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GB/T 18274-2017

Chinese Standard: 'GB/T 18274-2017'
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Detail Information of GB/T 18274-2017; GB/T18274-2017
Description (Translated English): Technical specifications for motor vehicle brake system
Sector / Industry: National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard: T24
Classification of International Standard: 43.040.40
Word Count Estimation: 14,153
Date of Issue: 2017-10-14
Date of Implementation: 2018-05-01
Drafting Organization: Highway Research Institute of Transportation, Hangzhou Changyun Transport Group Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Jiaotong Vocational and Technical College
Administrative Organization: National Automotive Maintenance Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 247)
Proposing organization: Ministry of Transport of the People Republic of China
Issuing agency(ies): General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of PRC; China National Standardization Administration

GB/T 18274-2017
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.040.40
T 24
Replacing GB/T 18274-2000, GB/T 18275.1-2000, GB/T 18275.2-2000,
GB/T 18343-2001
Technical Specifications for
Motor Vehicle Brake System
汽车制动系统修理竣工技术规范
ISSUED ON. OCTOBER 14, 2017
IMPLEMENTED ON. MAY 01, 2018
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Terms and Definitions ... 4
4 Technical Requirements ... 5
5 Inspection Rules ... 18
6 Other ... 18
Appendix A (Normative) Maintenance Reference Data on Brake Disc, Brake
Friction Block for Disc Brake of Common Vehicles ... 19
Foreword
This Standard was drafted as per the rules specified in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Standard replaced GB/T 18274-2000 Technical Specifications for Motor Vehicle
Drum Brake Being Overhauled, GB/T 18275.1-2000 Specifications for Automobile
Braking Transmission Device Being Overhauled – Air Braking, GB/T 18275.2-2000
Specifications for Automobile Braking Transmission Device Being Overhauled –
Hydraulic Braking, and GB/T 18343-2001 Specification for Automobile Disk Brakes
Being Overhauled; this Standard has the major technical changes as follows besides
the editorial modifications.
--- Add the technical requirements for brake’s parking brake devices (see 4.6);
--- Add the requirements for warranty period of brake maintenance (see 6.2).
This Standard was proposed by Ministry of Transport of the PRC.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee for
Standardization of Automobile Maintenance (SAC/TC 247).
Drafting organizations of this Standard. Research Institute of Highway of Ministry of
Transport, Hangzhou Changyun Transport Group Co., Ltd., and Zhejiang Institute of
Communication.
Chief drafting staffs of this Standard. Liu Jiannong, Jin Baizheng, Zhu Guojun, Zhao
Jinxiang, Zhan Yuanwu, and Zhang Mingjian.
The historical editions replaced by this Standard are as follows.
--- GB/T 18274-2000;
--- GB/T 18275.1-2000;
--- GB/T 18275.2-2000;
--- GB/T 18343-2001.
Technical Specifications for
Motor Vehicle Brake System
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the technical requirements and test rules for the completion of
disk brake, drum brake, air braking transmission device, hydraulic braking
transmission device and parking brake device being overhauled.
This Standard is applicable to the overhaul of brakes and brake transmission devices
for automobiles and trailers; the overhaul of brakes for other types of vehicles can refer
to.
2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the
dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this
document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the
amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB/T 5624 Motor Vehicle Maintenance and Repair Terms
GB 5763 Brake Linings for Automobiles
GB 7258 Safety Specifications for Motor Vehicles Operating on Roads
3 Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions and those ones stipulated in GB/T 5624 are
applicable to this document.
3.1 Safety repair size
The minimum size allowed for cutting after wear of the surface of the friction pair
element in the brake.
4.2.3.2 After wearing, the thickness of the brake friction block of vehicle shall meet
the original technical requirements of the manufacturer; if there is no specified
thickness value, and the value is less than 1.5mm, then it shall be replaced.
4.2.3.3 After wearing, the thickness of brake friction block of large passenger car
shall meet the original technical requirements of the manufacturer; if there is no
specified thickness value, and the value is less than 2.0mm; then it shall be replaced.
4.2.3.4 When the flat groove of the brake friction block is flattened completely, it shall
be replaced.
4.2.3.5 When the brake friction block doesn’t meet the original technical
requirements of the manufacturer; the wheels on both sides of the coaxial shaft must
be replaced at the same time.
4.2.3.6 When installing, it shall be kept clean and dry. For floating caliper brake, after
installing the internal friction block, check that the dirt-proof boot not to contact with the
brake friction block.
4.2.4 Maintenance data
4.2.4.1 The maintenance reference data of the common brake disc and brake friction
block of the vehicles can see Table A.1.
4.2.4.2 The maintenance reference data of the common brake disc and brake friction
block of the large passenger car can see Table A.2.
4.3 Drum brake
4.3.1 Brake drum
4.3.1.1 The brake drum shall be replaced timely in the following cases.
a) Measure the amount of wear of the brake drum at both the narrow and wide sides
of the friction surfaces at right angles to each other; measure the diameter of the
brake drum at every 45° point on the circumference and at the bottom of deepest
groove; when the diameter of brake drum exceeds the rejection size or although
it is not exceeding the rejection size, after the cutting process, its diameter
exceed the safe repair size;
b) The cylindricity error of the brake drum friction surface shall be no greater than
0.05mm; the roundness error shall be no greater than 0.155mm; surface
roughness shall be no less than Ra1.6; the radical run-out of the cylinder surface
and the plane combined the friction surface of the brake drum with the hub shall
be no greater than 0.10mm; the wall thickness difference of the brake drum shall
be no greater than 1.00mm; the diameter difference between he right and left
4.4.1.4 After repairing, the air compressor shall be worn out according to the wearing
specification; the post-repairing air compressor shall meet the original technical
requirements of the manufacturer.
4.4.2 Brake valve
4.4.2.1 Brake valve parts
The brake valve parts shall be replaced timely in the following cases.
a) When the diaphragm, valve rubber, seal ring have deformation, crack or aging
phenomena;
b) When the valve or valve seat have scratches, dents or excessive wear;
c) When brake valve housing and valve cover have cracks, deformations and
defects;
d) When the elasticity of balance spring and return spring of brake valve doesn’t
meet the original technical requirements of the manufacturer.
4.4.2.2 Assembly and adjustment of brake valves
4.4.2.2.1 The preload of the balance spring shall meet the original technical
requirements of the manufacturer; after the balance spring is assembled, both ends of
the balance spring shall be perpendicular to its central axis; the permissible error shall
not exceed 2°.
4.4.2.2.2 Before the intake valve is assembled, check the distance between the
intake valve seat and the end of valve stem, which shall meet the original technical
requirements of the manufacturer.
4.4.2.2.3 The distance between end face of the exhaust valve housing and the end
of the valve stem shall meet the original technical requirements of the manufacturer.
4.4.2.2.4 The free stroke of the brake valve pull arm shall be adjusted to 1mm~3mm;
the maximum stroke of the brake pedal shall ensure the stable working air pressure of
the brake air chamber.
4.4.2.3 Inspection of sealing performance of brake valve
4.4.2.3.1 The brake valve is in the de-braking state; under the rated air pressure, the
sealing index shall not exceed 10kPa.
4.4.2.3.2 The brake valve is in full braking condition. Under the rated air pressure,
the sealing index shall not exceed 20kPa.
hydraulic brake shall meet the original technical requirements of manufacturer.
4.5.1.2 The surface roughness of the cylinder of the master cylinder and wheel
cylinder in the stroke of the piston and on the outer cylindrical surface of the piston
shall be no greater than Ra 0.8.
4.5.1.3 The tolerance BETWEEN cylinder of master cylinder and wheel cylinder AND
outer diameter of piston shall meet the original technical requirements of the
manufacturer; The dimensional tolerance of the inner hole of the cylinder of the wheel
cylinder shall be selected as per Table 2.
Table 2 – Dimensional Tolerance Form of the Inner Hole of the Cylinder of
Wheel Cylinder
4.5.1.4 If the master cylinder and wheel cylinder seals are deformed or aged, they
shall be replaced.
4.5.1.5 The installation position of the return spring of master cylinder and wheel
cylinder shall be correct; its elasticity shall meet the original technical requirements of
the manufacturer.
4.5.1.6 Before assembling, the parts shall be cleaned; the master cylinder
compensation hole, oil inlet, and vent hole of the fuel cap shall be kept clear.
4.5.1.7 The sealing performance of the master cylinder and wheel cylinder shall meet
the following requirements.
a) When the brake fluid is added to the upper limit position of the reservoir, the
master cylinder assembly shall not leak oil during the braking period.
b) Connect the drain hole of the master cylinder to the wheel cylinder; fill the master
cylinder, wheel cylinder and reservoir with brake fluid as per specification;
discharge the air completely from the system; press the brake pedal to the end;
establish the maximum working pressure in the brake chamber; after stabilizing
for 30s, the pressure drop of each brake chamber shall be no greater than
300kPa.
4.5.1.8 The pressure resistance of master cylinder and wheel cylinder shall meet the
following requirements.
After 15s±5s, establish 130% of the maximum working pressure in the brake chamber;
maintain the position of the push rod unchanged; each position shall be free of leakage
Inner hole diameter of wheel cylinder Tolerance grade
4.5.4 Air pressure booster
4.5.4.1 The air pressure booster shall be replaced timely in the following cases.
a) When the surface of the cylinder is worn, scratched or rusted;
b) When the push rod has wear, bending and rusty phenomena; push rod in the
center hole of the booster body shall be tight and moderate properly, maintain
sliding freely; when the oil seal is aged, deformed or broken;
c) When all springs are deformed or broken; the outlet valve shall be kept sealed if
damaged;
d) When the ball valve and valve seat on the top end of the booster cylinder have
scratches, wear; the intake valve and seat are damaged or uneven.
4.5.4.2 The air filter shall be unblocked; the filter screen shall be cleaned; replace it
if it is damaged.
4.5.4.3 After repair, the characteristics of input hydraulic pressure, compressed air
pressure and output hydraulic pressure of the air pressure booster shall meet the
original technical requirements of the manufacturer.
4.5.4.4 Check the airtightness. the booster chamber cup, valves, tubes and joints
shall not leak gas.
4.5.4.5 Check the hydraulic seal. the oil seal of push rod, cup of booster cylinder and
cup of control hydraulic cylinder shall not leak oil.
4.5.5 Air pressure servo actuator
4.5.5.1 The air pressure servo actuator shall be replaced timely in the following cases.
a) When the servo air chamber shell is damaged or cracked; the inner surface is
scratched, rusted or abnormally worn;
b) When the springs on the servo actuator are deformed, broken or the elasticity of
the spring doesn’t meet the original technical requirements of the manufacturer.
c) When the seal rings and tube joints on the servo actuator are damaged.
4.5.5.2 The retainer of the servo actuator shall not be damaged; and shall correctly
match with tis groove; ensure the effective locking of the piston.
4.5.5.3 Check the airtightness. the booster air chamber, valves, tubes and joints shall
not leak gas.
4.5.5.4 Check the hydraulic seal and seal of hydraulic system, which shall not leak
oil.
4.5.6 Brake fluid
The added brake fluid shall meet the brand requirements of the original vehicle;
different brands of brake fluids shall not be mixed to use. The brake fluid shall be clean,
prevent mixing of impurities and moisture.
4.5.7 Braking connections and braking lines
The braking connections and braking lines shall meet the following requirements.
a) After the hydraulic brake transmission device is installed; eliminate the air from
the hydraulic system; the connection tubes and joints shall not have leakage
phenomenon;
b) The internal part of the tube shall be clean; the tube joints shall be sealed; the
connection between the joints and the nuts and threads shall be intact;
Related standard:   GB/T 37336-2019  GB/T 36048-2018
   
 
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