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GB/T 11651-2008

Chinese Standard: 'GB/T 11651-2008'
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 11651-2008 (GB/T11651-2008)
Description (Translated English) Code of practice for selection of personal protective equipments
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard C73
Classification of International Standard 13.340.01
Word Count Estimation 22,241
Date of Issue 2008-12-11
Date of Implementation 2009-10-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 11651-1989
Quoted Standard GB/T 12903-2008
Drafting Organization Beijing Research Institute of Labor Protection
Administrative Organization National Technical Committee of Standardization for Personal Protective equipment
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Approval Announcement 2008 No.19 (Total No.132)
Proposing organization State Administration of Work Safety
Issuing agency(ies) Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China; Standardization Administration of China
Summary This standard specifies the PPE selection principles and requirements. This standard applies to all production units and individual selection of personal protective equipment.

GB/T 11651-2008
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 13.340.01
C 73
Replacing GB/T 11651-1989
Code of practice for selection of personal protective
equipment
个人防护装备选用规范
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 11, 2008
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 01, 2009
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Terms and definitions ... 5 
4 Operation category ... 7 
5 Protective properties of personal protective equipment ... 10 
6 Selection ... 14 
7 Discarding judgment rules ... 18 
Appendix A (Informative) Procedures for selection and discarding of personal
protective equipment ... 20 
Appendix B (Informative) Service life of personal protective equipment ... 22 
References ... 30 
Code of practice for selection of personal protective
equipment
1 Scope
This standard specifies the principles and requirements for the selection of
personal protective equipment.
This standard applies to the selection of personal protective equipment for all
production units and individuals.
2 Normative references
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this Standard
through reference in this Standard. For the dated references, the subsequent
amendments (excluding corrections) or revisions do not apply to this Standard;
however, parties who reach an agreement based on this Standard are
encouraged to study if the latest versions of these documents are applicable.
For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document applies.
GB/T 12903-2008 Personal protective equipment terminology
3 Terms and definitions
The terms and definitions as defined in GB/T 12903-2008 as well as the
following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
The general term for all kinds of protective products worn, equipped and
used by practitioners to protect hazards from physical, chemical, biological
and other external factors.
Note: The labor protective products worn, equipped and used at the
production site are also called personal protective equipment.
3.2
Protective properties
tnw - Natural wet bulb temperature;
tg - Black ball temperature;
ta - Dry bulb temperature.
4 Operation category
4.1 According to the main hazard characteristics and working conditions in the
working environment, it is divided into 39 operation categories, as shown in
Table 1.
Table 1 -- Examples of operation categories and main hazard
characteristics
S/N Job category Descriptions Possible accident type Example
A01 Operation where objects fall or hit
The operation of falling objects or
collision of objects in the horizontal
direction Object strike
and collision
Construction and installation, bridge
construction, mining, drilling,
shipbuilding, lifting, deforestation
A02 Operation with debris splashing
Operations where there may be
cutting and splashing operations
during processing
Crushing, hammering, casting
cutting, grinding wheel grinding,
high pressure fluid cleaning
A03 Operation of rotating machinery
The operation during the operation
of mechanical equipment which
may cause damage by twisting
and grinding Mechanical
injury
Machine tools, transmission
machinery
A04 Operation with sharp appliances
Production tools or processed
products used in production are
likely to cause injuries such as cuts
and stab wounds during operators
Deburring and edge cleaning for
metal processing, glass assembly
and processing
A05
The operation where
there are sharp
objects on the ground
The operation where the work
surface may cause stab injuries to
the workers' feet or legs
Others Forest operations, construction sites
A06 Hand-held vibration machinery operation
The mechanical vibration or impact
operation during which the hand-
held vibrating tools are used in
production, which directly acts on
the human arm system
Mechanical
injury
Air drill, air shovel, chain saw
A07
Operation with people
subjected to whole
body vibration
Operation under vibration or in an
unbearable vibration environment
Field machinery driving, forestry
operations
A08
Shoveling, loading,
lifting, pushing
machinery operation
Operation and driving of heavy
excavation, construction, loading
and lifting equipment with small
range of activities
Other
transportation
injuries
Operate machinery such as
shovels, bulldozers, loaders,
cranes, gantry cranes, tower
cranes, single-arm cranes, etc.
Table 1 (continued)
S/N Job category Descriptions
Possible
accident
type
Example
A19
Operation of
inhaled gas-
phase poisons
Operations in the workplace where toxic
substances will produce after inhaling the
gas or vapor at normal temperature and
pressure through the respiratory tract
Poison
injury
Operations exposed to chlorine gas,
carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide,
vinyl chloride, phosgene, mercury
A20 Operation in a confined place
Operation in a place with no air circulation,
including operation in a place where there is
no oxygen, that is, the oxygen concentration
in the air is less than 18% and the toxic gas
and toxic aerosol exceed the limited and
cannot be removed
Affect
breathing
Airtight tanks, warehouses, tunnels
or drainage systems, furnaces,
kilns, confined spaces for storing
oxygen-consuming appliances or
organisms for oxygen consumption
A21
Operation of
inhaled aerosol
poison
Operations in the workplace where toxic
substances will produce after inhaling the
aerosol at normal temperature and pressure
through the respiratory tract
Poison
damage
Operation in contact with fumes and
dust of toxic metals and compounds
such as aluminum, chromium,
beryllium, manganese and
cadmium, asphalt fumes, silica dust,
asbestos dust, other harmful animal
(plant) physical dust
A22 Contaminated poison operation
Operations in workplace where substances
may adhere to skin, clothing; after skin
absorption, it may cause poisonous damage
to skin
Operation in exposure to organic
phosphorus pesticides, organic
mercury compounds, benzene and
benzene di- and trinitro compounds,
radioactive materials
A23 Biological poison operation
Operation in the workplace where there is a
risk of infection or absorption of biological
toxins
Poison
damage
Toxic animal and plant breeding,
biological toxin culture preparations,
processing of products carrying
bacteria or containing biological
toxins, treatment of rotten articles,
epidemic prevention inspection
A24 Noise operation Operation in an environment with a sound level greater than 85 dB Others
Pneumatic drill, air hammer,
riveting, knocking or rust shoveling
in steel cylinder
A25 Operation in strong light
Operation where there is strong light source
or which produces strong infrared radiation
and ultraviolet radiation
Radiation
damage
Arc light, arc welding, furnace
operation
A26 Laser operation Operation of laser emission and processing
Laser processing metal, laser
welding, laser measurement, laser
communication
A27 Fluorescent screen operation
Operation of long-term engagement in
fluorescent screen’s operation and
identification
Computer operation, TV debugging
equipment
See Table 2 for a description of the protective property of commonly used
personal protective equipment.
Table 2 -- Description of the protective property of personal protective
equipment
S/N Type of protective equipment Description of protective property
B01 Working cap Prevent dirt on the head, abrasions, and long hair being crushed
B02 Safety helmet Prevent objects from causing impact, puncture, squeeze and other injuries to the head
B03 Winter hat Defense against frostbite on the head or face
B04 Impact-resistant safety helmet Prevent the head from violent impact, for high-speed vehicle drivers to wear
B05 Dust mask (anti-particle respirator)
It is used in the dust working environment with more than 19.5% oxygen in the air, to
prevent the inhalation of general dust, and to prevent particulate matter (such as toxic
fume, toxic mist) from harming the respiratory system or the eyes and face
B06 Gas mask
Isolate the wearer's respiratory organs from the surrounding atmosphere, controlled by
the lungs or use mechanical force to introduce clean air through the airway for human
breathing
B07 Air respirator Prevent inhalation of harmful gases, fumes, harmful pollutants suspended in the air or use in the hypoxia environment
B08 Self-rescuer
It is small in size and light in portability; it can be used by miners in a short time. When
an accident occurs in a coal mine, the miner wears it and can quickly leave the
disaster area through a well filled with harmful gases
B09 Waterproof goggles Use in water to prevent water damage to eyes
B10 Anti-shock goggles Protect against eye damage caused by iron filings, sand, gravel and other objects
B11 Anti-microwave goggles Shield or attenuate microwave radiation to prevent microwave damage to the eyes
B12 Anti-radiation goggles Protection against eye damage caused by X, Y rays, electron flow and other ionizing radiation
B13
Anti-glare, ultraviolet,
infrared goggles or
face shield
Prevent one or more of visible light, infrared and ultraviolet rays from harming eyes
and face
B14 Laser goggles Attenuate or eliminate the harm of laser to human eyes by reflection, absorption, actinism, etc.
B15 Welding shield Protection against harmful factors such as harmful arcs, molten metal splash or dust, etc. to the eyes and face (including neck)
B16 Anti-corrosion liquid goggles
Protects against human eyes from splashes of corrosive chemical liquids such as
acids and alkalis
B17 Sunglasses Block strong sunlight and ultraviolet rays, prevent dazzling light and dazzling light, improve visual clarity
B18 Earplugs Protection against hearing damage to workers exposed to strong noise
Table 2 (continued)
S/N Type of protective equipment Description of protective property
B45 Welding protective shoes
Protect the foot from sparks, molten metals, hot metals, and high-temperature
radiation from welding operations
B46 General protective clothing
The fabric is used and it is made by the sewing process, which plays a general
protective role
B47 Dustproof clothing Breathable (wet) fabric or material, to prevent the damage of general dust to the skin; it can prevent the accumulation of static electricity
B48 Waterproof clothing Use waterproof rubber coated fabric as facing material to prevent water penetration and leakage
B49 Marine operation clothing Prevent falling in water and drowning, easy to rescue
B50 Diving suit For diving operation
B51 Winter clothing With heat preservation performance; it is used for cold protection of workers working outdoors in winter or workers working in low temperature environment all year round
B52 Chemical protective clothing
To prevent the splash of hazardous chemicals and the harm caused to human body
by contact with human body
B53 Flame retardant protective clothing
Used by workers engaged in open flames, emitting sparks, operating near molten
metal with radiant heat and convection heat, and in places with flammable materials
and fire hazards. After contact with flames and hot objects, within a certain period of
time, it can prevent itself from being ignited, flaming and smoldering
B54 Anti-static clothing It can eliminate the static electricity accumulation hazard in time and is used in places where electric shock, fire and explosion hazards may occur
B55 Welding protective clothing
Used in welding operations, to prevent workers from being exposed to molten metal
splashes and their thermal damage
B56 White-canvas insulation suit Prevent damage from general thermal radiation
B57 Reflective-film coated thermal insulation suit Prevent contact with high-heat materials or intense heat radiation’s damage
B58 Thermal protective clothing Protection against high temperature, high heat, high humidity
B59 Anti-radioactive clothing Has anti-radioactive properties
B60 Acid (alkaline) - proof clothing
Used for wearing by acid (alkali) - exposed workers, with (alkaline) - proof
performance
B61 Oil-proof clothing Defense against oil contamination
B62 Life jacket (ring) Prevent drowning after falling into water, easy to rescue
B63 Shielding suit for live work
When conducting live work on 10 kV ~ 500 kV electrical equipment, protect the
human body from the effects of high voltage electric fields and electromagnetic
waves
B64 Insulating clothing Can prevent high voltage below 7000 V, used for body protection when live working
Table 3 (continued)
Operation category
Applicable protective equipment Recommended protective equipment S/N Category
A04 Operation exposed in sharp appliances
B30 Mechanical damage proof gloves
B46 General protective clothing
B02 Helmet
B39 Anti-smashing shoes (boots)
B41 Anti-puncture shoes
A05 Operation where there are sharp objects on the ground B41 Anti-puncture shoes B02 Helmet
A06 Hand-held vibration machinery operation
B18 Earplugs
B19 Earmuffs
B29 Anti-vibration gloves
B38 Anti-vibration shoes
A07 Operation subjected to whole body vibration B38 Anti-vibration shoes
A08 Shoveling, loading, lifting, pushing machinery operation
B02 Helmet
B46 General protective clothing
B05 Dust mask (anti-particle
respirator)
B10 Anti-shock goggles
A09 Low voltage live work (below 1 kV)
B31 Insulating gloves
B42 Insulating shoes
B64 Insulating clothing
B02 Safety helmet (electric
insulation)
B10 Anti-shock goggles
A10 Live work
When working on 1 kV -
10 kV live equipment
B02 Safety helmet (electric insulation)
B31 Insulating gloves
B42 Insulating shoes
B64 Insulating clothing
B10 Anti-shock goggles
B63 Shielding suit for live work
B65 Arc protection suit
When working on 10 kV
- 500 kV live equipment B63 Shielding suit for live work
B13 Anti-glare, ultraviolet, infrared
goggles or face shield
A11 High temperature operation
B02 Helmet
B13 Anti-glare, ultraviolet, infrared
goggles or face shield
B34 Thermal insulation and flame
retardant shoes
B56 White-canvas thermal insulation suit
B58 Thermal protective clothing
B57 Reflective-film coated thermal
insulation suit
B71 Other sporadic protective
equipment
A12 Operation in flammable and explosive places
B23 Anti-static gloves
B35 Anti-static shoes
B52 Chemical protective clothing
B53 Flame retardant protective clothing
B54 Anti-static clothing
B66 Cotton overalls
B05 Dust mask (anti-particle
respirator)
B06 Gas mask
B47 Dustproof clothing
A13 Operation in flammable dust places
B05 Dust mask (anti-particle respirator)
B23 Anti-static gloves
B35 Anti-static shoes
B54 Anti-static clothing
B66 Cotton overalls
B47 Dustproof clothing
B53 Flame retardant protective
clothing
Table 3 (continued)
Operation category
Applicable protective equipment Recommended protective equipment S/N Category
A24 Noise operation B18 Earplugs B19 Earmuffs
A25 Strong light operation <......
Related standard:   GB 20653-2020  GB 21148-2020
Related PDF sample:   GB 12014-2019  GB/T 38300-2019
   
 
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