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GB/T 4074.21-2018

Chinese Standard: 'GB/T 4074.21-2018'
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Standard ID GB/T 4074.21-2018 (GB/T4074.21-2018)
Description (Translated English) Winding wires test methods--Part 21: Electrical endurance under high frequency voltage impulses
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard K12
Classification of International Standard 29.060.10
Word Count Estimation 14,199
Date of Issue 2018-03-15
Date of Implementation 2018-10-01
Drafting Organization Fuzhou Datong Electromechanical Co., Ltd., Shanghai Cable Research Institute Co., Ltd., Changzhou Weiyuan Electrical Equipment Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Changcheng Electrotechnical Technology Co., Ltd., Tongling Jingda Special Magnet Wire Co., Ltd., Ningbo Jintian New Material Co., Ltd., Guangdong Weiqi Electrotechnical Co., Ltd. Materials Co., Ltd., Jiangsu Sida Special Material Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai Shenma Magnet Wire Co., Ltd., Wuxi Union Electric Co., Ltd., Jinbei Electrical Magnet Wire Co., Ltd., Jiangsu Datong Electromechanical Co., Ltd., Axalta Coating Systems (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., Jiangsu Xunda Magnet Wire Co., Ltd., Anhui Haoran Insulation Material Co., Ltd., Liaoning Donggang Electromagnetic Wire Co., Ltd., Shandong Pengtai Co., Ltd., Shandong Disai Electromechanical Co., Ltd., Jiangxi Boeng Shangrao Wire Co., Ltd., Shanghai Electric Science Institute
Administrative Organization National Wire and Cable Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 213)
Proposing organization China Electrical Appliance Industry Association
Issuing agency(ies) The General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China and the National Standardization Administration of China

GB/T 4074.21-2018
ICS 29.060.10
K 12
Winding wires test methods - Part 21: Electrical
endurance under high frequency voltage impulses
第 21部分: 耐高频脉冲电压性能
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Terms and definitions ... 5 
4 General provisions for testing ... 8 
5 High frequency pulse voltage tester ... 8 
6 Specimen ... 10 
7 Test ... 11 
Appendix A (Informative) Method for verifying polarity of output waveform of
equipment ... 15 
References ... 18 
Winding wires test methods - Part 21: Electrical
endurance under high frequency voltage impulses
1 Scope
This part of GB/T 4074 stipulates the test method (also known as corona
resistance test method) for using high-frequency pulse voltage to determine the
resistance of the winding wire to high-frequency pulse voltage in atmospheric
air, including the terms and definitions of the test, test equipment, specimen
preparation, test procedures, test parameters and test records.
This part applies to the following winding wires:
- Corona-resistant enameled round winding wire;
- Grade-240 aromatic corona-resistant polyimide film wrapped sintered
round and flat winding wire;
- Glass fiber wrapped film winding flat winding wire;
- Mica tape wrapped flat winding wire.
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For
the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable
to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including
all the amendments) are applicable to this standard.
GB/T 4074.5-2008 Winding wires - Test methods - Part 5: Electrical
GB/T 4074.7-2009 Winding wires - Test methods - Part 7: Test procedure
for the determination of the temperature index of enameled winding wires
GB/T 30435 Electric gravity convection and forced ventilation ovens
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document.
Up - Pulse peak voltage;
Ua - Steady state impulse voltage;
Ub - Peak voltage;
tr - The time required for the voltage to rise from 10% to 90% of the zero-
peak voltage.
Figure 1 -- Waveform of bipolar symmetrical pulse voltage
Impulse width
The time difference between the first instant and the last instant when
reaching the specified impulse amplitude or specified threshold’s impulse
instantaneous value.
[IEC 62068:2013, definition 3.17]
Peak impulse voltage
The maximum voltage value reached during the unipolar surge voltage
period (see Figure 1).
Note: For bipolar pulse voltage, the pulse peak voltage is half of the pulse
peak-peak voltage (Upk/pk). The pulse peak-peak voltage (Upk/pk) is as shown
in Figure 1.
Steady-state impulse voltage magnitude
The final value of the impulse voltage (see Figure 1).
Voltage overshoot
Impulse voltage waveform: Bipolar pulse with symmetrical square wave;
Impulse frequency range: (2 ~ 20) kHz;
Impulse rise time: (50 ~ 100) ns;
Steady state impulse voltage range (Ua): (0 ~ ±1500) V;
Voltage overshoot: It shall not exceed 2% relative to the steady state impulse
voltage (Ua);
The ratio of positive or negative pulse width to pulse period: < 50%; the closer
to 50%, the higher the test accuracy.
Note 1: Because the rise time is related to the specimen’s capacitance, try to
avoid using a repetitive pulse power supply to test more than one specimen at
the same time, otherwise it will affect the test results.
Note 2: Refer to Appendix A for the method of verifying the output waveform
polarity of the equipment.
Note 3: If there is demand, both supplier and purchaser may negotiate the use
of a corona-resistant tester of steady-state impulse voltage range (0 ~ ± 2000)
Note 4: For bipolar pulses with symmetrical square waves, the relationship
between steady-state impulse voltage, peak voltage and pulse peak voltage is
as shown in Figure 1.
5.3 Timing device
Each specimen shall be timed separately. When the tested specimen is short-
circuited, the timer stops counting and records the test value.
5.4 Hot state tester
The electric heating oven used for the test shall meet the requirements of GB/T
30435. Room temperature ~ 200 °C, temperature deviation is ± 3 °C.
The test fixture shall ensure close contact with the specimen. The fixture may
use a container containing stainless steel beads, a container containing nickel-
plated iron beads or other suitable fixtures. In the case of using metal beads,
their diameter shall not exceed 2 mm. In addition, it shall use appropriate
methods clean the metal beads or other fixtures regularly.
Appendix A
Method for verifying polarity of output waveform of equipment
A.1 Overview
A bipolar symmetrical square wave is a pulsed square wave whose waveform
polarity alternates from the negative pole to the positive pole or from the positive
pole to the negative pole with respect to the reference ground point (generally
zero potential), which is characterized by the same positive and negative half-
wave waveforms, meanwhile every two positive half waves or negative half
waves differ by half a cycle.
This Appendix provides a method to verify the polarity of the output waveform
of the equipment.
A.2 Measurement method
The measured signal of bipolar symmetrical square wave pulse can be divided
into single-ended signal and differential signal. Single-ended signals shall
provide a measurement reference ground; the differential signal can provide no
reference ground, that is, double-end suspended measurement.
Single-ended signals can be measured by the use of single-ended probes or
differential probes. The grounding clamp of the single-ended probe is
connected to the reference ground; the probe at the other end directly measures
the signal source. The two ends of the differential probe can be arbitrarily
connected to the reference ground and the signal source.
For the differential signal t......
Related standard:   GB/T 33597-2017
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