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HJ 2.1-2016 English PDF

HJ 2.1-2016_English: PDF (HJ2.1-2016)
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HJ 2.1-2016English259 Add to Cart 3 days [Need to translate] Technical guideline for environmental impact assessment of construction project General Programme Valid HJ 2.1-2016


BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 2.1-2016 (HJ2.1-2016)
Description (Translated English) Technical guideline for environmental impact assessment of construction project General Programme
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard Z00
Word Count Estimation 11,129
Date of Issue 2016-12-06
Date of Implementation 2017-01-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) HJ 2.1-2011
Regulation (derived from) Ministry of Environmental Protection Notice No.73 of 2016

Standards related to: HJ 2.1-2016

HJ 2.1-2016
(Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment of Construction Projects)
National Environmental Protection Standard of the People 's Republic of China
Replacing HJ 2.1-2011
Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment of Construction Projects
Technical guideline for environmental impact assessment
Of construction project
General Program
2016-12-8 release
2017-1-1 implementation
Ministry of Environmental Protection released
annex
1 Introduction
To implement the "Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China" "Environmental Impact Assessment Law of the People's Republic of China" and "Construction Project Ring
Environmental protection management regulations "to guide the construction project environmental impact assessment work, the development of construction projects environmental impact assessment technical guidelines.
This standard is the revision of the Technical Guideline for Environmental Impact Assessment (HJ 2.1-2011). The main amendments are as follows.
- Standard name changed to "Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment of Construction Projects";
- separation of public participation and environmental impact assessment documents in environmental impact assessment procedures;
- simplifies the construction project and resource energy utilization policy, the national industrial policy and resource utilization rationality analysis
Capacity
- simplifies the clean production and recycling economy, the total amount of pollutants related to the evaluation requirements;
- the removal of the social environment of the status quo investigation and evaluation of relevant content;
- the preparation of the environmental impact report of the construction project of Appendix A has been deleted;
- to strengthen the scientific and normative environmental impact forecasting, the effectiveness of environmental protection measures and environmental management and monitoring
begging;
- New guidelines for the introduction of new sources of pollution sources as part of the technical guidance system for environmental impact assessment of construction projects.
The process analysis part increases the content of the pollution source strong accounting;
- The conclusion of environmental impact assessment has increased the environmental impact of the conclusion of the feasibility of the decision.
This standard is revised by the Environmental Impact Assessment Division of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and the Bureau of Science and Technology Standards.
The drafting unit of this standard. Environmental Engineering Assessment Center of Environmental Protection Department.
This standard is approved by the Ministry of Environmental Protection on December 6,.2016.
This standard has been implemented since January 1,.2017.
This standard is explained by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
1 directory
Preface
1 Scope of application
2 terms and definitions
3 General .1
4 Construction project analysis .4
Investigation and Evaluation of Environmental Status 5
6 Environmental Impact Forecasting and Evaluation
7 Environmental protection measures and feasibility studies
Environmental Impact Profit and Loss Analysis
Environmental Management and Monitoring Program
10 Environmental Impact Assessment Conclusion
11 Scope of application
This standard specifies the general principles, general regulations, working procedures, work content and the contents of the environmental impact assessment of construction projects.
related requirements.
This standard is applicable to environmental impact assessment of construction projects that need to prepare environmental impact report and environmental impact report form.
2 terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
2.1 Environmental elements
Refers to the composition of the environment as a whole, the nature of different and subject to the overall evolution of the basic material composition, also known as
Environmental matrix, usually refers to the atmosphere, water, sound, vibration, biological, soil, radioactive, electromagnetic and so on.
2.2 Cumulative impact
Refers to the impact of an activity that overlaps with the effects of past, present and future foreseeable activities, resulting in an environmental impact
fruit.
2.3 Environmental protection objects (Environmental protection objects)
Refers to the environment-sensitive areas within the scope of environmental impact assessment and the need for special protection of the object.
2.4 Pollution Sources (Pollution Sources)
Refers to the source of pollutants that cause environmental pollution, usually pointing to environmental emissions of harmful substances or harmful to the environment
Place, equipment or device.
2.5 Accounting for Pollution Sources Intensity
Refers to the use of feasible methods to determine the duration of the construction unit of pollutants generated or emissions.
3 General
3.1 Principles of environmental impact assessment
Highlight the source of environmental impact assessment of the role of prevention, adhere to the protection and improvement of environmental quality.
A) according to the law
Implement the relevant laws and regulations, standards, policies and planning of environmental protection in China, and optimize the project construction and service environment
management.
B) scientific evaluation
Standardize the environmental impact assessment methods, and scientifically analyze the impact of project construction on environmental quality.
C) highlight the focus
According to the construction project of the project content and its characteristics, and clear the relationship between the role of environmental factors, according to the planning environment
Influence the evaluation conclusions and review opinions, make full use of the data and results consistent with the time, the main environmental impact of the construction project
2 to focus on analysis and evaluation.
3.2 Construction Project Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidance System Composition
By the outline, pollution source strong accounting technical guidelines, environmental factors, environmental impact assessment technical guidelines, special environmental impact assessment
Price technical guidelines and industry construction projects environmental impact assessment technical guidelines and other components.
Technical guidelines for strong accounting of pollution sources and other environmental impact assessment technical guidelines follow the principles set out in the master plan and related
begging.
Strong guidelines for the regulation of sources of pollution include guidelines for strong sources of pollution and thermal pollution, papermaking, cement, steel and other industries.
Dye source source strong accounting technical guidelines; environmental factors Environmental impact assessment technical guidelines refers to the atmosphere, surface water, groundwater, acoustic environment,
Ecological, soil and other environmental impact assessment technical guidelines; special environmental impact assessment technical guidelines refers to the environmental risk assessment,
Health risk assessment, environmental impact of economic profit and loss analysis, solid waste and other environmental impact assessment technical guidelines; industry construction project ring
The technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment are technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment of construction projects such as water conservancy and hydropower, mining, transportation and marine engineering.
3.3 Environmental impact assessment procedures
Analysis and decision to determine the construction site selection line, size, nature and process routes and national and local environmental protection laws
Regulations, standards, policies, norms, related planning, planning environmental impact assessment conclusions and review the views of compliance, and with the students
The protection of the red line, the environmental quality of the bottom line, the use of resources and environmental access to the negative list of control, as the environmental impact
The prerequisite and basis of the evaluation work.
Environmental impact assessment is generally divided into three stages, namely, survey analysis and work program development stage, analysis and demonstration
The evaluation stage, the environmental impact report (table) preparation stage. The specific process shown in Figure 1.
3.4 Environmental impact report (table) preparation requirements
3.4.1 Environmental impact report preparation requirements
A) generally include overview, general, construction project analysis, environmental status survey and evaluation, environmental impact forecast and
Evaluation, environmental protection measures and feasibility studies, environmental impact economic profit and loss analysis, environmental management and monitoring plan, environment
Impact evaluation conclusions and appendices.
The overview provides a brief description of the characteristics of the construction project, the environmental impact assessment process, the analysis of the relevant circumstances,
The main environmental issues and environmental impact, environmental impact assessment of the main conclusions. General should include the basis for the preparation, evaluation factors
With the evaluation criteria, evaluation of work grade and evaluation scope, related planning and environmental functional zoning, the main environmental protection objectives.
Appendices and attachments should include project basis documents, relevant technical information, citations, etc.
B) should highlight the overall results of the EIA, highlighting the focus. Engineering analysis should reflect the engineering characteristics,
Environmental status survey should reflect the environmental characteristics, the main environmental issues should be clearly stated, the impact of forecasting methods should be scientific, predictive results
Should be credible, environmental protection measures should be feasible and effective, the evaluation conclusion should be clear.
C) The text should be concise and accurate, the text should be standardized, the unit of measurement should be standardized, the data should be true, credible, data should
Informative, should strengthen the application of advanced information technology, chart information should meet the assessment of environmental quality status and environmental impact forecasting evaluation
The request.
3.4.2 Environmental impact report form preparation requirements
3 Figure 1 Construction project environmental impact assessment work procedures
The environmental impact report form should be in the specified format. According to the project characteristics, environmental characteristics, targeted to highlight the environmental elements
Or set the topic to carry out the evaluation.
3.4.3 Environmental impact report (table) content involving state secrets, according to the relevant provisions of the state secret management.
3.5 Environmental Impact Identification and Evaluation Factor Screening
3.5.1 Identification of environmental impact factors
List the direct and indirect behavior of the construction project, combined with the regional development plan of the construction project, the environmental protection plan, the ring
Environmental functional zoning, ecological function zoning and environmental status, and analyze the environmental impact factors that may be affected by the above behaviors.
Should be clear construction projects in the construction stage, production operation, after the expiration of service (according to the project situation) and other different steps
The relationship between the various behaviors of the segment and the possible environmental factors, the nature of the impact, the extent of influence, the degree of influence
Etc., qualitative analysis of the construction projects on the environmental factors may have the impact of pollution and ecological impact, including favorable and adverse effects,
4 long-term and short-term effects, reversible and irreversible effects, direct and indirect effects, cumulative and non-cumulative effects.
Environmental impact factor identification can be used matrix method, network method, geographic information system support under the stack method and so on.
3.5.2 Evaluation factor screening
According to the characteristics of the construction project, the main features of environmental impact, combined with regional environmental functional requirements, environmental protection objectives,
Evaluation criteria and environmental constraints, screening to determine the evaluation factor.
3.6 Division of environmental impact assessment
According to the characteristics of the construction project, the environmental characteristics of the region, the relevant laws and regulations, standards and planning, environmental function zoning
Such as the division of the environmental elements, the evaluation of the work level. Specific technical guidelines for environmental factors or thematic environmental impact assessment
set.
3.7 Determination of the scope of environmental impact assessment
Refers to the scope of the impact of the construction project as a whole on the possible impact of the environment, depending on the environmental factors and the special environmental impact
Evaluate the requirements of the technical guidelines. Environmental impact assessment technical guidelines do not specify the scope of specific evaluation, according to the construction project
May affect the scope of the determination.
3.8 Determination of environmental protection objectives
According to the environmental impact factor identification results, the drawings and a list of the scope of the evaluation of environmental factors involved in the environmental sensitive
Area, the name and function of the special protection object, the position relationship with the construction project, and the environmental protection requirements.
3.9 Determination of environmental impact assessment criteria
Determine the environmental factors applicable to each environmental factor in the environmental impact assessment
Standards and corresponding pollutant discharge standards. Areas that have not yet delineated environmental functional areas, are headed by environmental protection authorities of local people's governments
Departments to confirm the environmental elements should be implemented by the environmental quality standards and the corresponding pollutant discharge standards.
3.10 Selection of environmental impact assessment methods
Environmental impact assessment should be based on the combination of quantitative evaluation and qualitative evaluation, mainly to quantitative evaluation. Environmental impact assessment
If the technical guidelines stipulate the evaluation method, the prescribed method should be adopted. Selection of non-environmental impact assessment technical guidelines
The applicability of the project should be analyzed according to the environmental impact characteristics, impact nature and evaluation scope of the construction project.
3.11 Environmental comparison of construction plan
Construction projects have a number of construction programs, involving environmental sensitive areas or significant environmental impact, should focus on environmental constraints,
Environmental impact and other aspects of the construction program environment than the election.
4 Construction project analysis
4.1 Overview of construction projects
Including the main project, auxiliary engineering, public works, environmental protection projects, storage and transportation works and relying on engineering.
Pollution-based construction projects should be clear project composition, construction sites, raw materials, production technology, the main production
Equipment, products (including main products and by-products) program, flat layout, construction period, total investment and environmental protection investment.
The ecological impact of the construction project should be clear project composition, construction sites, land size, total plane and site layout,
5 construction methods, construction timing, construction period and mode of operation, total investment and investment in environmental protection.
The construction of the project will also include the basic situation of the existing project, the discharge of pollutants and compliance,
In the environmental protection issues and the proposed rectification program and so on.
4.2 Analysis of influencing factors
4.2.1 Analysis of influencing factors of pollution
Follow the concept of cleaner production, from the process of environmental friendliness, the main production process of the main crop node and the end of governance measures
The synergies and other aspects of the choice of the environment may have a greater impact on the main factors in-depth analysis.
Drawing production processes containing pollution-producing links; in accordance with the production, handling, storage, transportation and other aspects of analysis, including often
Pollutants, including pollutants and pollutants, including the normal working conditions and the opening and maintenance and other non-positive
Normal conditions), the presence of carcinogenic, teratogenic, mutagenic substances, persistent organic pollutants or heavy metals, should be clear its
Source, transfer path and flow; give noise, vibration, radioactivity and electromagnetic radiation and other sources of pollution, characteristics and strength;
Indicating the various sources of prevention and control, process control, end management, recycling and other environmental mitigation measures.
Clear the project consumption of raw materials, accessories, fuel, water resources and other types, composition and quantity, given the main raw and auxiliary materials and
The physical and chemical properties of other materials, toxicological characteristics, the nature of products and intermediates, the number and so on.
During the construction phase and production operation, there may be sudden events or accidents, causing toxic and harmful, flammable and explosive, etc.
Material leakage, environmental and personal impact and damage to the construction project, should carry out the construction and production process risk
Identify. There are potential health risks in the construction of a large population, and should carry out the potential environmental risk factors that affect the health of the population
Identify.
4.2.2 Analysis of ecological factors
Combined with the characteristics of construction projects and regional environmental characteristics, analysis of construction projects and the operation process (including construction methods,
Time, operation mode, scheduling adjustment mode, etc.) on the ecological environment of the factors and the impact of the source, the impact of the way
And the degree of influence. Focusing on the impact of a large, wide range, duration or environmental sensitive areas involved in the role of factors and the impact of the source,
Attention to indirect effects, regional impacts, long-term impacts, and cumulative impacts.
4.3 Strong source of pollution
4.3.1 According to the pollutant generation (including production, handling, storage, transportation), production methods and governance measures, accounting
Construction projects are organized and organized, normal conditions and abnormal conditions of pollutant generation and emission intensity, given pollution
The way in which it is produced and discharged, the concentration, the quantity, and so on.
4.3.2 The amount of pollutant emissions (including organized and unorganized, normal and non-normal conditions)
Should be based on existing, under construction, renovation and expansion projects after the implementation of several cases, such as summary of pollutant production, emissions and changes
The amount of pollutants discharged after the completion of the expansion project.
4.3.3 Pollution sources The strong accounting method is specified by the strong technical guidelines for pollution sources.
Investigation and Evaluation of Environmental Status
5.1 Basic requirements
65.1.1 Environmental elements that are closely related to the construction project should be comprehensively and in detail, give quantitative data and analyze
Or evaluation. For the investigation of the status quo of the natural environment, according to the construction project situation necessary explanation.
5.1.2 Full collection and utilization of environmental monitoring data or background for the last three years of the monitoring points, sections or stations within the scope of the evaluation
Value of the survey data, when the existing information can not meet the requirements, should be on-site investigation and testing, the status quo monitoring and observation network should
According to the environmental elements of environmental impact assessment technical guidelines require laying, taking into account the principle of uniformity and representation. Conform to the relevant planning
Environmental impact assessment conclusions and review of the views of the construction project, can directly refer to the relevant environmental impact assessment of the relevant environmental impact assessment
Environmental survey data and related conclusions.
5.2 Methods of environmental status survey
The environmental status survey method is specified by the technical guidelines for the environmental impact assessment of environmental factors.
5.3 Investigation and evaluation of environmental status
According to the environmental impact factor identification results, to carry out ......
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