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GB 5009.267-2016

Chinese Standard: 'GB 5009.267-2016'
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GB 5009.267-2016English95 Add to Cart 0--10 minutes. Auto immediate delivery. National Food Safety Standard -- Determination of Iodine in Foods Valid GB 5009.267-2016
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Detail Information of GB 5009.267-2016; GB5009.267-2016
Description (Translated English): National food safety standard Determination of iodine in foods for infants and young children, milk and milk products
Sector / Industry: National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard: X09
Date of Issue: 2016-12-23
Date of Implementation: 2017-06-23
Older Standard (superseded by this standard): GB 5413.23-2010; SC/T 3010-2001; WS/T 302-2008
Regulation (derived from): National Health and Family Planning Commission Notice No.17 of 2016

GB 5009.267-2016
National Food Safety Standard –
Determination of Iodine in Foods
食品安全国家标准 食品中碘的测定
Issued by. National Health and Family Planning Commission of the
People’s Republic of China;
China Food and Drug Administration.
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Table of Contents
Foreword ... 4 
1 Application Scope ... 5 
Method I Oxidation-reduction Titration Method ... 5 
2 Principle ... 5 
3 Reagents and Materials ... 5 
4 Apparatus ... 7 
5 Analytical Procedure ... 7 
6 Expression of Analytical Results ... 8 
7 Accuracy ... 9 
8 Others ... 9 
Method II As(III)-Ce4+ Catalytic Spectrophotometric Method ... 9 
9 Principle ... 9 
10 Reagents and Materials ... 9 
11 Apparatus ... 11 
12 Analytical Procedure ... 11 
13 Expression of Analytical Results ... 12 
14 Accuracy ... 13 
15 Others ... 13 
Method III Gas Chromatographic Method ... 13 
16 Principle ... 13 
17 Reagents and Materials ... 13 
18 Apparatus ... 14 
19 Analytical Procedure ... 15 
20 Expression of Analytical Results ... 16 
21 Accuracy ... 17 
22 Others ... 17 
Annex A Gas Chromatogram of Iodine Standard Derivative ... 18 
This Standard replaces GB 5413.23-2010, National Food Safety Standard
Determination of Iodine in Foods for Infants and Young Children, Milk and Milk
Products, SC/T 3010-2001, Determination of Iodine in Kelp, and WS 302-2008,
Method for Determination of Iodine in Foodstuff by As(III)-Ce4+ Catalytic
Compared with the standards above, the major changes of this Standard are as follows.
-- it changes the standard name into “National Food Safety Standard –
Determination of Iodine in Food”;
-- it modifies the methods for specimen preparation and pretreatment of the
oxidation-reduction titration method;
-- it adds the detection limits for the oxidation-reduction titration method.
National Food Safety Standard –
Determination of Iodine in Food
1 Application Scope
This Standard specifies the methods for the determination of iodine in foods.
Method I, the oxidation-reduction titration method, applies to the determination of
iodine in kelp, laver, wakame and other algae and their products.
Method II, the As-Ce catalytic spectrophotometric method, applies to the determination
of iodine in grains, vegetables, fruits, beans and their products, milk and milk products,
meats, fish, eggs and other foods.
Method III, the gas chromatographic method, applies to the determination of iodine in
foods for infants and young children and milk products.
Method I Oxidation-reduction Titration Method
2 Principle
After carbonization and ashing of specimen, organic iodine is converted into inorganic
iodide ions; in an acid medium, bromine water is used to oxidize iodide ions into iodate
ions; the iodate ions generated is reduced in the acid solution of potassium iodide to
separate iodine out; sodium thiosulfate solution is used to titrate the iodine separated
out in the reaction.
3 Reagents and Materials
Unless specified otherwise, all reagents used for this method are analytically pure and
the water is of grade 3 water specified in GB/T 6682.
3.1 Reagents
3.1.1 Anhydrous sodium carbonate (Na2CO3).
3.1.2 Liquid bromine (Br2).
4 Apparatus
4.1 Laboratory blender.
4.2 High-speed pulverizer.
4.3 Analytical balance. sensitivity 0.1 mg.
4.4 Electric thermostatic drying oven.
4.5 Muffle furnace. ≥ 600°C.
4.6 Porcelain crucible. 50 mL.
4.7 Adjustable electric furnace. 1 000 W.
4.8 Iodine flask. 250 mL.
4.9 Brown acid burette. 25 mL, minimum scale 0.1 mL.
4.10 Acid microburette. 1 mL, minimum scale 0.01 mL.
5 Analytical Procedure
5.1 Specimen preparation
5.1.1 Dry specimen is crushed by a high-speed pulverizer, passes through a
standard sieve of mesh size 425 μm and is stored in a dark place or at low temperature.
5.1.2 Take the homogenate of the edible part of fresh and frozen specimen, and then
refrigerate it in a closed space or freeze it in storage.
5.1.3 For the liquid specimens such as concentrated algae juice and algae beverage,
take specimen after blending.
5.2 Specimen analysis
5.2.1 Weigh 2 g ~ 5 g (accurate to 0.1 mg) of specimen to place into a 50-mL
porcelain crucible; add 5 mL ~ 10 mL of sodium carbonate solution to soak specimen
completely; allow to stand for 5 min; place in an electric thermostatic drying oven for
drying for 3 h at 101°C ~ 105°C; take specimen out after it is dried.
5.2.2 Use an electric furnace to heat in a fume hood to ensure that specimen is fully
carbonized until smokeless; place in muffle furnace to burn for 40 min at 550°C ± 25°C;
cool to about 200°C; take out. Add a small amount of water in a crucible for grinding;
transfer all solution and residual to a 250-mL beaker; use water to wash the crucible
for several times and incorporate into the beaker to make the volume of solution in the
beaker is 150 mL ~ 200 mL; boil for 5 min.
10.1.4 Sulphuric acid (H2SO4). guaranteed reagent.
10.1.5 Sodium hydroxide (NaOH).
10.1.6 Arsenic trioxide (As2O3).
10.1.7 Sodium chloride (NaCl). guaranteed reagent.
10.1.8 Ammonium ceric sulphate [(Ce(NH4)4(SO4)4·2H2O) or Ce(NH4)4(SO4)4·4H2O].
10.2 Preparation of reagents
10.2.1 Potassium carbonate-sodium chloride mixed solution. weigh 30 g of
anhydrous potassium carbonate and 5 g of sodium chloride to dissolve in 100 mL of
water. It can be stored for 6 months at room temperature.
10.2.2 Zinc sulphate-potassium chlorate mixed solution. weigh 5 g of potassium
chlorate to place into a beaker; add 100 mL of water; heat to dissolve; add 10 g of zinc
sulphate; stir to dissolve. It can be stored for 6 months at room temperature.
10.2.3 Sulphuric acid solution (2.5 mol/L). measure 140 mL of sulphuric acid to pour
slowly into a beaker containing 700 mL of water; keep stirring; cool to room
temperature; use water to dilute to 1 000 mL; mix up.
10.2.4 Arsenious acid solution (0.054 mol/L). weigh 5.3 g of arsenic trioxide, 12.5 g
of sodium chloride and 2.0 g of sodium chloride to place into a 1-L beaker; add about
500 mL of water; heat to fully dissolve before cooling to room temperature; add slowly
400 mL of 2.5 mol/L sulphuric acid; cool to room temperature before using water to
dilute to 1 L; store in a brown bottle. It can be stored for 6 months at room temperature.
(arsenic trioxide and arsenious acid solution prepared are highly toxic, so the operating
specifications regarding highly toxic substances shall be followed.)
10.2.5 Ammonium ceric sulphate solution (0.015 mol/L). weigh 9.5 g of ammonium
ceric sulphate [Ce(NH4)4(SO4)4·2H2O] or 10 g of [Ce(NH4)4(SO4)4·4H2O]; dissolve in
Related standard:   GB 5009.258-2016  GB 5009.259-2016
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