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GB/T 40271-2021 (GBT40271-2021)

GB/T 40271-2021_English: PDF (GBT 40271-2021, GBT40271-2021)
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 40271-2021 (GB/T40271-2021)
Description (Translated English) Test method for identification of textile fibers - Differential scanningcalorimetry(DSC)
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard W04
Classification of International Standard 59.080.01
Word Count Estimation 10,133
Date of Issue 2021-05-21
Date of Implementation 2021-12-01
Drafting Organization China Textile Standard Inspection and Certification Co., Ltd., Guangdong General Standard Technology Research Co., Ltd., Bengbu Clean Air Nano New Material Co., Ltd., Xinxiang Chemical Fiber Co., Ltd., Xiamen Yinchao Technology Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Youquan Care Products Technology Co., Ltd., China Textile Standard (Shenzhen) Testing Co., Ltd., Jinjiang China Textile Standard Testing Co., Ltd., China Textile Research Institute Co., Ltd., China Chemical Fiber Industry Association, Pepsi-based Materials (Qingdao) Co., Ltd., Zhongshan Zhongce Textile Industry Technology Research Center , Yiwen Clothing Co., Ltd., Dongguan Starting Point Information Technology Co., Ltd., Lilang (China) Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Television Apparel Technical Committee (SAC/TC 209)
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Announcement No. 7 of 2021
Proposing organization China National Textile and Apparel Council
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Administration

Standards related to: GB/T 40271-2021

GB/T 40271-2021
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 59.080.01
CCS W 04
Test Method for Identification of Textile Fibers -
Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)
ISSUED ON: MAY 21, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: DECEMBER 1, 2021
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative References ... 4 
3 Terms and Definitions ... 4 
4 Test Principle ... 5 
5 Equipment and Materials ... 6 
6 Sample ... 7 
7 Test Procedures ... 7 
8 Result Expression ... 8 
9 Test Report ... 9 
Appendix A (informative) Calibration Method ... 10 
Appendix B (informative) Standard Samples ... 11 
Appendix C (informative) Melting Peak Temperature and Enthalpy of Fusion of
Synthetic Fibers ... 12 
Bibliography ... 13 
Test Method for Identification of Textile Fibers -
Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)
1 Scope
This Standard describes a test method for the identification of textile fibers through a
differential scanning calorimeter.
This Standard is applicable to textile fibers with an obvious melting peak temperature,
which is lower than decomposition temperature.
NOTE: the differential scanning calorimetry is generally not used alone, but by determining
the melting peak temperature and enthalpy of fusion of fibers to assist in the
identification of the fibers.
2 Normative References
The content of the following documents constitutes indispensable clauses of this
document through normative references in the text. In terms of references with a
specified date, only versions with a specified date are applicable to this document. In
terms of references without a specified date, the latest version (including all the
modifications) is applicable to this document.
FZ/T 01057.1 Test Method for Identification of Textile Fibers - Part 1: General
Introduction
3 Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions are applicable to this document.
3.1 Melting
Melting refers to the transition from a solid state of a completely crystalline or partially
crystalline substance to a liquid state with different viscosities.
[source: GB/T 6425-2008, 3.5.5.1]
3.2 Enthalpy of Fusion
Enthalpy of fusion refers to the quantity of heat required for material melting under a
constant pressure.
NOTE: it is expressed in kJ/kg or J/g.
[source: GB/T 19466.3-2004, 3.3, modified]
3.3 Differential Scanning Calorimetry
Differential scanning calorimetry refers to a technique of determining the relationship
between the heat flow rate or heating power (difference) delivered to the specimen and
the reference substance, and temperature or time under program control temperature
and certain atmosphere.
[source: GB/T 6425-2008, 3.2.9]
3.4 Differential Scanning Calorimetry Curve (DSC curve)
Differential scanning calorimetry curve (DSC curve) refers to a graphical
representation of the relationship curve between the heat flow rate or heating power
(difference) delivered to the specimen and the reference substance measured by the
differential scanning calorimeter, and temperature or time.
NOTE: the y-coordinate of the curve is heat flow rate, which is also known as heat flow
and expressed in mW (mJ  s-1); the x-coordinate is temperature or time.
[source: GB/T 6425-2008, 3.2.10, modified]
3.5 Calibration
Calibration refers to a set of operations of determining the relationship between the
indicated value of the measuring instrument or measuring system and the already-
known value corresponding to the measured value under specified conditions.
3.6 Instrument Baseline
Instrument baseline refers to a thermal analysis curve measured with empty sample
cuvettes of the same mass and material, and without the use of specimen.
[source: GB/T 6425-2008, 3.5.3.1 a), modified]
4 Test Principle
Under certain conditions, adopt the differential scanning calorimetry to determine and
obtain the DSC curve of the fiber, as it is shown in Figure 1. In this Figure, Tpm is the
melting peak temperature of the fiber; the connection points Tim and Tfm are used to
draw a baseline; the area between it and the melting peak is the enthalpy of fusion of
the fiber. Different types of synthetic fibers have different melting peak temperatures,
based on which, the category of fibers can be identified.
the sealed empty sample cuvettes into the sample holder. In accordance with the
actual test conditions, test the instrument baseline.
7.4 Take another sample cuvette (see 5.2); use the balance (see 5.4) to weigh its mass,
accurate to 0.01 mg. Put the specimen into the sample cuvette; put on the cap and
tightly seal it. Then, re-weigh the sample cuvette which holds the specimen, accurate
to 0.01 mg.
7.5 Put the sample cuvette which holds the specimen into the sample holder at the
designated position of the instrument; put the sealed empty sample cuvette into the
other position as a reference.
7.6 Set the program of the instrument; deduct the instrument baseline. Under the
condition of at least 50 °C lower than the melting peak temperature, at a rate of
10 °C/min, start to raise the temperature, until it is at least 30 °C higher than the
extrapolated final temperature (Tefm), or 20 °C ~ 30 °C lower than the thermal
decomposition temperature; record the DSC curve. For some new types of fibers and
some fibers obtained through certain special processing, they may be heated up for
the first time to eliminate the thermal history of the fiber processing process, then,
heated up again for the observation of the DSC curve.
NOTE: other temperature-raising rates may also be adopted; the temperature-raising rate
should not exceed 20 °C/min.
7.7 Cool down the instrument to room temperature; take out the sample cuvette;
observe whether the sample cuvette is deformed, or whether the specimen overflows.
If it is found that the sample cuvette is deformed or the specimen overflows, then, the
test shall be invalidated and re-conducted.
7.8 Repeat steps 7.4 ~ 7.7 to test the other two specimens.
8 Result Expression
8.1 Melting Peak Temperature
The test curve of the melting peak temperature is shown in Figure 1. From the Figure,
respectively read the melting peak temperature (Tpm) of each specimen; the result shall
be accurate to 0.1 °C. Take the average value of all specimens as the melting peak
temperature of the sample; the result shall be rounded off to an integer. If the second
temperature-raising is performed, take the value measured after the second
temperature-raising as the test result. The melting peak temperature of synthetic fibers
is shown in Appendix C.
8.2 Enthalpy of Fusion
The test curve of the enthalpy of fusion is shown in Figure 1. Take the area between
Appendix A
(informative)
Calibration Method
A.1 General Rules of Calibration
The differential scanning calorimeter is a sensitive thermal analysis instrument, which
requires regular temperature and heat calibration. Under the circumstances of
changing test temperature range, changing air source and flow rate, changing
refrigeration system or being idle for a long time, before use, at least two standard
samples shall be used for the calibration of temperature and heat. See Appendix B for
commonly used standard samples.
NOTE: other calibration requirements of the instrument may comply with the
recommendations by the manufacturer, or with the assistance of the
manufacturer in the implementation.
A.2 Temperature Calibration
A.2.1 Select at least two standard samples with the same mass as the specimen to be
tested and whose extrapolated initial temperature is at or close to the temperature
range to be tested.
A.2.2 Under the same test conditions as the specimen to be tested, determine the
extrapolated initial temperature of the standard samples and record it.
A.2.3 By comparing the standard value and the recorded value of the standard
samples, determine the temperature correction coefficient for calibration. Alternatively,
the computer system may automatically compare and calibrate in accordance with the
standard value and the recorded value.
A.3 Heat Calibration
A.3.1 Select at least two standard samples with the same mass as the specimen to be
tested and whose extrapolated initial temperature is at or close to the temperature
range to be tested.
A.3.2 Under the same test conditions as the specimen to be tested, determine the
enthalpy of fusion of the standard samples and record it.
A.3.3 By comparing the standard value and the recorded value of the standard
samples, determine the heat correction coefficient for calibration. Alternatively, the
computer system may automatically compare and calibrate in accordance with the
standard value and the recorded value.
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