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GB/T 35579-2017 (GBT35579-2017)

GB/T 35579-2017_English: PDF (GBT 35579-2017, GBT35579-2017)
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 35579-2017 (GB/T35579-2017)
Description (Translated English) General specifications of gasoline vapor recovery unit
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard J88
Classification of International Standard 13.030.40
Word Count Estimation 18,131
Date of Issue 2017-12-29
Date of Implementation 2018-07-01
Drafting Organization Jiangsu Aerospace Hite Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Environmental Protection Industry Standardization Technical Committee
Regulation (derived from) National Standards Bulletin 2017 No. 32
Proposing organization National Development and Reform Commission, People's Republic of China
Issuing agency(ies) People's Republic of China General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, China National Standardization Administration

Standards related to: GB/T 35579-2017

GB/T 35579-2017
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 13.030.40
J 88
General Specifications of Gasoline Vapor Recovery
Unit
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 29, 2017
IMPLEMENTED ON: JULY 01, 2018
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Terms and Definitions ... 7
4 Classification and Naming ... 8
5 General ... 9
6 Conditions of Use ... 9
7 Design ... 10
8 Requirements ... 11
9 Test Methods ... 20
10 Inspection Rules ... 23
11 Marking, Packaging, Transportation and Storage ... 24
12 Accompanying Documents ... 25
General Specifications of Gasoline Vapor Recovery
Unit
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the classification and naming, general rules, conditions of use,
design, requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marking, packaging,
transportation, storage, accompanying documents, etc. of gasoline vapor recovery unit.
This Standard is applicable to the design, manufacture and inspection of gasoline
vapor recovery units discharged from oil storage depots, gas stations, oil terminals and
other places. The gasoline vapor recovery units of other oil products can be used by
reference.
2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the
dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this
document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the
amendments) is applicable to this document.
GB/T 150.1 Pressure Vessels – Part 1: General Requirements
GB/T 150.2 Pressure Vessels – Part 2: Materials
GB/T 150.3 Pressure Vessels – Part 3: Design
GB/T 150.4 Pressure Vessels – Part 4: Manufacture, Inspection and Acceptance
GB 3836.1 Explosive Atmospheres - Part 1: Equipment - General Requirements
GB 3836.2 Explosive Atmospheres - Part 2: Equipment Protection by Flameproof
Enclosures “d”
GB 3836.4 Explosive Atmospheres – Part 4: Equipment Protection by Intrinsic
Safety “i”
GB 3836.9 Explosive Atmospheres – Part 9: Equipment Protection by Type of
Protection “m”
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purposes of this Document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 Gasoline vapor
Volatile organic compounds (calculated by non-methane total hydrocarbons) produced
during gasoline storage, loading and unloading, and refuelling.
3.2 Vapor recovery efficiency
The ratio of the mass of gasoline vapor recovered by the vapor recovery unit to the
mass of gasoline vapor that enters the vapor recovery unit in a unit time.
3.3 Vapor emission concentration
Under standard conditions (temperature 273K, pressure 101.3kPa), the mass of non-
methane total hydrocarbons contained in the unit volume of the discharged dry gas.
3.4 Vapor recovery unit; VRU
The general name of a complete set of equipment that uses adsorption, absorption,
condensation, membrane and other methods to separate the mixture of gasoline vapor
and air and recover gasoline vapor.
NOTE: This complete set of equipment is mainly composed of static equipment (absorption
tower, adsorption tank, membrane separator, heat exchanger, refrigeration equipment, etc.),
dynamic equipment (motor, pump), pipeline system (pipeline and accessories, pipeline flame
arrester, etc.), parameter monitoring and control system, etc.
3.5 Vapor recovery by adsorption method
A method that adopts adsorbent to separate the mixture of gasoline vapor and air, and
recover the gasoline vapor.
3.6 Vapor recovery by absorption method
A method that adopts absorbent to separate the mixture of gasoline vapor and air, and
recover the gasoline vapor.
3.7 Vapor recovery by condensation method
Use the direct or indirect condensation method to separate the mixture of gasoline
vapor and air, and recover the gasoline vapor.
3.8 Vapor recovery by membrane method
5 General
5.1 The design of the vapor recovery unit shall follow the principles of safe operation,
reliability, energy saving, and convenient maintenance.
5.2 The vapor recovery unit shall comply with the national and industry standards and
technical specifications related to air pollutant emission, electricity, electrical,
explosion-proof, fire safety, and noise, etc.
5.3 The vapor recovery unit shall be manufactured in accordance with the drawings
and technical documents approved by the prescribed procedures, and shall comply
with the provisions of this Standard.
5.4 All pressure tanks and pipelines should meet the relevant national special
equipment production license requirements; motors, compressors (refrigerators),
electrical and control equipment shall have explosion-proof performance, and the
explosion-proof grade shall not be lower than dⅡBT4.
5.5 The emission performance of the vapor recovery unit shall comply with the
provisions of GB 20950-2007 and GB 20952-2007, and the noise emission shall
comply with the provisions of GB 12348.
6 Conditions of Use
6.1 Normal conditions of use
The vapor recovery unit shall be able to work normally under the following conditions:
a) The altitude does not exceed 2000m;
b) The ambient temperature does not exceed -25°C ~ +50°C;
c) Relative humidity is no more than 95% (at +20°C);
d) There are flammable gases in the T1~T4 groups of ⅡA and ⅡB, and the explosive
gas mixture formed by gasoline vapor and air in Zone 2 hazardous locations (GB
3836.1);
e) A site without severe vibration and impact.
6.2 Special conditions of use
If there are special conditions of use such as the following, a special agreement shall
be signed between the manufacturer and the user:
according to the place of use and actual needs; and the overall structure layout shall
be reasonable and compact. It should be designed as a skid-mounted and complete
set. The vapor recovery of the recovery unit shall adopt a closed collection system.
7.2.2 The structural design should consider the rapid changes in temperature and (or)
air pressure during use, which may cause abnormal condensation in the recovery unit.
7.2.3 The design of the pressure tank shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 150.1
~ GB/T 150.4, SH/T 3074, TSG R0004.
7.2.4 The selection of pipelines, valves, pipe fittings, etc. in the system shall comply
with the provisions of SH/T 3059.
7.2.5 The selection and design of automation instruments shall comply with the
provisions of SH/T 3005.
8 Requirements
8.1 Performance requirements
8.1.1 The gasoline vapor recovery rate of the vapor recovery unit under the designed
gasoline vapor concentration shall be no less than 95%.
8.1.2 The system resistance of the vapor recovery unit under the set processing
capacity shall be no greater than 5000Pa.
8.1.3 The vapor recovery unit shall have system tightness:
a) The vapor recovery unit of the oil storage depot shall comply with the provisions
of GB 20950-2007;
b) The vapor recovery unit of the gas station shall comply with the provisions of GB
20952-2007.
8.1.4 The concentration of gasoline vapor emission of the vapor recovery unit shall be
no greater than 25g/m3.
8.1.5 The noise emission of the vapor recovery unit shall be no greater than 70dB(A).
8.2 Requirements for main structural parts and components
8.2.1 Absorption tower
8.2.1.1 Packing absorption tower should be used.
8.2.1.2 The fillers shall be a structured fillers with low pressure drop, and the pressure
8.2.2.9 There shall be protection measures against power failure.
8.2.2.10 The adsorbent shall comply with the following provisions:
a) Activated carbon or other adsorbents with high adsorption performance should
be used;
b) Under the operating temperature, the effective adsorption capacity of the
adsorbent against butane shall be no less than 100g/kg; the desorption residual
capacity shall be no more than 3g/kg. The effective adsorption capacity for
gasoline vapor shall be no less than 150g/kg; and the desorption residual
capacity shall be no more than 15g/kg;
c) When the adsorbent is active carbon, its specific surface area shall be no less
than 1000m2/g, and the apparent density shall be no less than 400kg/m3;
d) The water content of the adsorbent shall be no higher than 5%;
e) The cycle life shall be no less than 30000h.
8.2.3 Membrane separator
8.2.3.1 The membrane module in the membrane separator shall provide sufficient
mechanical support for the membrane and strictly separate the high-pressure raw
material side from the low-pressure permeation side.
8.2.3.2 It shall be convenient to install and replace the membrane or membrane
module. The packing density of polymer membrane modules should be higher than
6000m2/m3, and the packing density of inorganic membrane modules should be higher
than 400m2/m3.
8.2.3.3 The membrane in the membrane separator shall be installed firmly; and the
membrane module shall have a certain pressure-bearing capacity. The overall design
pressure of the membrane separator shall be no less than 2 times the operating
pressure on the high-pressure side, and also no less than 0.3MPa.
8.2.3.4 The membrane module separator shall be equipped with a safety valve or other
high-pressure protection measures that match the design pressure.
8.2.3.5 The separation membrane shall comply with the following provisions:
a) The separation membrane material is organic polymer material or inorganic
membrane, which shall have high separation permeability and anti-pollution
performance. Membrane materials with a gasoline vapor-air separation factor
greater than 100 should be used, or select the materials with the permeability for
n-butane no less than 20 times than that for nitrogen;
8.3.3 The compressor used in the vapor recovery unit shall meet the requirements of
GB/T 10079, GB/T 18429, and GB/T 19410. The compressor for gasoline vapor
boosting should select a liquid ring compressor.
8.3.4 The vacuum pump can be a wet vacuum pump or a dry vacuum pump. When
selecting a wet vacuum pump, it should select a liquid ring type with efficient gas-liquid
separation supporting equipment. When selecting a dry vacuum pump, it should select
a screw type, and it has the functions of on-line temperature monitoring and
temperature control interlocking.
8.3.5 When the front end of the vapor recovery unit cannot effectively collect the
gasoline vapor discharged from the tanker or refilling point, a gasoline vapor drainage
device or fan shall be added.
8.3.6 When the system resistance of the vapor recovery unit is greater than 5000Pa
under the set processing capacity, the vapor recovery unit shall be equipped with
booster equipment. If the vapor recovery unit is far away from the oil tanker or refilling
point (the pipeline pressure drop is greater than 2kPa), a gasoline vapor drainage
device or fan shall be added.
8.3.7 When the operating load changes greatly, the machine and pump shall adopt a
variable frequency speed regulating device.
8.3.8 When working normally for 8h at room temperature, and the maximum surface
temperature of heating parts such as motors shall be no higher than 130°C.
8.3.9 The machine and pump shall be able to run continuously for 25000h without
failure (except for vulnerable parts)
8.4 Requirements for main parts and accessories of the pipeline
8.4.1 Pipeline
8.4.1.1 The pipeline should adopt seamless steel pipe. Carbon steel and alloy steel
seamless steel tubes shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 8163; stainless steel
seamless steel tubes shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 14976.
8.4.1.2 The series of steel pipe dimensions shall implement the provisions of SH/T
3405.
8.4.2 Valve
8.4.2.1 Valves for gasoline vapor pipelines shall select general petrochemical valves
or API valves, and shall comply with the provisions of relevant standards.
8.4.2.2 The pressure rating of the valve shall be no lower than 1.1 times the designed
pressure of the pipeline.
...