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GB/T 27947-2020 (GBT 27947-2020)

GB/T 27947-2020_English: PDF (GBT27947-2020)
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 27947-2020 (GB/T27947-2020)
Description (Translated English) Hygienic requirements for phenol disinfectant
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard C50
Classification of International Standard 11.080
Word Count Estimation 14,195
Date of Issue 2020-06-02
Date of Implementation 2020-12-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 27947-2011
Drafting Organization Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, China Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Environmental and Health Related Product Safety Institute, Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army, Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force Specialized Medical Center, Zhejiang Provincial Health Monitoring and Evaluation Center, Hangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou Customs Technical Center
Administrative Organization National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China
Regulation (derived from) National Standards Announcement No. 14 of 2020
Proposing organization National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration of Market Supervision and Administration, National Standardization Management Committee

GB/T 27947-2020
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 11.080
C 50
Replacing GB/T 27947-2011
Hygienic requirements for phenol disinfectant
ISSUED ON: JUNE 02, 2020
IMPLEMENTED ON: DECEMBER 01, 2020
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Terms and definitions ... 6 
4 Requirement’s for raw materials ... 6 
5 Technical requirements ... 7 
6 Scope of application ... 8 
7 Methods for use ... 9 
8 Transport, storage and packaging ... 9 
9 Marking requirements ... 10 
10 Inspection methods ... 10 
Annex A (normative) Method for determination of phenol content in disinfectant
... 12 
Annex B (normative) Test method for cresol isomer content in disinfectant ... 16 
Annex C (normative) Determination of p-chloro-m-xylenol in disinfectant ... 19 
Annex D (normative) Determination of 2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether
in disinfectant ... 21 
Hygienic requirements for phenol disinfectant
1 Scope
This Standard specifies raw materials and technical requirements, scope of
application, methods for use, transport, storage and packaging, marking
requirements, inspection methods for phenol disinfectant.
This Standard is applicable to the disinfectant that uses phenol, cresol, xylenol,
p-chloro-m-xylenol, trichlorohydroxydiphenyl ether and other phenolic
compound as the main raw materials, uses appropriate surfactant as solubilizer,
uses ethanol, isopropanol, water as solvent, without other bactericidal
ingredients.
This Standard is inapplicable to single or compound disinfectant that takes
other phenolic compounds as main bactericidal ingredients.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of
this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.
GB/T 191, Packaging and storage marks
GB/T 2600, Coking xylenol
GB 27950, Hygienic requirements for hand antiseptic agents
GB 27951, Hygiene requirements for skin disinfectant
GB 27952, General requirements for ordinary objects surface disinfectant
GB 27954, General requirements for disinfectant of mucous membrane
Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China (Volume II, Volume IV,
2015)
Hygienic specifications for disinfection product manufacturers (2009)
[Ministry of Health (issued by Department of Legal Supervision, Ministry of
Health (2009) No. 53]
Ethanol and isopropanol used as disinfectants for disinfection of hands, skin
and mucous membranes shall meet the requirements of Pharmacopoeia of the
People's Republic of China (Volume II, 2015).
4.7 Water for production
Water for production shall meet the requirements for water for production in
Hygienic specifications for disinfection product manufacturers (2009).
4.8 Other raw and auxiliary materials
Other raw and auxiliary materials shall meet the corresponding sanitary
standards, specifications and other relevant regulations. They shall have
corresponding conforming certification materials.
5 Technical requirements
5.1 Active ingredient content
The active ingredient content shall meet the requirements of the label value.
5.2 pH value
The pH value shall meet the requirements of product enterprise standards or
quality standards.
5.3 Lead, arsenic, mercury impurity limits as well as prohibited and
restricted substances
For disinfectant for skin and mucous membrane disinfection, its lead, arsenic,
mercury impurity limits as well as prohibited and restricted substances shall
meet the requirements of GB 27950, GB 27951 and GB 27954.
5.4 Indicators of killing microorganisms
5.4.1 Microbial killing effect in laboratory
Select the corresponding microorganism according to the product disinfection
object. According to the use concentration and action time specified in
corresponding GB 27950, GB 27951, GB 27952, GB 27954, specifications and
product instructions, the killing effect of microorganisms shall meet the
requirements of Table 1.
Table 1 -- Requirements for killing microorganisms
Test microorganism Killing or inactivate microorganism logarithm Suspension method a Carrier method b
7 Methods for use
7.1 General rules
Use according to the methods for use that are marked on the product label, the
instruction manual.
7.2 Disinfectant containing phenol and cresol
After disinfecting and wiping the object surface and fabric, the action time shall
not exceed 15min. The soaking and disinfection time shall not exceed 30min.
7.3 Disinfectant containing p-chloro-m-xylenol
7.3.1 Hygienic hand disinfection: smear or wipe disinfection; the action time
shall not exceed 1min.
7.3.2 Skin disinfection: wipe disinfection; the action time shall not exceed 5min.
7.3.3 Object surface disinfection: the action time after wiping shall not exceed
15min; the soaking and disinfection time shall not exceed 30min.
7.3.4 Mucosal disinfection: wipe or rinse disinfection; the action time shall not
exceed 5min.
7.4 Disinfectant containing triclosan
7.4.1 Hygienic hand disinfection: smear or wipe disinfection; the action time
shall not exceed 1min.
7.4.2 Surgical hand disinfection: smear or wipe disinfection; the action time
shall not exceed 5min.
7.4.3 Skin disinfection: smear or wipe disinfection; the action time shall not
exceed 5min.
7.4.4 Mucosal disinfection: wipe or rinse disinfection; the action time shall not
exceed 5min.
7.4.5 Object surface disinfection: after wiping or spraying, the action time shall
not exceed 15min; soaking disinfection time shall not exceed 30min.
8 Transport, storage and packaging
8.1 The packaging, storage and transportation marks of the product shall meet
the requirements of GB/T 191. Product loading-unloading shall be handled with
Annex A
(normative)
Method for determination of phenol content in disinfectant
A.1 Principle
Use volumetric analysis method. KBrO3 and KBr produce Br2 in acid medium.
Br2 has a substitution reaction with phenol to generate stable tribromophenol.
The remaining Br2 reacts with KI to produce I2. It can be Na2S2O3 standard
titrant. According to the difference between Na2S2O3 standard titrant consumed
by the blank (purified water instead of the sample) and Na2S2O3 standard titrant
consumed by the sample, calculate the content of phenol in disinfectant.
A.2 Methods
A.2.1 Preparation and calibration of sodium thiosulfate standard titration
solution (0.1mol/L)
A.2.1.1 Preparation
Weigh 26g of sodium thiosulfate pentahydrate (or 16g of anhydrous sodium
thiosulfate). Add 0.20g of anhydrous sodium carbonate. Dissolve in 1000mL of
water. Slowly boil it to boil 10min. Cool it.
After 2 weeks of placement, use #4 glass colander to filter.
A.2.1.2 Calibration
Weigh 0.18g of working reference reagent potassium dichromate that has been
dried at 120°C±2°C to a constant amount. Put in an iodine measuring bottle.
Dissolve in 25mL of water. Add 2g of potassium iodide and 20mL of sulfuric acid
solution (20%). Shake them well. Place in a dark place for 10min. Add 150mL
of water (15°C~20°C). Use the prepared sodium thiosulfate solution to titrate.
Add 2mL of starch indicator solution (10g/L) when it approaches to the end point.
Continue to titrate until the solution turns from blue to bright green. Do a blank
test at the same time.
Calculate the concentration of sodium thiosulfate standard titrant according to
formula (A.1):
Annex B
(normative)
Test method for cresol isomer content in disinfectant
B.1 Principle
Use chromatographic column to separate. Use hydrogen flame ionization
detector to detect. Determine the nature according to the retention time.
Quantify according to peak height or peak area.
B.2 Chromatographic reference conditions and system suitability test
Use 2% phosphoric acid-containing glycol polyester adipate as the stationary
phase. Coating concentration is 4%~10%. Use hydrogen flame detector.
Column temperature is 145°C. The temperature of the inlet and detector is
200°C.
B.3 Determination of calibration factor
Accurately weigh 1.3g of salicylaldehyde. Put in a 50mL volumetric flask. Add
ether to dissolve and dilute to the scale. Shake well and use it as the internal
standard solution. Accurately weighed 0.65g of ortho-cresol reference
substance. Put in a 25mL volumetric flask. Add ether to dissolve and dilute to
the scale. Shake well and use it as the reference solution. Precisely measure 5
mL of the reference solution and the internal standard solution respectively. Put
in a plugged test tube. Seal and plug. Shake well. Take 1μL into the gas
chromatograph. Calculate the correction factor for ortho-cresol. Multiply by
1.042. It shall be the correction factor for meta-cresol.
B.4 Sample determination
Precisely weigh 1.0g of this product and place it in a separating funnel. Add 0.1
mL of concentrated hydrochloric acid. Shake well. Add 3mL of water. Shake
well. Precisely add 20mL of ether. Shake gently. Place still for stratification.
Discard the water layer. Add 5mLof water. Shake gently. Conduct stratification.
Discard the water layer. Precisely measure 5mL of ether extract and 5mL of
internal standard solution in a plugged test tube. Shake well. Take 1μL into the
gas chromatograph. Determine.
B.5 Calculation formulas
B.5.1 Calculation of o-cresol correction factor
Annex C
(normative)
Determination of p-chloro-m-xylenol in disinfectant
C.1 Principle
P-Chloride m-xylenol has UV absorption at 280nm wavelength. It may use
reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to separate.
Determine the nature according to the retention time. Quantify based on the
peak area. This method is suitable for determining the active content of p-
chloro-m-xylenol in disinfectant.
C.2 Preparation of reagents
Methanol (chromatographically pure). Standard solution of p-chloro-m-xylenol:
weigh 0.1g of standard p-chloro-m-xylenol; use a small amount of methanol to
dissolve and dilute to 100mL; this solution contains 1g of p-chloro-m-xylenol per
1L.
C.3 Chromatographic reference conditions
Chromatographic column: C18 column (150mm×4.6mm, inner diameter is 5μm).
Mobile phase: methanol/water (70/30); before analysis, filter through 0.45μm
membrane and vacuum degas. Flow rate: 1.00mL/min. UV detection
wavelength: 220nm. Column temperature: 25°C.
C.4 Drawing of standard curve
Use standard solution of p-chloro-m-xylenol to prepare the series solutions of
which the mass concentration is respectively 0mg/L, 200 mg/L, 400 mg/L, 600
mg/L and 800mg/L. Under the set chromatographic conditions, take 5μL
respectively for analysis. Take the standard series mass concentration as the
abscissa X and the peak area as the ordinate Y to perform linear regression
processing, so as to obtain the linear equation.
C.5 Sample determination
If the labeled concentration of p-chloro-m-xylenol in the disinfectant is too high,
it needs to be properly diluted. Make the concentration after dilution within the
linear range of the standard curve. For paste samples, it shall use the mobile
phase to prepare an aqueous solution. Filter by 0.45μm membrane for use.
Under the set chromatographic conditions, inject 5μL of sample solution for
analysis. According to the peak area, calculate the corresponding p-chloro-m-
Annex D
(normative)
Determination of 2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether in disinfectant
D.1 Principle
2,4,4'-Trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether has UV absorption at 280nm. It may
use reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to
separate. Determine the nature according to the retention time. Quantify based
on the peak area.
D.2 Preparation of reagents
Methanol (chromatographically pure). 2,4,4'-Trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether
standard solution: weigh 0.1g of 2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether
standard product; use a small amount of methanol to dissolve; set constant
volume to 100mL; this solution contains 1g of 2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-
hydroxydiphenyl ether per 1L.
D.3 Chromatographic reference conditions
The chromatographic reference conditions are as follows:
a) Chromatographic column: C18 column (150mm×4.6mm, inner diameter is
5μm);
b) Mobile phase: methanol/water (80/20); before analysis, filter through
0.45μm membrane and vacuum degas;
c) Flow rate: 1.5mL/min;
d) UV detection wavelength: 280nm;
e) Column temperature: 25°C.
D.4 Drawing of standard curve
Use 2,4,4'-Trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether standard solution to prepare the
series solutions of which the mass concentration is respectively 0 mg/L, 200
mg/L, 400 mg/L, 600mg/L and 800mg/L.
Under the set chromatographic conditions, take 5μL respectively for analysis.
Take the standard series mass concentration as the abscissa X and the peak
area as the ordinate Y to perform linear regression processing, so as to obtain