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GB 5009.266-2016

Chinese Standard: 'GB 5009.266-2016'
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GB 5009.266-2016English90 Add to Cart 0--10 minutes. Auto immediate delivery. Analytical methods of wine and fruit wine Valid GB 5009.266-2016
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Standard ID GB 5009.266-2016 (GB5009.266-2016)
Description (Translated English) Analytical methods of wine and fruit wine
Sector / Industry National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard X09
Date of Issue 2016-12-23
Date of Implementation 2017-06-23
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 15038-2006 Partial; GB/T 394.2-2008 Partial; GB/T 5009.48-2003 Partial
Regulation (derived from) National Health and Family Planning Commission Notice No.17 of 2016

GB 5009.266-2016
National Food Safety Standard –
Determination of methanol in food stuffs
食品安全国家标准 食品中甲醇的测定
Issued by. National Health and Family Planning Commission of the
People 's Republic of China;
State Administration of Food and Drug Administration.
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Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Principle... 4 
3 Reagents and materials ... 4 
4 Instruments and equipment ... 5 
5 Analysis steps ... 5 
6 Expression of analysis results ... 6 
7 Precision... 7 
8 Other ... 7 
Annex A Methanol and internal standard tert-amyl alcohol standard gas
chromatogram ... 8 
National Food Safety Standard –
Determination of methanol in food stuffs
1 Scope
This method specifies the determination method of methanol in alcohol,
distilled wine, prepared wine and fermented wine.
This method is applicable to the determination of methanol in alcohol, distilled
wine, prepared wine and fermented wine.
2 Principle
The distillation removes fermented wine and non-volatile substances in its
prepared wine. Add into internal standard (alcohol, distilled wine as well as its
prepared wine can be directly added into the internal standard). Separate
through gas chromatography. Use hydrogen flame ionization detector to
detect. Determine its nature according to retention time. Quantify it according
to the external standard method.
3 Reagents and materials
Unless otherwise stated, the reagents used in this method are of analytical
grade and water is grade-two water specified in GB/T 6682.
3.1 Reagent
Ethanol (C2H6O). chromatographic pure
3.2 Preparation of reagent
Ethanol solution (40%, volume fraction). weigh 40 mL of ethanol; use water to
set volume to 100 mL; mix evenly.
3.3 Standard sample
3.3.1 Methanol (CH4O, CAS number. 67-56-1). purity ≥99%; or standard
substances that are certified by the State and are awarded to the standard
substance certificate.
3.3.2 Tert-amyl alcohol (C5H12O, CAS number. 75-85-4). purity ≥99%.
The reference conditions for instrument are listed as follows.
a) chromatographic column. polyethylene glycol quartz capillary column;
column length is 60 m; inner diameter is 0.25 mm; film thickness is 0.25
μm; or equivalent column;
b) chromatographic column temperature. initial temperature is 40°C;
maintain for 1 min; rise to 130°C at 4.0°C /min, to 200°C at 20°C/min
then maintain for 5 min;
c) detector temperature. 250°C;
d) inlet temperature. 250°C;
e) carrier gas flow. 1.0 mL/min;
f) injection volume. 1.0 μL;
g) split ratio. 20.1.
5.3 Standard curve making
Respectively pipet 10 mL of methanol series of standard working solutions
into 5 test tubes. Then add 0.10 mL of tert-amyl alcohol standard solution.
Evenly mix. Determine the methanol and internal standard tert-amyl alcohol
peak areas. Take concentration of methanol series standard working
solutions as abscissa, the ratio of methanol to tert-amyl alcohol peak area as
ordinate to draw a standard curve (see Figure A.1 for methanol and internal
standard tert-amyl alcohol standard gas chromatogram).
5.4 Determination of sample solution
Pour the prepared sample solution into a gas chromatograph. Determine its
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