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GB/T 38472-2019 (GBT 38472-2019)

GB/T 38472-2019_English: PDF (GBT38472-2019)
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 38472-2019 (GB/T38472-2019)
Description (Translated English) Recycling materials for cast aluminium alloys
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard H61
Classification of International Standard 77.150.10
Word Count Estimation 26,267
Date of Issue 2019-12-31
Date of Implementation 2020-07-01
Drafting Organization Shandong Nanshan Aluminum Industry Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Nonferrous Metals Standardization Technical Committee
Regulation (derived from) National Standards Bulletin No. 19 of 2019
Proposing organization China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration of Market Supervision and Administration, National Standardization Administration

GB/T 38472-2019
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 77.150.10
H 61
Recycling materials for cast aluminium alloys
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 31, 2019
IMPLEMENTED ON: JULY 01, 2020
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Terms and definitions ... 4 
4 Classification ... 5 
5 Requirements ... 6 
6 Test method ... 9 
7 Inspection rules ... 12 
8 Packaging, transportation, storage and quality certificate ... 16 
9 Order form (or contract) contents ... 18 
Appendix A (Informative) Typical photos of raw materials ... 19 
Appendix B (Informative) Vibrating screen ... 22 
Appendix C (Normative) Volatile substance test method ... 25 
Appendix D (Normative) Preparation method of chemical composition sample
and inspection method of metal recovery rate ... 27 
Appendix E (Informative) General requirements and test methods of portable
spectrometer equipment ... 30 
Appendix F (Informative) Test methods of radioactive contaminants ... 32 
Recycling materials for cast aluminium alloys
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the classification, requirements, test methods,
inspection rules, marking, packaging, transportation, storage, quality certificate
and order form (or contract) contents of recycling materials for cast aluminium
alloys.
This Standard applies to recycling materials for cast aluminium alloys
(hereinafter referred to as materials) that are obtained after recycling and
processing of recycling aluminium in used vehicles, aluminium appliances, and
mechanical equipment.
2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document.
For dated references, only the dated version applies to this document. For
undated references, the latest edition (including all amendments) applies to this
document.
GB/T 7999, Optical emission spectrometric analysis method of aluminum
and aluminum alloys
GB/T 8005.1, Aluminium and aluminium alloys - Terms and definitions - Part
1: product and method of processing and treatment
GB/T 8170, Rules of rounding off for numerical values & expression and
judgment of limiting values
GB/T 17432, Methods of sampling for analyzing the chemical composition of
wrought aluminum and aluminum alloys
GB/T 20975, Methods for chemical analysis of aluminium and aluminium
alloys
YS/T 491, Flux for wrought aluminium and aluminium alloy
3 Terms and definitions
Terms and definitions determined by GB/T 8005.1 and the following ones are
applicable to this document.
3.1 Recycling materials for cast aluminium alloys
The materials that meet the relevant requirements of this Standard and can be
used to produce cast aluminium alloy ingots or products, which are obtained
from recycled cast aluminium alloys or mixed metals that contain aluminium
after processing, such as sorting.
3.2 Foreign material
Non-metallic substance that is doped or adhered to the raw material.
Note: It includes dust, wood, textiles, plastics, glass, stone, paper, sand, rubber,
sludge, etc.; it doesn't include the packaging of this product and other
substances that need to be used during transportation.
3.3 Volatile substance
Impurities that can be separated from raw materials after proper heat treatment
at a temperature below the melting point of the metal.
3.4 Aluminium and aluminium alloy content
The mass fraction of the aluminium material that can be selected from the raw
material.
3.5 Total metal content
The mass fraction of the metallic material that can be selected from the raw
material.
Note: Metallic material mainly includes aluminium, silicon, copper, magnesium,
zinc, etc.
3.6 Metal recovery rate
The mass fraction of metallic materials that are produced from raw materials
through pretreatment and smelting treatment in accordance with the methods
that are specified in this Standard.
4 Classification
Raw materials can be divided into three types: castings, recycled aluminium
ingots, and aluminium blocks. The raw material description and source are
shown in Table 1; typical photos of raw materials are shown in Appendix A.
c) The radiative contamination level on surface α and β of the raw material
is: for the average value of the maximum test level of 300 cm2 on any part
of the surface, α does not exceed 0.04 Bq/cm2, and β does not exceed
0.4 Bq/cm2.
5.11 Other requirements
5.11.1 The raw materials shall not be mixed with flammable materials, and shall
not be mixed with explosives such as waste bombs and shells.
5.11.2 The raw materials shall not be mixed in closed containers or pressure
vessels.
6 Test method
6.1 Appearance quality
Visually inspect the appearance of the sample. The sample should be laid flat
on a clean surface for inspection.
6.2 Dimensions
6.2.1 General inspection
Visually check the sample dimensions. The sample should be laid flat on a
clean surface for inspection. When it is suspected that it does not meet the
requirements, perform the arbitration inspection in accordance with 6.2.2.
6.2.2 Arbitration inspection
6.2.2.1 Casting and recycled aluminium ingot
Use a measuring instrument of appropriate accuracy to measure the
dimensions.
6.2.2.2 Aluminium block
6.2.2.2.1 Weigh the sample mass and record it as m.
6.2.2.2.2 Use a sieve shaker (see Appendix B) to sieve the sample; the vibration
time is 5 minutes; use an electronic scale, of which the accuracy is 0.5 kg, to
weigh the mass of the sieved material, and record it as m’.
6.2.2.2.3 Calculate the sieving pass rate ws of the aluminium block sample
according to Formula (1); express the value in %; display the calculation result
to the single digit; round off according to the provisions of GB/T 8170.
7.1.1 The product shall be inspected by the supplier before delivery, so as to
ensure that the product quality complies with the requirements of this Standard
and the order form (or the contract); the supplier shall fill in the quality certificate.
7.1.2 The buyer or the relevant regulatory authority may conduct a re-inspection
of the received products in accordance with the provisions of this Standard. If
the re-inspection result is inconsistent with the requirements of this Standard
and the order form (or contract), a written form shall be submitted to the supplier;
the issue shall be settled by negotiation between the supplier and the buyer.
Arbitration, if required, may be carried out by an organization which is
recognized by both the supplier and the buyer; the sampling shall be jointly
done by the buyer.
7.2 Batch
7.2.1 Raw materials shall be submitted for inspection in batches. The batch
weight and batch weight deviation shall be determined through consultation
between the supplier and the buyer.
7.2.2 Each batch of castings consists of similar castings.
7.2.3 Each batch of recycled aluminium ingots consists of no more than 5
molten ingots.
7.2.4 Each batch of aluminium blocks consists of aluminium blocks of the same
source and size.
7.3 Inspection items and sampling
7.3.1 Inspection items
For each batch of raw materials, the appearance quality, dimensions, foreign
material content, chemical composition, radioactive contaminants and other
requirements shall be inspected; the volatile substance content, fracture
structure of recycled aluminium ingots, aluminium and aluminium alloy content,
total metal content, and metal recovery rate shall be determined by the supplier
process assurance. The buyer or the relevant regulatory authority may conduct
spot checks on process assurance items.
7.3.2 Sampling regulations
7.3.2.1 Take samples in batches; take 100% of samples to perform the
radioactive contamination test; see Table 7 for other test sampling requirements.
repeated test results are qualified, judge this batch of raw materials to be
qualified; otherwise, judge this batch to be inconsistent with the requirements
of this Standard.
7.4.2 If the test result of dimensions of any sample is unsatisfactory, double the
number of samples shall be taken from this batch of samples for a repeated
test. If all the repeated test results are qualified, judge this batch of raw
materials to be qualified; otherwise, judge this batch to be inconsistent with the
requirements of this Standard.
7.4.3 If the test result of chemical composition analysis of the sample is
unsatisfactory, double the number of samples shall be taken from this batch of
samples for a repeated test. If all the repeated test results are qualified, judge
this batch of raw materials to be qualified; otherwise, judge this batch to be
inconsistent with the requirements of this Standard.
7.4.4 If the test result of foreign material, aluminium and aluminium alloy content,
total metal content, metal recovery rate, volatile substance, and fracture
structure of any sample is unsatisfactory, double the number of samples shall
be taken from this batch (when the sample size is insufficient, take double the
samples from this batch according to the provisions of Table 7); repeat the test
for unqualified items. If the repeated test result is qualified, judge this batch of
raw materials to be qualified; otherwise, judge this batch to be inconsistent with
the requirements of this Standard.
7.4.5 If the test result of radioactive contaminants of any sample is
unsatisfactory, judge the batch to be inconsistent with the requirements of this
Standard.
7.4.6 If the test result of other requirements of any sample is unsatisfactory,
judge the batch to be inconsistent with the requirements of this Standard.
8 Packaging, transportation, storage and quality
certificate
8.1 Packaging
8.1.1 The raw materials shall be packaged in categories. The specific
packaging method shall be determined through consultation between the
supplier and the buyer, and shall be indicated in the order form (or contract).
8.1.2 The appearance of the packaging shall be accompanied by a label that
contains the following:
a) raw material name;
Appendix B 
(Informative) 
Vibrating-sieve
B.1 Working mechanism
The rotation of the motor drives the eccentric block, which causes the sieve
frame with a fixed size of cavity to vibrate regularly and plays the role of
shaking-sieve, which can separate materials of different sizes.
B.2 Basic requirements
B.2.1 Main components
The vibrating-sieve is mainly composed of a vibration system, a sieve frame, a
material receiving device, and a shock-absorbing device.
B.2.2 Vibration system
The vibration system includes a motor, a speed-transmission, a rotating shaft,
and an eccentric block.
B.2.3 Sieve frame
B.2.3.1 The sieve size of each sieve frame is fixed.
B.2.3.2 The height of the side of the sieve frame is not less than 140 mm; the
distance between adjacent sieve frames should be 10 mm ~ 15 mm.
B.2.3.3 There shall be an extraction point at the lower end of the sieve frame.
B.2.3.4 The sieve frame is easy to disassemble.
B.2.4 Material receiving device
B.2.4.1 The extraction direction of two adjacent sieve frames with different sieve
sizes is the same.
B.2.4.2 The sieve frame extraction nozzle with the same extraction direction
extends 400 mm.
B.2.5 Shock-absorbing device
The shock-absorbing spring is installed at the lower end of the vibrating-sieve
frame and shall be vertical to the ground.
Appendix C 
(Normative) 
Volatile substance test method
C.1 Method overview
Heat the sample to a fixed temperature and maintain the temperature until
constant-weight; measure the mass loss, so as to calculate the mass fraction
of the volatile substance.
C.2 Test equipment or device
C.2.1 Electronic scale: the maximum weighing is not less than 2 kg; the
accuracy is 0.01 g.
C.2.2 High-temperature furnace: the working temperature of the high-
temperature furnace can reach 500 °C; the accuracy is ± 5 °C.
C.2.3 Sample plate.
C.2.4 Glass dryer.
C.3 Sample
C.3.1 Use the electronic scale (C.2.1) to weigh the sample; record the sample
mass.
C.3.2 When the capacity of the high-temperature furnace (C.2.2) is insufficient,
divide the sample into several parts and test independently. The mass of each
sample shall be weighed and recorded.
C.4 Test steps
C.4.1 During the test, when the sample plate (C.2.3) and the sample are
transferred, use a clamp or a corresponding tool to avoid direct contact with
human hands.
C.4.2 Keep the sample plate at 360 °C for 8 hours; then, place it in a glass drier
(C.2.4) to cool to room temperature; weigh the mass; record it as m1; place it in
the glass drier for later use.
C.4.3 Remove the sample plate from the dryer; place the sample and flatten it;
weigh the mass and record it as m2.
Appendix D 
(Normative) 
Preparation method of chemical composition sample and inspection
method of metal recovery rate
D.1 Method overview
Melt the rough specimen for chemical composition inspection (or the sample for
metal recovery rate inspection) in the melting furnace; then, refine to prepare
the sample for the analysis of chemical composition of aluminium alloy. Add the
mass of the aluminium alloy ingot, the aluminium content of the aluminium slag,
and the mass of the non-aluminium metal material which are obtained after the
melt is cooled and solidified; use the ratio of the obtained value to the mass of
the sample to calculate the metal recovery rate.
D.2 Reagent
D.2.1 Covering agent: in accordance with YS/T 491, NK5048F2A should be
used as the designation.
D.2.2 Refining agent: in accordance with YS/T 491, NK4847F5A should be used
as the designation.
D.3 Main tools and equipment
D.3.1 Electronic scale: the accuracy is 0.05 kg.
D.3.2 Melting electric furnace: the melting electric furnace temperature is not
less than 1 000 °C; the accuracy is ±15 °C; the furnace capacity is not less than
200 kg. It should use a graphite crucible for melting.
D.3.3 Sampling spoon: in accordance with GB/T 17432.
D.3.4 Sampling mold: in accordance with GB/T 17432.
D.4 Test steps
D.4.1 Weighing
Use the electronic scale (D.3.1) to weigh the rough specimen for chemical
composition analysis (or the sample for metal recovery rate inspection); record
it as mx.
D.4.2 Pretreatment
Appendix F 
(Informative) 
Test methods of radioactive contaminants 
F.1 Inspection instrument
The instrument that is used for inspection shall meet the requirements of GB
18871, GB/T 12162.3 and GB/T 5202.
F.2 Measurement of external exposure penetrating radiation dose rate
F.2.1 Measurement of natural environment radiation background value
F.2.1.1 Before performing the measurement of external exposure penetrating
radiation dose rate, the local natural environment radiation background value
shall be measured and determined.
F.2.1.2 Choose 3 ~ 5 points (which can be used as fixed survey points) that can
represent the normal state of the local natural radiation background on the flat
open ground without radioactive contamination as the measurement points.
F.2.1.3 Place the measuring probe of the measuring instrument at a height of 1
m above the ground of the measurement point, to measure its external
exposure penetrating radiation dose rate. Read the measured value every 10
s; take the average of the 10 readings as the measured value of the point; take
the arithmetic mean of the measured values of each measurement point as the
average value of normal natural radiation.
F.2.2 Data scanning
F.2.2.1 The raw materials shall have a data scanning for radioactive
contamination before passing through the port passage. During the data
scanning, place the measuring instrument as close as possible to the surface
of the tested object or the surface of the container, car body, warehouse body
on which the raw materials are loaded, to perform a data scanning on the
surface of the tested object.
F.2.2.2 When it is found that the radioactivity significantly exceeds the
management limits of three test indicators during the data scanning, it is judged
as unqualified. When the radioactive contamination has been found to exceed
the management limits of three test indicators, no further sorting or selection is
performed.
F.2.3 Test point distribution