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GB/T 325.1-2018

Chinese Standard: 'GB/T 325.1-2018'
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 325.1-2018 (GB/T325.1-2018)
Description (Translated English) Packaging containers--Steel drums--Part 1: General specifications
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard A82
Classification of International Standard 55.140
Word Count Estimation 11,134
Date of Issue 2018-05-14
Date of Implementation 2018-12-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 325.1-2008
Drafting Organization National Packaging Product Quality Supervision and Inspection Center (Guangzhou), Wuxi Sifang Youxin Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Packaging Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 49)
Regulation (derived from) National Standards Announcement No. 6 of 2018
Proposing organization National Packaging Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 49)
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration of Markets and China National Standardization Administration

GB/T 325.1-2018
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 55.140
A 82
Replacing GB/T 325.1-2008
Packaging containers - Steel drums -
Part 1. General specifications
ISSUED ON. MAY 14, 2018
IMPLEMENTED ON. DECEMBER 01, 2018
Issued by. State Market Regulatory Administration;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Terms and definitions ... 6 
4 Classification ... 6 
5 Materials ... 8 
6 Technical requirements ... 8 
7 Test methods ... 10 
8 Inspection rules ... 12 
9 Marking, packaging, transportation and storage ... 14 
Appendix A (Informative) Steel drum internal cleanliness measurement method
... 15 
References ... 17 
Packaging containers - Steel drums -
Part 1. General specifications
1 Scope
This part of GB/T 325 specifies the classification, materials, technical
requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marking, packaging,
transportation and storage of steel drums.
This section applies to the manufacture, circulation, use and supervision &
inspection of steel drums.
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For
the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable
to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including
all the amendments) are applicable to this standard.
GB/T 325.2 Packaging containers - Steel drums - Part 2. Removable head
(open head) drums with a minimum total capacity of 208 L, 210 L and 216.5
GB/T 325.3 Packaging containers - Steel drums - Part 3. Non-removable
head (tight head) drums with a minimum total capacity of 212 L, 216.5 L and
230 L
GB/T 325.4 Packaging containers - Steel drums - Part 4. Removable head
(open head) drums with a maximum total capacity of 200 L
GB/T 325.5 Packaging containers - Steel drums - Part 5. Non-removable
head (tight head) drums with a maximum total capacity of 200 L
GB/T 2518 Continuously hot-dip zinc-coated steel sheet and strip
GB/T 2828.1 Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes - Part 1.
Sampling schemes indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot
inspection
GB/T 3274 Hot-rolled plates and strips of carbon structural steels and high
strength low alloy structural steels
5 Materials
5.1 Steel plates for steel drums shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 2518,
GB/T 3274, GB/T 11253, YB/T 055, and other thin steel plates may be selected
in accordance with user requirements.
5.2 The crimping sealing material shall be made of heat-resistant, weather-
resistant, durable and dissolving-resistant materials that have good sealing
properties and are compatible with the contents.
5.3 The steel drum closure system shall comply with the provisions of GB/T
13251.
5.4 The outer surface coating shall be made of materials with strong adhesion,
weather resistance and durability; the inner surface coating shall be made of
materials compatible with the contents.
5.5 The crimp sealing packing, closure system and internal coating which are
in direct contact with food, food additives or pharmaceuticals shall comply with
food safety regulations.
6 Technical requirements
6.1 Basic requirements
6.1.1 The drum body, the drum head, and the drum bottom shall be made of the
entire steel plate and shall not be spliced; the thickness of the steel plate shall
meet the strength requirements.
6.1.2 The drum body weld is made by electric resistance welding.
6.1.3 The drum body type can be one of the following.
- No ring ribs, no corrugations;
- With 2 ring ribs;
- There are 3 ~ 7 corrugations at both ends;
- There are 2 ring ribs, and there are 3 ~ 7 corrugations from the ring ribs to
the drum head and drum bottom.
Note. The drum type can be as agreed upon in accordance with user
requirements.
6.1.4 The sealing of the drum body and the drum head & bottom shall be filled
with sealing packing as required, the type may be one of the following.
Use hand touching, visual inspection and general or special gauge for
inspection.
7.2 Specifications
Use general purpose or special gauges for inspection.
7.3 Weight tolerance
Use a gauge with a resolution of not more than 0.05 kg for measurement.
7.4 Airtight test
Tight head steel drums are tested in accordance with GB/T 17344. The test
conditions are shown in Table 1. Check the sample drum for leakage.
7.5 Hydraulic test
This test is limited to tight head steel drums. Fill the drum with water, connect
the pressure gauge to the pressure pump, and fix it on the injection port through
the connecting parts; pressurize the inside of the drum; after the test pressure
is reached, hold the pressure for 5 minutes. See Table 1 for the test conditions
and check the sample drum for leakage.
7.6 Stacking test
Fill the empty drum with the substance similar to the density of the goods to be
transported, in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 4857.3. The test time is
24 h, the steel drum shall not have any deformation or severe damage that may
reduce its strength or cause stack instability through inspection. The stacking
load is calculated in accordance with formula (1).
Where.
P - The stacking load imposed on the steel drum container, in Newtons (N);
H - Stacking height, in meters (m);
Note. The stacking height is 3 m for ground transportation and 8 m for sea
transportation.
h - The height of a single piece of steel drum, in meters (m);
m - The mass of the single-piece steel drum after loading the corresponding
items, in kilograms (kg).
a) Take 3 sample drums to test the items of 6.1, 6.2 and 6.3, 6.4, 6.6, 6.7,
then use these 3 sample drums for airtight test, then use these 3 sample
drums for hydraulic test;
b) From the remaining 6 sample drums, take 3 sample drums for stacking
test, then use these 6 sample drums for the falling test.
8.4 Decision rules
8.4.1 Exit-factory inspection
8.4.1.1 If four or more items of 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.6, and 6.7 fail, the sample is
judged to be unqualified. When the airtight test in Table 1 fails, the sample is
judged unqualified.
8.4.1.2 When the number of unqualified samples is greater than or equal to the
number of failures specified in Tables 4 and 5, the batch is judged to be
unqualified.
8.4.2 Type inspection
8.4.2.1 If four or more items of 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.6, and 6.7 are unqualified,
the sample is judged to be unqualified; if one of the samples fails, the batch is
Related standard:   GB/T 325.4-2015  GB/T 325.5-2015
Related PDF sample:   GB/T 6543-2008
   
 
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