Chinese Standards Shop Partner of Google-Books Database: 169760 (Nov 9, 2019)
 HOME   Quotation   Tax   Examples Standard-List   Contact-Us   View-Cart
  

GB 5009.252-2016

Chinese Standard: 'GB 5009.252-2016'
Standard IDContents [version]USDSTEP2[PDF] delivered inStandard Title (Description)StatusRelated Standard
GB 5009.252-2016English120 Add to Cart 0--15 minutes. Auto immediate delivery. Method for determination of β-acetylpropionic acid in soy sauce Valid GB 5009.252-2016
GB 5009.252-2016Chinese15 Add to Cart <=1-day [PDF from Chinese Authority, or Standard Committee, or Publishing House]

 GB 5009.252-2016 -- Click to view a PDF In 0~10 minutes time, full copy of this English-PDF will be auto-immediately delivered to your email by our cloud-server.  
Detail Information of GB 5009.252-2016; GB5009.252-2016
Description (Translated English): Method for determination of ��-acetylpropionic acid in soy sauce
Sector / Industry: National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard: X09
Word Count Estimation: 9,938
Date of Issue: 2016-08-31
Date of Implementation: 2017-03-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard): SB/T 10417-2007
Regulation (derived from): Announcement of the State Administration of Public Health and Family Planning 2016 No.11

GB 6537-2006
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
GB 5009.252-2016
National Food Safety Standard -
Determination of Levulinic Acid in Foods
食品安全国家标准
食品中乙酰丙酸的测定
ISSUED ON: AUGUST 31, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON: MARCH 1, 2017
Issued by: National Health and Family Planning Commission of the PRC
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Application Scope ... 4
2 Principle ... 4
3 Reagents and Materials ... 4
4 Instruments and Apparatuses ... 5
5 Analysis steps ... 5
6 Description of the analysis result ... 7
7 Precision ... 7
8 Others ... 7
9 Principle ... 8
10 Reagents and Materials ... 8
11 Instruments and Apparatuses ... 9
12 Analysis steps ... 9
13 Description of the analysis result ... 10
14 Accuracy ... 11
15 Others ... 11
Appendix A Chromatogram of levulinic acid ... 12
Foreword
This Standard replaces SB/T 10417-2007, Method for Determination of β-
acetylpropionic Acid in Soy Sauce.
Compared with SB/T 10417-2007, the major changes of this Standard are as follows:
-- Change the standard name into “National Food Safety Standard - Determination
of Levulinic Acid in Foods”;
-- Extend the scope to soy sauce, beverage (including carbonate beverage, coffee
beverage, juice, milk beverage, vegetable protein beverage), sauce, honey, milk
powder, biscuit, pastry, candy, jelly and flour product;
-- Add reagents’ grade and molecular formula;
-- Add preparation method of liquid sample and solid sample;
-- Add quantitation-limit of the determination method of levulinic acid in foods;
-- Modify the chromatogram.
National Food Safety Standard -
Determination of Levulinic Acid in Foods
1 Application Scope
This Standard specifies the method to use gas chromatography for the test of levulinic
acid in foods.
This Standard applies to the test of levulinic acid in soy sauce, beverage (including
carbonate beverage, coffee beverage, juice, milk beverage, vegetable protein
beverage), sauce, honey, milk powder, biscuit, pastry, candy, jelly and flour product.
Method I -- Internal Standard Method
2 Principle
After the sample is acidized, use ether to extract levulinic acid; use heptanoic acid as
the internal standard substance; use gas chromatography equipped with hydrogen
flame ionization detector to test; use internal standard method to quantify.
3 Reagents and Materials
Unless otherwise specified, all the reagents in this method are analytical reagents, the
water is grade-2 water specified by GB/T 6682.
3.1 Reagents
3.1.1 Anhydrous sodium sulfate (Na2SO4): burn for 4 h at 650°C; store in the dryer as
a standby.
3.1.2 Anhydrous ether (C4H10O).
3.1.3 Hydrochloric acid (HCl).
3.1.4 Sodium chloride (NaCl)
3.1.5 Ethyl acetate (C4H8O2): chromatographically pure.
3.2 Preparation of reagents
sodium chloride to wash for twice; discard the lower layer; for ether layer, use 30 g of
anhydrous sodium sulfate to dehydrate; concentrate to near-dryness at about 45°C;
use ethyl acetate to fix-volume to 10 mL; shake to mix well; use gas chromatograph
to test the sample.
5.1.2 Solid sample
Accurately weigh 5 g (accurate to 0.001 g) of fully pulverized sample into a 100 mL
test tube with plug; add 10 mL of saturated sodium chloride solution, 1.0 mL of
heptanoic acid standard stock solution, 3.0 mL of hydrochloric acid; shake-mix well for
1 min; add 50 mL of ether; shake the mixture for 3 min ~ 5 min; let stand for about 10
min ~ 15 min; after layering, extract the upper-layer ether extract into a 250 mL
separatory funnel; then, repeat the extraction twice, each time use 50 mL of ether;
combine the ether extract; use 10 mL of saturated sodium chloride solution to wash
twice; discard the lower layer; use 30 g of anhydrous sodium sulfate to dehydrate;
concentrate to about dryness at about 45°C; for ether layer, use ethyl acetate to fix-
volume to 10 mL; shake-mix well; use gas chromatograph to test the sample.
5.2 Gas chromatograph reference conditions
5.2.1 Chromatographic column: DB-WAX quartz capillary column (30 m × 0. 25 mm ×
0. 25 μm) or chromatographic column of similar model.
5.2.2 Temperature of the sample injector: 270°C.
5.2.3 Temperature of the detector: 270°C.
5.2.4 Temperature-rise procedure: initial column-temperature is 120°C, maintain for 1
min; rise the temperature to 230°C at 8°C/min, maintain for 4 min.
5.2.5 Carrier gas: high-purity nitrogen; purity ≥ 99.999%; flow velocity: 1.0 mL/min.
5.2.6 Hydrogen flow velocity: 30 mL/min.
5.2.7 Air flow velocity: 300 mL/min.
5.2.8 Make-up gas flow velocity: 30 mL/min.
5.2.9 Injection method: split injection; split ratio: 25:1.
5.2.10 Injection volume: 1 μL.
5.3 Preparation of standard curve
Inject standard series working solutions into gas chromatograph separately; test the
corresponding peak areas of levulinic acid and internal standard substance; use
levulinic acid peak area / internal standard substance peak area as the vertical
ordinate, levulinic acid mass concentration as the abscissa, draw the standard curve.
Method II -- External Standard Method
9 Principle
After the sample is acidized, use ether to extract levulinic acid; use gas chromatograph,
equipped with hydrogen flame ionization detector, to conduct separation determination;
use external standard method to quantify.
10 Reagents and Materials
Unless otherwise specified, all the reagents in this method are analytical reagents; the
water used is grade-2 water specified by GB/T 6682.
10.1 Reagents
10.1.1 Anhydrous ether (C4H10O).
10.1.2 Anhydrous sodium sulfate (Na2SO4): burn for 4h at 650°C; store in the dryer as
standby.
10.1.3 Ethyl acetate (C4H8O2): chromatographically pure.
10.1.4 Hydrochloric acid (HCl).
10.1.5 Sodium chloride (NaCl).
10.2 Preparation of reagents
Hydrochloric acid solution (6 mol/L): measure 50 mL of hydrochloric acid; use water to
dilute to 100 mL.
10.3 Standard
Levulinic acid (C5H8O3): purity ≥ 99.5%.
10.4 Preparation of standard solution
10.4.1 Levulinic acid standard solution (5.00 mg/mL): accurately weigh 0.5 g of
levulinic acid (accurate to 0.000 1 g); use ethyl acetate to dissolve; fix-volume to a 100
mL volumetric flask; mix up well.
10.4.2 Levulinic acid standard series working solutions:
Respectively and accurately absorb 0.0 mL, 0.05 mL, 0.1 mL, 0.5 mL, 1.0 mL and 1.5
mL of standard stock solutions of levulinic acid (10.4.1) into 6 10 mL volumetric flasks;
× 0.25 μm) or chromatographic column of similar models.
12.2.2 Temperature of the sample injector: 260°C.
12.2.3 Temperature of the detector: 280°C.
12.2.4 Temperature-rise procedure: initial column temperature is 60°C, maintain for 1
min; rise the temperature to 220°C at 18°C /min; maintain for 1 min; rise the
temperature to 230°C at 10°C /min; maintain for 12 min.
12.2.4 Carrier gas: high purity nitrogen, purity ≥ 99.999%; flow velocity: 1.0 mL/min.
12.2.6 Hydrogen flow velocity: 30 mL/min.
12.2.7 Air flow velocity: 300 mL/min.
12.2.8 Make-up gas flow velocity: 30 mL/min.
12.2.9 Injection method: split injection; split ratio: 25:1.
12.2.10 Injection volume: 1 μL. ......
Related standard:   GB 5009.243-2016  GB 5009.244-2016
   
 
Privacy   ···   Product Quality   ···   About Us   ···   Refund Policy   ···   Fair Trading   ···   Quick Response
Field Test Asia Limited | Taxed in Singapore: 201302277C | Copyright 2012-2019