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GB/T 8939-2018 (GBT8939-2018)

GB/T 8939-2018_English: PDF (GBT 8939-2018, GBT8939-2018)
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GB/T 8939-2018English145 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Sanitary absorbent pads (panty liner) Valid GB/T 8939-2018

Standard ID GB/T 8939-2018 (GB/T8939-2018)
Description (Translated English) Sanitary absorbent pads (panty liner)
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard Y39
Classification of International Standard 85.080
Word Count Estimation 18,199
Date of Issue 2018-06-07
Date of Implementation 2019-07-01
Drafting Organization National Paper Quality Supervision and Inspection Center, Kimberly-Clark (China) Co., Ltd., Fujian Hengan Group Co., Ltd., You Nijia (China) Investment Co., Ltd., Kao (China) Investment Co., Ltd., Vinda International Holdings Co., Ltd., Oriental Jieyi Hygiene Products Co., Ltd., Little Nurse (Tianjin) Industrial Development Co., Ltd., Guangzhou Procter & Gamble Co., Ltd., China Pulp and Paper Research Institute
Administrative Organization National Paper Industry Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 141)
Proposing organization China Light Industry Federation
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration of Markets and China National Standardization Administration

Standards related to: GB/T 8939-2018

GB/T 8939-2018
ICS 85.080
Y 39
Replacing GB/T 8939-2008
Sanitary absorbent pads (panty liner)
ISSUED ON: JUNE 07, 2018
Issued by: State Market Regulatory Administration;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Requirements ... 6 
4 Test methods ... 7 
5 Inspection rules ... 9 
6 Marking, packaging, transportation, storage ... 10 
Appendix A (Normative) Determination of absorption speed ... 12 
Appendix B (Normative) Formula of standard synthetic test solution ... 15 
Appendix C (Normative) Determination of pH ... 16 
Appendix D (Normative) Determination of migratory fluorescent substances 18 
Appendix E (Normative) Determination of peel strength of back adhesive ... 20 
Sanitary absorbent pads (panty liner)
1 Scope
This standard specifies the requirements, test methods, inspection rules,
markings, packaging, transportation, storage of sanitary absorbent pads (panty
This standard is applicable to sanitary absorbent pads and panty liners which
are composed of surface layer, inner absorption layer (containing fluff pulp
and/or superabsorbent resin), anti-seepage base film, etc., and are specially
machined and formed for women use.
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For
the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable
to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including
all the amendments) are applicable to this standard.
GB/T 462 Paper, board and pulp - Determination of moisture content of
analytical sample
GB/T 6682 Water for analytical laboratory use - Specification and test
GB/T 10739 Paper, board and pulps - Standard atmosphere for conditioning
and testing of samples
GB 15979 Hygienic standard for disposable sanitary products
GB/T 21331 Fluff pulp
GB/T 22875 Superabsorbent polymer for sanitary towel
GB/T 24292 Sanitary product - Air-laid paper
GB/T 27731 Release paper for sanitary products
GB/T 30133 The specification of cover stock for sanitary absorbent pads
GB/T 34448-2017 Tissue paper and disposable products - Determination of
The products shall be clean, free from dirt and damage, contain no foreign
objects. Raw materials used for sanitary absorbent pads (panty liner): The fluff
pulp shall meet the requirements of GB/T 21331; the high-absorbent resins
shall meet the requirements of GB/T 22875; the release paper shall meet the
requirements of GB/T 27731; the absorbent liners shall meet the requirements
of QB/T 4508; the air-laid paper shall meet the requirements of GB/T 24292;
the surface layer material shall meet the requirements of GB/T 30133.
3.5 Sanitary absorbent pads (panty liner) shall be packed in separate pieces.
The materials used for direct contact with the product shall not use the recycled
raw materials.
3.6 The both ends of sanitary absorbent pads (panty liner) shall be firmly sealed.
They shall not break during use.
3.7 Sanitary absorbent pads (panty liner) shall not be displaced during normal
use. They shall not damage the underwear when peeled off. It shall not have
obvious residue.
3.8 The release paper of sanitary absorbent pads shall not fall off on its own
and can be naturally and completely removed.
4 Test methods
4.1 Specimen processing and test conditions
When determining the deviation of total-length, deviation of strip mass, water
absorption rate, absorption speed, peel strength of back adhesive, the
specimen shall be conditioned for at least 4 hours under the standard
atmospheric conditions as specified in GB/T 10739, then tested under these
4.2 Deviation of total-length
Use a ruler to measure the total-length of the specimen (measured from the
longest part of the specimen), accurate to 1 mm. For each sample of same
specifications, measure 6 specimens, which are from at least two sales
packages, at least 2 specimens from each package. Take average value of the
6 specimens. Use the formula (1) to calculate the deviation of total length. The
result is rounded off to an integer position.
Deviation of total-length = (average value - nominal value) / nominal value x
100% ...(1)
Note: If the sales package contains a single piece, take 6 packages for testing.
4.3 Deviation of strip mass
sample. Remove the back adhesive, bottom film, release paper. From the
middle position of the two specimens, respectively take 2 g of sample material.
Cut the sample into blocks. Mix it uniformly. Divide it into two groups of
specimens for parallel test. The absolute error between the two determined
values shall not exceed 1.0%. Take the arithmetic mean value as the
determination result, which is rounded off to one decimal place.
Note: Try to shorten the sampling time, which is usually not more than 2 min. If the
mass of a single specimen is less than 2 g, it may be sampled from multiple pieces.
4.8 Formaldehyde content
The formaldehyde content is determined by acetylacetone-visible
spectrophotometry according to GB/T 34448-2017. When sampling, remove
the outer packaging and release paper of the single-piece sanitary absorbent
pads (panty liner). From the both ends and middle position, cut the specimen,
which shall contain each layer of materials.
4.9 Migratory fluorescent substance
The migratory fluorescent substance is determined in accordance with
Appendix D.
4.10 Peel strength of back adhesive
The peel strength of the back adhesive is determined according to Appendix E.
4.11 Hygienic indicators
The hygienic indicators are determined according to GB 15979.
5 Inspection rules
5.1 Requirements for inspection lot
Take one delivery as a batch. The unit of the inspection sample is box. Each
batch contains not more than 5000 boxes
5.2 Sampling method
From a batch of products, randomly take 3 boxes. From each box, take 5
packages of samples, wherein 3 packages are used for microbiological testing,
6 packages for microbiological retests, 3 packages for retention, 3 packages
(based on 10 pieces per package) for other performance tests.
5.3 Judgment rules
When the inspected product meets all the requirements of clause 3 of this
standard test module
A.2.2 Standard synthetic test solution: The formulation is as shown in Appendix
A.2.3 Distilled water or deionized water.
A.3 Sampling
From each sample, take 5 specimens. The specimens taken shall be from at
least two sales packages.
A.4 Test procedure
A.4.1 Place the absorption speed tester (A.2.1) in a horizontal position. Pour
enough standard synthetic test solution (A.2.2) into the liquid storage tank. Turn
on the instrument. Click the rinse button to rinse it twice. Follow the
requirements of as specified in the instrument manual to calibrate the liquid-
adding volume of the automatic liquid adding device.
A.4.2 Remove the curved sample holder from the absorption speed tester.
Place it on a horizontal bench. Take a piece of specimen. Remove the bottom
release paper. Gently attach it to the curved test area of the curved sample
holder. When attaching it, the front end of the specimen is on the left (L) side of
the curved sample holder, the rear end is on the right (R) side of the curved
sample holder, the center line of the wing (perpendicular to the pad) is aligned
to the line corresponding to the liquid discharge port of the base. Attach the
wings to both sides of the curved sample holder. Then put the curved sample
holder to which the specimen is attached n a fixed position of the absorption
speed tester.
A.4.3 Enter the test interface of the absorption speed tester. Set the thickness
of specimen, to ensure that the standard test module can fall freely onto the
specimen’s surface. Click the test. The automatic liquid adding device adds (5.0
± 0.1) mL of standard synthetic test solution to the standard test module. The
timer automatically starts timekeeping, until the liquid level disappears at the
lowest point of the absorption zone. Automatically stop timekeeping.
A.4.4 After the test is completed, use a clean tissue paper to wipe the bottom
of the standard test module clean. Remove the curved sample holder. Tear off
the tested specimen. Prepare for the next test.
A.4.5 From each sample, measure at least 5 valid data.
A.4.6 After all tests have been completed, use distilled water or deionized water
to clean the absorption speed tester and standard test module.
A.5 Representation of results
Appendix B
Formula of standard synthetic test solution
B.1 Principle
The standard synthetic test solution is formulated according to the main
physical properties of human menstrual blood. It has similar fluidity and
absorption characteristics.
B.2 Formula
The formula is as follows:
a) Distilled water or deionized water: 860 mL;
b) Sodium chloride: 10.00 g, chemically pure;
c) Sodium carbonate: 40.00 g, chemically pure;
d) Glycerol (glycerol): 140 mL, chemically pure;
e) Sodium benzoate: 1.00 g, chemically pure;
f) Color (food colorant): Moderate amount, chemically pure;
g) Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose: About 5 g, chemically pure;
h) Standard vehicle: 1% (by volume).
B.3 Physical properties of standard synthetic test solutions
At (23 ± 1) °C, the physical properties of the standard synthetic test solution
shall meet the following requirements:
a) Density: (1.05 ± 0.05) g/cm3;
b) Viscosity: (11.9 ± 0.7) s (measured by the No.4 paint cup);
c) Surface tension: (36 ± 4) mN/m.
Appendix D
Determination of migratory fluorescent substances
D.1 Reagents and materials
Unless otherwise specified, it only uses the analytically pure reagents.
D.1.1 Water: GB/T 6682, grade-3.
D.1.2 Gauze: Pure cotton material, size is about 5 cm x 5 cm.
D.1.3 Ammonia water: 0.1%.
D.1.4 Hydrochloric acid solution: 10%.
D.1.5 Extraction solution: Water which has a pH of 7.5 ~ 9.0 as adjusted by 0.1%
ammonia water (D.1.3).
D.1.6 Fluorescent standard sample: Fluorescence is uniform, the fluorescence
brightness is 0.40% ~ 0.60%.
Note: Except for the fluorescent standard sample, the reagents and materials
used are not fluorescent under UV light.
D.2 Instruments
D.2.1 Balance: The sensitivity is 0.001 g.
D.2.2 Conical flask: 250 mL.
D.2.3 G1 glass core funnel.
D.2.4 Glass watch glass.
D.2.5 UV lamps: Wavelengths is 254 nm and 365 nm, with eye protective device.
D.2.6 pH meter: Accuracy is 0.01.
D.2.7 Constant-temperature water-bath: The temperature control accuracy is
(40 ± 2) °C.
D.3 Test procedure and determination of results
D.3.1 From the sample, randomly take a specimen. Remove the outer
packaging. Place the specimen (including the release paper) together with the
Appendix E
Determination of peel strength of back adhesive
E.1 Principle
Attach the standard jersey to the back adhesive of the sanitary absorbent pads
(panty liner). After being treated for a certain period of time under the specified
conditions, carry out 180° peeling off against the sanitary absorbent pads (panty
liner) from the standard jersey. Calculate the average peeling force within the
specified peeling displacement. Use the average peeling force to indicate the
peel strength of the back adhesive of the sanitary absorbent pads (panty liner).
E.2 Instruments and equipment
E.2.1 Tester of peel strength of back adhesive: The width of the chuck is (80 ±
1) mm. The range is 0 ~ 30 N. During the test, it may obtain at least 20 effective
peel force values per second.
E.2.2 Counterweight: The length is (80 ± 1) mm. The width is (62 ± 1) mm. the
mass is (500 ± 5) g. It is made of stainless-steel or other materials.
E.2.3 Oven: It may maintain the temperature at (37 ± 2) °C.
E.2.4 Standard jersey: Unbleached dyed worsted, without post-treatment. It is
quantitatively fixed at 120 g/m2 ~ 140 g/m2. The length is (120 ± 1) mm. The
width is (65 ± 1) mm. The elongation at break along the length direction is less
than or equal to 25.0%.
E.2.5 Flat plate: It is glass or metal material, square-shaped; the size is selected
according to the test sample and the size of the constant-temperature oven.
E.3 Collection and pre-test treatment of specimen
For each sample, take at least 5 sanitary absorbent pads (panty liner) from at
least two sales packages. Before preparation of specimen, the sanitary
absorbent pads and standard jersey to be tested shall be placed at a
temperature of (23 ± 1) °C and a relative humidity of (50 ± 2)% for more than 4
E.4 Test procedures
E.4.1 Take a piece of sanitary absorbent pad (panty liner). Tear off the outer
packaging film.