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GB/T 7964-2020 (GBT 7964-2020)

Chinese Standard: 'GB/T 7964-2020'
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 7964-2020 (GB/T7964-2020)
Description (Translated English) Sintered metal materials(excluding hardmetal)--Tension testing at room temperature
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard H22
Classification of International Standard 77.160
Word Count Estimation 10,173
Date of Issue 2020-03-06
Date of Implementation 2021-02-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 7964-1987
Drafting Organization Central Iron and Steel Research Institute, Shenzhen Zhucheng Technology Co., Ltd., Central South University, Guangdong Institute of Materials and Processing
Administrative Organization National Nonferrous Metals Standardization Technical Committee (SAC / TC 243)
Regulation (derived from) National Standards Bulletin No. 1 of 2020
Proposing organization China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration of Market Supervision and Administration, National Standardization Administration

GB/T 7964-2020
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 77.160
H 22
Replacing GB/T 7964-1987
Sintered Metal Materials (Excluding Hardmetal)
– Tension Testing at Room Temperature
烧结金属材料(不包括硬质合金) 室温拉伸试验
ISSUED ON: MARCH 06, 2006
IMPLEMENTED ON: FEBRUARY 01, 2021
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative References ... 5
3 Principle ... 5
4 Symbols and Instructions ... 6
5 Specimen ... 7
6 Test Device ... 7
7 Test Procedures ... 7
8 Calculation of Test Results ... 8
9 Numerical Rounding-off ... 10
10 Test Report ... 11
Appendix A (Informative) Comparison List between Old and New Symbols .. 12
Foreword
This Standard was drafted as per the rules specified in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Standard replaced GB/T 7964-1987 Sintered Metal Materials (Excluding
Hardmetal) -Tension Testing at Room Temperature.
Compared with GB/T 7964-1987, this Standard made the major technical changes as
follows besides the editorial modifications:
--- Change "yield point" into "yield strength"; change "yield stress" into "specified
plastic elongation strength"; and change "elongation" into "elongation after
break" (see Clause 1 of this Edition; Clause 1 of 1987 Edition);
--- Add normative references (see Clause 2 of this Edition);
--- Modify "record the corresponding load, deformation or draw the stress-strain
diagram (load-elongation diagram), measure mechanical properties" into "record
the corresponding load and deformation by the computer to obtain the load-
elongation diagram, and calculate the mechanical properties" (see Clause 3 of
this Edition; Clause 2 of 1987 Edition);
--- Modify the expressions and corresponding instructions of the used symbols (see
Clause 4 of this Edition; Chapter 1 of 1987 Edition);
--- Modify "performed in accordance with GB/T 7963-1987 Sintered Metal Materials
(Excluding Hardmetal) - Tensile Test Pieces" into "sample preparation and
requirements shall be performed in accordance with the provisions of GB/T
7963" (see Clause 5 of this Edition; Clause 3 of 1987 Edition);
--- Modify the part of the testing machine into "the testing machine of any system
used for tensile testing, the accuracy should be Level-1 or better, and be tested
according to GB/T 16825.1" (see 6.1 of this Edition; 4.1 of 1987 Edition);
---Confirm that the accuracy requirement of the extensometer is Level-1 or better
(see 6.3 of this Edition; 4.3 of 1987 Edition);
--- Modify the "accuracy 0.02mm" of the size measuring instrument into "accuracy
0.01mm" (see 6.4 of this Edition; 4.4 of 1987 Edition);
--- Modify "measurement accuracy 0.02mm" into "measurement accuracy 0.01mm"
(see 7.1.1 of this Edition; 5.1.1 of 1987 Edition);
--- Modify the rate control mode (see 7.2 of this Edition; 5.2 of 1987 Edition);
Sintered Metal Materials (Excluding Hardmetal)
– Tension Testing at Room Temperature
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the room temperature tensile test method for sintered metal
materials, including principles, symbols and instructions, specimens, test device, test
procedures, calculation of test results, numerical rounding-off and test reports.
This Standard is applicable to the determination of the yield strength, specified plastic
elongation strength, tensile strength, elongation after break, and reduction of area for
machined or non-machined sintered metal materials (excluding hardmetal).
2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the
dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this
document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the
amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB/T 7963 Sintered Metal Materials, Excluding Hardmetals - Tensile Test Pieces
GB/T 16825.1 Verification of Static Uniaxial Testing Machines - Part 1 :
Tension/Compression Testing Machines - Verification and Calibration of the Force-
Measuring System
3 Principle
Put the specimen in the appropriate position of the fixture; start the testing machine;
make the specimen continuously and uniformly bear the tensile stress till break under
the specified tensile speed; and record the corresponding load and deformation by the
computer to obtain the load-elongation diagram; and calculate the mechanical
properties.
5 Specimen
The preparation and requirements of the specimens shall be carried out in accordance
with the provisions of GB/T 7963.
6 Test Device
6.1 Testing machine
The testing machine of any system used for tensile testing shall have an accuracy of
Level-1 or better; and shall be tested in accordance with GB/T 16825.1. The testing
machine shall have sufficient rigidity and shall not cause instability within its tensile
load range.
6.2 Fixture
Choose a suitable specimen clamping device. The wedge chuck and collar chuck are
usually used to transfer the load applied by the testing machine to the specimen. The
axis of the specimen shall coincide with the center of the chuck of the testing machine.
6.3 Extensometer
The accuracy of the extensometer shall be Level-1 or better.
6.4 Size measuring instrument
Use a suitable instrument for measuring the specimen size, with an accuracy of 0.01
mm.
7 Test Procedures
7.1 Measuring specimen size
7.1.1 Cross-sectional area of the specimen
Respectively measure once in two directions perpendicular to the two ends and middle
of the specimen gauge length, the measuring accuracy is 0.01mm. Choose the
smallest of the three cross-sectional areas. The cross-sectional area is calculated
according to Formulas (1) and (2).
a) Flat specimen:
b) Cylindrical specimen:
7.1.2 Specimen gauge length
The original specimen has a gauge length of 25.0mm and a marking accuracy of
±0.1mm.
7.2 Test speed
According to the characteristics of the testing machine, the specimen material and the
purpose of the test, unless otherwise specified in the relevant material standards or
agreements, the tensile test speed shall meet the following requirements:
--- When measuring the tensile yield strength, the strain rate shall not exceed
0.0008s-1;
--- When measuring the tensile strength, the strain rate shall not exceed 0.0024s-1.
NOTE: For the beam displacement control testing machine, it is allowed to set a speed
equivalent to the above required strain rate. When using beam displacement control, the test
rate is calculated as per the fo......
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