Powered by Google www.ChineseStandard.net Database: 189760 (20 Apr 2024)

GB/T 38512-2020 (GBT38512-2020)

GB/T 38512-2020_English: PDF (GBT 38512-2020, GBT38512-2020)
Standard IDContents [version]USDSTEP2[PDF] delivered inStandard Title (Description)StatusPDF
GB/T 38512-2020English185 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Aluminum and aluminum alloy tubes for the pressure vessel Valid GB/T 38512-2020

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 38512-2020 (GB/T38512-2020)
Description (Translated English) Aluminum and aluminum alloy tubes for the pressure vessel
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard H61
Classification of International Standard 77.150.10
Word Count Estimation 14,148
Date of Issue 2020-03-06
Date of Implementation 2021-02-01
Drafting Organization Shandong Yankuang Light Alloy Co., Ltd., Nonferrous Metal Technology and Economic Research Institute, Northeast Light Alloy Co., Ltd., Shandong Nanshan Aluminum Co., Ltd., Southwest Aluminum (Group) Co., Ltd., Guangdong Industrial Analysis and Testing Center, Guohe General Testing, Evaluation and Certification Co., Ltd., Liaoning Zhongwang Group Co., Ltd., Guangdong Huachang Aluminum Factory Co., Ltd., Northwest Aluminum Co., Ltd., Guangdong Gordon Aluminum Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Nonferrous Metals Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 243)
Proposing organization China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Administration

Standards related to: GB/T 38512-2020

GB/T 38512-2020
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 77.150.10
H 61
Aluminum and aluminum alloy tubes for the pressure
vessel
ISSUED ON: MARCH 06, 2020
IMPLEMENTED ON: FEBRUARY 01, 2021
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Requirements ... 5 
4 Test methods ... 9 
5 Inspection rules ... 11 
6 Marks, packaging, transport, storage and quality certificate ... 14 
7 Order sheet (or contract) content ... 16 
Annex A (informative) Welding performance of the tubes ... 17 
Bibliography ... 18 
Aluminum and aluminum alloy tubes for the pressure
vessel
1 Scope
This Standard specifies requirements, test methods, inspection rules and marks,
packaging, transportation, storage and quality certificate as well as order sheet
(or contract) content of aluminum and aluminum alloy tubes for the pressure
vessel.
This Standard is applicable to aluminum and aluminum alloy tubes for the
pressure vessel (hereinafter referred to as “the tubes”).
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of
this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.
GB/T 230 (all parts), Metallic Rockwell hardness test
GB/T 231 (all parts), Metallic Brinell hardness test
GB/T 3190, Wrought aluminum and aluminum alloys - Chemical composition
limits
GB/T 3199, Wrought Aluminum and Aluminum Alloy Products - Packing,
Marking, Transporting and Storing
GB/T 3246.1, Inspection method for structure of wrought aluminum and
aluminum alloy products - Part 1: Inspection method for microstructure
GB/T 3246.2, Inspection method for structure of wrought aluminum and
aluminum alloy products - Part 2: Inspection method for macrostructure
GB/T 4436-2012, Wrought aluminum and aluminum alloy tubes - Dimensions
and deviations
GB/T 6519, Process for ultrasonic inspection of wrought aluminum alloy
products
GB/T 7999, Optical emission spectrometric analysis method of aluminum
3.1.2 Marking example
The mark of the tubes is expressed in the order of product name, reference to
this Standard, designation, state, size specification.
Example: The fixed-scale tube of which the designation is 5083, the state is O,
the outer diameter is 40.00mm, the wall thickness is 6.00, the length is 4000, is
marked as:
Tube GB/T 38512-5083 O-40.00×6.00×4000.
3.2 Chemical composition
The chemical composition of the tube shall comply with the provisions of GB/T
3190.
3.3 Size deviation
3.3.1 Outer diameter, curvature
The outer diameter, curvature of the tube shall comply with the provisions on
high precision in GB/T 4436-2012.
3.3.2 Wall thickness
The wall thickness deviation of the tube shall comply with the provisions of GB/T
4436-2012.
3.3.3 Length
The fixed-scale length deviation of the tube shall comply with the provisions on
high precision in GB/T 4436-2012. For the tubes that are delivered in double-
scale as the fixed-scale, 5mm cutting capacity shall be left for each sawing edge.
3.3.4 Cutting slope
There shall be no burrs at both ends of the tube. The cutting slope shall meet
the provisions on high precision level in GB/T 4436-2012.
3.3.5 Others
If the purchaser has other requirements, it shall be indicated in the order sheet
(or contract).
3.4 Tensile mechanical properties at room temperature
The longitudinal tensile mechanical properties of the tube at room temperature
shall meet the requirements of Table 2. For the tubes of which the wall thickness
exceeds the one specified in Table 2, the mechanical properties are determined
3.10 Macrostructure
3.10.1 Cracks, tailing, pores, and bright grains are not allowed on the
macrostructure sample of the tube.
3.10.2 Non-metallic inclusions, compound segregation or intermetallic
compounds are not allowed on the macrostructure samples of the tube.
3.10.3 The depth of the coarse crystal ring shall be agreed between the supplier
and the purchaser and indicated in the drawing or order sheet (or contract).
3.10.4 For the tube that wall thickness requires positive and negative symmetric
deviation, the layering depth on the macrostructure sample shall not exceed the
negative deviation of the tube wall thickness and the wall thickness deviation of
the tube shall not exceed the allowable range. For the tube that wall thickness
requires non-positive and negative symmetry deviation, the layering depth on
the macrostructure sample shall not exceed half of the allowable deviation of
the tube wall thickness. After deducting the thickness of the layer thickness, the
size deviation shall not exceed the allowable range.
3.11 Microstructure
The microstructure of the quenched product is not allowed to burn.
3.12 Appearance quality
3.12.1 The surface of the tube shall be smooth, and no cracks, corrosion or
foreign inclusions are allowed.
3.12.2 The surface of the tube is allowed to have local defects such as slight
peeling, bubbles, scrapes, scratches, bumps, pits that do not affect the use.
After deducting the depth of the defect, the wall thickness deviation shall not
exceed the allowable range.
3.13 Others
When welding pipes, the mechanical properties of the welds are in Annex A.
4 Test methods
4.1 Chemical composition
4.1.1 The chemical composition analysis method shall be carried out according
to GB/T 20975 or GB/T 7999. The arbitration analysis shall use the method
specified in GB/T 20975.
4.1.2 "Al" content is calculated according to the method specified in GB/T 3190.
4.8 Pressure resistance
The test method for pressure resistance of the tube shall be negotiated between
the supplier and the purchaser and indicated in the order sheet (or contract).
4.9 Macrostructure
The inspection method for the macrostructure of the tube shall be in accordance
with GB/T 3246.2.
4.10 Microstructure
The inspection method of the microstructure of the tube shall be in accordance
with GB/T 3246.1.
4.11 Appearance quality
Visually check the appearance quality under natural scattered light. If necessary,
the size measurement tool can be used to define the size of the defect, and the
depth of the defect can be determined by grinding.
4.12 Others
Refer to Annex A for the inspection method of weld mechanical properties.
5 Inspection rules
5.1 Inspection and acceptance
5.1.1 The product shall be inspected by the supplier to ensure that the product
quality meets the requirements of this Standard and the order sheet (or contract)
and fill in the quality certificate.
5.1.2 The purchaser shall inspect the received products in accordance with this
Standard. When the inspection result is inconsistent with the provisions of this
Standard and the order sheet (or contract), it shall be submitted to the supplier
in written form and resolved by consultation between the supplier and the
purchaser. Objections pertaining to surface quality and dimensional deviations
shall be raised within one month from the date of receipt of the product.
Objections that belong to other properties shall be raised within three months
from the date of receipt of the product. If arbitration is required, the organization
authorized by both the supplier and the purchaser can be entrusted to conduct
the arbitration. The sampling shall be conducted at the purchaser.
5.2 Batching
The products shall be submitted for acceptance in batches. Each batch shall
sample to check the tensile mechanical properties at room temperature,
electrical conductivity and peeling corrosion resistance performance.
5.6.6 If the flaw detection result of any specimen fails, this piece shall be
determined as nonconforming.
5.6.7 When the macrostructure of any specimen fails, it shall be determined as
follows:
a) If the metallurgical defects such as cracks, bright grains, non-metallic
inclusions, compound segregation or intermetallic compounds are
nonconforming, the batch of tubes shall be determined as nonconforming.
However, upon agreement between the supplier and the purchaser, the
supplier can inspect the products one by one, and only the conforming
ones are delivered.
b) When the tail shrinkage, coarse crystal ring and layering are
nonconforming, it is allowed to cut a section from the extruded end of the
tube to repeat the test until it is conforming. Then the other tubes in the
batch shall be tail-cut or inspected one by one according to the maximum
length of the above-mentioned defect distribution of the inspected tubes.
Only conforming ones are delivered.
5.6.8 When the microstructure of any specimen is nonconforming, if the tube
can distinguish the heat treatment times, then the furnace time represented by
this specimen shall be determined as nonconforming. Other furnace times shall
be inspected in sequence. Only conforming ones are delivered. If it cannot
distinguish the furnace time, this batch of tubes shall be nonconforming.
5.6.9 When the appearance quality of any pipe is nonconforming, this tube shall
be determined as nonconforming. Allow the nonconforming part to be re-
inspected. Only conforming ones are delivered.
6 Marks, packaging, transport, storage and quality
certificate
6.1 Marks
6.1.1 Product marks
Print the identification of the following content (or affix a label containing the
following content) on the front end of the qualified tube extrusion:
a) Inspection seal of the supplier's quality inspection department (or the
signature or seal of the quality inspection personnel);
7 Order sheet (or contract) content
The order sheet (or contract) for the products listed in this Standard shall
include the followings:
a) Product’s name;
b) Designation and state;
c) Size specification;
d) Net weight;
e) Packaging;
f) Size deviation level;
g) Analysis and inspection items;
h) Special requirements of the purchaser:
- Special dimensional deviation requirements;
- Special requirements for tensile mechanical properties at room
temperature;
- Special conductivity test requirements;
- Special test requirements for peeling corrosion resistance;
- Special inspection requirements;
- Special requirements for testing pressure resistance;
- Other special requirements.
i) Reference to this Standard.
...