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GB/T 3799-2021 (GBT3799-2021)

GB/T 3799-2021_English: PDF (GBT 3799-2021, GBT3799-2021)
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GB/T 3799-2021English260 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Technical requirements for completion and acceptance of vehicle engines overhaul Valid GB/T 3799-2021

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 3799-2021 (GB/T3799-2021)
Description (Translated English) Technical requirements for completion and acceptance of vehicle engines overhaul
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard R16
Classification of International Standard 43.180
Word Count Estimation 18,171
Date of Issue 2021-12-31
Date of Implementation 2022-07-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 3799.1-2005, GB/T 3799.2-2005
Drafting Organization Zhonggong Gaoyuan (Beijing) Automobile Testing Technology Co., Ltd., Highway Science Research Institute of the Ministry of Transport, Beijing Xianglong Borui Automobile Service (Group) Co., Ltd., "Automobile Maintenance and Repair" magazine
Administrative Organization National Technical Committee for Standardization of Automobile Maintenance (SAC/TC 247)
Proposing organization Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Administration

Standards related to: GB/T 3799-2021

GB/T 3799-2021
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.180
CCS R 16
Replacing GB/T 3799.1-2005, GB/T 3799.2-2005
Technical requirements for completion and acceptance of
vehicle engines overhaul
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 31, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: JULY 01, 2022
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 6 
2 Normative references ... 6 
3 Terms and definitions... 6 
4 Basic requirements ... 7 
5 Requirements for main parts and assemblies ... 8 
6 Assembly requirements ... 11 
7 Completion inspection requirements ... 13 
8 Test methods ... 14 
9 Quality assurance ... 20 
Appendix A (Informative) Engine overhaul inspection record ... 21 
References ... 27 
Technical requirements for completion and acceptance of
vehicle engines overhaul
1 Scope
This document specifies the basic requirements, main component requirements,
assembly requirements, completion inspection requirements, test methods and quality
assurance for vehicle engines overhaul.
This document applies to the engines of passenger vehicles and goods vehicles, which
are fueled by gasoline and diesel, that have been overhauled and left out of the factory;
it is used as a reference for engines that use other types of fuels.
2 Normative references
The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this
document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the
version corresponding to that date is applicable to this document; for undated references,
the latest version (including all amendments) is applicable to this document.
GB 3847, Limits and measurement methods for emissions form diesel vehicles under
free acceleration and lugdown cycle
GB/T 5624, Motor vehicle maintenance and repair terms
GB/T 18276, Test-bed methods and evaluating index of dynamic property of motor
vehicles
GB 18285, Limits and measurement methods for emissions from gasoline vehicles
under two-speed idle conditions and short driving mode conditions
GB/T 18297, Performance test code for road vehicle engines
GB/T 18566, Inspection and evaluation method of fuel consumption for road
transport vehicle
JT/T 1132 (all parts), Vehicle maintenance and repair electronic archives system
3 Terms and definitions
Terms and definitions determined by GB/T 5624 and the following ones are applicable
to this document.
3.1
Engines overhaul
An operation to restore the operational capability of the engine, by repairing or
replacing individual parts, to eliminate the failure or hidden danger that occurs or is
found in the operation or maintenance process of the engine.
3.2
Passenger vehicle
A motor vehicle with more than 9 seats, including the driver's seat, that is designed and
manufactured mainly for the carriage of passengers and their carry-on luggage.
3.3
Goods vehicle
Truck
A vehicle that is designed and manufactured primarily for the carriage of goods or for
towing trailers, also including:
a) A vehicle whose main purpose is to carry goods, although it is equipped with
special equipment or appliances;
b) A vehicle that is converted from a non-enclosed truck, and is not a special
operation vehicle, although it is equipped with special equipment or appliances.
Note: Enclosed truck refers to a goods vehicle whose cargo-carrying structure is a
closed box and is integrated with the cab, and whose body structure is one-box or
two-box.
[Source: GB 7258-2017, 3.2.2]
4 Basic requirements
4.1 When the engine is disassembled, secondary damage or damage to the components
shall be avoided.
4.2 The main bearing cap and connecting rod bearing cap shall be marked before
disassembly and shall not be mixed.
4.3 After dismantling, the parts and assemblies shall be cleaned, and shall be free of oil
stains, carbon deposits, scale deposit, rust, etc.
5.2.5 The valve guide shall be free from damage, cracking, eccentric wear and loosening.
5.3 Crankshaft flywheel set
5.3.1 The crankshaft, main bearing cover, flywheel, flywheel ring gear, torsional shock
absorber and other parts and assemblies shall be in good condition without obvious
damage or deformation.
5.3.2 The bending and twisting deformation of the crankshaft shall meet the
requirements of the automobile maintenance technical information which is disclosed
by the automobile manufacturer.
5.3.3 The crankshaft shall be free of hidden defects, and should be inspected by methods
such as dyeing or magnetic flaw detecting.
5.3.4 The surfaces of the crankshaft main journal and connecting rod journal shall be
free from cracks, strains and ablation; the diameter, roundness, cylindricity and circular
runout of the crankshaft journal and connecting rod journal shall meet the requirements
of the automobile maintenance technical information which is disclosed by the
automobile manufacturer.
5.3.5 The flywheel ring gear shall be free of missing gear, twisting and deformation;
the wear amount of the flywheel working face shall not exceed the requirements of the
automobile maintenance technical information which is disclosed by the automobile
manufacturer.
5.4 Piston connecting rod set
5.4.1 Parts and assemblies such as pistons, connecting rods, connecting rod bearing
caps shall be in good condition without obvious damage or deformation; parts and
assemblies such as pistons and connecting rods shall be free of hidden defects.
5.4.2 The piston shall be free from ablation, falling off, carbon deposits, etc.; the wear
amount of the piston pin hole and piston skirt shall not exceed the requirements of the
automobile maintenance technical information which is disclosed by the automobile
manufacturer.
5.4.3 The surface of the piston pin shall be free of cracks, erosions and spots; the
diameter, roundness and cylindricity of the piston pin shall meet the requirements of
the automobile maintenance technical information which is disclosed by the automobile
manufacturer.
5.4.4 The bending and twisting deformation of the connecting rod shall meet the
requirements of the automobile maintenance technical information which is disclosed
by the automobile manufacturer.
5.5 Valve mechanism
5.5.1 Parts and assemblies, such as camshaft, valve rocker, valve, valve spring, valve
tappet, timing gear, timing pulley or sprocket, variable valve timing mechanism, timing
chain, tensioner, shall be in good condition without obvious damage or deformation.
5.5.2 The cam shall be free from scratches, pitting corrosion and falling off; the
camshaft diameter, circular runout, cam height, and cam wear amount shall meet the
requirements of automobile maintenance technical information which is disclosed by
the automobile manufacturer.
5.5.3 Parts and assemblies such as camshafts and valves shall be free of hidden defects,
and should be inspected by methods such as dyeing or magnetic flaw detecting.
5.5.4 The bottom surface of the valve lifter shall be free of concave wear and eccentric
wear.
5.5.5 The width of the valve working surface shall be uniform, and free from ablation,
cracking, spots, pits, grooves, etc.; the valve stem shall be free from bending and
abrasion.
5.5.6 The valve spring shall be free from cracks and fractures. In the free state, the
stiffness, unsupported length of the valve spring, and the verticality of the spring
bearing to the center line shall meet the requirements of the automobile maintenance
technical information which is disclosed by the automobile manufacturer.
5.6 Other requirements.
5.6.1 The casing of the cooling water pump shall be free from cracks and deformation;
the impeller, pump shaft, water seal and bearing shall be free from loosening, abrasion
and deformation.
5.6.2 The temperature at which the thermostat is opened and fully opened, and the lift
when fully opened shall meet the requirements of the automobile maintenance technical
information which is disclosed by the automobile manufacturer.
5.6.3 The oil pressure regulating valve, bypass valve, safety valve, crankcase ventilation
valve, etc. shall not be stuck.
5.6.4 The oil circuit of the supercharger shall be unobstructed, and there shall be no oil
leakage or air leakage; the surface of the impeller blades shall be free from carbon
deposits; the impeller shall rotate flexibly without abnormal vibration.
5.6.5 The models of sensors and actuators related to the electronic control system shall
match the model being repaired.
5.6.6 The wiring harness of the engine shall be free from damage, short circuit and open
circuit; the waterproof seal shall be intact; the terminals of the plug connector shall not
be bent, broken or missing.
requirements of the automobile maintenance technical information which is disclosed
by the automobile manufacturer.
6.3.2 The replaced piston shall be the same set of piston of the same type; when the
piston is replaced, a piston pin of standard diameter shall be used.
6.3.3 The connecting rod bushing shall be selected according to the diameter of the
piston pin and the size of the connecting rod bearing hole.
6.3.4 The installation sequence and installation direction of the piston ring shall be
correct; the installation position and installation direction of the piston connecting rod
set shall be correct.
6.4 Valve mechanism
6.4.1 The installation position, sequence and axial clearance of the camshaft shall meet
the requirements of the automobile maintenance technical information which is
disclosed by the automobile manufacturer.
6.4.2 The fit clearance between valve stem and valve guide, and between valve tappet
and guide shall meet the requirements of the automobile maintenance technical
information which is disclosed by the automobile manufacturer.
6.4.3 The valve clearance shall be adjusted and measured according to the requirements
of the automobile maintenance technical information which is disclosed by the
automobile manufacturer.
6.4.4 The cylinder block and the cylinder head shall be assembled at room temperature;
the fastening sequence, method and torque of the cylinder head bolts shall meet the
requirements of the automobile maintenance technical information which is disclosed
by the automobile manufacturer.
6.4.5 The timing marks on the timing gear and the transmission mechanism shall be
aligned; the valve timing shall be correct; the meshing clearance of the timing gear shall
be uniform.
6.4.6 The tension of timing belt and transmission belt shall be adjusted correctly.
6.5 Other requirements
6.5.1 The injection timing shall be adjusted correctly.
6.5.2 The high- and low-pressure oil circuit pressure of the engine shall meet the
requirements of the automobile maintenance technical information which is disclosed
by the automobile manufacturer.
c) The vacuum degree of the intake pipe shall meet the requirements of the
automobile maintenance technical information which is disclosed by the
automobile manufacturer.
7.13 During acceleration and deceleration conditions, the engine speed shall transit
smoothly without shaking, knocking, tempering, and firing.
7.14 Under the rated speed condition, the engine shall run smoothly without overheating
and abnormal noise.
7.15 The oil pressure shall meet the requirements of the automobile maintenance
technical information which is disclosed by the automobile manufacturer.
7.16 The pressure in the crankcase shall not exceed the atmospheric pressure at the time
of measurement.
7.17 The dynamic property shall meet the requirements of GB/T 18276 for output
power of driving wheels.
7.18 The emission performance shall meet the requirements of GB 3847 or GB 18285.
7.19 The fuel economy shall meet the requirements of GB/T 18566.
8 Test methods
8.1 Assembly inspection method
8.1.1 Fluorescence inspection
Spray a fluorescent penetrant of good permeability on the surface of the part to be tested;
wash off the fluorescent substance on the surface after 30 minutes; then, use magnesium
oxide dry powder to clean it; use an ultraviolet lamp to irradiate the part to be tested,
and the fluorescent substance glows and shows cracks.
8.1.2 Flatness of cylinder block and cylinder head
Use a knife-edge ruler to stick to the inspected plane; use a thickness gauge to measure
the clearance between the knife-edge ruler and the inspected plane; the maximum
clearance is the flatness of the inspected plane.
8.1.3 Roundness and cylindricity of the cylinder
At the section near the top dead center, near the bottom dead center and in the middle
of the cylinder, respectively measure the diameter of the cylinder along the axial and
vertical directions of the crankshaft. Half of the size difference in two directions of the
same section is the roundness of the position; the maximum roundness of the three
positions is the roundness of the cylinder; half of the difference between the maximum
and minimum diameters of the cylinder is the cylindricity of the cylinder.
8.1.4 Circular runout
Use a V-shaped frame to set up the shaft to be measured; slowly rotate the shaft to be
measured; use a dial indicator to measure the maximum runout of the journal of each
shaft to be measured.
8.1.5 Axial clearance of the crankshaft
Pry the crankshaft back and forth; use a dial indicator to measure the active clearance
of the crank plane.
8.1.6 Bending and twisting of the connecting rod
Connecting rod calibrators and thickness gauges shall be used to measure the bending
and twisting of the connecting rod.
Use a support shaft to fix the connecting rod on the connecting rod calibrator from the
connecting rod main bearing hole; install the mandrel on the piston pin hole of the
connecting rod; close the three-point gauge to the mandrel; measure the clearance
between the three measuring points and the plate; the measurement schematic diagram
is shown in Figure 1:
a) Where the two lower measuring points are in contact with the plate, the clearance
between the upper measuring point and the plate is the bending of the connecting
rod;
b) Where only one lower measuring point is in contact with the plate, and the
clearance between the other lower measuring point and the plate is twice the
clearance between the upper measuring point and the plate, the clearance between
the lower measuring point and the plate is the twisting of the connecting rod;
c) Where one lower measuring point is in contact with the plate, but the clearance of
the other lower measuring point is not equal to twice the clearance of the upper
measuring point, the clearance between the lower measuring point and the plate
is the twisting of the connecting rod, and the difference BETWEEN the clearance
between the upper measuring point and the plate AND half the clearance between
the lower measuring point and the plate is the bending of the connecting rod.
...