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GB/T 1506-2016

Chinese Standard: 'GB/T 1506-2016'
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GB/T 1506-2016English150 Add to Cart 0--10 minutes. Auto immediate delivery. Manganese ores -- Determination of manganese content -- Potentiometric method and ammonium iron (Ⅱ) sulphate titrimetric method Valid GB/T 1506-2016
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Standard ID GB/T 1506-2016 (GB/T1506-2016)
Description (Translated English) Manganese ores - Determination of manganese content - Potentiometric method and ammonium iron(��) sulphate titrimetric method
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard D32
Classification of International Standard 73.060.20
Word Count Estimation 14,191
Date of Issue 1979-02-28
Date of Implementation 2017-07-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 1506-2002
Drafting Organization Anshan Iron and Steel Group, Changsha Mining and Metallurgy Research Institute Co., Ltd., Metallurgical Industry Information Standards Institute
Administrative Organization National Standardization Technical Committee for Pig Iron and Ferroalloy (SAC/TC 318)
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Announcement 2016 No.14
Proposing organization China Iron and Steel Association
Issuing agency(ies) General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People Republic of China, Standardization Administration of the People Republic of China

GB/T 1506-2016
ICS 73.060.20
D 32
Replacing GB/T 1506-2002
Manganese ores - Determination of manganese
content - Potentiometric method and ammonium
iron (II) sulphate titrimetric method
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Method 1. Potentiometric titration ... 6 
4 Method 2. ammonium iron (II) sulphate titrimetric method ... 11 
5 General processing of analysis results ... 16 
6 Test report ... 17 
Appendix A (Normative) Specimen analysis value acceptance procedure flow
chart ... 18 
This standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This standard replaces GB/T 1506-2002 “Manganese ores - Determination of
manganese content - Potentiometric method and ammonium iron (II) sulphate
titrimetric method”.
As compared with GB/T 1506-2002, the main technical changes are as follows.
- ADD the content of normative references;
- MODIFY the expression of requirements for the reagents and water used;
- ADD the contents of the reagents used;
- ADD the provisions on the number of determinations;
- MODIFY the operational statement of the blank value determination;
- MODIFY the added water volume for the preparation of N-phenyl anthranilic
acid indicator solution (0.2 g/L);
- MODIFY the operational statement of the dissolution of the sample by
ammonium nitrate oxidation;
- MODIFY the operational statement of the dissolution of the sample by
perchloric acid oxidation;
- MODIFY the amount of nitric acid added when the sample is dissolved by
perchloric acid oxidation;
- ADD notes on the applicability of the two sample dissolution methods;
- MODIFY the operational statement before titration with ammonium ferrous
sulfate standard solution;
- ADD the acceptance of the analytical value of the standard sample;
- ADD the calculation of the final result;
- ADD the requirements for the test report;
- ADD Appendix A.
This standard was proposed by the China Iron and Steel Association.
This standard shall be under the jurisdiction of the National Standards
Manganese ores - Determination of manganese
content - Potentiometric method and ammonium
iron (II) sulphate titrimetric method
Warning - The personnel using this standard shall have practical
experience in formal laboratory work. This standard does not address all
possible safety issues. It is the responsibility of the user to take
appropriate safety and health measures and to ensure compliance with
the conditions set by the relevant national regulations.
1 Scope
This standard specifies the determination of manganese in manganese ore by
potentiometric method and ammonium iron (II) sulphate titrimetric method.
This standard is applicable to the determination of manganese content in
manganese ore and manganese concentrates with vanadium content (mass
fraction) not more than 0.05%, the determination range (mass fraction) is as
follows. manganese content of potentiometric titration ≥ 15.00%; manganese
content of ammonium iron (II) sulphate titrimetric method is 8.00% ~ 60.00%.
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For
the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable
to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including
all the amendments) are applicable to this standard.
GB/T 2011 Method of sampling and sample preparation of manganese ores
in bulk
GB/T 6682 Water for analytical laboratory use - Specification and test
GB/T 8170 Rules of rounding off for numerical values & expression and
judgement of limiting values
GB/T 14949.8 Method for chemical analysis of manganese ore -
Determination of moisture storage
into the filter type crucible with glass core, PERFORM suction filtering on a
suction device. REPEAT the crystallization process.
After sufficient suction filtration, TRANSFER the obtained crystals to a glass
dish or a porcelain dish, ALLOW it to air dry in the dark, PAY attention to avoid
dust. USE a glass rod to grind it. When the crystal is no longer in a block,
PLACE it in a drying oven at 80 °C ~ 100 °C to dry it for 2 h ~ 3 h, then PUT it
in a brown glass bottle. PERFORM recrystallization to obtain the manganese
content (mass fraction) of potassium permanganate, which is 34.76%.
3.2.12 Manganese standard solution.
WEIGH 10 g of electrolytic manganese (purity greater than 99.95%) in a 400
mL beaker, ADD 50 mL of water and 5 mL of nitric acid (ρ = 1.42 g/mL), LEAVE
for a few minutes until the manganese surface becomes bright. USE water to
wash it for 6 times, then USE acetone to wash it, DRY it at 100 °C for 10 min.
WEIGH 1.0000 g of the treated manganese in a 400 mL beaker, ADD 20 mL of
sulfuric acid (1 + 1) and about 100 mL of water. BOIL the solution until it is clear,
COOL it down, TRANSFER it into a 1000 mL volumetric flask, USE water to
dilute it to the mark, MIX it uniformly. This solution contains 1.00 mg of
manganese per millimeter.
3.2.13 Potassium permanganate standard titration solution, c(1/5 KMnO4)≈0.1
mol/L Preparation
WEIGH 3.20 g of potassium permanganate, DISSOLVE it in 1000 mL of water,
PLACE it for 6 d, USE glass wool or filter glass with glass sand core to filter it
into a brown glass bottle, MIX it uniformly. Calibration Calibration with manganese standard solution
PIPETTE 100.00 mL of manganese standard solution (see 3.2.12) in a 500 mL
beaker, ADD 250 mL of sodium pyrophosphate solution (see 3.2.9) whilst
stirring it, USE hydrochloric acid (see 3.2.7) or sodium carbonate solution (see
3.2.8) to adjust the pH of the solution to 7.0 [USE the pH meter or bromothymol
blue indicator (see 3.2.14) to check the pH value]. On the potentiometric titrator
(see 3.3.2), USE potassium permanganate standard titration solution (see
3.2.13) to titrate it, until the potentiometric titrator (see 3.3.2) has obvious
potential sharp change or pointer deflection, as the end point.
PERFORM blank determination together with the calibration.
USE the formula (1) to calculate the titer T1 of manganese in the potassium
4.2.1 Ammonium nitrate, solid.
4.2.2 Phosphoric acid, ρ = 1.70 g/mL.
4.2.3 Nitric acid, ρ = 1.42 g/mL.
4.2.4 Hydrochloric acid, ρ= 1.19 g/mL.
4.2.5 Perchloric acid, ρ = 1.67 g/mL.
4.2.6 Sulfuric acid, 1 + 1.
4.2.7 Sulfuric acid, 5 + 95.
4.2.8 Sulfuric acid, 1 + 4.
4.2.9 Potassium dichromate standard solution [c (1/6 K2Cr2O7) = 0.04000 mol/L].
WEIGH 1.9615 g of reference potassium dichromate (pre-dried at 150 °C for 2
h and cooled to room temperature in a desiccator), PLACE it in a 250 mL beaker,
ADD an appropriate amount of water to dissolve it, TRANSFER it into a 1000
mL volumetric flask. USE water to dilute it to the mark, MIX it uniformly.
4.2.10 Ammonium ferrous sulfate standard titration solution, c
[(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2·6H2O] ≈ 0.040 mol/L. Preparation
WEIGH 15.68 g of ammonium iron (II) sulphate, DISSOLVE it in 1000 mL of
sulfuric acid (5 + 95) solution, MIX it uniformly. Calibration
PIPETTE 25.00 mL of potassium dichromate standard solution (see 4.2.9) into
a 250 mL conical flask, ADD 40 mL of sulfuric acid (see 4.2.8) and 5 mL of
phosphoric acid (see 4.2.2), USE the ammonium iron (II) sulphate standard
titration solution (see 4.2.10) to titrate it until the orange color disappears, ADD
2 drops of the N-benzoanthranilic acid indicator solution (see 4.2.11),
CONTINUE adding it until the solution becomes green, which is the end point.
CALCULATE the titer T3 of manganese in the ammonium iron (II) sulphate
standard titration solution in accordance with formula (5), in grams per milliliter
c - The concentration of potassium dichromate standard solution, in moles
WEIGH 0.20 g of the air-dried sample to the nearest 0.0001 g. DETERMINE
the wet moisture content in accordance with GB/T 14949.8 whilst weighing the
4.5.3 Blank test
PERFORM the blank test along with the sample, MAKE titration in accordance
with, DO not add sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid, RECORD V12.
4.5.4 Determination PLACE the sample (see 4.5.2) (when the sample contains a large
amount of carbon and organic matter, PLACE the sample in a porcelain crucible
and BURN it at 700 °C for 10 min) in a 250 mL conical flask, USE a small
amount of water to wet the specimen, SHAKE it carefully to scatter the
specimen. Based on the manganese content, SELECT one of the following
methods for operation. Ammonium nitrate oxidation method
ADD 5 mL of sulfuric acid (see 4.2.6), SHAKE it uniformly. ADD 20 mL of
phosphoric acid (see 4.2.2), SHAKE it uniformly. Then HEAT to dissolve it, after
it is slightly boiling, ADD 3 mL ~ 5 mL of nitric acid (see 4.2.3), CONTINUE
heating to oxidize carbon and organic matter, after the large bubble and yellow
smoke disappear and the surface is calm, HEAT to make the sulfur trioxide
produce white smoke for 3 min ~ 5 min (the white smoke release duration is
related to the temperature of the electric furnace, generally about 5 minutes on
the 1000 W electric furnace). REMOVE it, when observing the appearance of
slight white smoke in the flask, immediately ADD......
Related standard:   GB/T 1509-2016  GB/T 1510-2016
Related PDF sample:   GB/T 1509-2016
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