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GB/T 6893-2022 (GBT6893-2022)

GB/T 6893-2022_English: PDF (GBT 6893-2022, GBT6893-2022)
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GB/T 6893-2022English335 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Aluminium and aluminium alloys cold drawn (rolled) tubes Valid GB/T 6893-2022

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 6893-2022 (GB/T6893-2022)
Description (Translated English) Aluminium and aluminium alloys cold drawn (rolled) tubes
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard H61
Classification of International Standard 77.150.10
Word Count Estimation 26,28
Date of Issue 2022-03-09
Date of Implementation 2022-10-01
Drafting Organization Northeast Light Alloy Co., Ltd., Southwest Aluminum (Group) Co., Ltd., Asia Pacific Light Alloy (Nantong) Technology Co., Ltd., Nonferrous Metal Technology and Economic Research Institute Co., Ltd., Youyan Engineering Technology Research Institute Co., Ltd., Aviation Industry Chengdu Aircraft Industry (Group) Co., Ltd., Northwest Aluminum Co., Ltd., National Standard (Beijing) Inspection and Certification Co., Ltd., Guangdong Academy of Sciences Industrial Analysis and Testing Center, Kunming Metallurgical Research Institute Materials Research Institute, Guangdong Hesheng Industrial Aluminum Co., Ltd. , Shandong Nanshan Aluminum Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Nonferrous Metals Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 243)
Proposing organization China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Administration

Standards related to: GB/T 6893-2022

GB/T 6893-2022
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 77.150.10
CCS H 61
Replacing GB/T 6893-2010
Aluminum and aluminum alloys cold drawn (rolled) tubes
ISSUED ON: MARCH 09, 2022
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 01, 2022
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 6
4 Categories ... 7
5 Quality assurance ... 8
6 Technical requirements ... 9
7 Test method ... 16
8 Inspection rules ... 20
9 Marking, packaging, transportation, storage, quality certificate ... 24
10 Order form (or contract) content ... 25
Appendix A (Informative) Process control of aluminum alloy tubes for aviation ... 26
Appendix B (Normative) Quality assurance of aluminum alloy tubes for automobiles
... 31
Aluminum and aluminum alloys cold drawn (rolled) tubes
1 Scope
This document specifies the category, quality assurance, technical requirements, test
methods, inspection rules and signs, packaging, transportation, storage, quality
certificates and purchase orders (or contracts) of aluminum and aluminum alloy drawn
(rolled) tubes.
This document applies to aluminum and aluminum alloy drawn (rolled) seamless tubes
and seamed tubes (hereinafter referred to as "tubes").
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the dated
documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this document;
for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the amendments) is
applicable to this standard.
GB/T 242 Metal materials - Tube - Drift-expending test
GB/T 244 Metallic materials - Tube - Bend test
GB/T 246 Metallic materials - Tube - Flattening test
GB/T 467 Copper cathode
GB/T 470 Zinc ingots
GB/T 3190 Chemical composition of wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys
GB/T 3199 Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloy products - Packing, marking,
transporting and storing
GB/T 3246.1 Inspection method for structure of wrought aluminum and aluminum
alloy products Part 1: Inspection method for microstructure
GB/T 3246.2 Inspection method for structure of wrought aluminum and aluminum
alloy products - Part 2: Inspection method for macrostructure
GB/T 3251 Compression test method for aluminium and aluminium alloys tubes
GB/T 3499 Magnesium ingots
after the compression test. If the purchaser has compression performance requirements
for other alloys, it shall be determined through negotiation between the supplier and the
purchaser, meanwhile it shall be specified in the order form (or contract).
6.6 Flattening test
There shall be no cracks on the surface of 5B02 alloy and 5A02 alloy's O status tubes
for aviation use, after the flattening test. If the buyer has flattening performance
requirements for other alloys, it shall be determined through negotiation between the
supplier and the buyer, AND specified in the order (or contract).
6.7 Bending test
After the bending test of 5B02 alloy tubes for aviation, there shall be no cracks on the
surface. If the buyer has flattening performance requirements for other alloys, it shall
be determined through negotiation between the supplier and the buyer, AND specified
in the order (or contract).
6.8 Air tightness
When the buyer has airtight requirements for the seamed tube, it shall be determined
through negotiation between the supplier and the buyer, AND indicated in the order
form (or contract).
6.9 Microstructure
The microstructure of the quenched tube shall not have over-burning.
6.10 Macrostructure
The surface grain size of 3A21 aluminum alloy tubes for aviation shall be better than
the second grade in GB/T 3246.2. If the purchaser has macrostructure requirements for
other alloys, it shall be determined through negotiation between the supplier and the
purchaser AND specified in the order form (or contract).
6.11 Solderability
Seamed tubes shall not have poor welding.
6.12 Salt spray corrosion resistance
6.12.1 The salt spray corrosion resistance grade of aluminum alloy tubes for
automobiles shall comply with the requirements in Table 4. The salt spray corrosion
resistance grade shall be specified in the order form (or contract); grade I shall be used
if not specified.
6.12.2 After the test according to the test duration specified in Table 4, the tube shall
have no leakage. When the buyer has requirements on the micro-corrosion appearance,
outer surfaces of the tube shall be smooth and clean.
6.15.2 There shall be no defects such as blisters, peeling, cracks, corrosion, inner
surface waves on the surface of tubes.
6.15.3 The outer surface of the tube is allowed to have defects such as scratches,
damages, bumps and other defects, whose depth does not exceed the negative deviation
of the wall thickness.
6.15.4 Water marks and straightening marks, that do not affect the wall thickness, are
allowed on the surface of the tube.
7 Test method
7.1 Chemical composition
7.1.1 The chemical composition analysis method shall comply with the provisions of
GB/T 20975 (all parts) or GB/T 7999. The arbitration analysis method shall adopt the
method specified in GB/T 20975 (all parts).
7.1.2 The calculation of "Al" content shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 3190.
When calculating the "Al" content, the sum -- of the analytical values of conventionally
analyzed elements and unconventional analyzed elements suspected to be excessive --
is taken as the "sum of element content".
7.1.3 The rounding off comparison method is used to determine the analytical value.
The numerical rounding off rules are carried out, in accordance with the relevant
provisions of GB/T 8170. The rounding off digits shall be consistent with the limit digits,
which are specified in GB/T 3190.
7.2 Dimensional deviation
The measurement method of dimensional deviation shall be carried out, according to
the provisions of GB/T 4436-2012.
7.3 Mechanical properties
The tensile mechanical property test at room temperature shall be carried out, according
to the provisions of GB/T 16865.
7.4 Flaring test
7.4.1 5B02 and 5A02 alloy O status seamless tubes for aviation
The test shall be carried out, according to the provisions of GB/T 242; the flare shall
have a flare taper of 74°; the length of the specimen shall be 1.5 times the outer diameter,
BUT not less than 50 mm; the flare dimensions shall comply with the provisions in
Visual inspection is used for the appearance quality. When the depth of the defect cannot
be determined, the grinding method can be used for measurement. For tubes which have
an inner diameter of 12 mm ~ 50 mm, the inner surface can be inspected with an
endoscope.
8 Inspection rules
8.1 Inspection and acceptance
8.1.1 The tubes shall be inspected by the technical supervision department of the
supplier, to ensure that the product quality complies with the provisions of this
document and the purchase order (or contract); meanwhile it shall fill in the quality
certificate.
8.1.2 The purchaser shall inspect the received product, according to the provisions of
this document. If the inspection result is inconsistent with the provisions of this
document and the purchase order (or contract), it shall submit it to the supplier in
writing; the supplier and the purchaser shall negotiate to resolve it. Disputes related to
appearance quality and size deviation shall be raised, within one month from the date
of receipt of the product; objections related to other performance shall be raised, within
three months from the date of receipt of the product. If arbitration is required, both the
supplier and the buyer shall jointly conduct arbitration sampling at the buyer.
8.2 Group-batching
The tubes shall be submitted for acceptance in batches. Each batch shall be composed
of the same category, designation, status, size specification. The batch weight is not
limited.
8.3 Weighing
Tubes shall be weighed to check their weight (unless otherwise agreed upon by both
parties).
8.4 Inspection items
8.4.1 Each batch of products shall be inspected for chemical composition, dimensional
deviation, mechanical properties, appearance quality before leaving the factory; the
microstructure inspection shall also be carried out for quenched tubes. When the buyer
has requirements for eddy current testing, eddy current testing shall also be carried out.
8.4.2 The flaring performance, flattening test, bending test, intergranular corrosion
inspection shall be carried out, before the 5B02 alloy tubes for aviation leave the factory.
8.4.3 The 1035 designation tube in O-status for aviation shall also undergo compression
inspection before leaving the factory.
8.6.1 When the chemical composition of any specimen is unqualified, if the tube's
melting No. can be distinguished, the tube melting No. represented by the specimen is
judged to be unqualified; the tubes of other melting No. are inspected in turn; the
melting No. is judged one by one. If the melting No. cannot be distinguished, the batch
of tubes is judged to be unqualified.
8.6.2 If the dimensional deviation of any tube or any specimen is unqualified, the batch
of tubes shall be judged unqualified; however, the supplier is allowed to inspect it one
by one, AND the qualified ones shall be delivered.
8.6.3 If the mechanical properties of any specimen are unqualified, it shall take double
quantity of specimens from this batch of products (including the unqualified product in
the original inspection) (or the product represented by the unqualified specimens), for
repeated test. If the repeated test results are all qualified, the batch of products is judged
to be qualified. If the repeated test results are still unqualified, the batch of products
shall be judged as unqualified. Upon agreement between the supplier and the buyer, the
batch of products can be inspected one by one by the supplier, AND the qualified ones
will be delivered. OR it may carry out repeated heat treatment and re-sampling.
8.6.4 If the flaring performance of any specimen is unqualified, it shall take double
quantity of specimens from this batch of products (including the unqualified product in
the original inspection) (or the product represented by the unqualified specimens), for
repeated test. If the repeated test results are all qualified, the batch of products is judged
to be qualified. If the repeated test results are still unqualified, the batch of products
shall be judged as unqualified. Upon agreement between the supplier and the buyer, the
batch of products can be inspected one by one by the supplier, AND the qualified ones
will be delivered. OR it may carry out repeated heat treatment and re-sampling.
8.6.5 If the compression test of any specimen is unqualified, it shall take double quantity
of specimens from this batch of products (including the unqualified product in the
original inspection) (or the product represented by the unqualified specimens), for
repeated test. If the repeated test results are all qualified, the batch of products is judged
to be qualified. If the repeated test results are still unqualified, the batch of products
shall be judged as unqualified. Upon agreement between the supplier and the buyer, the
batch of products can be inspected one by one by the supplier, AND the qualified ones
will be delivered. OR it may carry out repeated heat treatment and re-sampling.
8.6.6 If the flattening test of any specimen is unqualified, it shall take double quantity
of specimens from this batch of products (including the unqualified product in the
original inspection) (or the product represented by the unqualified specimens), for
repeated test. If the repeated test results are all qualified, the batch of products is judged
to be qualified. If the repeated test results are still unqualified, the batch of products
shall be judged as unqualified. Upon agreement between the supplier and the buyer, the
batch of products can be inspected one by one by the supplier, AND the qualified ones
will be delivered. OR it may carry out repeated heat treatment and re-sampling.
8.6.7 If the bending test of any specimen is unqualified, it shall take double quantity of
specimens from this batch of products (including the unqualified product in the original
inspection) (or the product represented by the unqualified specimens), for repeated test.
If the repeated test results are all qualified, the batch of products is judged to be qualified.
If the repeated test results are still unqualified, the batch of products shall be judged as
unqualified. Upon agreement between the supplier and the buyer, the batch of products
can be inspected one by one by the supplier, AND the qualified ones will be delivered.
OR it may carry out repeated heat treatment and re-sampling.
8.6.8 If the airtightness of any specimen is unqualified, the batch of tubes shall be
judged as unqualified.
8.6.9 If the microstructure of any specimen is unqualified, the batch of tubes shall be
judged unqualified.
8.6.10 If the macrostructure of any specimen is unqualified, it shall take double quantity
of specimens from this batch of products (including the unqualified product in the
original inspection) (or the product represented by the unqualified specimens), for
repeated test. If the repeated test results are all qualified, the batch of products is judged
to be qualified. If the repeated test results are still unqualified, the batch of products
shall be judged as unqualified.
8.6.11 If the weldability of any specimen is unqualified, the batch of tubes shall be
deemed unqualified.
8.6.12 If the salt spray corrosion of any specimen is unqualified, it shall take double
quantity of specimens from this batch of products (including the unqualified product in
the original inspection) (or the product represented by the unqualified specimens), for
repeated test. If the repeated test results are all qualified, the batch of products is judged
to be qualified. If the repeated test results are still unqualified, the batch of products
shall be judged as unqualified. Upon agreement between the supplier and the buyer, the
batch of products can be inspected one by one by the supplier, AND the qualified ones
will be delivered. OR it may carry out repeated heat treatment and re-sampling.
8.6.13 If the intergranular corrosion of any specimen is unqualified, it shall take double
quantity of specimens from this batch of products (including the unqualified product in
the original inspection) (or the product represented by the unqualified specimens), for
repeated test. If the repeated test results are all qualified, the batch of products is judged
to be qualified. If the repeated test results are still unqualified, the batch of products
shall be judged as unqualified. Upon agreement between the supplier and the buyer, the
batch of products can be inspected one by one by the supplier, AND the qualified ones
will be delivered. OR it may carry out repeated heat treatment and re-sampling.
8.6.14 If the eddy current flaw detection of any product is unqualified, the tube shall be
judged unqualified.
8.6.15 If the appearance quality of any product is unqualified, the tube shall be judged
as unqualified.
9 Marking, packaging, transportation, storage, quality
certificate
9.1 Marking
9.1.1 Product marking
Marks shall be made on the tubes that pass the inspection. The marks shall at least
include the following contents:
a) Batch number;
b) Designation;
c) Status;
d) The inspection seal of the supplier's technical supervision department (or the
signature or seal of the quality inspection personnel).
9.1.2 Packaging box marking
The packing box mark of the tube shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 3199.
9.2 Packaging, transport, storage
9.2.1 The tubes are packed without greasing. When greasing is required, it shall be
negotiated between the supplier and the purchaser AND indicated in the order (or
contract).
9.2.2 Tubes, which have an outer diameter not greater than 30 mm, shall be bundled
and wrapped in paper.
9.2.3 Other packaging, transport, storage shall be implemented, in accordance with the
provisions of GB/T 3199.
9.3 Quality certificate
Each batch of tubes shall be accompanied by a product quality certificate, which
indicates:
a) Supplier name;
b) Batch number;
Appendix A
(Informative)
Process control of aluminum alloy tubes for aviation
A.1 Procedures for developing process control documents
After the supplier has the ability to produce qualified products according to the
requirements specified in this document, it must carry out the necessary material
certification. Before the material certification, the supplier can prepare process control
documents, according to the product production process control requirements, which
are specified in this document. In order to ensure the stability of material quality, the
requirements related to the production or production of this product are specified in the
process control documents. The procedures for formulating process control documents
are as follows:
a) The supplier produces specified batches of products, that meet the requirements
of this document according to the needs of users;
b) The supplier has a complete third-party quality certification system;
c) The supplier formulates process control documents according to the contents
specified in this document;
d) Both the supplier and the purchaser confirm the process control documents, which
can only be executed after the confirmation.
A.2 Process control scope and requirements
A.2.1 Process control scope
In order to ensure the effectiveness of material process control, process control
documents include the following:
a) Raw material requirements;
b) Process requirements;
c) Equipment requirements;
d) Performance requirements.
A.2.2 Raw material requirements
A.2.2.1 Raw material process control includes supplier qualification confirmation and
process. The process control retains the corresponding test reports or certification
documents.
A.2.5.2 The performance requirements in the product evaluation stage shall be tested,
according to the terms specified in 8.4.1 ~ 8.4.5, by both the supplier and the buyer to
select the items to be tested.
A.2.5.3 After the product is stably supplied, in addition to testing according to the
requirements of 8.4.1, the supplier shall carry out process control on the following
performance requirements:
- Eddy current flaw detection is carried out for each batch; the eddy current flaw
detection complies with the provisions of 6.14;
- Calculate the coefficient of variation of tensile mechanical properties at room
temperature for every 10 batches. The coefficient of variation is not greater than
3%. The calculation is carried out, according to the formula (A.1):
Where:
Cv - Coefficient of variation;
δ - Standard deviation;
- Average value.
- Each batch is subject to macrostructure testing; the macrostructure shall comply
with the provisions of 6.10.
A.3 Process control review and deviation handling
A.3.1 Review committee
A.3.1.1 The supplier should establish a review committee, that is composed of at least
3 people, to be responsible for reviewing and disposing of products that deviate from
the process control requirements.
A.3.1.2 The review committee should include at least two material professionals and
one system professional. Among the material personnel, at least one is a senior engineer;
the system personnel are at least internal auditors. Material professionals are the direct
technical personnel responsible for the product.
A.3.2 Deviation handling requirements
...