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GB/T 24549-2020 (GBT24549-2020)

GB/T 24549-2020_English: PDF (GBT 24549-2020, GBT24549-2020)
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Standard ID GB/T 24549-2020 (GB/T24549-2020)
Description (Translated English) Fuel cell electric vehicles -- Safety requirements
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard T09
Classification of International Standard 43.020
Word Count Estimation 10,151
Date of Issue 2020-09-29
Date of Implementation 2021-04-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 24549-2009
Drafting Organization China Automotive Technology and Research Center Co., Ltd., Tongji University, Shanghai Jie Hydrogen Technology Co., Ltd., SAIC Chase Automobile Co., Ltd., Shanghai Remodeling Energy Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai Automotive Group Co., Ltd., Xiangyang Daan Automobile Testing Center Co., Ltd., Zhejiang University , Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Weishi Energy Technology Co., Ltd., China FAW Group Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Automotive Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 114)
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Announcement No. 20 of 2020
Proposing organization Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Administration

Standards related to: GB/T 24549-2020

GB/T 24549-2020
ICS 43.020
T 09
Replacing GB/T 24549-2009
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles - Safety Requirements
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Terms and Definitions ... 4
4 Safety Requirements ... 5
5 Manual Requirements ... 8
Appendix A (Normative) Hydrogen Leakage Test Procedure in Enclosed
Space ... 10
Appendix B (Normative) Functional Verification of Hydrogen Leak Alarm
Device ... 12
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles - Safety Requirements
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the safety and manual requirements for fuel cell electric
vehicles, key systems, etc.
This Standard is applicable to fuel cell electric vehicles using compressed gaseous
2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the
dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this
document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the
amendments) is applicable to this document.
GB 18384-2020 Electric Vehicles Safety Requirements
GB/T 24548 Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles - Terminology
GB/T 37154-2018 Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles - Test Methods of Hydrogen Emission
GB/T 38117-2019 Electric Vehicles Product Description - Emergency Rescue
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purpose of this document, the terms and definitions given in GB/T 24548 and
the following apply.
3.1 Main shut off valve
A valve that is used to shut off the downstream supply of hydrogen from a compressed
hydrogen storage system.
3.2 Pressure relief device; PRD
A device that operates under certain conditions and can discharge the hydrogen in the
compressed hydrogen storage system to prevent system failure.
3.3 Thermally-activated pressure relief device; TPRD When the hydrogen volume concentration in an enclosed or semi-enclosed
space reaches or exceeds 2.0% ± 1.0%, a warning shall be issued. When the hydrogen volume concentration in an enclosed or semi-enclosed
space reaches or exceeds 3.0% ± 1.0%, the hydrogen supply shall be automatically
shut off immediately. If the vehicle is equipped with multiple hydrogen storage cylinders,
it is allowed to shut off only the hydrogen supply with the leaked hydrogen part. When the hydrogen leak detection sensor fails, such as signal interruption,
open circuit, short circuit, etc., it shall be able to send a fault warning signal to the driver. Requirements outside the vehicle
For Type-M1 vehicles, the hydrogen leakage test shall be carried out in an enclosed
space in accordance with Appendix A; and the hydrogen volume concentration
measured at any time shall not exceed 1%.
4.1.3 Reminder of low hydrogen remaining amount
The meter indicating the hydrogen pressure or the remaining amount of hydrogen in
the hydrogen storage tank shall be installed in an area that is easy for the driver to
observe. If the pressure or remaining amount of hydrogen affects the driving of the
vehicle, an obvious signal (for example: sound or light signal) device shall issue the
prompt to the driver.
4.1.4 Electrical safety requirements
The electrical safety of fuel cell electric vehicles shall comply with the provisions of GB
4.2 Requirements for system safety
4.2.1 Requirements for hydrogen storage cylinders and pipelines Requirements for installation location
Pipeline joints shall not be located in a completely enclosed space. In general,
hydrogen storage cylinders and pipelines shall not be installed in the passenger
compartment, luggage compartment or other poorly ventilated places; but if it is
unavoidable to install them in the luggage compartment or other poorly ventilated
places, corresponding measures shall be taken to discharge the hydrogen that may
leak in time. The hydrogen storage cylinder shall avoid direct exposure to sunlight. Requirements for thermal insulation
The hydrogen storage cylinders and pipelines that may be affected by heat sources
such as exhaust pipes and mufflers, etc. shall be protected by thermal insulation.
specific operation, fuel and safety features of the vehicle. The manual includes at least
the following:
a) Automobile safety operating procedures, including operating environment;
b) Precautions for fuel, coolant and other materials stored and used in the
c) The requirements for parking lots of fuel cell electric vehicles shall be explained;
d) Fuel filling procedures and safety equipment precautions;
e) Explain the maintenance of important parts related to power batteries, fuel cell
stacks, hydrogen storage cylinders, etc.;
f) Roadside emergency rescue information;
g) Explain how to deal with emergencies;
h) Explain whether there are places unsuitable for driving.
5.2 Service manual
Fuel cell electric vehicle manufacturers shall compile information related to vehicle
repair and maintenance. It should include at least the following:
a) Description of the user's automobile repair site;
b) The chemical and physical properties of hazardous materials used in
c) The hazards that may occur to the automobile or system during maintenance;
d) First aid procedures unique to the automobile when a certain danger occurs;
e) Maintenance tools, equipment and personal protective equipment;
f) Methods and procedures for special maintenance work;
g) List of necessary maintenance items and maintenance cycles;
h) Procedures for replacing fuel from fuel cell electric vehicles;
i) Precautions for professional operators to replace parts or release fuel.
5.3 Others
The fuel cell electric vehicle manual shall meet the requirements of 5.1 and 5.2, and
shall also meet the requirements of GB/T 38117-2019.