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GB/T 5223.3-2017

Chinese Standard: 'GB/T 5223.3-2017'
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Detail Information of GB/T 5223.3-2017; GB/T5223.3-2017
Description (Translated English): Steel bars for the prestressing of concrete
Sector / Industry: National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard: H44
Classification of International Standard: 77.140.65
Word Count Estimation: 15,188
Date of Issue: 2017-02-28
Date of Implementation: 2017-11-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard): GB/T 5223.3-2005
Quoted Standard: GB/T 229; GB/T 2101-2008; GB/T 2103-2008; GB/T 14981-2009; GB/T 21839; GB/T 24587; YB/T 081
Adopted Standard: ISO 6934-3-1991, NEQ
Drafting Organization: Shenyang Changli Steel Co., Ltd., Changshu Longteng Special Steel Co., Ltd., Fujian Sanang (Group) Co., Ltd., Tianjin Yinlong Prestressed Materials Co., Ltd., Huludao City North Metal Products Co., Ltd., Baoding Quartet Sanyi Electric Co., Ltd., Tianjin Iron and Steel Group Co., Ltd., Metallurgical Industry Information Standards Institute
Administrative Organization: National Steel Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 183)
Regulation (derived from): National Standard Announcement No. 4 of 2017
Proposing organization: China Iron and Steel Industry Association
Issuing agency(ies): General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People Republic of China, China National Standardization Administration Committee
Summary: This standard specifies the terminology and definition, classification, designation and marking of prestressed concrete steel bars, order, size, shape, weight and allowable deviation, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, packaging, marking, quality certificate. This standard applies to prestressed concrete with round, spiral groove, spiral ribs, ribbed steel bar.

GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 77.140.65 H 44
GB/T 5223.3-2017
Replacing GB/T 5223.3-2005
Steel bars for the prestressing of concrete
预应力混凝土用钢棒
(ISO 6934-3.1991, Steel for the prestressing of concrete – Part 3. Quenched and tempered wire, NEQ)
Issued on. February 28, 2017 Implemented on. November 1, 2017
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China; Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 5
4 Classification, codes and designation ... 7
5 Ordering content ... 7
6 Dimensions, shapes, weights and tolerances ... 8
7 Technical requirements ... 13
8 Test methods ... 15
9 Inspection rules ... 18
10 Packaging, marking and quality certification... 19
Foreword
This Part was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Part replaces GB/T 5223.3-2005, Steel Bars for Prestressed Concrete. Compared
with GB/T 5223.3-2005, the major technical changes are as follows. -- it cancels the common relaxation varieties of prestressed steel bars; -- it adds the specifications of steel bars (see Clause 6); --it cancels cross sectional area measurement for plain steel bars and adds the
specifications for diameter tolerances (see 6.1); -- it changes the cross sectional area measurement of helical grooved steel bars and helical ribbed steel bars into the weight per m measurement, and adjusts the
weight tolerances for helical ribbed steel bars (see 6.2 and 6.3);
-- it increases the requirement for coil weight (see 6.6);
-- it adds the dimensional measurement for steel bars (see 8.2.1);
-- the test method is changed into as specified in GB/T 21839 (8.4.1).
This Standard was redrafted by referencing ISO 6934-3.1991, Steel for the prestressing of concrete – Part 3. Quenched and tempered wire. This Standard is not equivalent to ISO 6934-3.1991, the major technical changes are as follows.
-- quenched and tempered steel wires are changed into steel bars for prestressed concrete; -- it adds helical ribbed steel bars; -- it adds strength levels; -- it adds the specifications of steel bars; -- it adds the indexes of elongation after fracture as a routine inspection item; -- it adds impact test for the helical ribbed steel bars for mine supporting projects.
This Standard was proposed by China Iron and Steel Association.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee 183 on
Steels of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 183).
The drafting organizations of this Standard. Shenyang Super Steel Bar Co., Ltd.,
Steel bars for the prestressing of concrete
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the terms and definitions, classification, codes and designation, ordering content, dimensions, shapes, weights and tolerances, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, packaging, marking and quality certification for steel bars for the prestressing of concrete.
This Standard applies to plain, helical grooved, helical ribbed and ribbed round bars for the prestressing of concrete.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition dated applies to this document. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced documents (including all amendments) applies to this document.
GB/T 229, Metallic materials - Charpy pendulum impact test method
GB/T 2101-2008, General requirement for acceptance, packaging, marking and certification for section steel
GB/T 2103-2008, General requirements for acceptance, packing, marking and quality certification of steel wire
GB/T 14981-2009, Dimension, shape, mass and tolerance for hot-rolled round wire rod
GB/T 21839, Steel for prestressed concrete – Test methods
GB/T 24587, Hot-rolled wire rods for prestressing steel bars of concrete
YB/T 081, Rule for rounding off of numerical values and judgement of testing values for technical standards of metallurgy
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
6.7 Normally, the diameter of the inner ring of steel bars shall not be less than 2 000 mm. Products of other inner coil diameters can also be supplied as agreed by the purchaser and the supplier.
6.8
The product can be delivered in coil or straight strip; the length of straight strip and tolerances shall be as agreed on by the purchaser and the supplier.
7 Technical requirements
7.1
Raw material
7.1.1 The dimensions, shapes and tolerances of the wire rods for steel bars shall be as specified in accuracy grade B of GB/T 14981; the surface quality shall be as specified in GB/T 24587.
7.1.2 The designation and chemical composition of steel for steel bars shall be as specified in GB/T 24587; steel bars can also be manufactured using other designations of steel, but the content of sulfur shall not exceed 0.025 and the content of copper shall not exceed 0.20%.
7.2 Manufacturing method
7.2.1 Quench and temper. steel bars are normally manufactured using hot-rolled wire rods as the material and then processed before quenching and tempering. The material of ribbed steel bars shall be as agreed on by the purchaser and the supplier.
7.2.2 Finished steel bars shall be free of welded joints; the welded joints for continuous operation during production shall be cut off.
7.3 Mechanical properties
7.3.1 Steel bars shall be subjected to tensile test. Their tensile strength and specified plastic elongation shall be as specified in Table 6; the elongation properties (including ductility level and corresponding elongation) shall be as specified in Table 7.
7.3.2 Steel bars shall be subjected to bending test (except helical grooved steel bars) and their properties shall be as specified in Table 6.
7.3.3
Steel bars shall be subjected to the relaxation test for 1 000 h at initial stress of 70% of the nominal tensile strength. If requested by the purchaser, the relaxation at 1 000 h shall also be determined at initial stresses of 60% and 80% of the nominal tensile strength, which shall be as specified in Table 6.
8.4.5
Elasticity modulus
0.5%.
The elasticity modulus shall be determined as specified in GB/T 21839.
8.4.6 Test failure
If the sample fractures in the chuck or within 2Dn of the jaw, failing to meet the specifications of this Standard, then the test is invalid.
8.5 Repeated bending test
The repeated bending test for the steel bars of nominal diameter not greater than 10 mm (except helical grooved steel bars) shall be carried out as specified in GB/T 21839. The bending radius shall be as specified in Table 6 of this Standard.
8.6 Bending test
The bending test for the steel bars of nominal diameter greater than 10 mm (except helical grooved steel bars) shall be carried out as specified in GB/T 21839. The bending angle and bending pressure head diameter shall be as specified in Table 6 of this Standard.
8.7 Stress relaxation property test
8.7.1 The stress relaxation test for steel bars shall be carried out as specified in GB/T 21839.
8.7.2 The environmental temperature of the sample during the test shall be maintained within the range of 20°C ± 2°C.
8.7.3 The gauge length of the sample shall not be less than 60 times of the nominal diameter.
8.7.4 The sample shall not be subjected to any heat treatment or cold working after preparation.
8.7.5 During the whole test, force shall be applied stably; the initial load shall be applied evenly within 3 min ~ 5 min; start recording the relaxation value after maintaining the load for 1 min.
8.7.6 It is allowed to reckon the 1 000 h relaxation value using the test data of not less than 120 h.
8.8 Fatigue test
8.8.1 The sample for fatigue test shall be cut out directly from finished steel bars; the length of the sample shall ensure the distance between two clamps is not less than 140 mm.
8.8.2 Steel bars shall withstand, without failure, 2 × 106 cycles of 0.7Fm ~ (0.7Fm -Fr)
pulsating load.
Plain steel bars. Fr/Sn = 200 MPa
Helical grooved, helical ribbed steel bars and ribbed steel bars. Fr/Sn = 180 MPa
where,
Fm – nominal breaking load of steel bar, in N;
Fr – equivalent load value of stress range, in N;
Sn – nominal cress sectional area of steel bar, in mm2.
8.8.3 The stress frequency for the fatigue ......
Related standard:   GB/T 5223-2014  GB/T 1499.2-2018
   
 
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