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GB/T 39371-2020 (GBT39371-2020)

GB/T 39371-2020_English: PDF (GBT 39371-2020, GBT39371-2020)
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Standard ID GB/T 39371-2020 (GB/T39371-2020)
Description (Translated English) Leather - Physical and mechanical tests - Determination of softness
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard Y46
Classification of International Standard 59.140.30
Word Count Estimation 6,675
Date of Issue 2020-11-19
Date of Implementation 2021-06-01
Drafting Organization Guangzhou Inspection, Testing and Certification Group Co., Ltd., Shenzhen United Standard Certification Technology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd., Beijing Biaoqing Technology Service Co., Ltd., China Leather and Footwear Industry Research Institute (Jinjiang) Co., Ltd., China Leather and Footwear Research Institute Co., Ltd., Tianchuang Fashion Co., Ltd., Dongguan Huikeda Footwear Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Leather Industry Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 252)
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Announcement No. 26 of 2020
Proposing organization China National Light Industry Council
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Administration

Standards related to: GB/T 39371-2020

GB/T 39371-2020
ICS 59.140.30
Y 46
Leather - Physical and Mechanical Tests -
Determination of Softness
(ISO 17235:2015, MOD)
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative References ... 5 
3 Principle ... 5 
4 Instruments and Materials ... 5 
5 Sampling and Specimen Preparation ... 7 
6 Test Procedures ... 7 
7 Result Expression ... 8 
8 Test Report ... 8 
Appendix A (informative) Structural Changes of this Standard Compared with
ISO 17235:2015 ... 9 
This Standard was drafted in accordance with the rules in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Standard uses the re-drafting method in the modification and adoption of ISO
17235:2015 Leather - Physical and Mechanical Tests - Determination of Softness.
In comparison with ISO 17235:2015, this Standard has major structural adjustments.
Appendix A provides a table of comparison of Chapter No. between this Standard and
ISO 17235:2015.
In comparison with ISO 17235:2015, the technical differences and the causes for these
differences are as follows:
---In terms of Normative References, this Standard adjusts the technical
differences, so as to adapt to the technical conditions of our country. The
adjustments are intensively reflected in Chapter 2 “Normative References”. The
specific adjustments are as follows:
 GB/T 39364, which modifies and adopts International standard, is used to
replace ISO 2418 (see 5.1 and Chapter 8);
 QB/T 2707, which modifies and adopts International standard, is used to
replace ISO 2419 (see 5.2);
---The description of the principle is modified (see Chapter 3);
---The description of the internal spring of the tester is added (see the description
of “D” in Figure 1);
---Titles are added to 4.1 and 4.2 (see 4.1 and 4.2);
---The description of the effective total test force during static measurement in
4.1.8 of ISO 17235:2015 is modified into the NOTE of 4.1 (see 4.1);
---A title is added to the first clause of Chapter 6 (see Chapter 6);
---The NOTE of 6.1 is modified into the content of the main text, and expressed in
the form of a table (see 6.1);
---The calibration process of the tester is detailed (see 6.2);
---The stipulation that the grain surface (or using surface) of the specimen is facing
upward during the test is added (see 6.3);
---The requirements for result accuracy are added (see Chapter 7);
---The content of test report is modified (see Chapter 8).
Leather - Physical and Mechanical Tests -
Determination of Softness
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the method for the determination of softness of leather.
This Standard is applicable to the determination of softness of various types of flexible
leather, such as: shoe upper leather, furniture leather, clothing leather and luggage
leather, etc.
2 Normative References
The following documents are indispensable to the application of this document. In
terms of references with a specified date, only versions with a specified date are
applicable to this document. In terms of references without a specified date, the latest
version (including all the modifications) is applicable to this document.
GB/T 39364 Leather - Chemical, Physical, Mechanical and Fastness Tests - Sampling
Location (GB/T 39364-2020, ISO 2418:2017, MOD)
QB/T 2707 Leather - Physical and Mechanical Tests - Sample Preparation and
Conditioning (QB/T 2707-2018, ISO 2419:2012, MOD)
3 Principle
Clamp and fix the leather specimen on the base of the tester, then, at an appropriate
speed, lower the cylindrical load stylus directly above the specimen. When it comes
into contact with the specimen, it generates downward pressure, and the amount of
deformation of the specimen represents its softness.
4 Instruments and Materials
4.1 Softness Tester
As it is shown in Figure 1, the softness tester includes the following components:
---Circular aperture A, with a diameter of (35.0 ± 0.1) mm.
---Metal ring: compatible with the circular aperture A, which can respectively
reduce its diameter to (25.0 ± 0.1) mm or (20.0 ± 0.1) mm.
example, incisions or scars. Release the cylindrical load stylus C, so that it generates
a downward force. After the reading becomes stable, read and record it. This value is
the softness value of the leather.
Change the test site of the specimen to test again, and measure at least 3 positions.
The test sites of the three tests shall be independent and non-overlapping. In other
words, the distance between the centers of each test site shall be greater than the
diameter of the fixation clamp B.
7 Result Expression
The softness of specimen is the arithmetic mean value of three determination results,
accurate to 0.1 mm.
8 Test Report
The test report shall include the following contents:
a) Serial No. of this Standard;
b) Detailed information of the sample, and inconsistency with GB/T 39364 in
c) Test conditions (standard atmosphere: 20 °C / 65%, 23 °C / 50%, or 27 °C /
d) Selected circular aperture for the test;
e) Tested part and reading each time;
f) Test results;
g) Any deviation from the method specified in this Standard.