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GB/T 16507.3-2022 (GBT16507.3-2022)

GB/T 16507.3-2022_English: PDF (GBT 16507.3-2022, GBT16507.3-2022)
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GB/T 16507.3-2022English275 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Water-tube boilers - Part 3: Structure design Valid GB/T 16507.3-2022

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 16507.3-2022 (GB/T16507.3-2022)
Description (Translated English) Water-tube boilers - Part 3: Structure design
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard J98
Classification of International Standard 27.060.30
Word Count Estimation 21,233
Date of Issue 2022-03-09
Date of Implementation 2022-10-01
Drafting Organization Beijing Babcock Wilcox Co., Ltd., Dongfang Electric Group Dongfang Boiler Co., Ltd., Shanghai Boiler Factory Co., Ltd., Harbin Boiler Factory Co., Ltd., Shanghai Power Generation Equipment Design and Research Institute Co., Ltd., Hangzhou Boiler Group Co., Ltd., Wuxi Huaguang Environmental Protection Energy Group Co., Ltd., Wuhan Boiler Co., Ltd., Nantong Wanda Boiler Co., Ltd., Jianglian Heavy Industry Group Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Technical Committee for Standardization of Boilers and Pressure Vessels (SAC/TC 262)
Proposing organization National Technical Committee for Standardization of Boilers and Pressure Vessels (SAC/TC 262)
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Administration

Standards related to: GB/T 16507.3-2022

GB/T 16507.3-2022
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 27.060.30
CCS J 98
Replacing GB/T 16507.3-2013
Water-tube boilers - Part 3: Structure design
ISSUED ON: MARCH 09, 2022
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 01, 2022
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
Introduction ... 6
1 Scope ... 8
2 Normative references ... 8
3 Terms and definitions ... 8
4 Basic requirements ... 9
5 Solder connection requirements ... 11
6 Opening ... 19
7 Drum ... 23
8 Start-up (steam water) separator and storage tank ... 24
9 Header and piping ... 24
10 Desuperheater ... 25
11 Furnace (water-cooling wall) ... 25
12 Superheater and reheater ... 26
13 Coal economizer ... 27
14 Hanging-supporting devices ... 27
15 Rigid beam ... 28
16 Boiler steel structure and escalator as well as platform ... 28
Bibliography ... 30
Water-tube boilers - Part 3: Structure design
1 Scope
This document specifies the requirements for the structure design of water-tube boiler
drum, start-up (steam water) separator, water storage tank, header, desuperheater,
piping, water-cooling wall, superheater, reheater, coal economizer, pipe joint, suspender,
opening, door hole, rigid beam, steel structures, escalator and platform.
This document is applicable to the structural design of water-tube boilers defined in
GB/T 16507.1.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this
document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,
the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
GB/T 985.1, Recommended joint preparation for gas welding, manual metal arc
welding, gas-shield arc welding and beam welding
GB/T 985.2, Recommended joint preparation for submerged arc welding
GB/T 2900.48, Electrotechnical terminology of boilers
GB 4053 (all parts), Safety requirements for fixed steel ladders and platform
GB/T 16507.1, Water-tube boilers - Part 1: General requirements
GB/T 16507.2, Water-tube boilers - Part 2: Materials
GB/T 16507.4, Water-tube boilers - Part 4: Strength calculation of pressure parts
GB/T 22395, Specification for design of boiler steel structures
JB/T 6734, Calculation method of strength of boiler fillet welding seam
JB/T 6735, Calculation method of strength of boiler hanger rod
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions defined in GB/T 2900.48 and GB/T 16507.1 apply
to this document.
4 Basic requirements
4.1 The basic principles of boiler design shall comply with the provisions of GB/T
16507.1.
4.2 During the design, the calculation loads to be considered and the load calculations
to be performed shall be determined according to the provisions of this document and
the special requirements of GB/T 16507.1 and GB/T 16507.4.
4.3 The design shall ensure that the wall temperature of the element does not exceed
the allowable temperature of the material used. In addition, factors such as the
temperature difference between the inner and outer walls of the tube on the heating
surface and the inner wall's resistance to steam oxidation must also be considered. The
selection of materials shall meet the requirements of GB/T 16507.2.
4.4 During the design, the minimum required thickness of the pressure elements shall
be determined according to the relevant strength calculation formula or stress analysis
calculation formula and regulations in GB/T 16507.4. For non-pressure element bearing
loads, their calculation dimensions shall be determined in accordance with relevant
regulations.
4.5 The design shall ensure that the evaporation heating surface, superheater, reheater
and coal economizer system work reliably under the expected operating conditions.
Ensure stable hydrodynamic properties. Prevent heat transfer from deteriorating.
4.6 The structure of the furnace, cladding wall and tail flue shall have sufficient bearing
capacity. Prevent permanent deformation and furnace wall collapse. There shall be good
sealing.
4.7 The expansion coefficient of the flat steel in the membrane wall structure shall be
similar to that of the pipe. The determination of the width of the flat steel shall ensure
that the allowable temperature of the material is not exceeded during the operation of
the boiler. The weld structure shall ensure the effective cooling of the flat steel.
4.8 The load-bearing structure shall have sufficient strength, rigidity, stability and
corrosion resistance when bearing the design load.
4.9 The furnace wall shall have good heat insulation and sealing.
4.10 The design of each component shall ensure that it can expand freely according to
the design predetermined direction during operation. The expansion center determined
in the design of the suspended boiler proper shall be fixed. An expansion guiding device
shall be provided to ensure that the furnace body expands in a predetermined direction.
For boilers with a rated pressure of not less than 9.8 MPa, when the equipment and
fixed structure cannot withstand instantaneous loads such as safety valve discharge
reaction force and earthquake force, damping devices shall be installed at appropriate
under various startup modes.
4.20 When the DC power station boiler adopts an external start-up (steam-water)
separator to start the system, the working pressure of the isolation valve shall be
determined according to the design pressure under the maximum continuous load. The
strength of the start-up (steam-water) separator is designed and calculated according to
the design parameters of the boiler’s minimum DC load. When the built-in start-up
(steam-water) separator is used to start the system, the strength of each component shall
be calculated according to the design parameters of the maximum continuous load of
the boiler.
4.21 For control circulation boilers, low circulation ratio boilers and supercritical
pressure composite circulation boilers, the layout of the boiler water circulation pump
(starting circulation pump) and its inlet pipes shall prevent vaporization of the working
medium in the pipe and at the pump inlet.
4.22 The pipe clamps, hangers, and clamping pipes on the heating surface shall be set
reasonably and reliably. Prevent overheating, burning, straining and causing pipes to
collide and rub against each other.
4.23 The boiler structure shall be convenient for installation, operation, maintenance
and internal and external cleaning.
5 Solder connection requirements
5.1 The strength calculation of boiler fillet welds shall comply with the provisions of
JB/T 6734.
5.2 The main welds of pressure elements and their adjacent areas shall avoid welding
accessories as much as possible. If it is unavoidable, the weld of welding accessories
may pass through the main weld but shall not terminate in the main weld and its adjacent
area.
5.3 The distance (L) between the centerlines of the butt welds on the pipes on the
heating surface of the boiler (except dissimilar steel joints) and the straight sections of
the pipes shall meet the following requirements:
a) The outer diameter is less than 159mm, L≥2 times the outer diameter;
b) The outer diameter is not less than 159mm, L≥300mm.
When the boiler structure is difficult to meet the above requirements, the heat-affected
zones of the butt welds shall not overlap, and L≥50mm.
5.4 The butt welds of pipes on the heating surface (except for coiled pipes and formed
pipe fittings) shall be located on the straight section of the pipe. The distance from the
center line of the butt weld of the pipe on the heating surface to the outer wall of the
drum and header, the starting point of the pipe bending, and the edge of the pipe support
is at least 50mm. For boilers with a rated working pressure of not less than 3.8MPa, the
distance shall be at least 70mm (except for dissimilar steel joints limited by the
structure).
5.5 The longitudinal and circumferential butt welds of the drum, start-up (steam-water)
separator, water storage tank, header, pipe and pipe, and the splicing weld of the head
shall adopt a full penetration structure.
5.6 The longitudinal welds of two adjacent drum sections on the drum (except for those
with unequal wall thickness), and the splicing welds of the head and the longitudinal
welds of adjacent drum sections shall not be connected to each other. The distance
between the centerlines of the welds (external arc length) shall be at least 3 times the
thickness of the thicker steel plate, and not less than 100mm.
5.7 For a boiler drum formed by pressing and welding two steel plates with unequal
wall thickness, the longitudinal joints of two adjacent drum sections are allowed to be
connected. However, the intersection of welds shall be qualified by radiographic
inspection.
5.8 Generally, the centerlines of the steel plates on both sides of the longitudinal and
circumferential seams of the drum shall be aligned. When the thickness of the steel
plates on both sides of the ring seam of the drum is not equal, the edge of one side is
also allowed to be aligned. When two elements or steel plates with different nominal
thicknesses are butted, if the difference in nominal edge thickness of any of the two
sides exceeds the edge deviation value specified in 5.9, the edge of the thick plate shall
be cut to be flush with the edge of the thin plate. The chamfered surface shall be smooth.
The slope is not greater than 1:3. If necessary, the width of the weld can be calculated
within the slope, as shown in Figure 1.
6.3.1 The number and position of manholes, head holes, hand holes, cleaning holes,
inspection holes and observation holes opened on boiler pressure elements shall meet
the needs of installation, maintenance, operation monitoring and cleaning.
6.3.2 The connection between manhole ring and head hole ring of pressure elements of
the boiler and drum body and head shall adopt full penetration structure.
6.3.3 The manhole cover, head hole cover and hand hole cover on the pressure elements
of the boiler with a rated pressure not less than 3.8MPa shall adopt an internally closed
structure or a welded structure. The manhole cover, head hole cover and hand hole cover
on the pressure elements of the boiler with rated pressure less than 3.8MPa can adopt
flange connection structure.
6.3.4 For boilers with a drum inner diameter not less than 800mm, manholes shall be
provided on the drum body or head. When personnel cannot enter the boiler due to
structural restrictions, only the head hole may be opened. For boilers with an inner
diameter of the drum less than 800mm, at least one head hole shall be provided on the
drum body or head.
6.3.5 The elliptical manhole on the boiler pressure element shall not be less than
280mm×380mm. The diameter of the circular manhole shall not be less than 380mm.
The minimum sealing plane width of the manhole circle is 19mm. The total gap between
the shoulder of the manhole cover and the manhole ring shall not be greater than 3mm
(not more than 1.5mm at each point along the circumference). The depth of the groove
in the cover plate shall be such that it can completely accommodate the gasket.
6.3.6 The elliptical head hole on the boiler pressure element shall not be less than
220mm×320mm. The height of the neck or hole ring shall not be greater than 100mm.
The minimum sealing plane width of the head hole ring is 15mm.
6.3.7 The inner diameter of the upper hand hole of the boiler pressure element shall not
be less than 80mm. The height of the neck or hole ring shall not be greater than 65mm.
The minimum sealing plane width of the hand hole ring is 6mm.
6.3.8 On the boiler pressure element, the inner diameter of the cleaning hole shall not
be less than 50mm. The neck height shall not be greater than 50mm.
6.3.9 Due to structural reasons, when the height of the neck or hole ring exceeds the
requirements in 5.3.6~5.3.8, the size of each hole shall be enlarged appropriately.
6.3.10 When the handhole cover and the hole ring of the header are connected by non-
welding, they shall not be in direct contact with the flame.
6.3.11 For pressure elements that require radiographic inspection of welds, when the
radiation source needs to be placed inside the cylinder for transillumination and there
is no suitable opening for use, a radiographic inspection hole shall be provided.
6.4 Furnace wall door hole
6.4.1 The oval manhole on the furnace wall is generally not less than 400mm×450mm.
The diameter of the circular manhole is generally not less than 450mm. Rectangular
manholes are generally not less than 300mm×400mm.
6.4.2 For boilers with slight positive pressure combustion, the furnace wall, flue and
door openings of various parts shall be reliably sealed. The fire viewing hole shall be
equipped with an interlock device to prevent flame from blowing out.
6.4.3 Manhole doors in furnace walls shall be fitted with strong latches. The hole cover
of the monitoring hole on the furnace wall shall be guaranteed not to be washed away
by the flue gas.
6.4.4 For water-tube boilers burning pulverized coal, oil, gas and other fuels that may
cause deflagration with a rated evaporation capacity not greater than 75t/h, when the
furnace safety automatic protection system is not installed, explosion-proof doors shall
be installed in the furnace and flue. The setting of explosion-proof doors shall not
endanger personal safety.
7 Drum
7.1 The nominal thickness of the drum body shall not be less than 6mm. When the
heating surface tube and the drum are connected by expansion joints, the nominal
thickness of the drum body shall not be less than 12mm. The net distance between the
holes of expansion joints shall not be less than 19mm.
7.2 When the heating surface tube and the drum are connected by expansion joints, the
wall thickness of the tube shall not be greater than 5mm; the outer diameter of the tube
shall not be greater than 89mm.
7.3 The length of the shortest drum section on the drum body shall not be less than
300mm.
7.4 The head is made of a whole piece of steel plate as much as possible. When splicing
is necessary, two steel plates are allowed to be spliced together. The distance from the
splicing weld to the centerline of the head is not greater than 30% of the nominal inner
diameter of the head. It shall not pass through the pulling-edge manhole. Splicing welds
shall also not be arranged on the arc of the edge of the manhole.
7.5 The center distance between the drum suspender and the circumferential weld of
the drum shall not be less than 200mm. The longitudinal cylinder welds within 180° of
the lower part of the drum body at the suspender position shall be ground flat.
7.6 For steam boilers with a rated steam pressure greater than 0.8MPa, any connecting
pipes (such as water supply pipes, dosing pipes) that can cause local thermal fatigue of
header of the water-cooled wall shall be provided with a regular sewage discharge
device.
9.3 Corresponding hand holes or inspection holes shall be installed on the header
according to the needs of manufacturing and maintenance.
9.4 Reliable anti-wear and heat insulation measures shall be taken for headers washed
by flue gas.
9.5 When the two pipe fittings are butt-connected, corresponding measures shall be
taken to ensure the conditions for non-destructive testing of the weld.
10 Desuperheater
10.1 For steam boilers with a rated pressure greater than 0.8MPa, the desuperheater
water pipe of the spray desuperheater shall be equipped with a sleeve at the place where
it passes through the desuperheater cylinder.
10.2 The space between the cylinder and the inner liner of the water spray desuperheater
and between the water spray pipe and the pipe seat shall be able to expand freely. There
shall be no resonance.
10.3 The length of the inner liner of the spray desuperheater shall meet the requirements
of water vaporization. When the inner liner adopts a spliced structure, the spliced welds
shall adopt a full penetration structure.
10.4 The structure and arrangement of spray desuperheater shall be easy to repair. An
inspection hole with an inner diameter of not less than 80mm shall be provided.
Inspection holes shall be located to facilitate endoscopic inspection of inner liners as
well as sprinkler pipes.
10.5 The structure of the cooling water pipe of the surface desuperheater shall be able
to prevent thermal fatigue cracks of the cooling water pipe.
10.6 When the two table-top desuperheaters are arranged symmetrically from left to
right, the arrangement of the cooling water inlet and outlet pipes shall be able to prevent
steam lock and pulsation in the desuperheater.
11 Furnace (water-cooling wall)
11.1 The water-cooling wall shall adopt membrane tube panel structure. Ensure the
tightness of the furnace.
11.2 Furnace water-cooling wall shall ensure sufficient mass flow rate in its tube, so as
to maintain the hydrodynamic stability of the water-cooling wall and the heat transfer
protection plates, so as to prevent the tubes from being blown.
12.6 The highest point of the superheater and reheater shall be provided with a pipe seat
and valve for discharging air.
12.7 A drain valve shall be installed at the lowest header (or pipeline) of the superheater
system and reheater system.
12.8 Superheater and reheater tube bundles shall take measures such as positioning or
fixing devices to prevent shaking and abnormal vibration during operation. No rubbing
occurs.
12.9 Sufficient space for inspection and cleaning shall be left between the superheaters
at all levels and the heating surface tube groups of the reheaters.
13 Coal economizer
13.1 The design of the economizer shall fully consider the protection measures of ash
particle wear. When necessary, a baffle plate shall be installed between the economizer
tube bundle and the surrounding walls to prevent flue gas from drifting. A reliable anti-
wear device shall also be provided on the tube bundle.
13.2 Within the effective range of the soot blower, the economizer and its suspension
pipes shall be equipped with anti-wear guards, so as to prevent blowing damage to the
pipes.
13.3 The economizer shall be self-draining. The lowest header (or piping) shall be
equipped with a drain connection seat with corresponding valves.
13.4 At the highest point of the economizer, a connection seat and a valve for
discharging air shall be provided.
13.5 Between the heating surface tube groups such as the economizer arranged in the
flue at the rear of the boiler, there shall be a space of sufficient height to facilitate access
for maintenance and cleaning.
13.6 For drum boilers, in order to ensure the cooling of the economizer during the start
and stop process, recirculation pipes shall be installed, or other protective measures
shall be taken.
14 Hanging-supporting devices
14.1 The hanging-supporting device shall have sufficient strength. The strength of each
stressed member shall be calculated according to the load and displacement under
various operating conditions. Stiffness and stability calculations shall also be performed
if necessary.
14.2 The setting of the hanging-supporting device shall meet the overall layout of the
boiler and the layout requirements of the supported pressure parts.
14.3 The hanging-supporting device shall be simple and reasonable in structure and
easy to install. A mature, reliable and economical structural type shall be selected.
14.4 The thread diameter of the ordinary suspender on the top of the suspending boiler
shall not be less than M16.
14.5 The structural type and calculation of the suspender device are in accordance with
the provisions of JB/T 6735.
15 Rigid beam
15.1 Rigid beams are used to withstand boiler furnace pressure and transmit horizontal
forces. Rigid beams generally do not bear external loads. If subjected to external loads,
corresponding measures shall be taken to make the rigid beam system and pipes meet
the strength and stiffness requirements.
15.2 The layout of the rigid beam system shall be based on a stress analysis of the tubes
and rigid beams. Protect pipes and rigid beams from vibration. The rigid beam itself
shall have sufficient strength, rigidity and stability under the design pressure of the
furnace.
15.3 The reaction force at the end of the rigid beam shall be clearly transmitted. All
stress components meet the strength and rigidity requirements.
15.4 Rigid beams generally use I-shaped cross-sections. Truss structures can also be
used.
15.5 There shall be effective heat insulation measures between the rigid beam and the
furnace wall, so as to prevent large thermal deviations between the inside and outside
of the main beam of the rigid beam.
15.6 Rigid beams shall be provided with necessary drainage holes to prevent water
accumulation.
16 Boiler steel structure and escalator as well as platform
16.1 The design of the boiler steel structure shall comply with the provisions of GB/T
22395.
16.2 The design of escalators and platforms shall comply with the provisions of GB
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