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GB/T 42342.2-2023 English PDF

GB/T 42342.2-2023 (GB/T42342.2-2023, GBT 42342.2-2023, GBT42342.2-2023)
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GB/T 42342.2-2023English364 Add to Cart 4 days [Need to translate] Determination of particle size distribution -- Centrifugal liquid sedimentation methods -- Part 2: Photocentrifuge method Valid GB/T 42342.2-2023


BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 42342.2-2023 (GB/T42342.2-2023)
Description (Translated English) Determination of particle size distribution -- Centrifugal liquid sedimentation methods -- Part 2: Photocentrifuge method
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard A28
Classification of International Standard 19.120
Word Count Estimation 20,262
Date of Issue 2023-03-17
Date of Implementation 2023-10-01
Drafting Organization ROHM (Jiangsu) Instrument Co., Ltd., China Machinery Productivity Promotion Center Co., Ltd., Anhui Dingheng Industrial Group Co., Ltd., China Jiliang University, Changxing Sunrise Powder Technology Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Particle Characterization and Sorting and Screen Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 168)
Issuing agency(ies) National Particle Characterization and Sorting and Screen Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 168)

Standards related to: GB/T 42342.2-2023

GB/T 42342:2-2023
ICS19:120
CCSA28
National Standards of People's Republic of China
GB/T 42342:2-2023/ISO 13318-2:2007
Particle Size Distribution Liquid Phase Centrifugal Sedimentation Method
Part 2: Photoelectric centrifugation
Released on 2023-03-17
2023-10-01 implementation
State Administration for Market Regulation
Released by the National Standardization Management Committee
table of contents
Preface I
Introduction II
1 Range 1
2 Normative references 1
3 Terms, definitions and symbols 1
4 Principle 2
5 instrument 2
5:1 Turntable photoelectric centrifugal device 2
5:2 Cuvette photoelectric centrifugal device 2
5:3 Auxiliary equipment 2
6 samples 4
7 Test Preparation 4
7:1 Sample preparation 4
7:2 Temperature 5
7:3 Sample dispersion method 5
8 Test process 5
8:1 Tiling method 5
8:2 Homogeneous method 6
9 Repeat verification test 6
9:1 Parallel test 6
9:2 Verification 6
10 calculation result 6
10:1 Overview 6
10:2 Particle size calculation 6
10:3 Cumulative mass score calculation 6
11 Results report 7
Appendix A (Informative) Example 9
Appendix B (Informative) Titanium Dioxide Extinction Figure 13
Appendix C (Informative) Effect of Radial Dilution 14
Reference 15
foreword
This document is in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 1:1-2020 "Guidelines for Standardization Work Part 1: Structure and Drafting Rules for Standardization Documents"
drafting:
This document is the second part of GB/T 42342 "Liquid Phase Centrifugal Sedimentation Method for Particle Size Distribution": GB/T 42342 has issued the following
part:
--- Part 2: Photoelectric centrifugation:
This document is equivalent to ISO 13318-2:2007 "Determination of Particle Size Distribution by Liquid Centrifugal Sedimentation Part 2: Photoelectric Centrifugal Method":
The following minimal editorial changes have been made to this document:
--- In order to coordinate with existing standards, change the name of the standard to "Particle Size Distribution Liquid Phase Centrifugal Sedimentation Method Part 2: Photoelectric Centrifugation Method":
Please note that some contents of this document may refer to patents: The issuing agency of this document assumes no responsibility for identifying patents:
This document was proposed and managed by the National Particle Characterization and Sorting and Sieve Mesh Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC168):
This document is drafted by: ROHM (Jiangsu) Instrument Co:, Ltd:, China Machinery Productivity Promotion Center Co:, Ltd:, Anhui Dingheng Industrial Group Co:, Ltd:
Co:, Ltd:, China Jiliang University, Changxing Xuri Powder Technology Co:, Ltd:
The main drafters of this document: Deng Shining, Hou Changge, Wang Rongrong, Zhu Peiwu, Wang Jun:
introduction
Centrifugal sedimentation method for particle size analysis has a history of decades, widely used in various academic research and industrial applications, and has published many
Multinational and international standards:
Although various new techniques for particle characterization have been developed over the past 20 years, due to technological advances (e:g: multi-wavelength characterization) and sedimentation techniques are
Sedimentation, the most primitive method of particle characterization based on directional motion (migration) in gravity or a centrifugal field, has been somewhat reinvigorated:
With the advancement of computer technology, the sedimentation and diffusion channels of nanoparticles (such as protein aggregates, quantum dots) can be determined and analyzed by sedimentation method:
Quantities, and one experiment can characterize the two-dimensional properties of particles: Some measurement techniques also provide quantification of total and fractional particle concentrations
possible:
Centrifugal sedimentation technology is similar to gravity sedimentation technology, by deducing concentration-related signal changes with time and/or radial coordinates along the centrifugal field:
Guide, measured particle settling velocity or velocity distribution: The corresponding calculations do not require necessary prerequisites (such as the validity of Stokes' law),
Assumptions about particle properties (such as shape, refractive index, or density) and liquids, and the sedimentation coefficient (the ratio of sedimentation velocity to centrifugal acceleration): Shen
The distribution of these two parameters, the falling velocity and the sedimentation coefficient, constitute the main results of the analytical centrifugation, from which the particle size distribution can be calculated:
As a classification technique, sedimentation analysis helps to distinguish different particles with close to sedimentation velocities and their corresponding equivalent Stokes
diameter: The particle size distribution can be resolved very finely, which is an advantage over spectral integration techniques: Furthermore, if the diffusive flux of the particle
In the order of sedimentation flux, some centrifugation techniques facilitate the multidimensional characterization of granular systems, that is, the simultaneous determination of multiple distribution quantities (e:g:
particle size and density or shape factor):
GB/T 42342 "Particle Size Distribution Liquid Phase Centrifugal Sedimentation Method" is to determine the particle size by accelerating the migration of particles in the liquid by centrifugal sedimentation method
Methods of sedimentation velocity, sedimentation coefficient and particle size distribution of materials: The direction of motion depends on the density difference between the dispersed and continuous (liquid) phases
(also known as density contrast):
GB/T 42342 mainly measures particle velocity distribution, which is converted into particle size distribution according to centrifugal field sedimentation theory: Described in GB/T 42342
The measurement technique is suitable for liquid dispersions such as suspensions and emulsions: The measurable particle size range depends on the material properties: For aqueous samples, usually
Often ranging from a few nanometers to 100μm, and the migration speed can be quantified as 10nm/s~1mm/s: Sediment analysis for low particle concentrations
For analysis, the allowable concentration range depends on the measurement technique and analysis theory, usually the volume fraction is not higher than 0:5%:
GB/T 42342 is proposed to be composed of three parts:
--- Part 1: General principles and guidelines: The purpose is to give the terms and definitions related to dispersion system and particles, and the technical methods of particle size detection:
method and the analysis and processing method of detection data; describe the superposition of sedimentation and diffusion of nanoparticles, and determine the
possibility of particle concentration; given that some techniques pass a settling flux when the diffusive flux of particles is of the same order as the settling flux
Experiments can obtain multidimensional information on particle size and density or particle shape parameters:
--- Part 2: Photoelectric centrifugation: The purpose is to measure particle size distribution by liquid phase centrifugal sedimentation method: The sample suspension was placed in
In the cuvette or disk of the photoelectric centrifuge, the concentration of the sample is determined by monitoring the change of the light signal at a known radius: some systems
Allows measurement of the distribution at the large particle end in gravimetric mode and at the small particle end in centrifugal mode: due to geometric optics
Inapplicability of the law, the use of light to determine the particle size distribution requires the application of a calibration factor when the particle size approaches the wavelength of light:
--- Part 3: X-ray centrifugation: The purpose is to give the determination of the particle size of homogeneous granular materials by X-ray centrifugal sedimentation method in liquid phase
method of distribution: The particle concentration is determined by the attenuation of the X-ray beam, and the resulting signal is converted into a particle size distribution:
The first part of GB/T 42342 gives the basic principles and guidelines of the centrifugal sedimentation method, and the second and third parts respectively give two
different measurement methods:
Particle Size Distribution Liquid Phase Centrifugal Sedimentation Method
Part 2: Photoelectric centrifugation
WARNING: This document may involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment: This document is not intended to address all security issues related to its use:
It is the user's responsibility to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine whether any regulatory restrictions apply before applying this document:
1 Scope
This document describes a method for the determination of particle size distribution by liquid phase centrifugation: The solids concentration is measured by the transmission of the beam, resulting in
Raw signals can be converted into particle size distributions:
This document applies to typical particle sizes ranging from 0:1 μm to 0:5 μm, with a density higher than that of the liquid, all particles having the same density
dispersible powders in liquids, powders in slurries and some emulsions without chemical or physical changes in suspensions
particle size distribution determination:
2 Normative references
The contents of the following documents constitute the essential provisions of this document through normative references in the text: Among them, dated references
For documents, only the version corresponding to the date is applicable to this document; for undated reference documents, the latest version (including all amendments) is applicable to
this document:
ISO 13318-1 Determination of Particle Size Distribution by Liquid Centrifugal Sedimentation Part 1: General Rules and Guidelines (Determinationofpar-
guidelines)
ISO 14887 Sample preparation-Dispersing procedures for powders in liquids
Note: GB/T 20099-2006 Sample Preparation Powder Dispersion Method in Liquid (ISO 14887:2000, IDT)
3 Terms, definitions and symbols
The terms, definitions and symbols defined in ISO 13318-1 and the following symbols apply to this document:
D optical density
Ei Extinction coefficient of particle with diameter xi
F (surface) the lower cumulative particle size frequency based on the surface
G is a constant that depends on the geometry of the system, beam size and particle shape
l At time t after the onset of sedimentation, the transmittance of the incident beam
l0 When no particles exist, the light transmittance of the incident beam
M Distance from the axis of rotation to the measurement area (mm)
ni Number of particles with diameter xi in the beam stream
R is the distance from the axis of rotation to the wall of the centrifuge, that is, the radius of the inner circle (mm)
S distance from the axis of rotation to the sample liquid/gas interface (mm)
x0 diameter of the smallest particle in the beam (μm)
xSt is the diameter of the largest particle in the beam, e:g: Stokes diameter (μm)
...