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GB/T 29317-2021 (GBT29317-2021)

GB/T 29317-2021_English: PDF (GBT 29317-2021, GBT29317-2021)
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 29317-2021 (GB/T29317-2021)
Description (Translated English) Terminology of electric vehicle charging/battery swap infrastructure
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard T35
Classification of International Standard 43.040.99
Word Count Estimation 22,293
Date of Issue 2021-05-21
Date of Implementation 2021-12-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 29317-2012
Drafting Organization China Electricity Council, State Grid Co., Ltd., State Grid Electric Vehicle Service Co., Ltd., State Grid Smart Energy Transportation Technology Innovation Center (Suzhou) Co., Ltd., China Electric Power Research Institute Co., Ltd., State Grid Electric Power Research Institute Co., Ltd., Xu Ji Power Co., Ltd., China Southern Power Grid Research Institute Co., Ltd., State Grid Beijing Electric Power Company, State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Co., Ltd., State Grid Tianjin Electric Power Company, State Grid Jiangsu Electric Power Co., Ltd. Electric Power Research Institute, Beijing Electric Power Economic Technology Research Institute Co., Ltd., Putian New Energy Co., Ltd., Telaidian New Energy Co., Ltd., Jiangsu Wanbangdehe New Energy Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing New Energy Automobile Co., Ltd., Shanghai Weilai Automobile Co., Ltd., Shanghai Jiuhang Energy Technology Co., Ltd., Austrian
Administrative Organization China Electricity Council
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Announcement No. 7 of 2021
Proposing organization China Electricity Council
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Administration

Standards related to: GB/T 29317-2021

GB/T 29317-2021
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.040.99
CCS T 35
Replacing GB/T 29317-2012
Terminology of electric vehicle charging/battery swap
infrastructure
ISSUED ON: MAY 21, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: DECEMBER 01, 2021
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Charging / battery swap infrastructure ... 5 
4 Charging and swap method ... 7 
5 Conductive charging equipment ... 9 
6 Wireless charging equipment ... 12 
7 Charging station ... 14 
8 Battery swap station ... 15 
9 Charging and swap service network ... 16 
10 Two-way interaction ... 18 
Bibliography ... 20 
Index ... 21 
Terminology of electric vehicle charging/battery swap
infrastructure
1 Scope
This Standard defines the terms and definitions related to charging and battery
swap facilities for electric vehicles.
This Standard is applicable to electric vehicle charging and swap facilities that
provide electrical energy for pure electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicles.
2 Normative references
There are normative references for this Standard.
3 Charging / battery swap infrastructure
3.1 charging / battery swap infrastructure
The general term for related facilities that provide electric energy for electric
vehicles.
NOTE: The charging / battery swap infrastructure includes charging infrastructure and
battery swap infrastructure.
3.1.1 charging infrastructure
The general term for related facilities that use the whole vehicle charging
method to provide electric energy for electric vehicles.
NOTE: The charging infrastructure includes charging station and dispersal charging
infrastructure.
3.1.1.1 charging station
A dedicated place to provide charging services for electric vehicles.
NOTE: The charging station is composed of multiple centralized charging equipment and
related power supply equipment, monitoring equipment, supporting facilities, etc.
3.1.1.2 dispersal charging infrastructure
The general term for charging and swapping facilities and their management
systems that provide electric vehicle users with charging and swapping services
and other auxiliary services, and with information management functions.
4 Charging and swap method
4.1 conductive charge
A way that uses electrical conduction to charge the battery.
[Source: GB/T 19596-2017, 4.2.1]
4.1.1 DC charge
A method that uses conduction method to provide electrical energy to electric
vehicle power battery with direct current.
4.1.2 AC charge
A method that uses conduction method to provide electrical energy to electric
vehicle on-board charger with alternating current.
4.1.3 charging mode
The way to connect electric vehicle to the grid (power supply) to supply electric
vehicle.
[Source: GB/T 18487.1-2015, 3.1.2]
4.1.3.1 mode 1
When connecting an electric vehicle to the AC power grid (power supply), plugs
and sockets that meet the requirements of GB/T 2099.1 and GB/T 1002 are
used on the power supply side, and phase wires, neutral wires, and conductors
for grounding protection are used on the power supply side.
[Source: GB/T 18487.1-2015, 3.1.2.1]
4.1.3.2 mode 2
When connecting an electric vehicle to the AC power grid (power supply), plugs
and sockets that meet the requirements of GB/T 2099.1 and GB/T 1002 are
used on the power supply side, and phase wires, neutral wires and grounding
protection conductors are used for the power supply side; the on-cable control
and protection device (IC-CPD) is used during the charging connection.
[Source: GB/T 18487.1-2015, 3.1.2.2]
A swapping method that the battery box is replaced at the bottom of the vehicle
body.
4.3.3 top-swapping of SBS
A swapping method that the battery box is replaced on the top of the vehicle
body.
4.3.4 front/rear-swapping of SBS
A swapping method that the battery box is replaced at the front and rear of the
vehicle body.
4.3.5 middle-swapping of SBS
A swapping method that the battery box is replaced in the middle of the chassis.
5 Conductive charging equipment
5.1 off-board charger
A special device that is fixedly connected to an AC or DC power source and
converts its electrical energy into DC electrical energy, and uses conduction to
charge the power battery of electric vehicles.
NOTE: Referred to as charger.
5.1.1 charging terminal
When charging an electric vehicle, a component of the off-board conductive
charger that the charging operator needs to face and operate.
NOTE: The charging terminal is generally composed of a vehicle plug and a human-
computer interaction interface. It can also contain components such as metering and
communication control.
5.1.2 integral charger
A charger that puts the power conversion unit, charging terminal function
related components and other components in a cabinet (box), and integrate
them in structure.
5.1.3 split type charger
A charger that the power conversion unit and the charging terminal are
structurally separated, and the two are connected by a cable.
5.10.1 cable assemble
Flexible cables equipped with power plugs and/or vehicle plugs, used to
connect electric vehicles and charging equipment.
5.10.2 function box
A device installed on mode 2 cable assembly to realize control function and
safety function.
5.10.3 in-cable control and protection device; IC-CPD
A group of components or elements that connect the electric vehicle to the AC
grid in charging mode 2.
NOTE: The in-cable control and protection device includes a function box, a cable, a power
supply plug and a vehicle plug, with control functions and safety functions.
5.11 automated connection coupler
A device that automatically realizes the electrical and physical connection
between the charging equipment and the electric vehicle, including the active
end and the passive end.
5.11.1 automated connection device; ACD
In the automated connection coupler, the part that realizes the electrical and
physical connection between the charging device and the electric vehicle
through active mechanical action.
NOTE: Referred to as the active end.
5.11.2 ACD counterpart
In the automated connection coupler, the part that passively realizes the
electrical and physical connection between the charging device and the electric
vehicle.
NOTE: Referred to as the passive end, also known as ACD docking end.
5.12 top contact charging system
The charging system that the automated connection coupler is located on the
top of the electric vehicle to provide electricity for the electric vehicle.
NOTE: The top contact charging system is composed of off-board chargers, automated
connection couplers, etc.
5.12.1 off-board pantograph
High frequency power conversion units that load the required AC excitation to
the primary device.
6.2.3 power transfer controller; PTC
The communication service unit of electric vehicle wireless power transfer that
realizes the inverter from DC to high frequency AC, outputs AC power that
meets the working frequency of the electric vehicle wireless power transfer,
drives the primary device to work, and completes the control of the electric
vehicle wireless charging process according to the control instructions of the
CSU.
6.2.4 communication service unit; CSU
The communication controller of the off-board supply equipment of the electric
vehicle wireless power transfer, which communicates with the IVU to complete
the control of the charging process. It can also communicate with the equipment
management platform to complete the control and management functions of
the off-board supply equipment of the electric vehicle wireless power transfer.
6.3 on-board supply circuit
A general term for on-board side equipment of electric vehicle wireless power
transfer.
NOTE: The on-board supply circuit includes secondary device, on-board power
components and communication units.
6.3.1 secondary device
A receiving end of energy, a device that is coupled with the primary device to
receive the alternating electromagnetic field and convert it into electrical energy.
6.3.2 on-board power components
Convert the electrical energy received by the secondary device into direct
current through a power converter and supply it to electric vehicles.
6.3.3 power pick-up controller; PPC
The power control unit of on-board supply circuit of electric vehicle wireless
power transfer, which rectifies the high-frequency AC output from the secondary
side, outputs DC that meets the requirements of the electric vehicle's on-board
power battery, and completes the control of the electric vehicle wireless
charging process according to the control instructions of vehicle BMS.
6.3.4 in-vehicle unit; IVU
7.4 metering and billing system
Device and system for realizing electric energy metering and fee settlement
between charging stations and power grids, between charging stations and
electric vehicle users.
8 Battery swap station
8.1 battery swap system
A system composed of mechanical equipment and electrical equipment to
realize the swap of electric vehicle power batteries.
8.1.1 swappable battery system; SBS
A device composed of a number of single batteries or power battery modules,
cabinets, battery information collection units and related electrical and
mechanical accessories, etc.
NOTE: Abbreviated as battery system.
8.1.2 SBS coupler
A special electrical connection device for realizing conductive connection
between battery system and electric vehicle, battery system and charging rack.
8.1.3 SBS lock mechanism
Mechanical and electrical mechanisms that fix the battery system on the battery
system rack or electric vehicle.
8.1.4 SBS charging rack
The battery system carrying equipment composed of mechanical, electrical and
other devices used to charge the battery system.
8.1.5 SBS storage rack
A device that is used to centrally carry the battery system.
8.1.6 SBS charger
Special charging equipment for charging the power battery system in the
battery swap station.
8.1.7 SBS swap equipment
and swap facilities.
NOTE: Referred to as infrastructure operator.
9.4 charging and battery swap operation and service system
A system that realizes business services, dispatch management, operation
monitoring, data collection, statistical analysis, and operation decision-making
related to the charging and swap of electric vehicles, so as to provide
information services for connected electric vehicle users.
NOTE: The charging and battery swap operation and service system is composed of
charging and battery swap supervisor and control platform, charging and battery swap
service platform, charging and battery swap service client, etc.
9.4.1 charging and battery swap supervisor and control platform
A supporting system that monitors electric vehicle information and electric
vehicle charging and swap infrastructure information, including alarms,
collection of key equipment indicators, and remote operation of equipment.
NOTE: Referred to as monitoring platform.
9.4.2 charging and battery swap service platform
A supporting system that collects, processes and operates management of
electric vehicle information and electric vehicle charging and swap
infrastructure information, and provide users with charging and swap services,
business management and information service functions.
NOTE: Referred to as service platform.
9.4.3 charging and battery swap service client
The client required by electric vehicle driver to use charging and swap services.
NOTE: The charging and battery swap service client includes mobile phone application
software, in-vehicle control screen, etc.
9.5 charging and battery swap service roaming
The process in which one operator provides charging and swap services to
registered users of another operator.
9.6 third-party services and management platform
An independent operating platform for information exchange with the electric
vehicle charging and swap service platform.
...