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HJ 1015.1-2019

Chinese Standard: 'HJ 1015.1-2019'
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Detail Information of HJ 1015.1-2019; HJ1015.1-2019
Description (Translated English): Technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment - Uranium mining and milling
Sector / Industry: Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Word Count Estimation: 42,411
Date of Issue: 2019-01-21
Date of Implementation: 2019-04-01
Regulation (derived from): Ministry of Ecology and Environment Announcement No. 3 of 2019


HJ 1015.1-2019
Technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment - Uranium mining and milling
Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines Uranium Mining and Metallurgy
Technical guidelines for environmental impact assessment
-uranium mining and milling
National Environmental Protection Standard of the People's Republic
Implementation of.2019-04-01
Ministry of Ecology and Environment released
Published on.2019-01-21
Content
Foreword...II
1 Scope...1
2 Normative references...1
3 Terms and Definitions...1
4 General... 2
5 Construction project engineering analysis...3
6 Environmental Status Survey and Evaluation...4
7 Environmental Impact Prediction and Evaluation...6
8 Environmental Protection Measures and Their Feasibility Demonstration...7
9 Environmental Impact Economic Profit and Loss Analysis...8
10 Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan...8
11 Decommissioning Governance and Long-Term Monitoring...8
12 Conclusions and recommendations...9
Appendix A (Normative Appendix) Format and Content of Environmental Impact Report of Uranium Mining and Metallurgy Construction Project...10
Appendix B (normative appendix) Format and content of environmental impact report form for uranium mining and metallurgy construction project...21
Foreword
To implement the Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China, the Environmental Impact Assessment Law of the People's Republic of China, and China
Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Radioactive Pollution and Regulations on Environmental Protection Management of Construction Projects, Standardizing Uranium Mining and Metallurgy Construction Projects
This standard is formulated for environmental impact assessment work.
This standard specifies the general principles, contents, methods and techniques for environmental impact assessment of uranium mining and metallurgy construction projects.
Requirements, as well as the requirements for the preparation of environmental impact reports (tables).
This standard is the first release.
Appendix A and Appendix B of this standard are normative appendices.
This standard was formulated by the Department of Environmental Protection's Radiation Source Safety Supervision Department.
This standard was drafted. China Radiation Protection Research Institute.
This standard is approved by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on January 21,.2019.
This standard has been implemented since April 1,.2019.
This standard is explained by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines Uranium Mining and Metallurgy
1 Scope of application
This standard specifies the general principles, contents, methods and techniques for environmental impact assessment of uranium mining and metallurgy construction projects.
Requirements, as well as the requirements for the preparation of environmental impact reports (tables).
This standard applies to the ring of uranium mining and metallurgy construction, reconstruction, expansion and technical transformation projects within the territory of the People's Republic of China.
Environmental impact assessment work, environmental impact assessment of uranium geological exploration can be carried out with reference to this standard.
This standard does not apply to the environmental impact assessment of uranium mining and metallurgy decommissioning projects.
2 Normative references
The contents of this standard refer to the terms in the following documents. For undated references, the valid version applies to this standard.
GB 11215 Nuclear radiation environmental quality assessment general provisions
GB 18871 Basic standards for ionizing radiation protection and radiation source safety
GB 23726 uranium mining and metallurgy radiation environmental monitoring regulations
GB 23727 Regulations on radiation protection and environmental protection for uranium mining and metallurgy
HJ 2.1 General Outline of Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment of Construction Projects
HJ 2.2 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Atmospheric Environment
HJ 2.3 Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines Surface Water Environment
HJ 2.4 Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines Acoustic Environment
HJ 19 Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines Ecological Impact
HJ 169 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Risk Assessment of Construction Projects
HJ 610 Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines Groundwater Environment
HJ 964 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Soil Environment (Trial)
HJ/T 61 Radiation Environmental Monitoring Technical Specification
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1
Uranium mining and milling
Abbreviation for mining, beneficiation and smelting processes or treatment activities of uranium-containing radionuclide ores.
3.2
In-situ leaching of uranium
The prepared leaching solution is injected into the uranium ore layer with appropriate permeability through the injection well to penetrate the uranium deposit
And diffusion, chemical reaction with uranium minerals under natural burial conditions, production of leaching solution containing uranium, and then
Extraction of wells to collect uranium leachate uranium extraction process.
3.3
In-situ blasting leaching uranium from in-place blasted
The ore in the stope is broken to a certain degree by blasting, and the ore is sprayed in situ with a previously prepared leaching solution.
The uranium mining method is carried out by pouring the formed leachate to the ground for water treatment.
3.4
Mining waste stone
The amount of uranium produced during the mining process does not reach the rock that can be used as ore.
3.5
Uranium tailings (slag) uranium tailings
For the extraction of uranium, finely divided residues from ore processing, including residues from the smelting process and heap leaching
The residue produced by the treatment of ore.
3.6
Tailings pond
A special facility for storing ore and slime in the tailings slurry of the water and metallurgical plant, which is formed by the dam and has drainage (Hong)
The structure is used to exclude tailings from the reservoir to clarify water and rainwater.
3.7
Dry tailings pond
A special place for stacking and storing dry tailings and slag discharged from the water and metallurgical plant, which is formed by the dam intercepting the ravine (valley).
There are flood control facilities for draining storms and floods.
4 General
4.1 Basic principles
The classification of environmental impact assessment work for uranium mining and metallurgy construction projects shall be in accordance with the current national relevant classification requirements.
determine. The environmental impact assessment work procedures for uranium mining and metallurgy construction projects shall be in accordance with HJ 2.1, HJ 2.2, HJ 2.3, HJ 2.4,
The relevant regulations of HJ 19, HJ 169, HJ 610, HJ 964, and GB 11215 are implemented.
The format and content of the environmental impact report of the uranium mining and metallurgical construction project are shown in Appendix A. Environmental Impacts of the Uranium Mining and Metallurgy Construction Project
The format and content of the report form can be found in Appendix B. Among them, the preparation unit and the staff of the establishment are in accordance with the environmental impact of the construction project.
The uniform format of the evaluation documents is required to be implemented.
4.2 Environmental Impact Identification and Evaluation Factors Screening
Combining development planning, environmental protection planning, environmental function zoning, and ecological function zoning in the area where the construction project is located
And the current state of the environment, analyzing the environmental factors that may be affected by the construction project.
It should be clarified that the construction project may be affected by the environmental factors in the construction and operation phases.
Scope of impact, degree of impact, etc., qualitative analysis of the impact of construction projects on various environmental factors.
According to the characteristics of the construction project and the main characteristics of the environmental impact, combined with the regional environmental functional requirements, environmental protection objectives
Standards, evaluation criteria and environmental constraints, screening to determine the evaluation factors.
4.3 Determination of evaluation criteria
4.3.1 Dose Constraint Value and Dose Control Value
The public personal dose limit shall comply with the provisions of GB 18871 and be based on the optimization of radiation protection.
The public dose constraint value of the line period, the public dose constraint value should meet the requirements of GB 23727.
Give the public dose control value under the accident conditions of the construction project.
4.3.2 Effluent emission limits
The limits for each radionuclide emission in the liquid effluent are given in accordance with the limits specified in GB 23727.
4.3.3 Non-radioactive environmental quality standards and pollutant discharge standards
The non-radioactive environmental quality assessment shall be based on the environmental function zoning of the area where the construction project is located, and the corresponding environment shall be determined.
Environmental quality standards and corresponding pollutant discharge standards; for the location of the project without clear environmental function zoning,
The implementation standards shall be confirmed by the competent department of ecological environment where the project is located.
4.4 Environmental impact assessment scope
4.4.1 Radiation environment
The scope of radiation environmental impact assessment is generally centered on the airborne pollution source that has the greatest impact on the surrounding residents, and the radius is
20km area. If the source of pollution between the various areas of the project is far away, the above identified evaluation range is not sufficient to cover
The key resident groups of energy should determine the evaluation range by taking the main discharge points of each region as the center and the radius of 20km.
The scope of groundwater assessment is determined by the type of facility and site characteristics.
The sub-area division in the radiation environmental impact assessment is within the range of 1km, 2km, 3km, 5km,
10km, 20km are divided into concentric circles, and these concentric circles are divided into 22.5° segments, which are drawn from the north to the left.
The segment is divided into 11.25°, which is divided into 96 evaluation sub-areas, and the sub-area division map of the evaluation range is attached.
4.4.2 Non-radioactive environment
The evaluation scope of non-radioactive environmental elements shall be in accordance with HJ 2.2, HJ 2.3, HJ 2.4, HJ 19, HJ 169, respectively.
The environmental impact assessment work level specified in HJ 610 and HJ 964 determines the evaluation scope.
4.5 Determination of environmental protection objectives
Describe the protection objectives and functions of each environmental element in the form of a chart, and the relative positional relationship with the evaluation center.
Environmental protection requirements, etc.
5 Construction project engineering analysis
5.1 Methods of Engineering Analysis
Engineering analysis is based on engineering design data such as project planning, feasibility study and design plan, using analogy method,
The combination of the material balance algorithm and the empirical formula carries out engineering analysis, and the reconstruction, expansion and technical transformation projects can also be adopted.
Use the actual measurement method.
5.2 Contents of Engineering Analysis
5.2.1 Overview of Engineering Analysis Content
The contents of the project analysis mainly include the project overview, general layout and transportation, and the rationality analysis of site selection and environmental protection.
Production process analysis, generation and treatment of pollutants, minimization of waste, etc. Reconstruction, expansion and technological transformation projects
It should also explain the basic conditions of existing projects, pollutant discharge and compliance, existing environmental protection issues, and new belts.
Old requirements, and the proposed rectification plan.
5.2.2 Project Overview
Explain the project name, construction scale, main construction content, distribution of deposits, etc., and give the project composition.
List. The list gives the basic information of the construction sub-item and the old sub-item, and gives the main facilities and equipment.
5.2.3 General layout and transportation
Briefly explain the general layout of the plant area and the planning of different functional areas. Introduce the layout of the proposed building
And the layout of the plant of each sub-project of the construction project, indicating the discharge points of various building (structure) and gas and liquid effluent
Location, analyze the rationality of the layout of engineering facilities from an environmental perspective.
Describe the in-plant and off-ship transportation plans and transportation routes for ore, mining waste rock, tailings (slag) and other materials.
5.2.4 Analysis of the rationality of site selection
The content of this section is only applicable to the site selection of ground facilities in new mining areas, such as tailings ponds, tailings silos, waste quarries, etc. brief
Describe the site selection process, from the perspective of protecting the environment, by analyzing the development plan and environmental protection regulations of the area where the site is located
Compatibility of planning, environmental function zoning, ecological function zoning, water function zoning and land use planning, etc.
Suitability of the site, and environmental protection requirements for the engineering design of the site's ground facilities, giving conclusions or mentioning
Suggestions for optimization adjustments.
5.2.5 Analysis of production process
Detailed description of the process flow of the construction project, giving the main process flow chart including the pollution production link, giving radioactivity
The orientation of the nuclide in the process, material balance, water usage and balance, give the main nuclide balance diagram (table) and
Water balance map. For the reconstruction, expansion and technological transformation projects, the original process and its existing problems and process changes should also be addressed.
The situation is analyzed.
Describe the main auxiliary system of the project. Explain the source and dosage of raw and auxiliary materials required for the operation of the project.
5.2.6 Generation and treatment of pollutants
Production, classification, storage, treatment and discharge of radioactive and non-radioactive pollutants during the operation period of the construction project
The situation of discharge and disposal is explained, and the amount of pollutants produced and the amount of emissions are given. For each parameter in the source item estimate
Data sources and rationality should be stated.
For reconstruction, expansion and technological transformation projects, the original pollution sources and pollutant discharges should be clarified and existing
In the case of the problem, the pollutant treatment facilities will be related to the new situation, and the pollution will be calculated before the reconstruction, expansion and technical renovation.
Changes in emissions and emissions (ie, three accounts). For the reconstruction and technical transformation projects, the description should also be changed.
The generation and treatment of pollutants during the manufacturing process.
5.2.7 Minimization of waste
Consideration of waste minimization in terms of management and technical measures.
6 Environmental status survey and evaluation
6.1 Environmental Status Survey Principles
The investigation of the status quo of the environment should follow the principles of seeking truth from facts, comprehensive system, emphasis, and significant time domain characteristics.
Regional natural and social environmental surveys generally use the data collection method and the on-site investigation method. Environmental investigation mainly focuses on the scene
The actual measurement, reconstruction, expansion and technical transformation projects can be combined with the method of collecting data and the field investigation method.
The data should reflect as much as possible the results of the latest period and longer period of time, and should meet the relevant national standards.
Effectiveness requirements, and can fully reflect the environmental characteristics within the scope of evaluation. The basic information given in the report should be reviewed.
Use and explain the source of the data.
6.2 Survey of regional natural and social environment
6.2.1 Regional Natural Environment Survey
a) Geographic location
Briefly introduce the geographical location of the project location and give the location map of the site. Provide site radius within 5km, 20km
The sub-area distribution map.
b) topography
Explain the topographical features of the area where the project is located.
c) geology
Outline the main features of the regional geological and site geology where the project is located, and the geology that may affect the project
Disasters and potential geological risk factors such as collapse, landslides, mudslides, etc.
d) Climate and weather
Briefly describe the main climate types and characteristics of the project area, and provide regular meteorological data to provide observational meteorology.
Information about the station.
e) Surface water hydrological characteristics
Briefly describe the hydrological characteristics of the main surface water bodies within the evaluation scope, the division of the water system, and the surface water system
Figure. Explain the water environment function zoning of the receiving water body, and the list gives the corresponding hydrological parameters and explains the seasonal changes.
Describe the basic characteristics of water conservancy projects that have an impact on the hydrological characteristics of river sections within the upstream and downstream evaluation sites of the site
And scheduling operations.
f) Groundwater hydrological characteristics
Describe the groundwater hydrogeological conditions in the area and site where the project is located, the hydraulic connection between different aquifers,
Type of launch, water level, flow rate or permeability coefficient, recharge, runoff and discharge conditions, dew point of groundwater, etc. Focus
Describe the groundwater conditions associated with the project. If groundwater environmental impact assessment is required, it should be hydrographed in accordance with HJ 610.
Quality survey, and identify drinking water sources in the region, aquifers with water supply significance, and potential aquifers for potential water supply
Wait.
g) Land and water use
Describe the current status of land and water use within the scope of the evaluation, with a focus on the site radius of 5km (including the site)
The current status and development planning of land and water use in the region.
h) Ecology and resource development and utilization
Describe the ecological functional zoning, terrestrial and aquatic ecological conditions in the area where the construction project is located, and ecologically sensitive targets
Relative position and distance from the site. Explain the ecological function zoning of the project area and the characteristics of the partition and protection requirements
And so on. Ecologically sensitive areas should describe changes in vegetation, desertification, desertification, and changes in land productivity.
Explain the main natural resources and development and utilization within the scope of evaluation, and explain the interaction between the project and the project.
6.2.2 Social Environmental Survey
a) Population distribution
Based on the latest national and regional censuses, combined with field surveys, people in each sub-area within the evaluation scope
The distribution of the population, the natural population growth rate, the population of the year of evaluation, and the proportion or population of each age group. Give the field
The distance, location and population of residential areas from the evaluation center within a radius of 5km, as well as schools, hospitals, nursing homes,
The population of enterprises and institutions.
b) Residents' living habits and diet structure
The list gives the recipes, annual consumption and their share from the evaluation range for each age group, indicating the residents' living habits.
Sex.
6.3 Environmental Investigation and Analysis
6.3.1 Survey object
Environmental surveys include radiation environmental surveys and non-radioactive environmental surveys.
6.3.2 Survey content and requirements
The radiation environment survey of uranium mining and metallurgy construction projects is based on the relevant provisions of GB 23726 and HJ/T 61. New item
The radiation environment background survey should be carried out; for the reconstruction, expansion and technological transformation projects, the current situation of the radiation environment should be adjusted.
check. Explain the implementation unit and qualification of the monitoring, monitoring time, and monitoring quality assurance measures.
Survey of non-radioactive environmental conditions, investigation, investigation and evaluation based on non-radioactive pollutants discharged from the project
According to the relevant provisions of HJ 2.2, HJ 2.3, HJ 2.4, HJ 19, HJ 610, HJ 964. The ecological status survey should be
On-site work is carried out on the basis of data collection, and the scope of the ecological status survey is not less than the scope of evaluation.
The environmental survey programme for the in-situ uranium mining project should cover the entire stope.
The environmental monitoring plan is given according to the list of environmental elements, and the environmental monitoring layout map is given.
The list gives the results of the monitoring and analysis, and analyzes the cause of the abnormal data.
For reconstruction, expansion, technical renovation projects or new projects on existing sites, the monitoring results must be before the construction
The environmental background value or the control point monitoring value and the daily monitoring results of the existing site in the past three years are compared and analyzed.
Based on the survey results, the environmental background or environmental status is evaluated.
7 Environmental Impact Prediction and Evaluation
7.1 Environmental Impact Analysis during Construction Period
Analyze the main environmental impact factors that may affect environmental quality during construction. Possible for project construction
Environmental impact, indicating the proposed environmental protection measures, analysis and evaluation of environmental protection measures taken during the construction period of the project
The impact on the environment afterwards indicates the discharge of pollutants.
7.2 Environmental Impact Prediction and Evaluation during Operation Period
The environmental impact during the operation period should be predicted and evaluated according to the specific characteristics of the construction project. For in-situ uranium mining, in situ
Blasting leaching of uranium, tailings (slag) and evaporation ponds, etc., should focus on the analysis and evaluation of groundwater environmental impact.
7.2.1 Prediction and evaluation of radiation environmental impact
7.2.1.1 Source of emissions
Briefly analyze the source items of the project during the operation period.
For the reconstruction and expansion projects, the emission source items during the reconstruction and expansion process, and after the reconstruction and expansion shall be carried out separately.
Analyze and explain, and compare the source items after the reconstruction and expansion with the source items of the original project.
7.2.1.2 Dose estimation
Explain the various ways of illuminating the public and express them in words and diagrams.
Dose estimates mainly include airborne pathways, surface water pathways, and groundwater pathways. The dose estimation requirements for each route are as follows
under.
a) The dose estimation of the airborne route should give the annual average concentration of nuclide in the air in each sub-area, and the individual effective agents in each age group.
Quantity and collective dose.
b) The dose estimation of the surface water pathway should give the annual average concentration of nuclide in the river section at different distances downstream of the discharge port, relevant
Individual effective doses and collective doses for each age group in the sub-area.
c) The groundwater route should give the scope, extent and maximum migration distance of the nuclide at different time periods during the operation period of the project.
And explain the law of the concentration of nuclide as a function of time. In the scope of evaluation, when there is water body downstream of groundwater, it should be given
The maximum nuclides concentration at the downstream water intake point and the resulting effective dose.
Clearly predict the basis and source of the model, method and parameter selection, and analyze its applicability.
The list gives the maximum personal effective dose and collective of the public in different sub-areas and different exposure routes.
dose. Give conclusions about key resident groups, key nuclides and key exposure pathways, and radiation environmental impact assessments.
7.2.2 Environmental impact analysis of non-radioactive pollutants
According to HJ 2.2, HJ 2.3, HJ 2.4, HJ 19, HJ 610, HJ 964 and other related standards, analysis and evaluation construction
The impact of non-radioactive pollutant emissions during the project's operation on the atmosphere, water, soil, sound and ecological environment.
7.3 Environmental Impact Prediction and Evaluation of Events/Accidents
7.3.1 Event/accident environmental impact
7.3.1.1 Event/accident scene analysis
Describe the project's operational period and the event/accident scene that may cause radiation effects during transportation.
7.3.1.2 Event/accident source
Give the event/accident release source item, indicating the assumptions, patterns and basis for the source item determination.
7.3.1.3 Event/accident consequences estimation
Describe the radiation exposure path considered in the event/accident situation and give an estimate of the radiation impact. Give an event/accident
Estimation of non-radioactive chemical contaminants in the case.
Give estimation models and parameters, clarify the basis and source of prediction models, methods, parameters, and analyze their application.
Sex.
7.3.1.4 Event/accident environmental impact assessment conclusion
According to the event/accident estimation result, the conclusion of the event/accident environmental impact assessment is given.
7.3.2 Event/accident emergency response and control measures
Give an emergency plan and response plan for the event/accident situation, and explain the incident/accident prevention and mitigation measures.
7.3.3 Environmental Risk Assessment
Refer to HJ 169, combined with the characteristics of uranium mining and metallurgy construction projects, to carry out risk identification and environmental risk assessment.
8 Environmental protection measures and feasibility studies
8.1 Environmental protection measures
Explain in detail the specific pollution prevention, ecological protection and other environmental protection measures to be taken during the construction period and operation period of the construction project.
Implementation and environmental risk prevention measures.
Describe the design and processing capacity and treatment efficiency of environmental protection facilities, and describe the storage, treatment and disposal of solid waste.
And analyze its capabilities.
For environmental protection facilities shared with other projects, the ability to store, treat and dispose of waste should be analyzed.
Such as the processing capacity of the wastewater treatment facility, the remaining storage capacity of the tailings (slag) reservoir, and so on.
8.2 Environmental Protection Measures Feasibility Argument
Analyze and demonstrate the technical feasibility, economic rationality, long-term stable operation and reliable discharge of the proposed measures
Sexuality, meeting the accessibility of ecological protection and restoration effects. The validity of various measures shall be determined by the same or the same measure.
Based on the actual operation results, engineering experimental data can be provided without actual operational experience.
9 Environmental Impact Economic Profit and Loss Analysis
Monetization of the environmental impacts caused by uranium mining and metallurgy construction projects by qualitative and quantitative methods
Analysis of economic losses. Give a list of various environmental protection measures and investment estimates, and calculate environmental protection investment as a percentage of total project investment.
Proportion, a brief analysis of the rationality of environmental investment.
Environmental protection investments should include environmental protection measures to prevent and mitigate the environmental impact of construction projects and
The construction cost, operation and maintenance costs of the facility, the environmental management and monitoring costs directly for the construction project, and the phase
Scientific research costs.
10 Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan
10.1 Environmental Management Agency
Explain the main duties and systems of the environmental management organization of uranium mining and metallurgy enterprises.
10.2 Contaminants and Environmental Management Plan
The pollutant discharge list of the construction project and the operation period of the construction project is given separately, and the management requirements for pollutant discharge are clarified.
Give a targeted and specific operational environmental management plan for the construction period and operation period of the construction project, and clarify the various rings.
Plan for the construction, operation and maintenance of environmental protection facilities and measures.
10.3 Monitoring plan
Give the environmental monitoring plan during the construction period, the effluent and environmental monitoring plan and emergency monitoring plan during the operation period, and complete
Recommendations for environmental protection acceptance monitoring programmes. Give an environmental monitoring layout diagram to illustrate the quality assurance measures for monitoring. Commission
If the third party unit is monitoring, it is necessary to explain its qualifications.
11 Decommissioning Governance and Long-Term Monitoring
11.1 Decommissioning Governance
11.1.1 Design phase
Explain the plan for the project to be decommissioned during the design phase.
11.1.2 Operation period
Explain the measures that are easy to be decommissioned during the operation of the project. For projects with operational conditions that meet decommissioning conditions,
Give a decommissioning plan.
11.1.3 Closure period
Explain the preparations for decommissioning of the project during the shutdown period, the operation of the three waste treatment facilities, and the pollution prevention and control
Measures. For the in-situ uranium mining project, the continuity of the shutdown period should be explained.
11.1.4 Decommissioning target
Give the management limits, management target values and their determination principles when decommissioning.
11.1.5 Decommissioning Management Plan
Explain the decommissioning management plan to be adopted in the decommissioning governance project, and explain the rationality of the governance plan.
11.1.6 Decommissioning funds
Explain the requirements and sources of decommissioning governance, as well as funding safeguards.
11.2 Long-term monitoring
For long-term monitoring after decommissioning, the relevant content of long-term monitoring should be explained.
12 Conclusions and recommendations
12.1 Conclusion
Give summary conclusions on the overall content of the report. Explain the basic conditions of the project construction, environmental protection objectives,
Three waste generation and control measures, ecological protection measures, environmental impact assessment conclusions, main conclusions of public participation, environment
The management and monitoring plan and other contents clearly indicate the feasibility conclusion of the environmental impact of the construction project.
For major environmental constraints, unacceptable environmental impacts or uncontrollable environmental risks, environmental protection measures
Technology does not meet long-term stability standards and ecological protection requirements, regional environmental issues are prominent and remediation plans are not implemented or not
Construction projects that meet environmental quality improvement goals should conclude that environmental impacts are not feasible.
12.2 Recommendation
The evaluation unit made other corresponding suggestions on environmental protection of the project.
Appendix A
(normative appendix)
Format and content of environmental impact report for uranium mining and metallurgy construction project
A.1 Overview
A.1.1 Basic information of the project
Briefly describe the project name, nature, length of service, operating organization, construction site, total investment amount and environmental protection investment.
A.1.2 Main construction contents and planning
Briefly describe the main contents of the project construction, and the expansion project should give the basic information of the original facilities. Staging construction
Explain the overall plan of the site, briefly clarify the project construction mode, and the mutual relationship between each phase of the project and the overall plan
relationship. Explain the construction schedule of the project. If there are multiple construction plans, from environmental constraints and environmental impacts
The degree and other aspects of the construction plan environment comparison results.
A.1.3 Basis for preparation
A.1.3.1. Regulations and standards
State the national, industry and local major regulations and standards on which the environmental impact assessment is based.
A.1.3.2. Relevant documents
List project documents, project approvals, and main technical documents based on them.
A.1.4 Evaluation scope
Explain the scope of evaluation of each environmental element.
A.1.5 Evaluation factor
The environmental impact factors are identified separately in the two phases of construction period and operation period.
Identify the environmental impact factors of each environmental element, and determine the evaluation factor in combination with engineering analysis.
A.1.6 Evaluation Control Indicators
A.1.6.1. Dose constraint values and dose control values
The public personal dose limit shall comply with the provisions of GB 18871 and be based on the optimization of radiation protection.
The public dose constraint value of the line period, the public dose constraint value should meet the requirements of GB 23727.
Give the public dose control value under accident conditions.
A.1.6.2. Effluent emission limits
The emission limits of each radionuclide in the effluent discharged from the uranium mining and metallurgical construction project shall comply with the provisions of GB 23727.
Limits.
A.1.6.3. Non-radioactive environmental quality standards and pollutant discharge standards
Environmental quality standards and pollutant discharge standards for non-radioactive evaluation factors are given.
A.1.7 Main environmental protection objectives
List the main environmental protection objectives within the scope of evaluation, including environmental protection of the atmosphere, water, soil, sound, ecology, etc.
The goal is to explain the main situation of the environmental protection target and the positional relationship with the evaluation center.
A.2 Regional natural and social environment
A.2.1 Geographic location
Briefly describe the geographical location of the project, the administrative divisions, the main traffic conditions, and the distance from nearby towns.
Give the location map of the site.
The sub-area distribution map with a site radius of 5km is given. The sub-area division, the proposed facility location and the residence should be indicated in the figure.
The distribution of the population points; the distribution map of the sub-areas with a site radius of 20km is given. The map should indicate the location of the proposed facility and the site week.
The location of the main town.
A.2.2 Topography
Explain the topography and geomorphology of the area where the construction project is located, including altitude, topographical features, and landform types.
A.2.3 Geology
Outline the main features of the regional geological and site geology where the construction project is located, indicating the regional geology and site geology
Relationship, focusing on geological hazards and potential geological risk factors that may affect the project, such as collapse, landslides,
Debris flow and so on. The focus is on the geological and ore characteristics of the deposit, including the ore-bearing strata and their structures, ore bodies and ore characteristics.
For the new tailings (slag) reservoir project, it should be stated whether the geological conditions of the site selection are suitable for the construction of tailings (slag) reservoirs.
A.2.4 Climate and weather
Briefly describe the main climate types and characteristics of the project area, and investigate and evaluate the major meteorological systems with a range of more than 20 years.
Data, including annual average wind speed and wind rose diagram, maximum wind speed, annual average temperature, extreme temperature, annual average
For humidity, annual precipitation, extreme precipitation, annual evaporation, sunshine, etc. Provide a position for observing meteorological data stations
Set, indicating the geographical and environmental characteristics of the meteorological station, the location and distance from the site, the type of station and the meteorological data
Record the situation.
Give the conventional meteorological stations near the site with the meteorological parameters that meet the requirements of the relevant guidelines, and make the meteorological parameters
Corresponding analysis.
A.2.5 Hydrology
A.2.5.1 Surface water
Briefly describe the types and basic characteristics of surface water bodies within the scope of assessment, including water size, flow patterns and watershed profiles,
A map of the surface water system is given relative to the site. Describe in detail the situation of surface water bodies in the vicinity of the site, including
The distribution of water systems and catchment areas, as well as the relationship between construction project life, production water and drainage. Description of receiving water
The water environment function zoning of the body, the list gives the average monthly flow, flow rate, river width, river depth, and hydraulic power of the receiving water body from January to December.
Parameters such as slope and description of seasonal changes.
Describe the basic characteristics of the upstream and downstream water conservancy projects and the operation of the dispatching.
A.2.5.2 Groundwater
If the environmental impact assessment directly related to groundwater is not carried out, simply describe the hydrological area of the project area.
Quality conditions, including the main features of the aerated zone, aquifer, aquif; groundwater type, water level, flow rate or infiltration system
Number, supply, runoff and excretion conditions.
If groundwater environmental impact assessment is required, the hydraulic connection between different aquifers should be further described.
Characteristics and distribution of layers, physicochemical properties of groundwater, etc., and clarify the drinking water source area in the area and have water supply significance
Aquifers and potential aquifers for potential water supplies, etc.
For underground mining projects, the groundwater type, hydrogeological characteristics, and gushing water in the mine should also be highlighted.
For the in-situ uranium mining project, the hydrogeological conditions and groundwater dispersion characteristics of the ore-bearing aquifer should also be highlighted.
Hydrogeochemical characteristics, hydraulic connection between ore-bearing aquifer and upper and lower aquifer, dew point of groundwater and
The impact of water layers on uranium mining.
A.2.6 Land and water use
Describe the status of land and water use within the scope of the evaluation, with a focus on the site radius of 5km (including the site)
Land and water use status and development planning in the region).
For land use, indicating the type of land and the current status of soil erosion, give the main crops, vegetables and other economic works.
The type of plant and the area planted.
Diagram and description of the use of receiving water bodies downstream of the facility wastewater discharge. Centralized drinking water should indicate the water intake
The distance and relative position from the discharge port, the amount of drinking water and the number of people drinking. Irrigation water should indicate irrigated area and water
Quantity, irrigation method, variety and yield of irrigated crops, etc.
Explain the use of groundwater within a radius of 5km, including centralized industrial and agricultural production water, and drinking
The location of the water intake, the amount of water taken, and the level of water taken; and the relationship between water used for life, production, and engineering-related groundwater.
A.2.7 Ecological and resource development and utilization
Explain the ecological function zoning of the area where the construction project is located and the characteristics of the partition, protection and construction requirements.
Ecologically fragile areas should indicate changes in vegetation, desertification, desertification, changes in land productivity, and engineering construction.
Changes in the ecological environment.
Explain the terrestrial and aquatic ecological conditions within the scope of evaluation, and clearly indicate whether there is national key protection within the scope of evaluation.
Or rare wildlife. Explain the ecologically sensitive areas and sites of major nature reserves, drinking water source protection areas, etc.
Relative position and distance.
Explain the main natural resources and development and utilization within the scope of evaluation, and explain the interaction between the project and the project.
A.2.8 Population distribution
Based on the latest national and regional censuses, combined with field surveys, the list gives the sub-areas within the evaluation scope.
The population of the population gives the natural population growth rate of the evaluation range in recent years and predicts the population of the evaluation year.
Provide the population or proportion of each age group within the evaluation scope. The population is divided into four groups according to age. infant group. ≤1
Years old; children group. >1 year old, ≤7 years old; juvenile group.>7 years old, ≤17 years old; adult group.>17 years old.
The list gives the settlements, schools, hospitals, nursing homes, enterprises and institutions within 5km radius of the evaluation center.
The distance, location and population of the site.
A.2.9 Residents' living habits and diet structure
Based on the results of the field survey, the list gives the recipes, annual consumption and their share from the evaluation range for each age group.
Amount, indicating the living habits of residents.
A.3 Construction project engineering analysis
A.3.1 Project Overview
Explain the project name, nature, project composition and content, construction site and floor space, distribution of deposits, construction
Set the period, the number of years of operation, and so on. Should be in accordance with the main project, auxiliary engineering, public works, environmental protection engineering, storage and transportation engineering,
Relying on engineering, etc., the project content and main technical indicators are divided. Reconstruction, expansion and technical transformation projects shall provide project components
Compare the list and explain the dependencies between the sub-projects before and after the project implementation.
Explain the basic information of the old sub-items, such as the sub-item name, building area, and main functions.
A.3.2 Analysis of location rationality
Describe in detail the site selection process of the ground facilities in the new mining area, combined with the actual conditions of the construction project, from environmental constraints,
Analyze the rationality of site selection in terms of the degree of environmental impact, and analyze the development plan and environment of the site where the site is located.
Compatibility of protection planning, environmental function zoning, ecological function zoning, water function zoning and land use planning, etc.
Determine the suitability of the chosen site and give conclusions. For multiple construction projects of the same construction project, environmental protection should be
The angle is compared and selected, the recommended scheme is given, and the optimization adjustment suggestions are proposed based on the comparison results.
A.3.3 General layout and transportation
Briefly explain the general layout of the plant area and the planning of different functional areas. Provide the general layout plan of the plant, indicating
The location of the proposed building facilities, the location of waste gas and waste water discharge ports, and the rationality of the layout of engineering facilities from the perspective of environmental protection.
Explain the layout of the plant of each subproject of the project.
For transportation involving ore, waste rock, tailings (slag) and other materials, the internal and external transportation plan shall be given.
The total mass, total volume, transportation vehicles, road construction, transportation routes, and environmental protection measures to prevent material spillage.
A.3.4 Process
Detailed description of the process of the construction project, including mining technology, surface production process, etc., indicating the main production
Products (including main products and by-products) programs. Draw the main process flow chart, water balance diagram, and give as needed
Material balance diagram, etc., analysis and analysis of the project's pollution production. The list gives the main facilities, equipment and their quantities.
A.3.5 Main ancillary facilities
Describe the main auxiliary systems of the project, such as ventilation systems, water supply and drainage systems, circulating water systems, monitoring systems, and ground.
Sewerage pollution prevention system, site flood control measures, etc.
A.3.6 Sources and dosages of main raw and auxiliary materials
Explain the source and dosage of raw and auxiliary materials required for the operation of the project.
A.3.7 Contaminant generation and treatment during operation
A.3.7.1 Radioactive contaminants
a) airborne effluent
Describe the airborne effluent treatment system to illustrate the generation, treatment and discharge of airborne effluents during operation.
For the case of organized emissions, the production of airborne effluents, the way of production, pollution control measures, and net
Measures and emission methods, giving emission height, emission rate, radionuclide type, emission concentration, annual emissions
Inter-annual, annual emissions, etc.
For the case of unorganized emissions, the generation of the airborne effluent, the way of production, the characteristics of the source, and the discharge
Radionuclide species, emission concentration (precipitation rate), annual emissions, etc.
b) liquid effluent
Describe the waste treatment system, illustrating the ability to collect, transport, store, and dispose of waste fluids during the run-time system. Description
Various waste liquid production links, production methods, recycling conditions, discharge methods, discharge port positions, list gives various liquids
The volume of the effluent, the type of radionuclide, the concentration (concentration) of the activity, and the annual emissions.
c) solid waste
Explain the source, collection, storage, treatment and disposal of various types of solid waste during operation. List gives solid
Type, quantity (volume), specific activity (surface contamination level) of waste, and treatment and disposal methods.
A.3.7.2 Non-radioactive pollutants
Describe the production, production methods and treatment measures......
Related standard:   HJ 1015.2-2019  HJ 1009-2019
   
 
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