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GB/T 36126-2018 (GBT 36126-2018)

GB/T 36126-2018_English: PDF (GBT36126-2018)
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GB/T 36126-2018English155 Add to Cart 0--10 minutes. Auto-delivered. Liquefied natural gas dispenser for vehicle GB/T 36126-2018 Valid GB/T 36126-2018
 

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 36126-2018 (GB/T36126-2018)
Description (Translated English) Liquefied natural gas dispenser for vehicle
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard A53
Classification of International Standard 17.120
Word Count Estimation 23,230
Date of Issue 2018-05-14
Date of Implementation 2018-12-01
Drafting Organization China Testing Technology Research Institute, Chongqing Metrology Quality Testing Institute, Chengdu Huaqi Houpu Electromechanical Equipment Co., Ltd., Sichuan Zhongyao Flow Technology Co., Ltd., Emerson Process Control Co., Ltd., Sichuan Jinxing Clean Energy Equipment Co., Ltd., Shenyang Metrology Testing Institute, Nanjing Xinye Electric Engineering Co., Ltd., Chengdu Shenliang Lingtai Electromechanical Technology Co., Ltd., Token Hengshan Technology (Guangzhou) Co., Ltd., Chongqing Houhai Energy Equipment Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Chongqing Juchuang Measuring Equipment Co., Ltd., Xinjiang Jinkangda Energy Equipment Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Automotive Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 114)
Regulation (derived from) National Standards Announcement No. 6 of 2018
Proposing organization Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration of Markets and China National Standardization Administration

GB/T 36126-2018
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 17.120
A 53
Liquefied natural gas dispenser for vehicle
ISSUED ON. MAY 14, 2018
IMPLEMENTED ON. DECEMBER 1, 2018
Issued by. State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
Introduction ... 4 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Terms and definitions ... 7 
4 Technical requirements ... 9 
5 Test methods ... 17 
6 Inspection rules ... 28 
7 Packaging, transportation, and storage ... 30 
Appendix A (Informative) Working principle of liquefied natural gas dispenser
... 32 
Appendix B (Normative) Cryogenic liquids flow standard facilities by weighing
method ... 34 
Appendix C (Normative) Cryogenic liquids flow standard facilities by master
meter method ... 35 
Liquefied natural gas dispenser for vehicle
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the scope, normative references, terms and definitions,
technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, packaging,
transportation, and storage of liquefied natural gas dispenser for vehicle
(hereinafter known as dispenser for short).
This Standard applies to the design, manufacture, and acceptance of liquefied
natural gas dispenser for vehicle.
2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document.
For the dated references, only the versions with the dates indicated are
applicable to this document. For the undated references, the latest version
(including all the amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB 150.4 Pressure Vessels - Part 4. Fabrication, inspection and testing, and
acceptance
GB/T 191 Packaging - Pictorial Marking for Handling of Goods
GB/T 2423.1 Environmental testing for electric and electronic products - Part
2. Test methods - Tests A. Cold
GB/T 2423.2 Environmental testing for electric and electronic products - Part
2. Test methods - Tests B. Dry heat
GB/T 2423.4 Environmental testing for electric and electronic products - Part
2. Test method - Test Db. Damp heat, cyclic (12 h+12 h cycle)
GB 3836.1 Explosive atmospheres - Part 1. Equipment - General
requirements
GB 3836.2 Explosive atmospheres - Part 2. Equipment protection by
flameproof enclosures d
GB 3836.3 Explosive atmospheres - Part 3. Equipment protection by
increased safety “e”
GB 3836.4 Explosive atmospheres - Part 4. Equipment protection by intrinsic
safety i
GB 3836.9 Explosive atmospheres - Part 9. Equipment protection by type of
protection “m”
GB 3836.11 Explosive atmospheres - Part 11. Equipment protection by
flameproof enclosures “d” - Method of test for ascertainment of maximum
experimental safe gap
GB/T 4798.2 Environmental conditions existing in the application of electric
and electronic products - Section 2. Transportation
GB 4943.1 Information technology equipment - Safety - Part 1. General
requirements
GB/T 13384 General specifications for packing of mechanical and electrical
product
GB/T 17626.2 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement
techniques - Electrostatic discharge immunity test
GB/T 17626.3 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement
techniques - Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test
GB/T 17626.4 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement
techniques - Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test
GB/T 17626.5 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement
techniques - Surge immunity test
GB/T 17626.11 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement
techniques - Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations immunity
tests
GB/T 18442.1 Static vacuum insulated cryogenic pressure vessel - Part 1.
General requirements
GB/T 25986 Filling device of natural gas vehicles
GB 50058 Code for design of electrical installations in explosive
atmospheres
GB 50156 Code for design and construction of automobile gasoline and gas
filling station
GJB 2253A Safe application rules for gaseous nitrogen and liquid nitrogen
cryogenic liquefied gas (such as liquid nitrogen or LNG), as a test medium,
through a master flowmeter and a flowmeter under test at the same interval.
The facilities generally consist of a fluid source, a test piping system, a master
flowmeter, a flow regulating valve, and ancillary equipment, etc..
4 Technical requirements
4.1 General
The dispenser shall generally meet.
a) All equipment and piping components in the dispenser which are in contact
with LNG shall be of a material that conforms to the LNG cryogenic piping
design code.
b) The design pressure of all equipment and piping components in the
dispenser shall comply with the relevant requirements of GB 50156.
4.2 Basic functions
4.2.1 Metering and pricing functions
The metering and pricing functions of dispenser shall meet.
a) The dispenser shall have a metering function. The fueling amount of
dispenser is measured by mass. The unit of mass is kilograms (kg). The
unit of flow is kilograms per minute (kg/min).
b) The dispenser shall have a pricing function. The unit of payment amount
is yuan. The unit of unit price is yuan per kilogram (yuan/kg).
4.2.2 Value indication function
The value indication function of dispenser shall meet.
a) The dispenser shall have a value indication function. The indication
reading shall be correct, easy to read, and clear.
b) The minimum quality variable of dispenser is expressed as 1×10n, 2×10n,
or 5 ×10n, where n is a positive integer, a negative integer, or zero.
c) When there are more than 2 display indication values, the display of each
indication value shall be consistent. The indication value shall be
continuously displayed during the fueling process.
4.2.3 Zero return function
be changed at will.
4.2.8 Anti-overfill function
In order to prevent the vessel from being overfilled, during the fueling process,
the fueling and reclaiming functions of dispenser shall be avoided operating
simultaneously.
4.2.9 Auxiliary functions
The auxiliary functions of dispenser include. IC card information reading-writing,
data management, and network extension, etc..
4.3 Marking and identification
The marking and identification of dispenser shall meet.
a) The marking and identification of dispenser shall be clear and
distinguishable, solid and reliable.
b) There shall be obvious safety and operation identifications on the
dispenser.
c) For dispensers with two fueling nozzles and above, the fueling nozzle shall
have a corresponding mark.
d) The nameplate of dispenser generally indicates the following.
manufacturer’s name (trademark), product name and model specification,
date of manufacture, exit-factory number, marking and number of license
for manufacture of measuring instrument (Note. The new product
applicant organization shall reserve a place for the corresponding content
on prototype nameplate design), applicable medium, flow range, accuracy
level or maximum allowable error, applicable ambient temperature range,
maximum working pressure, supply voltage, explosion-proof sign, and
explosion-proof conformity certificate number, etc..
4.4 Appearance and structure
The appearance and structure of dispenser shall meet.
a) There shall be no peeling, falling off, rust, etc. on the surface of dispenser.
b) The nameplate and marking of dispenser shall be clear, complete, and
accurate.
c) The fasteners of dispenser shall be firmly connected without looseness.
The connectors shall be in good contact. The connecting wires shall be
the on-off operation of corresponding valve.
c) The emergency shutdown device shall be located in the obvious position
of dispenser. Its function shall be identified. There shall be protective
measures preventing malfunction.
d) After the emergency shutdown device is triggered, it shall be manually
confirmed before resetting.
4.9 Breakaway protection device
The breakaway protection device of dispenser shall meet.
a) The fueling hose of dispenser shall be equipped with a breakaway
protection device, which shall be disconnected into two sections under the
rated breakaway force (600 N~900 N).
b) The reclaiming hose of dispenser shall be equipped with a breakaway
protection device, which shall be disconnected into two sections under the
rated breakaway force (400 N~600 N).
c) The breakaway protection device for larger breakaway force used in
special occasions shall be marked with its rated breakaway force on the
surface and in the specification.
4.10 Safety protection device
The safety protection device of dispenser shall meet.
a) The dispenser shall be equipped with safety protection devices such as
safety valves.
b) Safety protection devices such as safety valves shall obtain the test
certificate or identification issued by the safety valve testing agency with
corresponding qualifications.
4.11 Power-down protection and re-display functions
The power-down protection and re-display functions of dispenser shall meet.
a) When the dispenser, during the fueling process, interrupts fueling due to
power failure, it shall be able to retain all data intact.
b) When the fault occurs, the display time for the current fueling amount and
payment amount shall not be less than 30 min. Or within 1 h after the fault
occurs, the sum of the time of manual control of single or multiple re-
displays shall not be less than 20 min.
4.13.5 Payment amount error
The payment amount displayed on dispenser panel shall not be greater than
the calculated payment amount (the product of the unit price and the fueling
amount indication value displayed on the panel).
4.14 Environmental adaptability
4.14.1 Low temperature adaptability
The dispenser shall, at a low temperature of -25 °C, be able to work normally.
During the test and after the test, within the specified limits, the performance of
dispenser is normal. The data shall not be lost. The program or content stored
in the memory cannot be changed in any way. The state cannot be changed.
The level of each point on all interfaces cannot be abnormally changed.
4.14.2 High temperature adaptability
The dispenser shall, at a high temperature of 55 °C, be able to work normally.
During the test and after the test, within the specified limits, the performance of
dispenser is normal. The data shall not be lost. The program or content stored
in the memory cannot be changed in any way. The state cannot be changed.
The level of each point on all interfaces cannot be abnormally changed.
4.14.3 Cyclic damp heat adaptability
The dispenser shall, in a cyclic damp heat environment with a temperature of
25 °C~55 °C and a relative humidity of 93%~95%, be able to work normally.
During the test and after the test, within the specified limits, the performance of
dispenser is normal. The data shall not be lost. The program or content stored
in the memory cannot be changed in any way. The state cannot be changed.
The level of each point on all interfaces cannot be abnormally changed.
4.14.4 Power adaptability
The dispenser shall, in the power supply environment with a voltage of
85%~110% of the nominal voltage of the power supply and a supply frequency
of (50±1) Hz, be able to work normally. During the test and after the test, within
the specified limits, the performance of dispenser is normal. The data shall not
be lost. The program or content stored in the memory cannot be changed in
any way. The state cannot be changed. The level of each point on all interfaces
cannot be abnormally changed.
4.14.5 Electrostatic discharge immunity
The dispenser shall, under the contact discharge of 8 kV test voltage and the
After the environmental adaptability test, according to the requirements of 4.13,
the metering performance of dispenser shall be retested.
4.16 Durability
After the durability test, the maximum allowable error and repeatability of
dispenser shall comply with the requirements of 4.13.1 and 4.13.2. The
variation of indication error, compared with that before the test, shall not exceed
0.5%.
4.17 Transportation adaptability
Under the conditions of packaging and transportation, the dispenser, after the
transportation adaptability test, shall meet the requirements of 4.2 and 4.13.
4.18 Key components
4.18.1 Cryogenic flowmeter
The cryogenic flowmeter shall meet.
a) The cryogenic flowmeter used in dispenser shall have a clear nameplate
and complete identification. The metering accuracy level shall not be lower
than level 0.5.
b) The flow range, temperature range, pressure range, and medium used of
cryogenic flowmeter shall meet the technical requirements of dispenser.
c) The cryogenic flowmeter shall obtain the license for manufacture of
measuring instrument and explosion-proof conformity certificate.
d) The dispenser for trade settlement shall be equipped with a liquid phase
flowmeter for measuring the fueling amount and a gas phase flowmeter
for measuring the reclaiming amount.
4.18.2 Electronic computer
The electronic computer shall have an indication function, a zero return function,
an error adjustment function, and a payment amount indication function, etc..
5 Test methods
5.1 Basic functions
According to the requirements of 4.2, the basic functions of dispenser are
checked by visual and conventional methods.
According to the requirements of 4.11, PERFORM the test of power-down
protection and re-display functions. TURN on the dispenser for fueling; during
the fueling process, DISCONNECT the power supply; and RECORD the display
time for the fueling amount and payment amount. If the dispenser cannot
display the fueling amount or the payment amount, RECORD the sum of the
time of manual control of single or multiple re-displays within 1 h after the power
failure.
5.11 Electrical safety performance
Electrical safety performance tests shall be carried out in accordance with the
following requirements.
a) According to the requirements of 4.12, by the method of GB 4943.1, the
earth leakage current of dispenser is tested.
b) According to the requirements of 4.12, by the method of GB 4943.1, the
dielectric strength of dispenser is tested.
c) According to the requirements of 4.12, by the method of GB 4943.1, the
connecting resistance between the grounding terminal or grounding
contact of dispenser and the component to be grounded is tested.
d) According to the requirements of 4.12, by the method of GB 4943.1, the
corrosion resistance of grounding terminal of dispenser and the
conductive components in contact with the connection end is tested.
5.12 Metering performance
5.12.1 Test medium
The metering performance test, according to the provisions of GJB 2253A, uses
liquid nitrogen as the test medium.
5.12.2 Test equipment
The metering performance test uses cryogenic liquids flow standard facilities
by weighing method (SEE Appendix B), also can use cryogenic liquids flow
standard facilities by master meter method (verification facilities for LNG
dispenser, hereinafter known as verification facilities for short, SEE Appendix
C).
5.12.3 Test methods
5.12.3.1 Test flow point and number of tests
The test flow points are selected as shown in Table 1. The dispenser shall be
Where.
Ej - The jth payment amount error of dispenser, in yuan.
Pj - The payment amount displayed on the dispenser panel after the jth
fueling, in yuan.
Qj - The fueling amount displayed on the dispenser panel after the jth
fueling, in kilograms (kg).
P - The unit price displayed on the dispenser panel, in yuan per kilogram
(yuan/kg).
c) REPEAT 3 times. The payment amount error shall meet the requirements
of 4.13.5.
5.13 Environmental adaptability
5.13.1 Low temperature adaptability
According to the severity in temperature lower limit test of GB/T 2423.1.
temperature -25 °C, continuous standing time 2 h, recovery time 2 h, the test is
conducted. After the test, according to the requirements of 4.14.1, the dispenser
is checked.
5.13.2 High temperature adaptability
According to the severity in temperature upper limit test of GB/T 2423.2.
temperature 55 °C, continuous standing time 2 h, recovery time 2 h, the test is
conducted. After the test, according to the requirements of 4.14.2, the dispenser
is checked.
5.13.3 Cyclic damp heat adaptability
According to the severity in GB/T 2423.4. upper limit of temperature 55 °C,
lower limit of temperature 25 °C, relative humidity 93%~95%, 24 h cycle, the
test is carried out. After the test, according to the requirements of 4.14.3, the
dispenser is checked.
5.13.4 Power adaptability
According to the combinations of Table 2, the power adaptability test is carried
out. After the test, according to the requirements of 4.14.4, the dispenser is
checked.
Appendix A
(Informative)
Working principle of liquefied natural gas dispenser
The working principle of dispenser is as shown in Figure A.1.
The dispenser, based on the working state, determines the flow direction of the
LNG. When the dispenser is idle for a long time, the liquid phase piping and the
liquid phase flowmeter have higher temperatures. Through the “large circulation”
process, the precooling of the piping and the flowmeter shall be completed first.
The operator inserts the fueling nozzle into the circulation receptacle of
dispenser, clicks the “precooling” button; and the dispenser enters the “large
circulation” process. At this time, the dispenser is not metered. When the
temperature of the liquid phase flowmeter drops to a preset value, the large
circulation automatically ends, and the dispenser becomes “idle”. When the
dispenser frequently fuels and there is no need for “large circulation” precooling,
the operator inserts the fueling nozzle into the filling receptacle of the vessel,
clicks the “fueling” button; and the dispenser enters the “small circulation”
process. At this time, the dispenser is not metered. When the dispenser
parameters reach the preset values, the small circulation automatically ends,
and the dispenser automatically switches to the “fueling” state. The electronic
computer of dispenser automatically controls the fueling process, performs
calculation based on the flow signal output by the flowmeter, and displays the
calculation result on the display screen of dispenser. After the fueling is
completed, the dispenser automatically switches to the “idle” state. Before
fueling, according to the need, the reclaiming nozzle of dispenser can be
inserted into the reclaiming receptacle of the vessel; so that the residual gas in
the vessel, through the gas phase flowmeter, returns to the LNG storage tank,
and the internal pressure of the vessel is lowered, to ensure that the LNG can
be smoothly added.
Appendix B
(Normative)
Cryogenic liquids flow standard facilities by weighing method
B.1 Expanded uncertainty
The expanded uncertainty (coverage factor k=2) of the indication error
measurement result of cryogenic liquids flow standard facilities by weighing
method shall not exceed 1/3 of the absolute value of the maximum allowable
error of dispenser.
B.2 Standard facilities
The main standard is an electronic balance, which shall be equipped with a
verification certificate within the validity period.
B.3 Ancillary equipment
B.3.1 Vessel
The technical specifications of the vessel shall meet the requirements of GB/T
18442.1. It shall be equipped with a test certificate within the validity period.
Before the test, the maximum filling capacity of the vessel shall be calculated
and shall not exceed 90% of the nominal volume of the vessel.
B.3.2 Standard weight
The standard weight shall not be lower than the F2 level. Its mass shall be
between 80%~100% of the maximum weighing value.
B.3.3 Piping and valves
Piping and valves, etc. for storage and flow of liquid nitrogen shall comply with
cryogenic piping design code.