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GB/T 23513.1-2009 (GBT 23513.1-2009)

Chinese Standard: 'GB/T 23513.1-2009'
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GB/T 23513.1-2009English90 Add to Cart 0--10 minutes. Auto-delivered. Chemical analysis methods for germanium concentrate -- Part 1: Determination of germanium content -- Potassium iodate titration GB/T 23513.1-2009 Valid GB/T 23513.1-2009
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 23513.1-2009 (GB/T23513.1-2009)
Description (Translated English) Chemical analysis methods for germanium concentrate - Part 1: Determination of germanium content - Potassium iodate titration
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard H66
Classification of International Standard 77.120.99
Word Count Estimation 6,655
Date of Issue 2009-04-08
Date of Implementation 2010-02-01
Drafting Organization Yunnan Lincang Xinyuan Germanium Industry Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Nonferrous Metals Standardization Technical Committee
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Approval Announcement 2009 No.4 (Total No.144)
Proposing organization China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association
Issuing agency(ies) Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China; Standardization Administration of China
Summary This standard specifies the determination of germanium concentrate in the germanium content. This section applies to the determination of germanium concentrate germanium content. Measurement range: 1. 0% to 70%.

GB/T 23513.1-2009 
GB/T23513.1-2009
GB
ICS 77.120.99
H 66
NATIONAL STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
Chemical analysis methods for germanium
concentrate - Part 1. Determination of
germanium content - Potassium iodate titration
锗精矿化学分析方法
第 1部分. 锗量的测定 碘酸钾滴定法
ISSUED ON. APRIL 08, 2009
IMPLEMENTED ON. FEBRUARY 01, 2010
Issued by.
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection
and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Methods and principles ... 4 
3 Reagents... 4 
4 Analysis steps ... 5 
5 Determinations ... 6 
6 Calculation of analysis result ... 7 
7 Precision ... 8 
8 Quality assurance and control... 8 
Foreword 
GB/T 23513 Chemical analysis methods for germanium concentrate is consisted of five
parts as follows.
— Part 1. Determination of germanium content - Potassium iodate titration;
— Part 2. Determination of arsenic content - Ferrous ammonium sulfate titration;
— Part 3. Determination of sulfur content - Barium sulfate gravimetry;
— Part 4. Determination of fluoride content - ISE;
— Part 5. Determination of silica content – Gravimetry.
This part is part 1.
This part was proposed by China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association.
This part shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee on Nonferrous
Metals of Standardization Administration of China.
The responsible drafting organization of this par. Yunnan Lincang Xinyuan Germanium
Co., Ltd.
The participating drafting organizations of this part. Zhongjin Lingnan Shaoguan Melting
Factory, Hunan Huaihua Hongjiang Hengchang Germanium Co., Ltd., Nanjing
Germanium Co., Ltd., and Beijing Guojinghui Infrared Optics Technology Co., Ltd.
The chief drafting staffs of this Standard. Bao Wendong, Li Hecheng, Pu Shikun, Zheng
Hong, Gao Mengchao, Wang Jian, and Sun Yan.
Chemical analysis methods for germanium concentrate -
Part 1. Determination of germanium content - Potassium
iodate titration
1 Scope 
This part of GB/T 23513 specifies the determination method of germanium content in
germanium concentrate.
This part applies to the determination of germanium content in germanium concentrate.
Determination range. 1.0%-70%.
2 Methods and principles 
Melt the sample with sodium hydroxide. Use phosphoric acid and potassium
permanganate to suppress the distillation escape of arsenic, antimony, tin and others. In 3
mol/L of phosphoric acid and 4.5 mol/L of hydrochloric acid, use hypophosphite to reduce
the tetravalent germanium to divalent germanium; use starch as an indicator, and titrate it
with standard potassium iodate solution at below 20 °C.
3 Reagents 
Unless otherwise stated, only analytical reagents AND distilled water or water with
equivalent purity can be used in the analysis.
3.1 Potassium iodide (KI).
3.2 Anhydrous sodium carbonate (Na2CO3).
3.3 Sodium hydroxide (NaOH).
3.4 Hypophosphite (NaH2PO2·H2O).
3.5 Potassium permanganate (KMnO4).
3.6 Ammonium fluoride (NH4F).
3.7 Hydrochloric acid (ρ 1.19 g/mL-1).
3.8 Phosphate (ρ 1.69 g/mL).
3.9 Sulfate (ρ 1.83 g/mL).
Weigh samples (4.1) according to Table 1. Place into a 300 mL conical flask. Add 10 ml of
water and shake it well. Add 10 ml of phosphoric acid (3.8), 2 g of potassium
permanganate (3.5), and 0.2 g of ammonium fluoride (3.6). Heat it at low temperature to
decompose. Maintain at purple color. If the purple fades away, supplement it with a little of
potassium permanganate (3.5) until it is completely decomposed; and until the white
smoke decomposed by fine phosphoric acid occurs. Take down and cool it. Add 120 ml of
hydrochloric acid (3.10) in a conical flask. The following operation is the same as
5.1.1.4~5.1.1.6.
5.1.3 Method III
It applies to determine germanium in samples such as crude germanium dioxide with
lower-impurity.
Weigh sample (4.1) according to Table 1. Place into a 300 mL conical flask. Add 10 ml of
water and shake it well. Add 1 g of sodium hydroxide (3.3) to heat to completely dissolve.
Take down. Add 80 ml of water, 35 mL of phosphoric acid (3.8), and 7 g of hypophosphite
(3.4). Shake to dissolve. Then cover the Geiger funnel. The following operation is the
same as 5.1.1.6.
5.2 The determination of hydrochloric acid soluble germanium
Weigh samples (4.1) according to Table 1. Place into a 300 mL conical flask. Add 0.1 g of
potassium permanganate (3.5) and 80 ml of hydrochloric acid (1+1). The following
operation is the same as 5.1.1.5 ~ 5.1.1.6.
6 Calculation of analysis result
6.1 Mass fraction of germanium
Calculate the ......
Related standard: GB/T 23513.2-2009    GB/T 23513.3-2009
Related PDF sample: GB/T 23513.5-2009    GB/T 20169-2015