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GB/T 15688-2008 (GBT15688-2008)

GB/T 15688-2008_English: PDF (GBT 15688-2008, GBT15688-2008)
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GB/T 15688-2008English150 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Animal and vegetable fats and oils -- Determination of insoluble impurities content Valid GB/T 15688-2008

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 15688-2008 (GB/T15688-2008)
Description (Translated English) Animal and vegetable fats and oils. Determination of insoluble impurities content
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard X04
Classification of International Standard 67.040
Word Count Estimation 8,871
Date of Issue 2008-11-04
Date of Implementation 2009-01-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 15688-1995
Quoted Standard GB/T 15687
Adopted Standard ISO 663-2007, MOD
Drafting Organization Huazhong Agricultural University
Administrative Organization National Standardization Technical Committee Agri
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Approval Announcement 2008 No.17 (Total No.130)
Proposing organization National Food Authority
Issuing agency(ies) Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China; Standardization Administration of China
Summary This standard specifies the determination of plant and animal oils and fats insoluble impurities content. This standard applies to animal fat. If soaps (especially calcium soaps) or oxidation of fatty acids is not as insoluble impurities content calculated using different solvents should and method of operation. The measurement of insoluble impurities content complies with the relevant requirements.

Standards related to: GB/T 15688-2008

GB/T 15688-2008
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 67.040
X 04
Replacing GB/T 15688-1995
Animal and Vegetable Fats and Oils -
Determination of Insoluble Impurities Content
(ISO 663:2007, MOD)
ISSUED ON: NOVEMBER 04, 2008
IMPLEMENTED ON: JANUARY 01, 2009
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Terms and Definitions ... 4
4 Principle ... 5
5 Reagents ... 5
6 Instruments ... 5
7 Sampling ... 6
8 Preparation of Specimen ... 6
9 Operating Procedures ... 6
10 Result Expression ... 7
11 Precision ... 7
12 Test Report ... 8
Appendix A (Informative) Inter-Laboratory Test Results ... 9
Bibliography ... 10
Animal and Vegetable Fats and Oils -
Determination of Insoluble Impurities Content
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the method for the determination of insoluble impurities
content in animal and vegetable fats and oils.
This Standard is applicable to animal and vegetable fats and oils. If soaps (especially
calcium soaps) or oxidized fatty acids are not calculated as insoluble impurities,
different solvents and operating methods shall be used to make the determination of
insoluble impurities meet the relevant requirements.
2 Normative References
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this Standard through
reference in this Standard. For dated references, the subsequent amendments
(excluding corrigendum) or revisions do not apply to this Standard, however, parties
who reach an agreement based on this Standard are encouraged to study if the latest
versions of these documents are applicable. For undated references, the latest edition
of the referenced document applies.
GB/T 15687 Oils And Fats-Preparation of Test Sample (GB/T 15687-1995, eqv
ISO 661:1989)
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purpose of this Standard, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 Insoluble impurities content
Under the conditions specified in this standard, the amount of substances and foreign
impurities insoluble in n-hexane or petroleum ether.
NOTE 1: The content is expressed by mass fraction.
NOTE 2: These impurities include mechanical impurities, minerals, carbohydrates, nitrogen
compounds, various resins, calcium soaps, oxidized fatty acids, fatty acid lactones and (partial)
alkaline soaps, hydroxy fatty acids and their glycerides, etc.
7 Sampling
The sampling is not the content of this Standard, it is recommended to use GB/T 5524.
The samples received by the laboratory shall be representative and shall not be
damaged or changed during transportation or storage.
8 Preparation of Specimen
Prepare the specimen according to the method in GB/T 15687.
9 Operating Procedures
9.1 Specimen
In a conical flask (6.3), take about 20g of the specimen (Clause 8), accurate to 0.01g.
9.2 Determination
9.2.1 Put the filter paper and filter with lid (6.5) or crucible filter (6.6) in the oven (6.2);
the temperature of the oven is 103°C; heat, bake and dry. Cool in a dryer (6.4) and
weigh it, accurate to 0.001g. For acid oils, prepare the crucible according to 9.2.7; and
then operate according to 9.2.2.
9.2.2 Add 200mL of n-hexane or petroleum ether (5.1) to the conical flask containing
the specimen (9.1); cover the stopper and shake. For castor oil, the amount of solvent
may be increased to facilitate operation; so that a larger conical flask may be used.
Stand at 20°C for 30min.
9.2.3 Filter through ashless filter paper in a suitable funnel; and suction filter through a
crucible filter if necessary. When cleaning the conical flask, make sure that all
impurities are washed into the filter paper or crucible.
Clean the filter paper or crucible filter by a small amount of solvent (9.2.2) until the
solvent is free of grease. If necessary, properly heat the solvent, but the temperature
shall not exceed 60°C, so to dissolve some solidified fat on the filter paper.
9.2.4 Move the filter paper from the funnel to the filter (6.5); let it stand; make most of
the solvent on the filter paper evaporate in the air; and completely evaporate the
solvent in the oven at 103°C. Then take it out from the oven; cover the lid; cool in a
dryer (6.4) and weigh it, accurate 0.001g.
9.2.5 If using a crucible filter, make most of the solvent on the crucible filter evaporate
in the air; and completely evaporate the solvent in an oven at 103°C; and then cool
Appendix A summarizes the inter-laboratory test conditions of the precision of this
method. The values obtained from these tests may not be applicable to other
concentration ranges and other test objects.
11.2 Repeatability
In the same laboratory, the same operator uses the same equipment, according to the
same test method, and the same test object is tested independently in a short time.
The condition that the absolute difference between the two independent test results is
greater than the repeatability limit (r) given in Table A.1 does not exceed 5%.
11.3 Reproducibility
In different laboratories, different operators use different equipment and use the same
test method to test the same test object independently of each other. The condition
that the absolute difference between the two independent test results is greater than
the reproducibility limit (R) given in Table A.1 does not exceed 5%.
12 Test Report
The test report should explain in detail for the following:
--- All relevant information required for the test sample;
--- If the sampling method is known, please indicate it;
--- The adopted inspection method and reference standard;
--- The used Solvent;
--- Not specifically stated in this Standard, or considered optional, and all
operational details that may affect the results;
---The measurement results. If a repeatability test is carried out, the results of the
two measurements and the average result shall be stated.
...