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HJ 2.1-2011 English PDF

HJ 2.1-2011_English: PDF (HJ2.1-2011)
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HJ 2.1-2011English719 Add to Cart 3 days [Need to translate] Technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment. General programme Obsolete HJ 2.1-2011
HJ 2.1-2016English259 Add to Cart 3 days [Need to translate] Technical guideline for environmental impact assessment of construction project General Programme Valid HJ 2.1-2016


BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 2.1-2011 (HJ2.1-2011)
Description (Translated English) Technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment. General programme
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard Z00
Classification of International Standard 13.020
Word Count Estimation 18,192
Date of Issue 2011-09-01
Date of Implementation 2012-01-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) HJ/T 2.1-1993
Drafting Organization Environmental Protection Department of Environmental Engineering Assessment Center
Administrative Organization Ministry of Environment Protection
Regulation (derived from) Department of Environmental Protection Notice No. 64 of 2011
Summary This standard specifies the construction project environmental impact assessment of the general principles, contents, procedures, methods and requirements. This standard applies to the field and in the People's Republic of China and other sea areas under the jurisdiction of the environmental impact of construction projects.

Standards related to: HJ 2.1-2011

HJ 2.1-2011
Technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment.General programme
National Environmental Protection Standard of the People's Republic
Replace HJ/T 2.1-1993
General guidelines for technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment
Technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment
General programme
Published on.2011-09-01
2012-01-01 implementation
Ministry of Environmental Protection released
Content
Foreword. II
1 Scope.1
2 Terms and Definitions 1
3 General 2
4 Engineering Analysis.5
5 Environmental Status Survey and Evaluation..6
6 Environmental Impact Prediction and Evaluation..7
7 Social Environmental Impact Assessment 8
8 Public participation.8
9 Environmental protection measures and their economic and technical arguments..8
10 Environmental Management and Monitoring..8
11 Cleaner Production Analysis and Circular Economy.9
12 Total pollutant control..9
13 Environmental Impact Economic Profit and Loss Analysis..9
14 program comparison..9
15 General requirements for the preparation of environmental impact assessment documents.9
Appendix A (informative appendix) construction project environmental impact report preparation requirements.11
Foreword
To implement the Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China, the Environmental Impact Assessment Law of the People's Republic of China and the Construction Project
The Environmental Protection Management Regulations, to protect the environment, to guide the environmental impact assessment of construction projects, and to develop this standard.
This standard specifies the general principles, contents, working procedures, methods and requirements for environmental impact assessment of construction projects.
This standard is a revision of the General Guidelines for Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment (HJ/T 2.1-93), in contrast to HJ/T 2.1-93.
The main changes are as follows.
-- Increased environmental impact assessment technical guidelines system composition, environmental factors, cumulative impacts, environmentally sensitive areas, and environment
Impact assessment document terms and definitions;
-- Increased environmental impact assessment principles, environmental impact factor identification and evaluation factor screening, and environmental impact assessment scope
Determination, rational analysis of construction projects, social environmental impact assessment, public participation, environmental protection measures and their economic and technological
Argumentation, environmental management, program comparison, clean production analysis and circular economy, total pollutant control and environmental impact economic loss
Benefit analysis, overall requirements for the preparation of environmental impact assessment documents, etc.;
-- Deleted the preparation of the environmental impact assessment program and the evaluation of the environmental impact of the construction project;
-- Revised the environmental impact assessment work process diagram, engineering analysis, environmental status survey and evaluation, environmental impact prediction
Etc.
-- Transfer the preparation of the environmental impact report to the appendix and revise its content.
This standard was first published in.1993 and this is the first revision.
The "Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment" (HJ/T 2.1-93) shall be abolished from the date of implementation of this standard.
Appendix A of this standard is an informative annex.
This standard was formulated by the Science and Technology Standards Department of the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
This standard was drafted. Environmental Engineering Assessment Center of the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
This standard was approved by the Ministry of Environmental Protection on September 1,.2011.
This standard has been implemented since January 1,.2012.
This standard is explained by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
General guidelines for technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment
1 Scope of application
This standard specifies the general principles, contents, working procedures, methods and requirements for environmental impact assessment of construction projects.
This standard applies to the construction of the ring in the territory of the People's Republic of China and other sea areas under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China.
Influential construction projects.
2 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
2.1
Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines System
Technical guidelines for general outline, special environmental impact assessment technical guidelines and environmental impact assessment for industrial construction projects, general outline
It has a guiding role for the latter two guidelines, and the latter two guidelines should be developed in accordance with the general requirements of the general outline.
The technical guidelines for special environmental impact assessment include environmental elements and thematic forms, such as the technical guidance for atmospheric environmental impact assessment.
Then, technical guidelines for surface water environmental impact assessment, technical guidelines for groundwater environmental impact assessment, and technical guidance for acoustic environmental impact assessment
Then, the technical guidelines for ecological impact assessment are the technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment of environmental factors, and the environmental risk assessment of construction projects.
Technical guidelines, technical guidelines for public participation in environmental impact assessment, etc. are the technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment.
Technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment of thermal power construction projects, technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment of water conservancy and hydropower projects, airport construction
Technical guidelines for engineering environmental impact assessment, technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment of petrochemical construction projects, etc.
Technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment.
2.2
Environmental element
Refers to the composition of the basic substances that constitute the environment as a whole, and which are different in nature and subject to the overall evolutionary law.
Environmental matrix can be divided into natural environmental elements and social environmental elements, usually referring to water, atmosphere, sound and vibration, biology, and soil.
Soil, rock, sunshine, radioactivity, electromagnetic radiation, crowd health, etc.
2.3
Cumulative impact
Refers to when the impact of an activity overlaps with the effects of past, present and future foreseeable activities, resulting in environmental impact
fruit.
2.4
Environmentally sensitive area
Refers to various types of natural and cultural protection sites established according to law, as well as certain types of pollution factors or ecological shadows on construction projects.
Areas where the response factor is particularly sensitive, mainly including.
a) Nature reserves, scenic spots, world cultural and natural heritage sites, drinking water source protection zones;
b) Basic farmland protection areas, basic grasslands, forest parks, geological parks, important wetlands, natural forests, rare and endangered
Natural concentrated distribution areas of wild animals and plants, natural spawning grounds of important aquatic organisms, feeding grounds, wintering fields and migratory passages, days
However, fisheries, resource-deficient areas, key areas for soil erosion, sand-protected land, protected areas, closed and semi-enclosed sea areas,
Eutrophic waters;
c) Areas with main functions of residence, medical and health, cultural education, scientific research, administrative office, etc., cultural relics protection list
A place of protection with special historical, cultural, scientific and national significance.
2.5
Environmental impact assessment document
The environmental impact assessment documents referred to in this standard include the construction project environmental impact report and the construction project environmental impact report.
The report does not include the environmental impact registration form.
3 General
3.1 Working procedures for environmental impact assessment
The environmental impact assessment work is generally divided into three phases, namely, preliminary preparation, research and work program stages, analysis and demonstration.
The evaluation stage, the preparation stage of the environmental impact assessment document. The specific process is shown in Figure 1.
Environmental impact assessment commission
1 Clear evaluation focus and environmental protection objectives
2 Determine the work level, evaluation scope and evaluation criteria
1 Study national and local laws, regulations, policies, standards and related plans for environmental protection
2 Determine the type of environmental impact assessment document according to relevant regulations
1 Research related technical documents and other relevant documents
2 Conduct preliminary engineering analysis
3 Conduct preliminary environmental status survey
Develop a work plan
Environmental Impact Prediction and Evaluation of Environmental Factors
Environmental impact analysis and evaluation of each topic
Environmental conditions within the scope of evaluation
Survey, monitoring and evaluation
construction project
Engineering Analysis
1. Propose environmental protection measures and conduct technical and economic argumentation
2. Give the evaluation conclusion of the environmental feasibility of the construction project
Identification of environmental impact factors and screening of evaluation factors
Preparation of environmental impact assessment documents
And
Figure 1 Environmental impact assessment work process diagram
3.2 Principles of Environmental Impact Assessment
In accordance with the people-oriented, building resource-saving and environment-friendly society and scientific development, follow the following principles
Exhibition environmental impact assessment work.
a) Principle of evaluation according to law
In the process of environmental impact assessment, we should implement laws and regulations, standards and policies related to environmental protection in China, and analyze and construct
Related policies and related plans for projects and environmental protection policies, resource and energy utilization policies, national industrial policies and technical policies
Consistency, and pay attention to national or local laws and regulations, standards, policies, planning and related functional zoning
New trends.
b) Early intervention principles
Environmental impact assessment should be involved in the preliminary work of the project as early as possible, focusing on site selection (or route selection) and process route (or application).
Environmental feasibility of the work programme).
c) Principle of completeness
According to the engineering content and characteristics of the construction project, the project content, impact period, impact factors and action factors are carried out.
Analyze and evaluate, highlight the key points of environmental impact assessment.
d) principle of broad participation
Environmental impact assessment should widely involve experts, relevant units and individuals in relevant disciplines and industries, and local environmental protection management.
Departmental opinion.
3.3 Resource utilization and environmental rationality analysis
3.3.1 Rational analysis of resource utilization
If the planned environmental impact assessment is not carried out in the project area, the rationality analysis of resource utilization is required. According to construction project
Resource endowment in the region, quantitative analysis of the compatibility of the construction project with the resource carrying capacity of the region, and clarification of the project occupied area
A reasonable share of domain resources, analyzing the constraints of project construction. For example, the rationality analysis of water resources utilization in construction projects requires roots
According to the construction project, the consumption of fresh water and the occurrence of water resources in its region, especially in the case of large water consumption, ecology or agriculture
In areas where water is seriously deficient, the compatibility of construction project construction with the water resources carrying capacity of the region should be analyzed, and the construction should be clarified.
The project occupies a reasonable share of regional water resources carrying capacity.
3.3.2 Environmental rationality analysis
Investigate the status of construction projects in their regional, river basin or industry development planning, and related planning and other construction projects
The relationship between the construction site selection, line selection, design parameters and environmental impact is in line with the environmental protection requirements of the relevant plan.
3.4 Identification of environmental impact factors and screening of evaluation factors
3.4.1 Identification of environmental impact factors
Understand and analyze the development plan, environmental protection plan, environmental function zoning, and ecological function area of the construction project area.
Based on the current status of the environment, analyze and list the direct and indirect behavior of the construction project, and may be affected by the above behaviors
Environmental factors and related parameters.
The impact identification should clarify the various behaviors of the construction project at different stages, such as the construction process, production operation, and service expiration.
Qualitative analysis of the relationship between the environmental factors that may be affected, the nature of the impact, the scope of impact, and the degree of impact.
Set the possible pollution and ecological impacts of the project on various environmental factors, including favorable and adverse effects, long-term and short-term effects
Loud, reversible and irreversible effects, direct and indirect effects, cumulative and non-cumulative effects. Constraining the implementation of construction projects
The key environmental factors or conditions should be the focus of environmental impact assessment.
The method for identifying environmental impact factors can be superimposed by matrix method, network method and geographic information system (GIS).
Law and so on.
3.4.2 Evaluation factor screening
Identify results based on environmental impact factors, and combine regional environmental functional requirements or identified environmental protection objectives to screen
Determine the evaluation factor and focus on environmental constraints. The evaluation factor must be able to reflect the main characteristics and areas of environmental impact
The basic condition of the environment and the characteristics of the construction project and the characteristics of the sewage.
3.5 Work level of environmental impact assessment
3.5.1 Evaluation of work level division
In principle, the special evaluation of each environmental element of a construction project should be divided into work levels, which can generally be divided into three levels. First-level evaluation
Comprehensive, detailed and in-depth evaluation of environmental impacts, and detailed and in-depth evaluation of environmental impacts by secondary assessments, Level 3
Evaluation can only be performed on environmental impact analysis.
Other thematic evaluations of construction projects can be graded according to the needs of the evaluation work.
Specific evaluation work level content requirements or work depth refer to the special environmental impact assessment technical guidelines, industry construction projects
Relevant provisions of the technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment.
3.5.2 Basis for the classification of evaluation work
The specific evaluation work level of each environmental element is based on the characteristics of the construction project, the environmental characteristics of the region, relevant laws and regulations,
Standards and planning, environmental function zoning and other factors are divided. Other special evaluation work classification can refer to each environmental element
Evaluate the basis for the classification of work.
3.5.3 Evaluation of the evaluation of the work level
The work level of the special evaluation may be based on the regional environmental sensitivity, engineering pollution or ecological impact characteristics of the construction project.
And other special requirements and other circumstances to make appropriate adjustments, but the scope of the adjustment does not exceed one level, and should explain the specific reasons for the adjustment.
3.6 Determination of the scope of environmental impact assessment
Determine the scope of evaluation of each environmental element and topic according to the requirements of the technical guidelines for each special environmental impact assessment;
For the technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment, determine the scope of environmental impact assessment according to the scope of possible impact of the construction project.
If there are environmentally sensitive areas outside, they should be properly extended.
3.7 Determination of environmental impact assessment criteria
According to the environmental function zoning of each environmental element in the evaluation scope, determine the environmental quality standards and phases adopted by each evaluation factor.
The standard of pollutant discharge. Where there are local pollutant discharge standards, local pollutant discharge standards should be preferred; national pollution
Unconstrained pollutants in dye discharge standards, international common standards can be used; clean production analysis of production or service processes
Adopt nationally issued cleaner production normative documents.
3.8 Selection of Environmental Impact Assessment Methods
The environmental impact assessment uses a combination of quantitative evaluation and qualitative evaluation, and should be based on quantitative evaluation. Evaluation method should
Preferential use of mature technology methods, encourage the use of advanced technology methods, use controversy with caution or at the research stage is still inconclusive
Methods. The selection of evaluation or predictive analysis methods recommended by non-guidelines shall be based on the characteristics of the construction project, the scope of evaluation, and the impact.
The nature and so on analyze its applicability.
4 Engineering Analysis
4.1 Basic requirements
4.1.1 Engineering analysis should focus on the key points. According to the engineering content and characteristics of each type of construction project, the environment may be more
The main factors of the big impact should be analyzed in depth.
4.1.2 The data of the application should be true, accurate and credible. Planning, feasibility study and preliminary design of construction projects, etc.
The materials, data, drawings, etc. provided in the technical documents shall be analyzed and quoted; the existing data shall be cited for environmental impact assessment.
When price, the timeliness should be analyzed; analogy analysis data and data should be analyzed for similarity or similarity.
4.1.3 Combined with the project composition, scale and process route of the construction project, the environmental impact factors, methods, strengths, etc. of the construction project
Carry out detailed analysis and explanation.
4.2 Methods of Engineering Analysis
There are mainly analog analysis methods, actual measurement methods, experimental methods, material balance calculation methods, and reference data analysis methods.
4.3 Contents of Engineering Analysis
4.3.1 Basic engineering data
Construction project scale, main production equipment and public and storage equipment, floor plan, main raw and auxiliary materials and other materials
Physicochemical properties, toxicological characteristics and consumption, quantity and source of energy consumption, storage and transportation methods, types of raw materials and fuels,
Composition and composition, product and intermediate properties, quantity, material balance, fuel balance, water balance, characteristic pollutant balance;
The type and quantity of land occupied by the project, the amount of earth and stone, the amount of discarded soil; the construction period, operating parameters and total investment.
According to the principle of “cleaning and diverting water, using more water, saving water”, the water balance is made, and the total water consumption and fresh water are given.
Quantity, amount of wastewater generated, amount of recycling, amount of treatment, amount of recovery, final amount of discharge, etc., to identify specific reuse sites;
According to the water quality and temperature requirements of the recycled parts, the feasibility of wastewater reuse is analyzed. In accordance with national water conservation requirements,
Propose effective measures to further save water.
Reconstruction and expansion and relocation construction projects need to explain the basic conditions of existing projects, pollution discharge and compliance, and existing
Environmental protection issues and proposed corrective actions.
4.3.2 Analysis of factors affecting pollution
Draw a production process flow chart containing the pollution production link, analyze the generation and discharge of various pollutants, and list the pollution
Type, nature, production, concentration, reduction, emissions, emission concentration, emission method, discharge destination
Compliance with the standard; analysis of carcinogenic, teratogenic, mutagenic substances and persistent pollutants in the construction project
Source, transfer route and flow direction; give sources of pollution such as noise, vibration, heat, light, radioactivity and electromagnetic radiation,
Sex and intensity; various governance, recycling, utilization, mitigation measures, etc.
4.3.3 Analysis of ecological impact factors
Identify the ecological impact factors, identify and divide the specific environmental characteristics and engineering content of the area where the construction project is located.
Analysis of the impact nature, mode of action and impact consequences of the implementation of the construction project, analysis of the scope, nature and characteristics of the ecological impact
And degree. Special attention should be paid to the analysis of special engineering points, such as environmentally sensitive areas, long tunnels and bridges, flooded areas, etc.
Note the analysis of specific influencing factors such as indirect impact, regional impact, cumulative impact and long-term impact.
4.3.4 Storage and transportation of raw and auxiliary materials, products and wastes
Through the analysis of the loading, unloading, handling, storage and pretreatment of raw and auxiliary materials, products and wastes of construction projects,
Check the source, type, nature, mode of discharge, intensity, whereabouts and compliance of each link.
4.3.5 Transportation
Give the mode of transportation (road, railway, shipping, etc.), analyze the construction and operation of the construction project, and make the local and
The type, factor, nature and intensity of environmental impacts caused by increased traffic volume in the near region.
4.3.6 Public Works
Give the source, type, nature, use, consumption, etc. of auxiliary materials such as water, electricity, gas, fuel, etc.
Reliability is discussed.
4.3.7 Analysis of abnormal working conditions
Analyze the pollutants during abnormal discharge such as driving, parking, and overhaul during the production and operation phase of the construction project, and find out
Sources of abnormal emissions, giving the types, composition, quantity and intensity of abnormally discharged pollutants, causing links, causes,
Frequency of occurrence and control measures.
4.3.8 Environmental protection measures and facilities
According to the environmental impact factors, the environmental protection measures and facilities adopted by the project plan are respectively stated, and the environmental protection facilities are given.
Process flow, treatment scale, and treatment effect.
4.3.9 Summary of pollutant discharge statisti......
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