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GB 5009.281-2020 (GB5009.281-2020)

GB 5009.281-2020_English: PDF (GB5009.281-2020)
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB 5009.281-2020 (GB5009.281-2020)
Description (Translated English) National food safety standard - Determination of cinnamaldehyde residues in foods
Sector / Industry National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard X09
Word Count Estimation 8,882
Date of Issue 2020-09-11
Date of Implementation 2021-03-11
Regulation (derived from) National Health Commission Announcement No. 7 (2020) of the State Administration for Market Regulation

Standards related to: GB 5009.281-2020

GB 5009.281-2020
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
National Food Safety Standard –
Determination of Cinnamaldehyde Residues in Foods
ISSUED ON: SEPTEMBER 11, 2020
IMPLEMENTED ON: MARCH 11, 2021
Issued by: National Health Commission of the People’s Republic of China;
State Administration for Market Regulation.
Table of Contents
1 Scope ... 3
2 Principle ... 3
3 Reagents and Materials ... 3
4 Apparatus ... 4
5 Analytical Procedures ... 5
6 Calculation and Expression of Results... 7
7 Precision ... 8
8 Others ... 8
Appendix A Chromatogram and Mass Spectrum ... 9
National Food Safety Standard –
Determination of Cinnamaldehyde Residues in Foods
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method for the
determination of cinnamaldehyde residues in foods.
This Standard is applicable to the determination of cinnamaldehyde residues in fruits
and poultry meat.
2 Principle
The cinnamaldehyde in the specimen is homogeneously extracted by ethyl acetate.
According to different sample matrices, the extracting solution is purified by primary
secondary amine (PSA) solid phase adsorbent, graphitized carbon (GCB) solid phase
adsorbent or eighteen carbon (C18) solid phase adsorbent; detected and confirmed by
gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and quantified by external standard method.
3 Reagents and Materials
Unless otherwise is specified, the reagents that are used in this Method indicate
chromatographically pure; and the water is the Class-I water specified in GB/T 6682.
3.1 Reagents
3.1.1 Ethyl acetate (C4H8O2).
3.1.2 Acetonitrile (C2H3N).
3.1.3 Toluene (C7H8).
3.1.4 Potassium ferrocyanide [K4Fe(CN)6·3H2O]: analytically pure.
3.1.5 Zinc acetate [Zn(CH3COO)2·2H2O]: analytically pure.
3.1.6 Anhydrous acetic acid (C2H4O2): analytically pure.
3.2 Preparation of solution
source (EI).
4.2 Analytical balance: Sensitivity is 0.001g and 0.0001g.
4.3 High-speed homogenizer: speed>10000r/min.
4.4 High-speed centrifuge: speed>8000r/min.
4.5 Vortex mixer.
5 Analytical Procedures
5.1 Preparation of the specimen
Take about 500g of the edible part of a representative sample; mash it evenly with a
grinder; put it into a clean container; seal it; then mark it. The specimen is stored at -
18°C.
5.2 Extraction
5.2.1 Fruit: Take 5g (accurate to 0.01g) of the specimen in a 50mL centrifuge tube; add
10mL of ethyl acetate; and extract homogeneously at 10000r/min for 1min. The
extracting solution is centrifuged at 8000r/min for 5min; and transfer the upper layer
ethyl acetate extracting solution; and make constant volume to 10mL for purification.
5.2.2 Poultry meat: Take 5g (accurate to 0.01g) of the specimen in a 50mL centrifuge
tube; add 10mL of water; and vortex to mix. Add 2mL of potassium ferricyanide solution
and 2mL of zinc acetate solution to the extracting solution, respectively; vortex and mix
well; then add 20mL of ethyl acetate; and extract homogeneously at 10000 r/min for
1min. The extracting solution is centrifuged at 8000r/min for 5min; transfer the upper
layer ethyl acetate extracting solution; and make the constant volume to 20mL for
purification.
5.3 Purification
5.3.1 Fruit: Respectively take 50mg of primary secondary amine (PSA) solid phase
adsorbent, 10mg of graphitized carbon black (GCB) solid phase adsorbent and 10μL
toluene into a 2mL centrifuge tube with a stopper; and add 1mL of extracting solution;
vortex for 1min; stand for 5 min; pass the purified liquid through the syringe filter
membrane for gas chromatography-mass spectrometry determination and
confirmation.
5.3.2 Poultry meat: Respectively take 50mg of primary secondary amine (PSA) solid
phase adsorbent, 10mg of graphitized carbon black (GCB) solid phase adsorbent,
100mg of eighteen carbon (C18) solid phase adsorbent and 10μL of toluene into a 2mL
specified in 5.4.1. If the sample solution and the standard solution have peaks at the
same retention time, the mass spectrometry shall be confirmed. In the sample
spectrum after subtracting the background, all the selected ions appear, and the ion
abundance ratio of the selected ions is consistent with the relative abundance of the
related ions of the standard product; and the fluctuation range is within the maximum
allowable deviation of Table 2, which can determine the presence of cinnamaldehyde
in the sample. The confirmed samples may be judged to be positive for
cinnamaldehyde. Refer to Figure A.1 in Appendix A for the mass spectrum of
cinnamaldehyde standard solution.
Table 2 -- The Maximum Allowable Deviation of the Relative Ion Abundance of
the Mass Spectrum
5.4.3 Quantitative determination
According to the content of cinnamaldehyde in the sample solution, select a standard
working solution with a concentration similar to that of the cinnamaldehyde in the
sample solution. The response value of cinnamaldehyde in standard working solution
and sample solution shall be within the linear range determined by the instrument.
Standard working solution and sample solution are injected with equal volume
respectively for determination. Under the above chromatographic conditions, the
retention time of cinnamaldehyde is about 8.8min, and the total ion current
chromatogram of the standard product is shown in Figure A.2. in Appendix A.
5.5 Blank test
Except that no sample is added, all shall be carried out in accordance with the above-
mentioned measurement steps.
6 Calculation and Expression of Results
The content of cinnamaldehyde in the sample is calculated according to Formula (1):
Where:
X - The content of cinnamaldehyde in the sample, in mg/kg;
c - the mass concentration of the test substance in the specimen solution derived from
the standard curve, in μg/mL;
Relative ion abundance (%
basic peak)
Maximum allowable deviation
to to
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