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GB 18597-2001

Chinese Standard: 'GB 18597-2001'
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB 18597-2001 (GB18597-2001)
Description (Translated English) [Including 2013XG1] Standard for pollution control on hazardous waste storage
Sector / Industry National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard Z70
Classification of International Standard 13.030.10
Word Count Estimation 17,160
Date of Issue 2001-12-28
Date of Implementation 2002-07-01
Quoted Standard GB 16297; GB 8978; GB 5085.1; GB 5085.2; GB 5085.3; GB 14554; GB/T 15555.1; GB/T 15555.2; GB/T 15555.3; GB/T 15555.4; GB/T 15555.5; GB/T 15555.6; GB/T 15555.7; GB/T 15555.8; GB/T 15555.9; GB/T 15555.10; GB/T 15555.11; GB/T 15555.12
Drafting Organization Shenyang Institute of Environmental Science
Regulation (derived from) Department of Environmental Protection Notice No. 36 of 2013
Summary This Chinese standard specifies requirements for the general requirements for the storage of hazardous waste, hazardous waste, packaging, storage facility siting, design, operation, security, monitoring and closure requirements, this standard applies to all hazardous waste (tailings except) storage pollution control and supervision and management, for hazardous waste producers, operators and managers.

GB 18597-2001
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 13.030.10
Z 70
Standard for pollution control
on hazardous waste storage
危险废物贮存污染控制标准
[Including Modification List 2013XG1]
ISSUED ON. DECEMBER 28, 2001
IMPLEMENTED ON. JULY 1, 2002
Issued by. Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the PRC;
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Subject content and scope of application ... 4 
2 Reference standards ... 4 
3 Definitions ... 5 
4 General requirements ... 5 
5 Hazardous waste storage container ... 6 
6 Site selection and design principles for hazardous waste storage facility ... 6 
7 Operation and management of hazardous waste storage facility... 8 
8 Safety protection and monitoring of hazardous waste storage facility ... 9 
9 Closure of hazardous waste storage facility ... 10 
10 Implementation and supervision of standard ... 10 
Appendix A (Normative) ... 11 
Appendix B (Informative) ... 13 
Modification List 2013XG1 ... 22 
Standard for pollution control
on hazardous waste storage
1 Subject content and scope of application
1.1 Subject content
This Standard specifies general requirements for hazardous waste storage, the
requirements for packaging of hazardous waste, and for site selection, design,
operation, safety protection, monitoring, and closure of storage facility.
1.2 Scope of application
This Standard applies to the pollution control, supervision and management of
all hazardous wastes (except tailings) storage, to the producers, operators, and
managers of hazardous waste.
2 Reference standards
The provisions contained in the following standards, by reference in this
Standard, constitute provisions of this Standard; and have the same effect as
this Standard.
GB 16297 Comprehensive emission standard of air pollutants
GB 8978 Integrated Wastewater Discharge Standard
GB 5085.1~3 Identification standards for hazardous wastes
GB 15562.2 Graphical signs for environmental protection - Solid waste
storage (disposal) site
GB 14554 Emission Standards for Odor Pollutants
GB/T 15555.1~12 Solid waste - Determination of extraction procedure
toxicity
When the above standards are revised, the latest edition shall be used.
groundwater.
6.1.3 The site shall be located beyond 800 m away from the residential area
and beyond 150 m away from the surface waters.
6.1.4 It shall be avoided from being built in areas with karst caves or areas
prone to severe natural disasters such as floods, landslides, debris flow, and
tidal sand.
6.1.5 It shall be built outside the protection area of flammable and explosive
hazardous article warehouses and high-voltage transmission lines.
6.1.6 It shall be located in the downwind direction of the largest wind frequency
all year round in the residential central area.
6.1.7 The site selection of waste heap for centralized storage, in addition to
meeting the above requirements, shall meet the requirements of clause 6.3.1.
6.2 Design principles for hazardous waste storage facility (warehouse
type)
6.2.1 The ground and hem shall be constructed of solid, impermeable materials,
which must be compatible with hazardous waste.
6.2.2 There must be a leaking liquid collection device, a gas outlet, and a gas
purification device.
6.2.3 There shall be safety lighting facility and observation windows in the
facility.
6.2.4 In places where containers for loading liquid or semi-solid hazardous
waste are stored, there must be a corrosion-resistant hardened ground with no
fractures on the surface.
6.2.5 It shall design hems to intercept leakage. The volume enclosed by the
ground and the hem is not less than 1/5 of the maximum reserves or total
reserves of the intercepting largest container.
6.2.6 Incompatible hazardous waste must be stored separately; and separated
with isolation partitions.
6.3 Stacking of hazardous waste
6.3.1 The foundation must be impermeable. The impermeable layer is at least
1 m thick clay layer (Permeability coefficient is ≤10-7 cm/s), or 2 mm thick high-
density polyethylene, or other artificial materials at least 2 mm thick. The
permeability coefficient is ≤10-10 cm/s.
with the intended receipt of hazardous waste; and shall be registered.
7.3 It shall not receive hazardous waste which is not affixed with the label
meeting the requirements of 4.9 or with a label which is not filled in as
prescribed.
7.4 The same type of hazardous waste contained in the container can be
stacked and stored.
7.5 There shall be a handling lane between each stack.
7.6 Incompatible wastes shall not be mixed- or combined-stored.
7.7 Both hazardous waste producers and operators of hazardous waste storage
facilities must record the hazardous waste situation. The record must indicate
the name, source, quantity, characteristics of hazardous waste, the type of
packaging container, date of storage, storage location, date of exit-warehouse
of the waste, and the name of receiving organization.
Hazardous waste records and manifests, after hazardous waste is retrieved,
shall be retained for 3 a.
7.8 The stored hazardous waste packaging containers and storage facilities
must be inspected regularly. If damage is found, measures shall be taken timely
to clean up and replace.
7.9 Leaking liquid, cleaning liquid, and leachate must meet the requirements of
GB 8978 before discharge. After the gas emitted from the gas outlet is treated,
it shall meet the requirements of GB 16297 and GB 14554.
8 Safety protection and monitoring of hazardous waste
storage facility
8.1 Safety protection
8.1.1 Hazardous waste storage facilities must, in accordance with the
provisions of GB 15562.2, be provided with warning signs.
8.1.2 Walls or other protective fences shall be provided around the hazardous
waste storage facility.
8.1.3 Hazardous waste storage facilities shall be equipped with communication
equipment, lighting facilities, safety protective clothing and tools, and
emergency protective facilities.
7. It may cause the fire alarm.
8. It may cause the fire alarm when in contact with combustible materials.
9. It is easy to explode when mixed with combustible materials.
10. Flammable.
11. Highly flammable.
12. Extremely flammable.
13. Extremely flammable liquefied gas.
14. A strong reaction occurs when exposed to water.
15. Highly flammable gases are released when exposed to water.
16. It is easy to explode when mixed with oxidizing substances.
17. It burns automatically in the air.
18. When used, flammable/explosive gases and air mixtures may be
produced.
19. It may produce peroxides which are easy to explode.
20. Harmful to the human body after inhalation.
21. Harmful to the human body after contact with the skin.
22. Harmful to the human body after swallowing.
23. It will be poisoned after inhalation.
24. It will be poisoned after contact with the skin.
25. It will be poisoned after swallowing.
26. It will be highly poisoned after inhalation.
27. It will be highly poisoned after contact with the skin.
28. It will be highly poisoned after swallowing.
29. Poison gas is released when exposed to water.
30. When used, it can become highly flammable.
20/21/22 Harmful to the human body after inhalation, contact with the skin,
or swallowing.
20/22 Harmful to the human body after inhalation or swallowing.
21/22 Harmful to the human body after contact with the skin or swallowing.
23/24 It will be poisoned after inhalation or contact with the skin.
23/24/25 It will be poisoned after inhalation, contact with the skin, or
swallowing.
23/25 It will be poisoned after inhalation or swallowing.
24/25 It will be poisoned after contact with the skin or swallowing.
26/27 It will be highly poisoned after inhalation or contact with the skin.
26/27/28 It will be highly poisoned after inhalation, contact with the skin, or
swallowing.
26/28 It will be highly poisoned after inhalation or swallowing.
27/28 It will be highly poisoned after contact with the skin or swallowing.
36/37 Irritate eyes and respiratory system.
36/37/38 Irritate eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
36/38 Irritate eyes and skin.
37/38 Irritate respiratory system and skin.
42/43 It may cause sensitivity after inhalation or contact with the skin.
Safety terms on the label
1. It must be locked.
2. Keep in a cool place.
3. Do not get close to the residence.
4. The container must be tightly closed.
5. The container must be kept dry.
6. The container must be placed in a ventilated place.
30. It shall wear eye protection and face protection tools.
31. USE _____ (to be specified) to clean the ground and objects
contaminated by this substance.
32. When encountering a fire alarm, USE _____ fire extinguishing equipment;
do not use _____.
33. Storage temperature does not exceed _____ °C.
34. USE _____ to keep moist......
Related standard: GB 18598-2019    GB 18599-2001
Related PDF sample: GB 18599-2001    GB 18484-2001