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GB 14536.1-2008

Chinese Standard: 'GB 14536.1-2008'
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB 14536.1-2008 (GB14536.1-2008)
Description (Translated English) [GB/T 14536.1-2008] Automatic electrical controls for household and similar use. Part 1: General requirments
Sector / Industry National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard K32
Classification of International Standard 29.120.60
Word Count Estimation 194,166
Date of Issue 2008-03-24
Date of Implementation 2009-01-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB 14536.1-1998
Quoted Standard GB 156-2003; GB/T 2900.57-2002; GB/T 4207-2003; GB 4208-1993; GB 4706.1-1998; GB 5013; GB 5023; GB/T 5169.5-1997; GB/T 5169.11-1997; GB/T 7153-2002; GB/T 7154.1-2003; GB 8898-2001; GB 9254-1998; GB 9364; GB 13140.3-1998; GB 13539.1-2002; GB/T 13539.2-2002; GB 13539.3-1999; GB/T 13539.5-1999; GB/T 13539.6-2002; GB/T 14472-1998; GB/T 14579-1993; GB 15092.1-2000; GB/T 16935.1-1997; GB/T 16935.3-2003; GB/T 17194-1997; GB 17196-1997; GB 17625.1-2003; GB 17625.2-1999; GB/T 17626.2-1998; GB/T 17626.3-1998; GB/T 17626.4-1998; GB/T 17626.5-1999; GB/T 17626.6-1998; GB/T 17626.8-1998; GB/T 17626.11-1999; IEC 60068-2-75-1997; IEC 60085-1984; IEC 60099-1-1991; IEC 60216-1-1990; IEC 60249; IEC 60269; IEC 60326; IEC 60326-3-1991; IEC 60384-16-1982; IEC 60536-1976; IEC 60539-1976, F
Adopted Standard IEC 60730-1-2003, IDT
Drafting Organization Guangzhou Electric Apparatus Research Institute
Administrative Organization National Standardization Technical Committee of home automation controller
Proposing organization China Electrical Equipment Industry Association
Issuing agency(ies) Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China; Standardization Administration of China
Summary This Chinese standard applies to equipment for household and similar purposes, or in conjunction with the use of these devices Automatic electrical controls, including heating, air conditioning and similar purposes controller. These devices can use of electricity, gas, oil, solid fuel, solar energy, etc., or combinations thereof. This standard applies to the inherent safety Automatic electrical controls for safety -related operations and equipment value, the operating time and operating procedures, and applicable to similar devices in a home or used in conjunction with the device or electrical automatic control device tests. This standard also applies to GB 4706. 1 range of electrical controller. Note: this standard uses the"device"encompasses"appliances and equipment. "this standard does not apply specifically for industrial use electric automatic controller.

GB 14536.1-2008
Automatic electrical controls for household and similar use.Part 1. General requirments
ICS 29.120.60
K32
National Standards of People's Republic of China
Replacing GB 14536.1-1998
Household and similar electrical automatic controller
Part 1. General requirements
(IEC 60730-1.2003 (Ed3.1), IDT)
Posted 2008-03-24
2009-01-01 implementation
Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China
Standardization Administration of China released
Table of Contents
Introduction Ⅲ
IEC Introduction Ⅴ
1 Scope and normative references 1
2 Definition 3
3 General requirements 19
4 General notes 19
5 21 ratings
6 Category 21
7 Profile 26
8 Protection against electric shock 31
9 ground protection measures 33
10 Terminals and terminations 35
Structural requirements 11 40
Moisture and dust 12 49
13 Electric strength and insulation resistance 51
14 Fever 53
15 Manufacturing deviation and drift 57
16 58 Environmental Stress
17 58 Durability
Mechanical strength 18 64
19 Threaded parts and connections 68
20 creepage distances, clearances and distances through solid insulation through 70
21 heat, fire and tracking-resistant 76
Corrosion 22 79
23 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) emission requirements --- 79
24 Components 79
25 normal operation 80
26 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements --- Immunity 80
27 non-normal operation 80
28 Guidelines for the use of electronic disconnecting 80
Appendix A (normative) logo wear 97
Appendix B (normative) creepage distances and clearances are measured in the air 99
Annex C (normative) Test with a mercury switch 103 cotton
Annex D (normative) heat, fuel and tracking 104
Appendix E (normative) measuring the leakage current of the circuit 119
Annex F (informative) Heat and fire classification 120
Annex G (normative) heat and flame test 121
Requirements Annex H (normative) electronic controller 123
Requirements Appendix J (normative) thermistor controller 157
Annex K (normative) in different ways through the power supply voltage control system of nominal voltage 161
Annex L (normative) Overvoltage category 163
Annex M (informative) Typical usage 164
Annex N (normative) Pollution Level 165
Appendix P (normative) Performance test printed circuit board coating 166
Appendix Q (normative) Performance test printed circuit board coating 167
NOTE Annex R (informative) Surge Immunity Test 169
Annex S (informative) Chapter 20 Application guide 172
Index 174
Figure 1 test pin 81
Figure 2 standard test finger 81
Figure 3 Test nails 82
Figure 4 Vertical impact test controller 82
5 drum 83
6 Ball pressure test device 83
Figure 7 horizontal burning test 84
Figure 8 label durability test equipment 84
9 bending test equipment 85
FIG. 10 screw terminals and screw terminal 86
11 cylindrical terminal 87
12 cap-shaped terminal 88
Figure 13a) saddle-shaped terminal 89
Fig. 13b) terminal lug 89
Figure 14 inserts 89
15 connector inserts can not reverse 91
16 sets of 92 plug
17 creepage distances and clearances measured 93
Figure 25 Measurement Ⅱ class controller when connected to single-phase wiring diagram for leakage current at operating temperature 94
26 measuring non-Ⅱ type controller when connected to single-phase wiring diagram for leakage current at operating temperature 94
Figure 27 Measurement Ⅱ class controller leakage current at the time of the three-phase connection diagram 95 at operating temperature
28 measuring non-Ⅱ type controller leakage current at the time of the three-phase connection diagram 95 at operating temperature
29 measuring non-Ⅱ type controller when connected to single-phase wiring diagram for leakage current at operating temperature 96
30 non-Ⅱ leakage current is measured in the second class controllers are connected to the three-phase grounded-neutral power connections at operating temperatures
Line 96
Foreword
All technical content in this section is mandatory.
GB 14536 "Household and similar electrical automatic controller" is divided into two parts.
Part 1. General requirements
Part 2. Particular requirements
Special requirements and consists of the following components.
GB 14536.3 thermal motor protection Particular requirements (idt IEC 60730-2-2);
Particular requirements GB 14536.4 tubular fluorescent lamp ballasts for thermal protectors (idt IEC 60730-2-3);
GB 14536.5 sealed and semi-hermetic motor - compressor motor thermal protection Particular requirements (idt IEC 60730-2-4);
GB 14536.6 Particular requirements for automatic electrical burner control systems (idt IEC 60730-2-5);
GB 14536.7 pressure sensitive electrical controls - Particular requirements (idt IEC 60730-2-6);
GB 14536.8 timers and time switches - Particular requirements (idt IEC 60730-2-7);
GB 14536.9 Particular requirements for electrically operated water valves (including mechanical requirements) (idt IEC 60730-2-8);
GB 14536.10 - Particular requirements for temperature sensing controls (idt IEC 60730-2-9);
Particular requirements for starting relays (idt IEC 60730-2-10) GB 14536.11 motors;
GB 14536.12 Particular requirements for energy regulators (idt IEC 60730-2-11);
GB 14536.13 Particular requirements for electrically operated door locks (idt IEC 60730-2-12);
GB 14536.14 - Particular requirements for household washing machine controller;
GB 14536.15 Particular requirements for humidity sensing controls (idt IEC 60730-2-13);
GB 14536.16 Particular requirements for electric actuators (idt IEC 60730-2-14);
GB 14536.17 special requirements of the float or electrode-sensitive automatic electrical water level sensing controller used in the boiler appliance (idt
IEC 60730-2-15);
Particular requirements GB 14536.18 household and similar float type level controller (idt IEC 60730-2-16);
GB 14536.19 Particular requirements for electrically operated gas valves, including mechanical requirements (idt IEC 60730-2-17)
This section is equivalent to using the International Electrotechnical Commission IEC 60730-1.2003 (3.1 Edition) "Household and similar electrical automatic control
Part is 1. General requirements. "
Structure of this part of IEC 60730-1.2003 is identical. In this section, there is a corresponding national standards, national standards incorporated by reference
Quasi; no national standards, IEC standards are incorporated by reference outlined. Part 2 Normative arrangement with sequential file
Different IEC 60730-1.
For ease of use, this section made the following editorial changes.
a) "This standard" be replaced by "this section";
b) use a decimal point instead of a decimal comma ",". ",";
c) increase the national standard foreword.
This Part replaces GB 14536.1-1998 "Household and similar electrical controls - Part 1. General requirements"
(Idt IEC 730-1.1993).
This section compared with GB 14536.1-1998 main changes are as follows.
a) an increase of Annex K, Appendix L, Appendix M, Appendix N, Appendix P, Appendix Q, Appendix R, Appendix S;
b) In Chapter 17, the Chinese used instead of the overload test pressure test;
c) In Chapter 23, Chapter 26, Appendix H changed greatly;
d) "in some countries" to name specific countries.
This section of the Appendix A, Appendix B, Appendix C, Appendix E, Appendix G, Appendix H, Appendix J, Appendix L, Appendix N, Appendix P, Q is the Appendix
Normative Appendix; Appendix D, Appendix F, Appendix K, Appendix M, Appendix R, S appendix is informative appendix.
This part is proposed by the China Electrical Equipment Industrial Association.
This part of the jurisdiction of the National Standardization Technical Committee household automatic controller.
This section is drafted. Guangzhou Electric Apparatus Research Institute, Foshan Tongbao Co., Ltd., Jiangsu Baoying electrical plant, Strix (Guangzhou)
Electric Co., Ltd., Shunde District of Foshan City Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Miharu, Changzhou, Jiangsu Xi Mate Electric Co., Ltd., Foshan City Days peer Thermostat
Co., Ltd, Guangdong Midea Refrigeration Equipment Co., Ltd. Zhejiang Yan thermostat, Guangdong Kelon Electrical Co., Ltd., Guangzhou
Household electrical detection by the China Quality Certification Center, Emerson Electric (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd., Zhejiang spent three Refrigeration Group.
Drafters of this section. Huang Kaiyun, wheat harvest, Yang storms and left Cheung expensive, Shao Zhicheng, Du Li, Feng Hui Cai, Baodian Sheng, Chen Yonglong, HUANG Xiao-feng,
Core hole Xun, Zhang Weidong, Lin Jianlian, Chen Yuzhong, Li Hui.
This section commissioned the National Standardization Technical Committee household automatic controller responsible for the interpretation.
The partial substitution of previous standards published case.
--- GB 14536.1-1993;
--- GB 14536.1-1998.
IEC Foreword
1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC ) is a worldwide standardization group composed of all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees)
Organizations. The object of IEC is to promote international cooperation in the countries electricians and standardized electronic field all questions. For this purpose
IEC addition to other activities, but also publishes International Standards, technical specifications, technical reports and guidelines (hereinafter referred to as
"IEC Publication"). Formulation of these publications is entrusted to technical committees to complete. Any IEC National Committee
Yes, if interested in this technology, and can participate in its development work. Liaising with the IEC international, governmental and non-governmental
Government organizations may also participate in this work. Conditions IEC and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO ) in accordance with the provisions of the agreement, close
Cut cooperation.
2) IEC IEC National Committees on technical issues formal decisions or agreements of particular concern on this issue with all the skills to participate
Technique developed by the Commission and, where possible expressed consensus on the issues involved in the international arena.
3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use, and in this sense the countries recognized by the Commission, should make every effort to
IEC standard technologies to ensure content is correct, IEC for any incorrect translation in use end-user live
responsibility.
4) In order to promote international unification, IEC National Committees should clearly maximize the IEC international standards into the country
Standard or region. In case of any difference between the standard and the corresponding national or regional standard IEC , should be national standards or
Regional standards clearly stated.
5) IEC not developed any sign of approval procedures. When a device is declared if it complies with one of its standards of IEC , IEC this
Assumes no responsibility.
6) All users should ensure that they have the latest version of this publication.
7) IEC or its managers, employees, agents or employees including experts, members of the Technical Committee and the National Commission on the use of IEC
Any personal injury caused by the IEC publication, property damage or any loss directly or indirectly caused by natural disasters and fees
Use (including legal fees) and expenses exceed IEC publication irresponsible.
8) Note that the standard references mentioned in this publication. Publication reference standard for the correct application of this standard is indispensable.
9) Some standards of international publications will involve patents, IEC these patent rights will not be responsible.
International Standard IEC 60730-1 the IEC /T C72. home automation controller Technical Committee.
In this enhanced version of the third edition of IEC 60730-1 (1999) [documents 72/416/FDIS and 72/417/RVD] and Rev. 1 (2003) [text
Member 72/577/FDIS and 72/580/RVD] basis.
The version number is 3.1.
Vertical line indicates that the boundary has been revised Fundamentals member 1 changes.
In the development of a complete household and similar use automatic controller international standards process, we must consider the actual various regions of the world
The formation of the different requirements of the situation, and should recognize differences in various countries electrical systems and wiring rules.
Appendix A, Appendix B, Appendix C, Appendix E, Appendix G, Appendix H, Appendix J, Appendix L, Appendix N, P and Appendices Appendix Q oriented part
Component.
Appendix D, Appendix F, Appendix K, Appendix M, R and Appendices Appendix S is only available.
Keyword alphabetical index only data.
Differences in different countries in order to "Note. In some countries," given in the form of these differences, see the following articles.
2.1.5 11.11.1.2 17.10
2.7.2 11.11.1.3 17.10.4
2.7.3 11.11.1.4 17.12.5
2.14.2 12.1.6 17.14
4.2.1 12.3 18.1.6
6.6.1 Table 13.2, note n 18.1.6.1
Table 7.2, note i 13.3.4 18.1.6.2
7.4.3 14.1.1 18.1.6.3
7.4.3.2 Table 14.1, note a, g 18.4
8.1.1 14.4 19.2.4.1
8.4 15.1 19.2.5.1
9.3.2 16.2.1 20
9.3.4 17.1.3.1 21.1
Table 9.5.2 17.2.1 21.4
Table 10.1.4, note a 17.2.2 Appendix C
10.1.4.2 Table 17.2.2 Appendix D
10.1.4.3 17.2.3 H. 11.12.6
10.1.14 17.2.3.1 H. 26.10
10.1.16 Table 17.2.3 Table H. 26.10.4
10.1.16.1 17.5.1 H. 27.1.3
Table 10.2.1, note a 17.6.2 H. 27.1.3a)
11.5 17.7.7 Table H. 27.1 g Note
11.8.2 17.8.4.1 Table K. 1
Table K. 2
R. 1
Is expected in the next version of this section may remove the present situation by the new IEC standard developed by other technical committees of these
difference.
This standard consists of two parts.
Part 1. General requirements, including the use of household and similar electrical appliances in or supporting these appliances for use with electrical automatic control
General terms of the required characteristics.
Part 1 and Part 2 with the use for specific types of controllers or controller specific purposes. In justified cases,
Part 1 may also apply to the controller and according to the new principles, and the controllers - Part 2 is not involved in this case, it is necessary
Consider increasing requirements.
See 4.3.5.2 and 4.3.5.3.
Part 2. For specific types of controllers specific requirements. The terms of these particular requirements supplement or modify the phase Part 1
Should be provisions.
Wherein, for special terms or sub-clause, the provisions specified in Part 2.
Increase --- the first part of the provisions of Section 2 should be added for use with the requirements;
--- Amend the provisions of section 1 of Part 2 should be an indication for use after some minor modifications;
--- Instead of modifying the provisions of Section 2 completely replace the corresponding provisions of Part 1.
If you do not have to make any changes, or specify the relevant provisions of the applicable sub-clause in Part 2.
NOTE. The following printed in this section.
Body Requirements. roman
Test specifications. italic
Note matters. Small roman
The Committee decided that the contents of this publication and its Rev. 1 in 2005 remains unchanged. In the meantime, the publication will be.
● re-confirmation;
● abolished;
● The revision replaced or
● Added.
Household and similar electrical automatic controller
Part 1. General requirements
1 Scope and normative references
1.1 In general, this section applies to household and similar devices or electrical controls used in conjunction with these devices, including
Including heating, air conditioning and similar controller. These devices can use electricity, gas, oil, solid fuel, solar energy, etc., or a combination thereof
energy.
1.1.1 This section applies to the inherent safety Automatic electrical controls for safety equipment and related operating values, operating time and operating procedures
Order, as well as for electric control devices in the home or the like, or with the device for use with the test.
This section also applies within the scope of GB 4706.1 electrical controller.
Note. "device" in this section use the term with "utensils and equipment."
This section does not apply to electric automatic controller designed for industrial use. Unless the special requirements in Part 2 of the relevant standards significantly involved
And to.
This section also applies to the control system as a separate part of the controller or the multi-function controller with no mechanical power output of the group
Together controller.
Not as a general household, but used in public places, such as to shops, in light industry and farm equipment from non-professional use, the power-on self
Motion controller are also included within the scope of this.
See Appendix J.
1.1.2 This section applies to mechanically operated or electrically-operated electric automatic controllers that can respond to or control various characteristics, such as temperature
, Pressure, over time, humidity, light, electrostatic effects, flow, level, current, voltage, acceleration, or a combination thereof.
1.1.3 This section applies to a predetermined starting relay for switching motor starting winding, which is a special kind of electrical controls. This
Kind can be mounted in the motor controller, the motor may be separated.
1.1.4 This section also applies to manual control in/or electrically and mechanically with the automatic controller combination.
Note. Requires an integral part of the manual switch does not constitute an automatic controller included in the GB 15092.1.
1.2 section applies to rated voltage not exceeding 690V, rated current not exceeding 63A controller.
1.3 section does not depend on the controller in response to a predetermined value in the automatic operation of the device mounting method of. If these values using the protection
Or the surrounding environment play a role, from the corresponding equipment standards specified by the manufacturer or response defined in this section apply.
1.4 section also applies to controllers equipped with electronic devices. The kinds of requirements of the controller is given in Appendix H.
This section applies to NTC (negative temperature coefficient) or PTC (positive temperature coefficient) thermistor Automatic electrical controls. Their additional
Requirements included in Appendix J.
1.5 Reference Standard
The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this Part of GB 14536, constitute provisions of this part. For dated reference documents
Member, all subsequent amendments (not including errata content) or revisions do not apply to this section, however, encouraged to reach under this section
Parties to research agreement to use the latest versions of these documents. For undated reference documents, the latest versions apply to this
section.
GB 156-2003 standard voltage (IEC 60038. 1983, NEQ)
GB/T 2900.57-2002 Electrotechnical terminology Generation, transmission and distribution operations (eqv IEC 60050-604. 1987)
GB/T 4207-2003 solid insulating materials under moist conditions index tracking of the measuring method and the proof tracking index compared
(IEC 60112. 1979, IDT)
GB 4208-1993 housing protection (IP Code) (eqv IEC 60529. 1989)
GB 4706.1-1998 household and similar electrical appliances - Part 1. General requirements (eqv IEC 60335-1.1991)
GB 5013 rated voltage 450/750V and below rubber insulated cables (idt IEC 60245)
GB 5023 rated voltage 450/750V and below PVC insulated cables (idt IEC 60227)
GB/T 5169.5-1997 Fire hazard testing for electric and electronic products - Part 2. Test methods - Section 2. Needle-flame test (idt
IEC 60695-2-2.1991)
GB/T 5169.11-1997 Fire hazard testing for electric and electronic products - Test methods refined glow-wire test and guidance (idt
IEC 60695-2-1/1.1994)
GB/T 7153-2002 Directly heated positive step - function temperature coefficient thermistors - Part 1. Generic specification (IEC 60738-1.
1998, IDT)
GB/T 7154.1-2003 Directly heated positive step - function temperature coefficient thermistors - Part 1-1. Blank detail specification limit
Assessment level EZ (IEC 60738-1-1.1998, IDT)
GB 8898-2001 Audio, video and similar electronic apparatus - Safety requirements (eqv IEC 60065.1998)
GB radio disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods of measurement 9254-1998 IT equipment (CISPR22.1997, IDT)
GB 9364 miniature fuses (IEC 60127, IDT)
Part 2 GB 13140.3-1998 Connecting devices for low voltage circuits for household and similar purposes used. as a standalone unit with no screw
Particular requirements (idt IEC 60998-2-2.1991) grain-type clamping units for connecting devices
GB 13539.1-2002 Low-voltage fuses - Part 1. General requirements (IEC 60269-1.1998, IDT)
GB/T 13539.2-2002 Low-voltage fuses - Part 2. Supplementary requirements for full-time personnel fuse (mainly for workers
Fuse industry) (IEC 60269-2. 1986, IDT)
GB 13539.3-1999 Low-voltage fuses - Part 3. unskilled personnel Supplementary requirements for fuses (mainly used in home
With fuses and similar applications) (idt IEC 60269-3. 1987)
GB/T 13539.5-1999 Low-voltage fuses - Part 3. unskilled personnel Supplementary requirements for fuses (mainly used
Fuses for household and similar applications) - Examples of standardized fuses (idt IEC 60269-3-1.1994)
GB/T 13539.6-2002 Low-voltage fuses - Part 2. Supplementary requirements for full-time personnel fuse (mainly for workers
Fuse industry) Section 1 - Part 5. Examples of standardized fuses (IEC 60269-2-1.2000, IDT)
GB/T 14472-1998 Fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment - Part 14. Sectional specification curb the power of electromagnetic interference with a fixed electrode
Container (idt IEC 60384-14.1993)
GB/T 14579-1993 Fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment - Part 17. Sectional specification metallized polypropylene film dielectric ac and
Pulse capacitors (idt IEC 60384-17.1993)
GB 15092.1-2000 Switches for appliances - Part 1. General requirements (IEC 61058-1.1996, IDT)
GB/T 16935.1-1997 within low-voltage systems Insulation coordination for equipment Part 1. Principles, requirements and tests (idt IEC
60664-1.1992)
GB/T 16935.3-2003 within low-voltage systems Insulation coordination for equipment - Part 3. Using the coating, potting or molding for antifouling
Protection (IEC 60664-3.1992, IDT)
GB/T 17194-1997 electrical conduit conduits for electrical installations and the outer diameter of the catheter and threaded fittings (eqv IEC 60423.
1993)
GB 17196-1997 Connecting devices - Flat quick copper wire connecting terminal Safety requirements (idt IEC 61210.
1993)
GB 17625.1-2003 Electromagnetic compatibility - Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current ≤16A) (IEC 61000-3-
2.2001, IDT)
GB 17625.2-1999 Electromagnetic compatibility limits of the rated current less than 16A devices in low-voltage power supply systems
Voltage fluctuations and flicker limits (idt IEC 61000-3-3.1994)
GB/T 17626.2-1998 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement techniques - Electrostatic discharge immunity test (idt IEC 61000-4-2.1995)
GB/T 17626.3-1998 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement techniques RFEMS test (idt IEC
61000-4-3.1995)
GB/T 17626.4-1998 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement techniques - Electrical fast transient burst immunity test (idt IEC
61000-4-4.1995)
GB/T 17626.5-1999 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement techniques - Surge (impact) immunity test (idt IEC 61000-4-5.
1995)
GB/T 17626.6-1998 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement techniques - conducted disturbances induced by RF field immunity (idt IEC
61000-4-6.1996)
GB/T 17626.8-1998 Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement techniques - Power frequency magnetic field immunity test (idt IEC 61000-4-8.
1993)
GB/T 17626.11-1999 Electromagnetic compatibility Testing and measurement techniques - Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations immunity
Test (idt IEC 61000-4-11.1994)
IEC 60068-2-75.1997 Environmental testing - Part 2. Test --- Test Eh. Hammer tests
IEC 60085. 1984 Electrical insulating heat evaluation and classification
IEC 60099-1.1991 Surge arresters - Part 1. System AC discharger with a non-linear resistor type gapped surge
IEC 60216-1.1990 Electrical insulating materials to determine the heat resistance of the guide - Part 1. Test methods and the development of aging evaluation test
Total Practice Results
IEC 60249 printed circuit substrate
IEC 60269 Low-voltage fuses
IEC 60326 printed circuit board
IEC 60326-3.1991 - Part 3 PCB. printed circuit board design and use
IEC 60384-16. 1982 Fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment - Part 16. Sectional specification. Fixed metallized polypropylene film dielectric dc
Capacitors
IEC 60536. 1976 electrical and electronic equipment electric shock protection classification
IEC 60539. 1976 Directly heated negative temperature coefficient thermistor
IEC 60707. 1981 test method after the source of ignition combustion properties of solid electrical insulating materials when exposed
IEC 61000 (all) electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
IEC 61000-4-28.2002 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-28. Testing and measurement techniques - Power frequency immunity
test
IEC 61558-2-6.1997 Safety of power transformers, power supply units and similar products - Part 2. General Purpose safety isolating transformer
Particular requirements for the press
CISPR14.1993 Household and similar electric, electric appliances, electric tools and similar electric characteristic measurement of radio interference Party
Law and allowable values
2 Definitions
This section uses the following definitions. The definition used "voltage" and "current" Unless otherwise specified, refer to RMS (r.m.s).
2.1 voltage, current, frequency and power ratings related definitions
2.1.1
Manufacturers controller specified voltage, current, frequency or power. Three-phase power line voltage is rated voltage.
2.1.2
Manufacturers of a range of voltage, current, frequency or power control provisions of the above limit and lower limit represented.
2.1.3
When the device is supplied at rated voltage, maximum valid any DC or AC voltage generated on a particular insulating member in the device.
Note 1. transient overvoltage negligible.
Note 2. Consider the open circuit conditions and normal operating conditions.
2.1.4
Between the wire and between the wire and does not exceed the nominal voltage of 42V; or three-phase connection, no more than 42V between the cables and conductors
Does not exceed the nominal voltage of 24V between the conductor and the midline.
2.1.5
Between conductors and between conductors and ground does not exceed 42V nominal voltage between conductors; or in three-phase circuit, does not exceed between conductors and neutral
Over 24V, no-load voltage of the circuit does not exceed 50V and 29V, respectively.
When safety extra-low voltage is a higher voltage from the mains supply, it should be through a safety isolating transformer or equivalent insulation around alone
Group converter.
Note. The voltage limit is based on the assumption that the safety isolating transformer at rated voltage on.
In Canada and the United States, safety extra-low voltage limit is 30V.
2.1.6
Between the input winding and output winding through at least equivalent to double or reinforced insulation in electrical insulation will separate them, and
And it is intended to be used as a safety extra-low voltage circuit power supply transformer.
2.1.7
The relationship between the live parts, interconnections between them can be a current through the load, and the current to the load it is limited.
2.1.8
Relations between the two charged components, interconnection between them can make the current through this current by the impedance of the power supply circuit to limit.
2.1.9
The maximum capacity of 100VA isolation transformer secondary winding circuit leads, and secondary open-circuit voltage rating not exceeding
1000V.
2.1.10
Operating level, in this final operation of the electric load by the auxiliary device such as a relay or the like contactor control.
2.1.11
Oscillation or oscillation damping is usually high, the duration of only a few milliseconds or less short-term over-voltage [IEV604-03-13].
2.1.12
By the manufacturer of the equipment or its components selected impulse withstand voltage value, to characterize its anti-insulation specified transient overvoltage tolerance.
2.1.13
Transient represented by numbers overvoltage conditions.
NOTE. Use the Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ represented overvoltage category. See Appendix L.
2.2 is defined by use classification controller
2.2.1
In conjunction with the device or the device, and means for changing the output device, comprising excitation, transmission and three operation portions, wherein at least
There is a part of the electrical or electronic.
2.2.2
One kind of excited by the starter and controller, its transmission and operations are done directly, without any intentional time delay.
2.2.3
Excitation, and transfer operations at least a portion of the non-manual control.
2.2.4
An automatic controller, which is excited by a special start of the stated amount, including the amount of these special starting temperature, current, humidity,
Light, level, position, pressure or a speed-sensitive element to complete.
2.2.5
A progressive automatic controller transfers heat from the original mechanism.
2.2.6
A cyclical temperature sensing controls, which under normal operating conditions to maintain the temperature between two particular values, which can be and
There are set by the user of the device.
2.2.7
A temperature sensing controls, which under normal operating conditions to maintain the temperature below or above a certain value, and which may have the
User to configure the device.
Note. The temperature limiter can be automatic or manual reset type. During normal business cycle of electrical equipment can not be reverse operation.
2.2.8
A temperature-sensitive controller that the temperature in a non-normal operating conditions remain above or below a specific value, and not by the use
Set by the device.
Note. The thermal cut can be automatic or manual reset type.
In general, thermal cut-provided type 2 action.
2.2.10
Changing the energy supplied to the load from the circulation controller, and which can be set by the user to change the group average for energy
Bonding apparatus.
NOTE. switched on with the on time plus off time ratio to determine the average energy is supplied.
2.2.11
Based circuit to achieve the automatic transmission controller when a kind of time-based agency or the prime mover.
2.2.12
By the original electric actuator to achieve automatic transmission controller. In this controller, the controller of the operation control circuit without a
Intentional delay.
NOTE. For example relays.
Delay relay can be either electric controller, and can be time-base controller, according to which the test by test units and manufacturers mutually agreed.
2.2.13
Before the next cycle occurs when the group needs to start the controller.
NOTE. during one cycle, in order to continue the cycle, before leaving the stop position requires an external electrical or mechanical signal. For example, program control
Troller.
2.2.14
After the completion of the previous cycle to continue to the next cycle of the time base controller.
Note. The heater 24h such as storage controllers.
2.2.15
Intended for the protection of the motor windings so that the automatic controller from overheating.
2.2.16
Intended for installation in the motor or the motor to prevent overloading the motor running and the starter failure caused by overheating automatic control
Device. The controller carries the motor current, and motor temperature and current sensitive.
Note. When the temperature dropped to reset value, this controller is able to reset (can be manual or automatic reset).
2.2.17
By the electric actuator to achieve its original transmission, motion control and its automatic control of a liquid or gas flow.
2.2.18
By the original electric actuator to achieve its automatic transmission controller, which controls operation of a mechanical device.
Note. The interlock mechanism such as an electric rotary dryer cover.
The motor is not included in this definition.
2.2.19
In normal operation, start or adjust the controller device.
2.2.20
Its operation is intended to be used to prevent the controller appears in the non-normal operation of the device in hazardous conditions.
2.2.21
It can be used for more than one classification and use of electrical controls.
NOTE. An example of a multi-purpose controller. Temperature also be used as a temperature limiter.
2.2.22
By more than one combination of features of electrical controls.
NOTE. An example of a multifunctional controller. a combination of temperature and hygrometer.
2.3 function controller and related definitions
2.3.1.
Generating part of the controller to change the transmission and required for the operation.
2.3.2
It enables the controller to complete the coupling with the excitation required for operation between its purpose.
2.3.3
Controller part of change, and this change alters the input of some of the equipment or machinery.
2.3.4
Its transmission and operation is not due to start operation by the excitation generated by the automatic controller.
2.3.5
Operating speed mode of operation, the rate of change of its contacts on and/or off rate starting amount of the original mechanism or proportional.
NOTE. This action can be used to turn on or off, or at the same time for both.
2.3.6
Its transmission and operations are caused by the excitation start arising, automatic or manual operation of the controller.
2.3.7
By the user to hands, feet or other parts of the physical activity of the starter element controller generation shift.
2.3.8
After the starting element to move slightly, if it is released, it will return to the starting element position.
2.3.9
Starting element positioned anywhere nearby. In this position starting element would remain stationary while the operation of the controller is uncertain.
2.3.10
A dielectric perceptible change in its physical properties or stable.
2.3.11
Associated with temperature, pressure, current, etc., and as a starter in the amount of increase or decrease its value will lead to sensitive controller action
Value.
2.3.12
Any two functions during the time base controller automatic action in the event of time (electrical or mechanical) or the difference between the time interval.
2.3.13
Program automatic or manual operation of the controller caused by electrical or mechanical predetermined functional operation of the order or pattern.
Note. It includes contacts disconnect or connect mode at any location, or median position indicated by the manufacturer or set by the user on.
2.3.14
The controller manipulated value with respect to specific devices, operating time or operating procedures.
2.3.15
Starting with the reset element of automatic action, this action does not depend on automatic manipulation or position of the reset mechanism.
2.3.16
All current between the exposed conductive surface and ground or other exposed conductive surface of a conductive electrical device, including capacitive coupling current.
2.3.17
To operate the selected value of the components of the controller performed mechanical positioning.
2.3.18
Performed by the controller manufacturer, not intended for equipment manufacturers to make any setting changes installer or user.
2.3.19
Carried out by the device manufacturer, installer or not a predetermined allow the user to change any of the settings used.
2.3.20
According to the device manufacturer or the controller manufacturer instructions, carried out by the installer, not intended for users to make changes to any settings.
2.3.21
Users start by selecting the operation of any value changes.
2.3.22
By setting the selected value.
2.3.23
Within a predetermined range of multiple values can be selected by setting.
2.3.24
During operation of a device controlled from start to finish in the completion of all automatic operation and manual operation.
2.3.25
A contact connected to the first and subsequent opening operation or a contact opening and subsequent closing operation.
2.3.26
The difference between the higher and lower values of operating values between.
2.3.27
By manual operation of the mechanical movement, the ability to change or deviation correction operation within the rated range.
2.3.28
After setting can not be changed by the manufacturer's operating bias.
2.3.29
Controller or its components can withstand the stated maximum line or system operating pressure.
2.3.30
In normal operation, scheduled for breaking device which is exposed to a predetermined maximum continuous ambient temperature.
2.4 and off and off related definitions
Some controllers can have more than one circuit is disconnected or cut off form.
2.4.1
For single-phase AC and DC electrical appliances, switching off with a two power wires, and are connected to two or more power supply lead
Line of appliances, by a switching operation Disconnect all power ground wire outside the wire.
Note. The protective grounding wire and not the cord.
2.4.2
In addition to the power ground contact separation on all electrodes except to ensure that the power grid and insulation of those parts to be disconnected between the phase
When the basic insulation.
Note. contact gap electrical strength and size requirements.
If the controller is equal to the number of poles of the connected electrical power poles, all off to provide all-pole disconnection.
See Appendix H.
2.4.3
At least one electrode on the contact has a sufficient separation to ensure reliable function.
Note. The electrical contact gap but no dimensional requirements of strength requirements.
For non-sensitive controllers, micro-off to ensure reliable disconnection of the control function; for sensitive controllers, micro-off to ensure that Table 7.2 Section 36 of the Regulation
Given the amount of start-range and reliable.
See Appendix H.
2.4.4
Through contact separation cycle operation or cycle operation of the circuit cut off, it does not guarantee full disconnection or micro- disconnection.
Note. there is no electrical contact gap strength or size requirements.
See Appendix H.
2.4.5
For full disconnection or micro- disconnection provide an explicit or implicit indication of one location.
2.4.6
See Appendix H.
2.5 definitions associated with different controller structures
2.5.1
Its function and it is properly installed in the equipment and related fixed, and it can only be related components and equipment to connect the controller with the test.
Note. This equipment can be electricity, gas, oil, solid fuel energy or a combination thereof.
The controller also refers to the controller as a whole more complex controller (electric or non-electric) part.
2.5.2
Installed in the device or on a device controller, but it can be tested separately.
NOTE. Load controller can be tested separately does not mean it can not be installed in the device tested according to 4.3.1.1.
This equipment may use electricity, gas, oil, solid fuel energy or a combination thereof.
Load controller also refers to the part of the controller as a more sophisticated controller (or the electric power).
2.5.3
With cord destined for the appliance outlet or receptacle connector mounted to the power supply and the device controller in a separate box, and a manual start.
2.5.4
Stand on the floor or on a desktop with a line controller, which can be hand, foot or other parts of the body to start.
2.5.5
Intended for permanently connected to fixed wiring, and leave the controller to control device installation, which can have the following three forms.
--- Ming-mounted, such as attached to a wall;
--- Concealed, such as attached to the wall hole, when the installation is possible from the front of the case;
--- Panel mounting, such as the control board, mounted from the rear when you can.
2.5.6
Mounted on the device or in the device, with a cable to start the controller.
2.5.7
See Appendix H.
2.5.8
See Appendix H.
2.5.9
See Appendix H.
2.5.10
See Appendix H.
2.5.11
Perform two different actions sequence start element.
2.6 Test procedure controller automatically and the type of action related to the definition of
2.6.1
Its operation does not require manufacturing deviation, operating time or operating procedures and drift, and in accordance with this part of the test of automatic action.
Note. Detailed Type 1 operation, see 6.4 requirements.
2.6.2
It provides manufacturing operation deviation value, the operating time or operating procedures and drift, and in accordance with this part of the test of automatic action.
Note. Detailed Type 2 operation, see 6.4 requirements.
2.7 Protection against electric shock and related definitions
2.7.1
In normal use for a predetermined administration energized conductive member, including neutral conductors, but does not include conventionally PEN conductor.
2.7.1.1
Under certain external conditions, can cause an electric shock conductive member.
2.7.2
Rely on basic insulation provide protection against electric shock controller. This means that, if accessible conductive member is no measures to
They are connected to the protective conductor of fixed wiring devices, when only rely on basic insulation failure of environmental protection.
Note. Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany and Britain are not allowed to use Class 0 controller.
If the order of continuity or functional (and not for protection) purposes only allow ground terminal.
2.7.3
At least complete basic insulation, can not be removed with a cord with a ground terminal and non-grounding conductor and grounding plug without the plug
Line controller, this plug can not be inserted into the ground socket - outlet.
Note. Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany and the United Kingdom do not allow 0Ⅰ class controller.
If only for continuous (as opposed to protection) ground terminal allows purposes.
2.7.4
Its protection against electric shock does not rely on basic insulation, but also an added safety precaution. The method is easily accessible conductive
Electrically conductive member and member facilities in the fixed wiring protective (earth) conductor is connected together, so that is easily accessible even in the basic insulation
When damage does not become a charged body.
Note. Such measures include protective conductor cord or cable as part of. When designing a controller class Ⅰ structure connected with a two-wire cord or cable, if
The plug can not be assigned to contacts with insertion of the socket, then the type of protection equivalent to Class 0, while other aspects of the grounding device shall comply with the class Ⅰ
Requirements.
Class Ⅰ controller may have a double-insulated components or at safety extra low voltage components.
2.7.5
Its protection against electric shock does not rely on basic insulation, but also additional protective measures, such as double insulation or reinforced insulation, but there is no ground
Protection measures or measures depend on the reliability of the electrical installation conditions. These controllers can be one of the following types.
NOTE. Ⅱ class controller may have at safety extra low voltage components.
2.7.5.1
The controller has a durable, substantially integral insulating material encapsulating housing, it encapsulated except nameplate, screws, rivets and other small zero
All metal parts other than the parts, and these small parts with at least equivalent to reinforced insulation class insulated isolate live parts. Kind of
The controller is called an insulating housing Ⅱ class controller.
2.7.5.2
The controller has a substantially integral metal, except those obviously can not double insulation, reinforced insulation and to use
Member, the entire metal shell should be double insulated. Such controllers called metal shell Ⅱ class controller.
2.7.5.3
2.7.5.1 and 2.7.5.2 of the type described is the combination of this controller.
Note. All insulation class Ⅱ controller housing may constitute additional or reinforced insulation part or all. If it has a double or reinforced insulation control
Has a ground terminal or ground contact, then it is considered 0Ⅰ Ⅰ class or classes.
2.7.6
Protection against electric shock is to rely on its safety extra-low voltage (SELV) power supply, and in th......
Related standard: GB 14536.7-2010    GB 14536.8-2010
Related PDF sample: GB/T 36049-2018    GB/T 36295-2018