010);
V. Water quality vocabulary part 5 (HJ 596.5-2010);
6. The sixth part of the water quality vocabulary (HJ 596.6-2010);
7. Water quality vocabulary Part 7 (HJ 596.7-2010).
The above standards have been implemented since March 1,.2011 and published by the China Environmental Science Press. The standard content can be found on the website of the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
From the date of implementation of the above standards, the following two national environmental protection standards approved and issued by the former National Environmental Protection Agency shall be abolished.
The name and number are as follows.
1. The first part and the second part of the water quality vocabulary (GB 6816-86);
Second, the water quality vocabulary from the third part to the seventh part (GB 11915-89).
Special announcement.
November 5,.2010
Foreword
To protect the environment and protect human health in order to implement the Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China and the Law of the People's Republic of China on Water Pollution Prevention and Control
Kang, standardize water quality vocabulary, and develop this standard.
This standard is for the first part and the second part of the water quality vocabulary (GB 6816-86) and the third part of the water quality vocabulary ~
Revision of Part VII (GB 11915-89).
This standard was first published in 1986 and 1989 respectively. The original drafting unit was China Environmental Monitoring Station. This is the first revision.
The revised standard is divided into seven parts.
1. Water quality vocabulary part one;
2. Water quality vocabulary part two;
3. Water quality vocabulary part III;
4. Water quality vocabulary part IV;
5. Water quality vocabulary part five;
6. Part 6 of the water quality vocabulary;
7. Part 7 of the water quality vocabulary.
The definition of the vocabulary in this section is a term specifically designed for water quality features, including the terminology of the third part of the Water Quality Vocabulary and
Definition (including corresponding English terms), which may be the same as the terminology currently published at home and abroad, but when applied to different fields, they
The definition may also be different.
This part of the vocabulary is equivalent to the international standard "Water Quality Vocabulary Part 3" (ISO 6107.3-1993), English terms and
ISO 6107.3-1993 is consistent.
From the date of implementation of this standard, the national environmental protection standard “Water” approved and issued by the former National Environmental Protection Agency on October 10, 1986
The first part and the second part of the vocabulary (GB 6816-86) and the original National Environmental Protection Agency approved and released on December 25, 1989
The national environmental protection standard "Water Quality Vocabulary Part III - Part 7" (GB 11915-89) is abolished.
This standard was formulated by the Science and Technology Standards Department of the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
This standard is mainly drafted by. China Environmental Monitoring Center, Liaoning Provincial Environmental Monitoring Experimental Center.
This standard was approved by the Ministry of Environmental Protection on November 5,.2010.
This standard has been implemented since March 1,.2011.
This standard is explained by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Water quality vocabulary part three
1 Scope of application
This standard specifies the terms that are specifically provided for water quality characteristics.
2 noun terms
2.1 α coefficient alpha factor
The ratio of the oxygen transfer coefficient of the mixture to the clean water in the activated sludge wastewater treatment plant.
2.2 Ammonia stripping ammonia stripping
A method of removing ammonia compounds from water by alkalization and aeration.
2.3 lethal concentration, LC50
The concentration of poison that causes half of the test organisms to die under continuous exposure for a certain period of time.
2.4 beta coefficient beta factor
In the activated sludge sewage treatment equipment, the dissolved oxygen saturation value in the mixed solution and the dissolved oxygen saturation value in the clean water at the same temperature and pressure
ratio.
2.5 test group test batch
A mixture of medium, inoculum and dilution series in the genotoxicity test.
2.6 overload surcharge
In a sewage pipe that flows by gravity, the condition caused when the flow rate increases after full pipe. This may cause excessive sewage to overflow from the inspection well
Out.
2.7 primary biodegradation
Under the action of microorganisms, the structure of the compound changes, resulting in the loss of some properties.
2.8 primary anaerobic biodegradation primary anaerobic biodegradation
Due to the action of anaerobic microorganisms, the test compound only undergoes structural changes and does not reach the stage of biodegradation of the final mineralization.
2.9 roughing filter roughing filter
Biofilters operating under conditions of much higher organic matter or hydraulic loading than normal to reduce high-intensity industrial waste
Excessive concentration of easily degradable organic matter in water.
2.10 large plant macrophytes
Large aquatic plants, including water, submerged and floating plants.
2.11 fresh water fresh water
Natural water with low salt content, or water that is generally considered to be convenient for extraction and treatment of drinking water.
2.12 Nitrogen balance
See 2.114, Mass Balance.
2.13 Nitrogen cycle
The cyclic process in which nitrogen and its compounds are utilized and converted in nature.
2.14 DNA damage DNA damage
Does not affect various DNA changes in cell replication.
2.15 point mutation; gene mutation
Mutations caused by changes in a single base pair (nucleotide pair) in a gene, including deletions, insertions, frameshift mutations, and changes in nucleotide sequences.
2.16 toxicity test
Exposing a substance to a specific organism at a concentration to determine the toxic effects of the substance on the organism.
2.16.1 flow-through toxicity test; dynamic toxicity test
Test the toxicity of water in continuous flow conditions.
2.16.2 Semi-static toxicity test; toxicity test with toxicity test
Intermittent renewal
To replace the toxicity test of most test solutions (greater than 95%) in batches at longer intervals (eg 12 h or 24 h); or periodically (a
Normally every 24 h) the test organisms were transferred to a toxicity test in a new test solution with the same poison concentration as the start.
2.16.3 static toxicity test; toxicity test without toxicity test
The toxicity test of the test solution is not changed during the test period.
2.17 control group control batch
It is part of the test process and indicates the effect of matrix conditions on the detection system in the absence of the substance to be tested.
Note. In the genotoxic ultraviolet mutagenic (umuC) test, the control group included a medium containing no test bacteria, a medium containing only distilled water and an inoculum,
A medium containing an inoculum and a solvent, and the like.
2.18 polychlorinated biphenyls, PCBs
The general term for polychlorinated substituted biphenyls also includes monochlorobiphenyl.
2.19 Backwashing backwashing
The process of cleaning the filter in the countercurrent direction with water is often supplemented by air flushing.
2.20 corruption putrefaction
The organic matter is decomposed uncontrolled by the action of anaerobic microorganisms and produces an odor.
2.21 corrupt septic
Corruption due to lack of dissolved oxygen.
2.22 saprophytic saprobic
Related to organic corruption.
2.23 Humic sludge
A microbial membrane that is detached from the biofilter. Usually separated in the final sedimentation tank.
2.24 agglomeration (action) agglomeration
Flocs or suspended particulates coalesce to form larger flocs or more easily settled, floating particles.
2.25 overnight culture overnight culture
Beginning in the afternoon, culture overnight (usually about 16 h) for pre-culture vaccination the next morning.
2.26 photosynthesis photosynthesis
In the presence of light, organisms synthesize carbon dioxide and water into organic matter by means of photochemical reactions.
2.27 Hasen number Hazen number
Indicates the value of the water color. One standard unit is 1 mg of platinum per liter of water [in the form of hexachloroplatinum (IV) acid], or 2 mg of six
The color produced in the presence of water cobalt chloride (II).
2.28 aquifer
An aqueous bed or aquifer composed of permeable rock, sand or gravel capable of providing a large amount of water.
2.29 Reach
A river with certain upstream and downstream boundaries.
2.30 nucleotide nucleotide
The components of the genome (adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine), which are linked by sugars and phosphate groups to form a nucleic acid strand.
The order determines the genetic code of the genome.
2.31 nucleic acid nucleic acid
An important genetic material, a double helix structure in which nucleotides are joined in a certain order, determines the genetic code.
2.32 Ribonucleic acid, RNA
It constitutes one of the important components of genetic material. It is the only component of the genome in RNA viruses.
Note. RNA differs from DNA in that uracil (U) replaces thymine (T) in the nucleotide sequence (see DNA, 2.83).
2.33 post-chlorination post-chlorination
The water (or wastewater) is treated and then chlorinated.
2.34 Vibrio sp.
Aerobic, spore-free Gram-negative bacteria widely distributed in surface waters. Certain germline pathogens, such as cholera, parahemolytic
Vibrio.
2.35 chemical tracer chemical tracer
A chemical substance that is artificially added or naturally present in water to trace water.
2.36 reflux recirculation
The process of returning a portion of the wastewater from the primary or complete treatment to a unit by a unit of the treatment system.
2.37 catchment area; catchment basin
Water can naturally drain into waterways or areas formed by a certain point.
2.38 mixed liquor
A mixture of activated sludge and sewage that is circulated or aerated in an activated sludge aeration tank or oxidation ditch.
2.39 mixed liquor suspended solids, MLSS
The total concentration of solid matter in the mixture is usually specified on a dry weight basis.
2.40 live bacteria viable bacteria
Bacteria with metabolic and/or reproductive capacity.
2.41 activated carbon treatment activated carbon treatment
The process of removing dissolved or colloidal organic matter from water and wastewater by activated carbon adsorption. For example, to improve the taste, smell and color of water.
2.42 Water ponding
Water appearing on the pool surface due to blockage of the filter gap in the biofilter.
2.43 Genome genome
All genetic material (nucleic acid, DNA, RNA) encoding genetic information in cells.
2.44 cross connection cross connection
Refers to the connection between the pipelines may cause contaminated water to enter the drinking water supply system, thus causing harm to public health. Also used to describe not
A standard connection between the water distribution system.
2.45 vaccination seeding
The biological system is inoculated by artificial introduction of a suitable microorganism.
2.46 inoculum; inoculation material
Microorganisms added to fresh medium (or pre-cultured, bacterial suspensions in exponential growth phase).
2.47 bacteria micelle film zoogloeal film
a mucus matrix containing large amounts of bacteria, protozoa and fungi covering the wetted surface of mature biofilters, slow sand filter media
Or the inner wall of the sewage pipe.
2.48 mineralization mineralization
The organic matter is completely decomposed into carbon dioxide, water, and hydrides, oxides, and mineral salts of other elements.
2.49 ideal natural community expected natural community
There are only natural stresses in the river, and human communities that are less disturbed by humans.
2.50 phosphorus balance phosphorus balance
See 2.114, Mass Balance.
2.51 concentration-effect relationship concentration-effect relationship
A substance or mixture of substances that correlates with a dose that causes a diagnostic marker to respond under a certain concentration gradient
Sex.
Note. In the genotoxic ultraviolet mutagenic (umuC) assay, the induction of the umuC gene depends on the concentration of genotoxic agents in the test sample.
2.52 drainage area
Water is drained to one or more areas, and the boundaries of the area are defined by the competent authority.
2.53 culture medium
A liquid or solid nutrient that supports the growth of microorganisms.
2.54 dystrophic water
Contains very little nutrients and contains water with a high concentration of humus.
2.55 diving surface water table
The surface of a static or naturally flowing groundwater. Under the water surface, the aquifer is saturated with water except for the watertight place.
2.56 decantation
The suspended solid is precipitated or separated from the high density liquid and the supernatant is decanted.
2.57 cleaning organisms scouring organisms
Some organisms, such as worms, insect larvae, and other invertebrates, can be removed by feeding or moving to remove the biofilter filter table.
Bacterial membrane (bacterial block membrane).
2.58 spring water spring
Groundwater that naturally emerges from the surface.
2.59 tertiary treatment
To further reduce the effects of pollution, the process of further treatment of primary and secondary treated wastewater. Including. deep physical processing,
Chemical treatment and biological treatment.
2.60 Drainage depth treatment effluent polishing
A tertiary treatment of secondary treatment drainage using deep physical or biological methods.
2.61 setpoint designed site
(a biologically classified river) at a specific point selected in a section of a body of water that is representative of the water mass of the section
Water quality.
2.62 ecosystem ecosystem
A system of material circulation and energy exchange is formed by interactions between different constituent organisms and their surroundings.
2.63 Ecology
A discipline that studies the interrelationships between living things and their related environments.
2.64 biodegradation biodegradation
Molecular degradation of organic matter due to the complex action of living organisms in aqueous media.
2.65 biodegradation phase
The time elapsed from the end of the lag phase to 90% of the maximum biodegradation rate in the trial.
2.66 biomineralization of biomineralization
Mineralization caused by biological activity.
2.67 biomass biomass
The total mass of living matter in a given water body.
2.68 (sand filter) biofilm (of a sand filter)
A film formed by the living, dead, and dying organisms on the surface of a slow sand filter or other biofilter media.
2.69 biota biota
All living components in aquatic biological systems.
2.70 Bioindex biotic index
Describe the value of a water biota to indicate the biological mass of a water body.
2.71 test sample test sample
The sample to be tested after all pretreatment steps (such as centrifugation, filtration, homogenization, pH adjustment, and ionic strength measurement).
2.72 maturation pond
A large wading pool for further processing of biologically treated sewage and removal of solids formed during the process.
2.73 hydrological measurement hydrometry
Measurement and analysis of water flow.
2.74 hydrogeography hydrography
An applied science that studies and measures oceans, lakes, rivers, and other waters.
Note. This term is equivalent to marine physical chemistry in some countries.
2.75 hydrology hydrology
Study the applied science of precipitation, runoff or percolation and storage, evaporation and re-falling of this water cycle.
2.76 eluting elutriation
A sludge conditioning process. Wash the sludge with clean water or effluent from the sewage plant to reduce the alkalinity of the sludge, especially the ammonia removal
To reduce the amount of coagulant required.
2.77 retention period; retention time
The theoretical time at which water or wastewater stays in a particular unit or system at a specified flow rate.
2.78 euphotic zone
The upper layer of water is light enough to maintain photosynthesis.
2.79 mutation mutation; chromosomal mutation
The genetic material (DNA or RNA) of an organism or virus is permanently altered, usually in a gene, expressed as genetic material (a
Deletion, translocation, and transduction of one or more nucleotides result in alterations in genetic coding, thereby altering gene function.
2.80 push-flow system plug-flow system
At least in theory (if not practically achieved), sufficient mixing can be achieved in the cross-section of the channel, without mixing or spreading along the direction of the water flow.
A system.
2.81 shedding sloughing
The bacterial micelle membrane material is continuously detached from the filter material of the biofilter in the form of humus sludge.
2.82 spring vernal sloughing; spring sloughing
In the spring, due to the enhancement of biological activities, new bacterial micelle membranes in the biofilter are breeding and the old biofilms are largely shed.
2.83 deoxyribonucleic acid, DNA
Genetic material that constitutes all biological genomes except RNA viruses. Unlike RNA, DNA nucleotide sequences contain thymus
Pyrimidine, not uracil.
2.84 stationary plateau phase
The biodegradation phase ends until the end of the test.
2.85 stability stability
The ability of wastewater or sludge to resist corruption before and after treatment.
2.86 stability test; methylene blue test
A test for biologically treated sewage. In the test, the methylene blue dye was added to the biologically treated effluent, and the air was isolated.
Under the conditions, the water stability was evaluated by the time required for the dye to fade.
2.87 sludge age
The number of days required for the activated sludge treatment plant to discharge all activated sludge at a constant sludge discharge rate. Activated sludge plant
The total amount of sludge discharged is divided by the amount of sludge discharged per day.
2.88 sludge bulking
In the activated sludge process system, the bulk of the activated sludge is usually caused to expand and the sediment is not easily settled due to the presence of filamentous bacteria.
2.89 sludge pressure filtration
Mechanical pressure is applied to remove the liquid in the sludge to form a solid that is easy to handle.
2.90 no observed effect concentration, NOEC
Statistically slightly lower than the experimental concentration of the lowest observed effect concentration.
2.91 dilution series dilution series
A series of test mixtures in which the test sample is dosed with a dilution matrix such as water or buffer.
2.92 delay period lag phase
The time elapsed from the start of the test to the adaptation and selection of microorganisms for degradation, at which time the degradation of the compound or organic compound
Degree reached 10% of the maximum biodegradation rate.
2.93 coastal littoral zone
That is, the shallow water zone at the edge of the water body, the sunlight can be directly transmitted to the bottom of the water, and the root plants predominate.
2.94 salt jump layer halocline
In a layered body of water, the layer with the highest concentration of salt concentration.
2.95 oxygen saturation value
The dissolved oxygen concentration in equilibrium with the atmosphere (natural system) or pure oxygen (pure oxygen wastewater treatment system). It varies with temperature, oxygen partial pressure and salt
Change with degree.
2.96 nutrient removal nutrient removal
Biological, physical, and chemical methods used to remove nitrogen and phosphorus-containing compounds in water and wastewater treatment.
2.97 Oxidation ditch (channel) oxidation ditch (channel)
Usually a number of parallel ditches are connected at the end point to form a closed loop, equipped with an aeration device for treating raw sewage or clarifying sewage.
System.
2.98 Oxygen deficiency oxygen deficit
In a water system, the difference between the actual dissolved oxygen concentration and its saturated concentration value.
2.99 oxygen balance
Refer to 2.114, Mass Balance.
2.100 genotoxicity
Generally refers to the toxic effects of genome-specific changes caused by physical or chemical factors that cause mutations.
2.101 genotoxicity test genotoxicity test
A test system for determining genotoxic effects such as DNA damage or DNA repair.
2.102 water abstraction
Permanently or temporarily transfer water from any source to another location so that it is no longer part of the water resources in the area or is transferred to
Another source of water in the area.
2.103 Inhof cone cone Imhoff cone
The volume is usually 1L, the scale is close to the tip, and it can be used to measure the volume of the sediment in the conical transparent container.
2.104 nutrient removal nutrient removal
Biological, physical, and chemical methods used to remove nitrogen and phosphorus-containing compounds in water and wastewater treatment.
2.105 umuC operon umuC-operon
Regulates the gene sequence induced by the umuC gene.
2.106 umuC UV mutagenesis and chemical repair umuC UV mutagenesis and chemical repair
In the genotoxicity experiment, the umuC gene was used to study the DNA damage of the test strain. umuC gene expression is damaged by DNA
Induction.
2.107 oily film slick
A layer of material that floats on the surface of the sea or other body of water, such as a petroleum film.
2.108 pre-exposure pre-exposure
The inoculum is pre-incubated under the experimental conditions in which the compound or organic substance is added. The purpose is to increase the adaptation and selection of microorganisms.
The ability of a strong inoculum to degrade the test substance.
2.109 pre-activation pre-conditioning
The test organism is pre-cultured under suitable culture conditions. No chemicals or organic substances are added during this process. Microbes in this process
The medium conditions can be used to improve the experimental results.
2.110 pre-culture pre-culture
The (activated) microorganisms are cultured under suitable culture conditions to facilitate their adaptation to the culture conditions in the experiment. Is a specific test (such as heredity)
Part of the toxicity test).
2.111 native water connate water
Interstitial water of the same geological age as the surrounding rock or stratum. Water quality is often poor and not suitable for normal use (eg drinking, workers and peasants)
Industry use).
2.112 original culture stock culture
The cultivation of biological strains under certain conditions (such as freezing in a suitable medium), in order to maintain the original characteristics, such as nucleic acid sequence
Column.
2.113 vacuum filtration vacuum filtration
A dewatering method in which the sludge is passed through a filter cloth by vacuum filtration.
2.114 mass balance mass balance
In a defined system (eg lake, river or sewage treatment plant), specific substance inputs and outputs (including the substance in the system)
The relationship between formation or decomposition).
2.115 medium temperature digestion of mesophilic digestion
The anaerobic digestion of the sludge at 20-40 ° C is beneficial to the optimal growth of microorganisms in this temperature range.
2.116 nutrient water mesotrophic water
Water in a medium or nutrient state, either natural or due to nutrient accumulation, is between oligotrophic and eutrophic.
2.117 autotrophic bacteria; chemotropotrophic bacteria
Bacteria that can be propagated using inorganic substances as the sole sou......
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