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GB/T 13883-2008 (GBT13883-2008)

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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 13883-2008 (GB/T13883-2008)
Description (Translated English) Determination of selenium in feeds
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard B46
Classification of International Standard 65.120
Word Count Estimation 7,789
Date of Issue 2008-08-01
Date of Implementation 2008-11-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 13883-1992
Quoted Standard GB/T 6682; GB/T 14699.1; GB/T 20195
Drafting Organization China Feed Industry Association
Administrative Organization National Standardization Technical Committee Feed Industry
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Approval Announcement 2008 No.12 (Total No.125)
Proposing organization National Feed Industry Standardization Technical Committee
Issuing agency(ies) Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China; Standardization Administration of China
Summary This standard specifies the feed, concentrated feed and premix feed determination of selenium. This standard applies to feed, determination of feed and premix feed selenium concentration. Hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry for quantitative limit 0. 01 mg/kg, fluorescence quantitative limit of 0. 02 mg/kg.

Standards related to: GB/T 13883-2008

GB/T 13883-2008
GB
ICS 65.120
B 46
National Standard
of the People’s Republic of China
Replacing GB/T 13883-1992
Determination of selenium in feeds
ISSUED ON. AUGUST 1, 2008
IMPLEMENTED ON. NOVEMBER 1, 2008
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration Committee.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 The first method -- Hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry
(Arbitration method) ... 4 
4 The second method -- 2,3-diamino-naphthalene fluorescence ... 8 
Foreword
This Standard replaces GB/T 13883-1992 "Determination of selenium in feeds."
Compared with GB/T 13883-1992, the main changes in this Standard are as follows.
— INTRODUCE hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry as
arbitration method;
— SPECIFY that the excitation wavelength of 2,3-diamino-naphthalene
fluorescence is 376mm; the emission wavelength is 520nm.
This Standard was proposed and shall be under the jurisdiction of the National
Standardization Technical Committee of Feed Industry.
Drafting organizations of this Standard. China Feed Industry Association, the National
Feed Quality Supervision and Inspection Center (Wuhan).
Main drafters of this Standard. He Yifan, Xin Shengpeng, Su Shenglan, Xu Jinping,
Zou Daqiong, Liu Xiaomin, Gao Lihong.
This Standard was first-time released in 1991 as the national standard GB
13883-1992. It was adjusted to non-mandatory standard in 1997, and renumbered as
GB/T 13883-1992. This revision is the first revision of this Standard.
Determination of selenium in feeds
1 Scope 
This Standard specifies the determination method of selenium in compound feeds,
concentrated feeds, and premixed feeds.
This Standard applies to the determination of selenium in compound feeds,
concentrated feeds, and premixed feeds.
Quantitative limit of hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry is
0.01mg/kg; quantitative limit of fluorescence is 0.02mg/kg.
2 Normative references 
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this Standard through
reference in this Standard. For dated references, the subsequent amendments
(excluding corrections) or revisions do not apply to this Standard, however, parties
who reach an agreement based on this Standard are encouraged to study if the latest
versions of these documents are applicable. For undated references, the latest edition
of the referenced document applies..
GB/T 6682 Water for analytical laboratory use - Specification and test methods
(GB/T 6682-1992, neq ISO 3696. 1987)
GB/T 14699.1 Animal feeding stuffs - Sampling (GB/T 14699.1-2005, ISO 6497.
2002, IDT)
GB/T 20195 Animal feeding stuffs - Preparation of test samples (GB/T
20195-2006, ISO 6498. 1998, IDT)
3  The  first  method  ‐‐  Hydride  generation  atomic  fluorescence 
spectrometry (Arbitration method) 
3.1 Principle
After the sample is heated and digested by acid, in hydrochloric acid medium,
REDUCE the hexavalent selenium in the sample TO tetravalent selenium. USE
sodium borohydride as the reducing agent; REDUCE the tetravalent selenium to
hydrogen selenide in hydrochloric acid medium; then it is carried by carrier gas into
the atomizer to atomize. Under the irradiation of selenium hollow cathode lamp,
the relative deviation ≤20%;
When the mass fraction of selenium is more than 0.40mg/kg, the relative deviation
≤12%.
4 The second method ‐‐ 2,3‐diamino‐naphthalene fluorescence 
4.1 Principle
DIGEST the sample by mixed acid, so as to make the selenium free. In acidic solution,
selenium (Se4+) and 2,3-diamino-naphthalene (DAN) generate 4,5-phenylbenzo
selenadiazole. USE cyclohexane to directly extract in the solution of which the acidity
is the same as that of generated complex. USE fluorescence spectrophotometer to
determine the fluorescence intensity at an excitation wavelength of 376nm and an
emission wavelength of 520nm. And then calculate selenium content in the sample.
4.2 Reagents
The following reagents, unless otherwise stated, are of analytical purity. The water
shall meet the Grade-2 water specified in GB/T 6682.
4.2.1 Perchloric acid. premium-grade pure.
4.2.2 Nitrate. premium-grade pure.
4.2.3 Ammonia solution. 1 + 1.
4.2.4 Hydrochloric acid solution. c (HCl) = 3mol/L.
4.2.5 Hydrochloric acid solution. c (HCl) = 0.1mol/L.
4.2.6 Cyclohexane. if there are fluorescent impurities, it shall be re-evaporated before
being used.
4.2.7 Hydroxylamine hydrochloride-ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) solution.
WEIGH 10g of EDTA and dissolve them in 500mL of water. ADD 25g of
hydroxylamine hydrochloride and make them dissolved. DILUTE with water to 1L.
4.2.8 2,3-diamino-naphthalene (DAN) solution. WEIGH 10g of DAN in a 250-mL
beaker. ADD 100mL of hydrochloric acid solution (4.2.5) to make them dissolved.
TRANSFER into a 250-mL separating funnel. ADD 20mL of cyclohexane (4.2.6) and
SHAKE for 1min. REMOVE cyclohexane after stratification. USE cyclohexane to
repeatedly process aqueous phase for 2 to 3 times. PUT the aqueous phase into a
brown bottle and cover with 1-cm-thick cyclohexane. KEEP in the dark. This solution
can be used for several weeks.
4.5.1.2 Premixed feeds
For premixed sample, WEIGH 1.0g of sample (accurate to 0.0001g). PLACE in a
100-mL high beaker. ADD 10mL of water and 15mL of nitric acid (4.2.2). COVER with
a watch glass. PLACE on an electric hot plate and boiling at a low temperature for
30min. TAKE down and cool it down. USE water to transfer into a 100-mL volumetric
flask. DILUTE to the scale. SHAKE well. MESURE some supernatant (Se≤0.4μg) into
a 100-mL high beaker. ADD 5mL of perchloric acid (4.2.1). The following steps are
conducted according to 4.5.1.1 - the analysis steps after perchloric acid is added.
4.5.2 Preparation of standard curves
Accurately MEASURE 0.00, 0.50, 1.00, 2.00, 3.00, 4.00mL of selenium standard
working solution (4.2.9) respectively into 50-mL colorimetric tubes with stoppers. ADD
2 drops of cresol red indicator (4.2.10). The following steps are conducted according
to 4.5.1.1 - the analysis steps after “neutralize with aqueous ammonia solution
(4.2.3)”.
4.5.3 Sample determination
ABSORB the cyclohexane solution on the upper layer of the solution to be tested
(4.5.1.1) INTO a 1-cm quartz cup. Use fluorophotometer to respectively determine the
fluorescence intensity at the positions where excitation wavelength is 376nm and
emission wavelength is 520nm. At the same time, DETERMINE the standard curves;
DRAW the standard curves. OBTAIN the selenium content in the solution from the
standard curves. Determination results of selenium in samples are calculated
according to 4.6.1.
4.6 Calculation and presentation of analysis results
4.6.1 Calculation results
Selenium content X in the sample, in mass fraction, of which the numerical value is
expressed in milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg), is calculated according to equation (2).
Where.
m1 — Mass fraction of selenium in samples, obtained from the standard curve, in
units of micrograms (μg);
m2 — Mass fraction of selenium in blank, obtained from the standard curve, in units
of micrograms (μg);
V0 — Total volume of sample digestion solution, in units of milliliters (mL);
m0 — Sample mass, in units of grams (g);
V1 — Volume of dispensed solution, in units of milliliters (mL).
The determination results are expressed in the arithmetic mean after parallel
determination. The calculation results accurate to 0.01mg/kg.
4.6.2 Repeatability
The results of two parallel determinations obtained in the same laboratory and by the
same analyst shall meet the following requirements for relative deviation.
When the mass fraction of selenium is less than or equal to 0.10mg/kg, the relative
deviation ≤40%;
When the mass fraction of selenium is more than 0.10mg/kg and less than 0.40 mg/kg,
the relative deviation ≤20%;
When the mass fraction of selenium is more than 0.40mg/kg, the relative deviation
≤15%.
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