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GB/T 1596-2017

Chinese Standard: 'GB/T 1596-2017'
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Detail Information of GB/T 1596-2017; GB/T1596-2017
Description (Translated English): Fly ash used for cement and concrete
Sector / Industry: National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard: Q11
Classification of International Standard: 91.100.10
Word Count Estimation: 13,165
Date of Issue: 2017-07-12
Date of Implementation: 2018-06-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard): GB/T 1596-2005
Quoted Standard: GB 175; GB/T 176; GB/T 208; GB/T 1345; GB/T 1346; GB/T 2419; GBT 5484; GB 6566; GB/T 12573; GB/T 17671-1999; GSB 08-1337; GSB 08-2506; GSB 14-1510
Drafting Organization: China Building Materials Science Research Institute, Yangtze River Water Resources Commission Yangtze River Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Building Science, China Three Gorges Corporation, Zhuzhou Hongxin Special Building Materials Co., Ltd., Xiamen Ai Si European Standard Sand Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization: National Cement Standardization Technical Committee (SAC / TC 184)
Proposing organization: China Building Materials Federation
Issuing agency(ies): General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People Republic of China, China National Standardization Administration Committee
Summary: This standard specifies the terms and definitions, classification, grade, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, packaging, marking, transportation and storage of fly ash for use in cement and concrete. This standard applies to mixed mortar and concrete as a binder of fly ash and cement production as an active mixture of fly ash.

GB/T 1596-2017
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 91.100.10
Q 11
Replacing GB/T 1596-2005
Fly ash used for cement and concrete
用于水泥和混凝土中的粉煤灰
ISSUED ON. JULY 12, 2017
IMPLEMENTED ON. JUNE 1, 2018
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection
and Quarantine;
Standardization Administration Committee.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Terms and definitions ... 6 
4 Classification ... 6 
5 Grade ... 7 
6 Technical requirements ... 7 
7 Test methods ... 9 
8 Inspection rules ... 10 
9 Packaging, marks, transport and storage ... 12 
Annex A (Normative) Test method for water demand ratio of fly ash ... 13 
Annex B (Normative) Test method for water content of fly ash ... 15 
Annex C (Normative) Test method for strength activity index of fly ash ... 17 
Foreword
This Standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T
1.1-2009.
This Standard replaces GB/T 1596-2005 Fly ash used for cement and
concrete.
Compared with GB/T 1596-2005, the main technical changes in this Standard
are as follows.
- modified “reference sample. complies with GSB 14-1510 Cement
standard sample used for strength testing” to “reference cement.
Portland cement or ordinary Portland cement that complies with GSB
14-1510, or is of strength grade of 42.5 specified in GB 175 and this
Standard” (see 3.2 of this Edition, 3.2 of Edition 2005);
- in technical requirements, added indicators of “SiO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3
total mass fraction, density and strength activity” in “mixed fly ash for
concrete and mortar”; the Grade II fly ash fineness index was modified
from “45μm square hole sieve residue is not greater than 25%” to “45μm
square hole sieve residue is not greater than 30%”; Grade III fly ash loss
was modified from “not greater than 15.0%” to “not greater than 10.0%”
(see 6.1 of this Edition, 6.1 of Edition 2005);
- in technical requirements, added indicators of “SiO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3 total
mass fraction and density” in “fly ash used for cement activity mixed
materials” (see 6.2 of this Edition);
- modified the radioactive indicators from “qualified” to “meet building
body material requirements in GB 6566” (see 6.2 of this Edition, 6.3 of
Edition 2005);
- when using dry or semi-dry desulfurization process, the resulting fly ash
shall be subjected to the detection of hemihydrate calcium sulfite
content; added specified indicators and test methods (see 6.4 and 7.5 of
this Edition);
- added radioactive test sample ratio (see 7.9 of this Edition);
- modified the reference cement mortar fluidity in fly ash water ratio test
from “130mm ~ 140mm” to “145mm ~ 155mm”; modified the test
procedures at the same time (see Annexes A.3 and A.5 of this Edition;
Annexes B.3 and B.5 of Edition 2005).
This Standard was proposed by China Building Materials Federation.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee
on Cement of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 184).
Main drafting organizations of this Standard. China Building Materials
Academy, Yangtze River Water Resources Commission Academy of
Sciences of the Yangtze River, Shanghai Academy of Building Research,
China Three Gorges Corporation, Zhuzhou Hongxin Special Building Material
Co., Ltd., Xiamen ISO Standard Sand Co. Ltd.
The drafting organizations of this Standard. Yuanbaoshan Power Co., Ltd.,
Huadian Power International Co., Ltd., Zouxian Power Plant, Sichuan Tao
Feng Fly Ash Trade Co., Ltd., Guizhou Mingchuan Fly Ash Co., Ltd., Xuanwei
Power Fly Ash Development Co., Ltd., Shenzhen Weihai Building Materials
Co., Ltd., Shanghai Construction Materials Co., Ltd., Jiangsu Huanghai
Cement Co., Ltd., Xinjiang Tianshan Cement Co., Ltd., Shandong Zhuozhou
Cement Co., Ltd., Ningbo Xinhai Construction Materials Testing Co., Ltd.,
Shanghai Bridge Industrial Co., Ltd., Yunnan Building Materials Products
Quality Inspection Institute, Inner Mongolia Building Materials Product Quality
Inspection Institute.
Main drafters of this Standard. Jiang Lizhen, Zhu Wenshang, Wang Shuyin,
Du Yong, Yang Lixiang, Li Wenwei, Yan Jianjun, Shen Yanjun, Chen Guiquan,
Li Laifang, Xue Yueyu, Yu Haibo, Wu Baohua, Zhu Mintao, Deng Minhui,
Wang Jianbiao, Li Xihua, Chen Wenyao, Gong Bo, He Jiangfang, Wu Feicai,
Gao Huijuan, He Jun, Liu Qingbin, Lin Maosong, Ma Zhaomu, Wang Xingqin,
Ren Fenmei.
Versions of standard substituted by this Standard are.
- GB/T 1596-1979, GB/T 1596-1991, GB/T 1596-2005.
Fly ash used for cement and concrete
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the terms and definitions, classification, grade,
technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, packaging, marks,
transport and storage of fly ash used for cement and concrete.
This Standard is applicable to the fly ash used as admixture when mixing
mortar and concrete as well as the fly ash used as active mixed material in
cement production.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of
this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For
undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including
any amendments) applies.
GB 175, Common Portland Cement
GB/T 176, Method for Chemical Analysis of Cement
GB/T 208, STANDARD test method for cement density
GB/T 1345, The Test Sieving Method for Fineness of Cement
GB/T 1346, Standard test method for water requirement for normal
consistency setting time and soundness of the Portland cement
GB/T 2419, Test method for fluidity of cement mortar
GBT 5484, Methods for chemical analysis of gypsum
GB 6566, Limits of radionuclides in building materials
GB/T 12573, Sampling method for cement
GB/T 17671-1999, Method of testing cements - Determination of strength
GSB 08-1337, China ISO standard sand
GSB 08-2506, Standard sample used for fly ash fineness
GSB 14-1510, Cement standard sample used for strength testing
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 fly ash
powder collected in flue gas of pulverized coal stove of power plant
NOTE. Fly ash does not include the following situations. (1) when burning municipal waste or
other wastes together with coal; (2) when burning industrial or municipal waste in incinerators;
(3) powder collected by circulating fluidized bed boilers.
3.2 reference cement
Portland cement or ordinary Portland cement that complies with GSB
14-1510, or is of strength grade of 42.5 specified in GB 175 and this Standard
3.3 testing sample
mixed by reference cement and testing fly ash according to a mass ratio of
7.3
3.4 reference mortar
mixed by reference cement and specified grade standard sand according to a
mass ratio of 1.3
3.5 testing mortar
mixed by testing sample and specified grade standard sand according to a
mass ratio of 1.3
3.6 strength activity index
the ratio of the compressive strength of testing mortar to that of the reference
mortar at the specified age, in percentage
4 Classification
4.1 According to category of coal, it is divided into F type fly ash (fly ash
collected from the burning of anthracite or bituminous coal) and C type fly ash
(fly ash collected from the calcination of lignite or sub-bituminous coal;
calcium oxide content is generally greater than or equal to 10%).
4.2 According to use, it is divided into fly ash used for mixing mortar and
concrete AND fly ash used for cement activity mixed materials.
5 Grade
The fly ash used for mixing mortar and concrete is divided into three grades. I,
II, III.
The fly ash used for cement activity mixed materials is not graded.
6 Technical requirements
6.1 Physical and chemical performance requirements
The fly ash used for mixing mortar and concrete shall meet requirements of
Table 1. The fly ash used for cement activity mixed materials shall meet
requirements of Table 1.
Table 1 -- Physical and chemical performance requirement......
Related standard:   GB/T 2015-2017  GB/T 3183-2017
   
 
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