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GB/T 36405-2018

Chinese Standard: 'GB/T 36405-2018'
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Standard ID GB/T 36405-2018 (GB/T36405-2018)
Description (Translated English) Test method for stress in flat glass
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard Q33
Classification of International Standard 81.040.01
Word Count Estimation 10,181
Date of Issue 2018-06-07
Date of Implementation 2019-05-01
Drafting Organization China National Building Materials Inspection and Certification Group Qinhuangdao Co., Ltd. (National Glass Quality Supervision and Inspection Center), China Construction Fourth Engineering Bureau Co., Ltd., Taiwan Glass Changjiang Glass Co., Ltd., China Test & Testing Group Co., Ltd., Beijing Aobotai Technology Co., Ltd., Fu Wright Glass Group Co., Ltd., Fuyao Glass Industry Group Co., Ltd., Foshan Shunde Quality and Technology Supervision Standards and Codes Institute, Hubei Provincial Construction Science Research and Design Institute, Sichuan Henggu Construction Engineering Inspection Co., Ltd., Dongguan Huaxi Electromechanical Co., Ltd. Engineering Co., Ltd., Hebei Runan Building Material Co., Ltd., Beijing Xinyuan Boheng Testing Technology Co., Ltd., Hebei Hongxing Testing Technology Service Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Building Glass Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 255)
Proposing organization China Federation of Building Materials
Issuing agency(ies) State Market Supervision Administration, China National Standardization Administration

GB/T 36405-2018
Test Method for Stress in Flat Glass
Issued by. State Administration for Market Regulation of the People’s
Republic of China;
Standardization Administration Committee of the People’s
Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative References ... 4 
3 Terms and Definitions ... 4 
4 Test Principle ... 5 
5 Stress Test Method ... 7 
6 Test Report ... 15 
This Standard is drafted in accordance with stipulations in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Standard is proposed by China Building Materials Federation.
This Standard is summarized by National Technical Committee 255 on Architectural
Glass of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 255).
This Standard is drafted by China Building Material Test & Certification Group
Qinhuangdao Co., Ltd. (National Glass Quality Supervision and Inspection Center),
China Construction Fourth Engineering Division Co., Ltd., TAIWANGLASS CFG,
Center Testing International Group Co., Ltd., Beijing Aoptek Scientific Co., Ltd., Flat
Glass Group, Fuyao Glass, Foshan Shunde District Quality and Technology
Supervision Standard and Coding Office, Hubei Provincial Academy of Building
Research and Design, Sichuan Henggu Construction Project Examination Co., Ltd.,
Dongguan HUAXI Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Co., Ltd., Hebei RUN’AN
Building Material Co., Ltd., Beijing Xin Yuan Bo Heng Detection Science and
Technology Co., Ltd., Hebei Macros Star Detection Co., Ltd.
The main drafters of this Standard include. Ji Shuwei, Zhang Zhemin, Wuxiao, Huang
Jianbin, Li Xingang, Liyao, Lihu, Yangwei, Xujiang, Ruan Hongliang, Gaofeng, He
Shimeng, Li Junsheng, Zhouqun, Shen Minqi, Wen Hanping, Sang Luming, Meng
Caiqing, Ligen.
Test Method for Stress in Flat Glass
1 Scope
This Standard specifies terms, definition, test principle, stress test method and test
report related with flat glass stress test.
This Standard is applicable to the test of annealed flat glass plane stress and plate
thickness stress.
2 Normative References
The following documents are indispensable to the application of this Standard. In terms
of references with a specified date, only versions with a specified date are applicable
to this Standard. The latest version (including all the modifications) of references
without a specified date is also applicable to this Standard.
GB/T 15764 Standard Definitions of Terms Relating to Flat Glass
3 Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions, as well as terms and definitions provided in GB/T
15764 are applicable to this Standard.
3.1 Plane Stress
Plane stress is permanent tensile stress or compressive stress that exists among
different areas of plane glass after the glass is molded.
3.2 Interior Stress
It is permanent stress generated by temperature gradient under the plate thickness
direction after the glass is molded. Compressive stress exists on the surface, and
tensile stress exists in the central area.
3.3 Polarizer
Polarizer is placed between light source and the sample being tested. It turns natural
light into a device with plane polarized light and a certain vibration direction.
3.4 Analyzer
Analyzer is placed between the sample being tested and the observer. It is a polarizing
device adopted to analyze polarization.
Randomly draw a piece of finished product, and cut 600 mm x 600 mm of sample along
the same direction or the direction of the board width. Sample processing
Rinse the sample, guarantee that the surface is clean and there’s no attachment.
5.1.4 Determination of test area
The central section (diameter. 500 mm) of the sample is test area.
5.1.5 Test steps
Please see the test steps below.
a) Measure the thickness of the sample (accurate to 0.1 mm);
b) Activate stress detector; make the main direction of the polarizer and analyzer
mutually orthogonal;
c) Place the test sample between the polarizer and analyzer, then, make the surface
of the sample vertical to the optical path; horizontally place the samples in
accordance with the pulling direction;
d) Operate the stress detector through the test and control software in accordance
with the instrument specification, then, complete the stress test and calculation
of the test area;
e) Record stress distribution diagram and the measured stress value of various
points in the test area in accordance with the sample number.
5.1.6 Expression of test result Plate stress distribution diagram
Calculate the stress value of the test area of the test sample in accordance with
Formula (6). Calculate the absolute value of the stress value on the plane of x y
coordinate; draw the plane stress distribution of the test sample with grayscale or
colors. Average value of plate stress
Calculate the positive value of tensile stress and compressive stress; calculate the
arithmetic mean value of stress within the test area. Maximum value of plate stress
The maximum value of the absolute value of stress within the test area.
I (x, y) - Light intensity distribution detected by camera;
Io - Same as Formula (7);
T - Same as Formula (7);
ẟ (x, y) - Stress birefringence phase difference of the test point, expressed in (rad).
Stress birefringence phase difference of the test point shall be calculated in
accordance with Formula (9).
5.2.4 Stress calculation
Birefringence optical path difference △ (x, y) shall be calculated in accordance with
Formula (2). Plate thickness stress of various test points shall be calculated in
accordance with Formula (10).
σ (x, y) - The stress value of the test sample, expressed in (MPa);
C - The stress-optical constant of the test glass, expressed in (MPa-1); the stress-
optical constant of soda-lime silica glass shall be calculated as 2.6x10-6 MPa-1;
d - The distance of light transmission in the glass, expressed in (mm); ......
Related standard: GB/T 36400-2018    GB/T 36404-2018
Related PDF sample: GB/T 36404-2018    GB/T 36406-2018