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GB/T 18356-2007 (GBT18356-2007)

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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 18356-2007 (GB/T18356-2007)
Description (Translated English) [Including XG1-2011, XG2-2015] Product of geographical indication. Kweichow Moutai liquor
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard X61
Classification of International Standard 67.160.10
Word Count Estimation 8,860
Date of Issue 2007-09-19
Date of Implementation 2008-05-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB 18356-2001
Quoted Standard GB 1351; GB 2757; GB/T 5009.48; GB 5749; GB 7718; GB/T 8231; GB 10344; GB/T 10345; GB/T 10346; GB/T 15109
Drafting Organization China Kweichow Moutai Distillery Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization Country of origin or geographical standardization working group
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Approval Announcement 2007 No.11 (Total No.111); National Standard Approval Announcement 2011 No.11
Proposing organization Country of origin or geographical Standardization Group
Issuing agency(ies) Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China; Standardization Administration of China
Summary This standard specifies the Guizhou Maotai GI product protection, terminology and definitions, requirements, test methods, inspection rules and signs, packaging, transport and storage. This standard applies to the State Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of administrative departments in accordance with the "geographical indication protection provisions " approved Guizhou Maotai.

Standards related to: GB/T 18356-2007

GB/T 18356-2007
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 67.160.10
X 61
Replacing GB 18356-2001
Product of geographical indication -
Kweichow Moutai liquor
ISSUED ON. SEPTEMBER 19, 2007
IMPLEMENTED ON. MAY 1, 2008
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the PRC;
Standardization Administration of the PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Referenced standards ... 4 
3 Scope of protection of product of geographical indication ... 5 
4 Terms and definitions ... 5 
5 Requirements ... 6 
6 Test methods ... 9 
7 Inspection rules ... 9 
8 Product specifications ... 9 
9 Marking, packaging, transportation, storage ... 9 
Appendix A (Normative) Figure for scope of protection of geographical
indication of Kweichow Moutai liquor ... 10 
No.1 amendment of GB/T 18356-2007 “Product of geographical indication -
Kweichow Moutai liquor” ... 12 
No.2 amendment of GB/T 18356-2007 “Product of geographical indication -
Kweichow Moutai liquor” ... 12 
Foreword
This Standard is developed in accordance with the “Regulations on the
Protection of Product of Geographical Indication” promulgated by General
Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the PRC,
and GB 17924-1999 “General requirements for products of designations of
origin or geographical indications”.
This Standard replaces and abolishes GB 18356-2001 “Moutai liquor
(Kweichow Moutai liquor)”.
As compared with GB 18356-2001, the main amendments of this Standard are
as follows.
- According to the “Regulations on the Protection of Product of Geographical
Indication” promulgated by General Administration of Quality Supervision,
Inspection and Quarantine of the PRC, MODIFY relevant names;
- Changed from mandatory to recommended;
- MODIFY the texts of some definitions, raw material requirements, brewing
environment, traditional techniques, etc., to make them more accurate and
clearer;
- According to current national standards, MODIFY the alcohol content of
physical and chemical indexes;
- ADD the product specification with a volume of more than 1 L.
Appendix A of this Standard is a normative appendix.
This Standard was proposed by and shall be under the jurisdiction of National
Working Group on Products of Origin or Geographical Indications of
Standardization Administration of China.
Drafting organization of this Standard. Kweichow Moutai Group Co., Ltd..
Main drafters of this Standard. Ji Keliang, Shen Yifang, Gao Yueming, Gao
Jingyan, Yang Ming, Yang Daiyong.
The previous editions of the standard replaced by this Standard were released
as follows.
- GB 18356-2001.
Product of geographical indication -
Kweichow Moutai liquor
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the scope of protection, terms and definitions,
requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marking, packaging,
transportation, and storage of product of geographical indication of Kweichow
Moutai liquor.
This Standard is applicable to Kweichow Moutai liquor approved by the
competent administrative department of quality supervision, inspection and
quarantine of the PRC according to the “Regulations on the Protection of
Product of Geographical Indication”.
2 Referenced standards
The clauses in the following documents, by reference in this Standard,
constitute the clauses of this Standard. For the dated references, the
subsequent amendments (not including errata content) or revisions do not
apply to this Standard. However, parties which have reached an agreement
according to this Standard are encouraged to study whether the latest edition
of these documents can be used. For the undated references, the latest edition
is applicable to this Standard.
GB 1351 Wheat
GB 2757 National Food Safety Standard - Distilled Spirits and Formulated
Spirits
GB/T 5009.48 Method for analysis of hygienic standard of distilled wines and
mixed wines
GB 5749 Standards for drinking water quality
GB 7718 National Food Safety Standard - Standard for nutrition labelling of
prepackaged foods
GB/T 8231 Sorghum
GB 10344 General standard for the labeling of prepackaged alcoholic
beverage
GB/T 10345 Method of analysis for Chinese spirits
GB/T 10346 General principle of inspection for Chinese spirits
GB/T 15109 Terminology of Chinese spirits industry
3 Scope of protection of product of geographical
indication
The scope of protection of Kweichow Moutai liquor is limited to the scope
approved by the competent administrative department of quality supervision,
inspection and quarantine of the PRC according to the “Regulations on the
Protection of Product of Geographical Indication”, SEE Appendix A.
4 Terms and definitions
The terms and definitions defined in GB/T 15109 and the following are
applicable to this Standard.
4.1 Kweichow Moutai liquor
The liquor which is made from high-quality sorghum, wheat, and water, and is
produced according to the traditional techniques of Kweichow Moutai liquor in
the specific geographical area of Maotai Town, Renhuai City, Guizhou Province.
4.2 Storage time of liquor
The time for which the liquor produced is stored and ages in the pottery jar, in
years.
4.3 Aged Kweichow Moutai liquor
Kweichow Moutai liquor with a storage time of not less than 15 years and
blended.
4.4 Sorghum
A Chinese nick-name for sorghum when feeding for Kweichow Moutai liquor.
The production feeding is divided into two stages. sorghum charging and
sorghum making.
4.5 Batch
The production process in which the fermented grains are steam-boiled, spread
for cooling, mixed, stacked for fermenting, put into sand-gravel cellar for
fermenting, and distilled.
4.6 The three high-temperature processes and three long-term processes
“Three high-temperature processes” refer to high temperature starter-making,
high temperature stacking fermentation, and high temperature flowing liquor.
“Three long-term processes” mean that Daqu is stored for not less than six
months; the raw materials are fermented in multiple batches; the production
cycle is one year; and the base liquor is stored for not less than three years.
4.7 Blending
The technique process in which the finished product is prepared by combing
base liquors of different typical base liquors, different batches, different alcohol
contents, and different storage times in a certain proportion, without adding any
foreign matters.
4.8 Typical base liquor
The sensory characteristics of base liquor of Kweichow Moutai liquor are three
kinds of flavors. sauce, cellar bottom, and alcohol sweet.
5 Requirements
5.1 Raw material requirements
5.1.1 Sorghum
5.1.1.1 Origin
It is mainly produced in Renhuai City, Guizhou Province. A few are produced in
areas adjacent to Renhuai City.
5.1.1.2 Technical index
It shall meet the requirements of GB/T 8231. The sorghum variety shall be
glutinous sorghum.
5.1.2 Wheat
It shall meet the requirements of GB 1351.
5.1.3 Water
Water shall be taken from Chishui River and shall comply with the provisions of
GB 5749.
5.1.4 Daqu for Kweichow Moutai liquor
Daqu is made of high-quality wheat as raw material, produced according to
traditional techniques, with a storage period of not less than six months.
5.2 Brewing environment
It shall meet the geographical scope defined by the Regulations on the
Protection of Product of Geographical Indication.
The area is located in the north of Guizhou, close to the east side of Chishui
River. It is located in the middle reaches of Chishui River, with an altitude of 420
m~600 m. Surrounded by mountains, it is a relatively closed river valley. The
regional climate is short in summer and long in winter. The annual temperature
is high. The air humidity is high. The frost and snow are rare. The annual
average temperature is about 18°C; the minimum temperature is about 3°C;
and the highest temperature is about 40°C. The annual average relative
humidity is about 78%. The annual average wind speed is about 1.2 m/s. The
unique ecological environment for brewing Kweichow Moutai liquor is formed.
5.3 Traditional techniques
The traditional production technique of Kweichow Moutai liquor has the
following characteristics. seasonal production, the three high-temperature
processes and three long-term processes. Twice feedings; nine times of
steaming-boiling (distilling); eight times of spreading for cooling and adding Qu,
stacking for fermenting, putting into sand-gravel cellar for fermenting; seven
times of taking liquor. The production cycle of liquor is one year. The batch liquor
is divided into three typical base liquors and stored in the pottery jar for not less
than three years, carefully blended, and packaged for leaving the factory. It is
no less than five years from the material feeding to the product out of the factory.
5.4 Sensory requirements
Sensory requirements are shown in Table 1.
Table 1 -- Sensory requirements
Items
53%vol
aged Kweichow
Moutai liquor
53%vol
Kweichow
Moutai liquor
43%vol
Kweichow
Moutai liquor
38%vol
Kweichow
Moutai liquor
33%vol
Kweichow
Moutai liquor
Color
Yellowish
transparent; no
suspended
matter; no
precipitation
Colorless (or
yellowish)
transparent; no
suspended
matter; no
precipitation
Clear and
transparent; no
suspended
matter; no
precipitation
Clear and
transparent; no
suspended
matter; no
precipitation
Clear and
transparent; no
suspended
matter; no
precipitation
Aroma
Outstanding
sauce flavor;
obvious
maturation
aroma; elegant
and delicate.
Empty cup
remains aroma
for a long time.
Outstanding
sauce flavor;
elegant and
delicate.
Empty cup
remains aroma
for a long time.
Noticeable
sauce flavor;
elegant and
delicate.
Empty cup
remains aroma
for a long time.
Obvious sauce
flavor; elegant
aroma. Empty
cup remains
aroma for a
long time.
Obvious sauce
flavor; more
elegant aroma.
Empty cup
remains aroma
for a long time.
Flavor
Noticeable
maturation
flavor; elegant
and delicate;
mellow, plump,
long lasting
aftertaste
Mellow and
plump; long
aftertaste
Plump, pure
and mild; long
aftertaste
Soft, pure and
mild, sweet,
long taste
Pure and mild,
sweet, long
taste
Style
Outstanding
sauce flavor;
elegant and
delicate; mellow,
plump;
comfortable and
noticeable
maturation
aroma; long
aftertaste.
Empty cup
remains aroma
for a long time.
Outstanding
sauce flavor;
elegant and
delicate;
mellow and
plump; long
aftertaste.
Empty cup
remains aroma
for a long time.
Unique style of
Kweichow
Moutai liquor
Unique style of
Kweichow
Moutai liquor
Unique style of
Kweichow
Moutai liquor
5.5 Physical and chemical indexes
Physical and chemical indexes are shown in Table 2.
Table 2 -- Physical and chemical indexes
5.6 Hygienic indexes
It shall be in accordance with the provisions of GB 2757.
6 Test methods
It shall be in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 10345 and GB/T 5009.48.
7 Inspection rules
It shall be in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 10346.
8 Product specifications
Product specifications are shown in Table 3.
Table 3 -- Product specifications
9 Marking, packaging, transportation, storage
9.1 Marking
Product labelling shall meet the requirements of GB 10344 and GB 7718.
9.2 Packaging, storage, transportation
It shall be implemented in accordance with the provisions of GB 10346.
Items aged Kweichow
Moutai liquor
Kweichow
Moutai liquor
Kweichow
Moutai liquor
Kweichow
Moutai liquor
Kweichow
Moutai liquor
Alcohol content (20°C)/(%vol)
Total acid (in acetic acid)/(g/L)
Total ester (in ethyl acetate)/(g/L)
Solid content/(g/L)
Note. Alcohol content tolerance is ±1%vol.
Net content
Allowable deviation at 20°C/%
Single-piece average deviation
Appendix A
(Normative)
Figure for scope of protection of geographical indication of Kweichow
Moutai liquor
The scope of protection of geographical indication of Kweichow Moutai liquor is
shown in Figure A.1.
Note. The scope of protection of geographical indication of Moutai liquor (Kweichow Moutai liquor) is in Maotai Town, Renhuai
City, Guizhou Province. It is located in the gorge of Chishui River, from Taiping Village in the south bounded by Yantang
Ditch to Yangliuwan in the north bounded by Yangcha Street, and between Maozun Highway, red brick factory, small
river power station, Zhidong Mountain, and Mafuxi main peak on the east and Chishui River on the west. It is about
15.03 square kilometers.
Figure A.1 -- Scope of protection of geographical indication of Kweichow
Moutai liquor
Map of Maotai Town,
Renhuai City
Hebin Street
To Hema
Ferry Bus station
Ma’an Mountain
Maotai Ferry Monument
Maotai Bridge Yangliuwan
Back bayHe’an Street
Yangcha Street
Maozun Highway
Maotai
Town
No.2 Primary School
Sichuan
province
The shadow area is
the production plant
for Kweichow Moutai
liquor.
Shazitian Village
Red brick factory
Yanjin River
Maotai
Town
Small river power station
Bottle factory
Chishui River
Xiejiazhai
Shitizi
Chishui River
Zhonghua Village
Zhaojiaba
Huangjiawan
Dezhuang Village
Sichuan
province
Taiping Village
Sunjiaping
Yantang Ditch Mafuxi main peak
Zhidong Mountain
Dashawo
Legend
Town resident
Bus station
Monument
Peak
River
Bridge
Highway
Provincial boundary
Scale
Leidashi
No.1 Amendment of GB/T 18356-2007 “Product of
geographical indication - Kweichow Moutai liquor”
This amendment was approved by the Standardization Administration of the PRC on July
18, 2011 and was implemented on August 1, 2011.
The alcohol content of “aged Kweichow Moutai liquor” in the standard is
modified as follows.
1. The item of “53%vol aged Kweichow Moutai liquor” in Table 1 of the
standard is modified to “Aged Kweichow Moutai liquor”.
2. The item of “53%vol aged Kweichow Moutai liquor” in Table 2 of the
standard is modified to “Aged Kweichow Moutai liquor”. It is divided into
two parts. The alcohol content (20 °C)/(%vol) of “80-year” aged Kweichow
Moutai liquor is separately labeled as “52.0”.
No.2 amendment of GB/T 18356-2007 “Product of
geographical indication - Kweichow Moutai liquor”
This amendment was approved by the Standardization Administration of the PRC on May
8, 2015 and was implemented on May 30, 2015.
I. 2 Normative references are added.
JJF 1070 Rules of Metrological Testing for Net Quantity of Products in
Prepackages with Fixed Content
II. 5.1.1 is modified to.
5.1.1 Sorghum
High-quality glutinous sorghum which is produced in Renhuai City, Guizhou
Province and adjacent areas and is in line with the requirements of GB/T 8231.
III. The content of 7 Inspection rules is modified to.
It shall be in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 10346 and JJF 1070.
IV. DELETE 8 Product specifications.
V. Appendix A is modified to.
Appendix A
(Normative)
Figure for scope of protection of geographical indication of Kweichow Moutai
liquor
The scope of protection of geographical indication of Kweichow Moutai liquor is
shown in Figure A.1.
Note. The scope of protection of geographical indication of Moutai liquor (Kweichow Moutai liquor) is in Maotai Town, Renhuai
City, Guizhou Province. It is located in the gorge of Chishui River, from Taiping Village in the south bounded by Yantang
Ditch to Yangliuwan in the north bounded by Yangcha Street, and between Maozun Highway, red brick factory, small
river power station, Zhidong Mountain, and Mafuxi main peak on the east and Chishui River on the west. It is about
15.03 square kilometers.
Figure A.1 -- Scope of protection of geographical indication of Kweichow
Moutai liquor
Map of Maotai Town,
Renhuai City
FerryMaotai Ferry Monument
Maotai Bridge
He’an Street
No.2 Primary School
Sichuan
province
The shadow area is
the production plant
for Kweichow Moutai
liquor.
Shazitian Village
Bottle factory
Chishui River
Xiejiazhai
Chishui River
Zhonghua Village
Zhaojiaba
Huangjiawan
Dezhuang Village
Sichuan province
Shitizi
Taiping Village
Sunjiaping
Yantang Ditch Mafuxi main peak
Dashawo
Zhidong Mountain
Hebin Street
To Hema
Bus station
Yangliuwan
Back bay
Yangcha Street
Maozun Highway
Maotai
Town
Red brick factory
Yanjin River
Maotai
Town
Small river power station
Leidashi
Ma’an Mountain
Legend
Town resident
Bus station
Monument
Peak
River
Bridge
Highway
Provincial boundary
Scale
...