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GA 36-2018

GA 36-2018_English: PDF (GA36-2018)
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GA 36-2018English755 Add to Cart 0--10 minutes. Auto-delivered. License plates of motor vehicles of P. R. China GA 36-2018 Valid GA 36-2018
 


GA 36-2018
GA
PUBLIC SECURITY STANDARD OF
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.040.60
R 82
Replacing GA 36-2014
License plates of motor vehicles
of the People’s Republic of China
ISSUED ON. APRIL 20, 2018
IMPLEMENTED ON. MAY 01, 2018
Issued by. Ministry of Public Security of PRC
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 7 
2 Normative references ... 7 
3 Terms and definitions ... 8 
4 Classification, specification, color, scope of application ... 9 
5 Pattern ... 12 
6 Technical requirements ... 28 
7 Test methods ... 41 
8 Inspection rules ... 46 
9 Marking, packaging, transport, storage ... 49 
10 Installation ... 50 
11 Replacement ... 51 
12 Enlarged license plate ... 52 
13 Production management ... 52 
14 Requirements for transition period for standard implementation ... 53 
Appendix A (Normative) Code of licensing authority ... 54 
Appendix B (Informative) Design sketch of license plate ... 66 
License plates of motor vehicles
of the People’s Republic of China
1 Scope
This standard specifies the classification, specifications, color, scope of
application, pattern, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules,
packaging, replacement, enlarged license plate, supervision and management
of license plates of motor vehicles.
This standard is applicable to the production, inspection, issuance, supervision
and management of license plates of motor vehicles as issued by the traffic
management department of the public security organ.
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For
the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable
to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including
all the amendments) are applicable to this standard.
GB/T 191 Packaging - Pictorial marking for handling of goods
GB 1589 Limits of dimensions, axle load and masses for road vehicles,
trailers, combination vehicles
GB/T 2260 Codes for the administrative divisions of the Peoples Republic of
China
GB/T 3181 Color standard for paint film
GB/T 3681 Plastics - Methods of exposure to direct weathering, to
weathering using glass-filtered daylight, and to intensified weathering by
daylight using Fresnel mirrors
GB/T 3880.1 Wrought aluminum and aluminum alloy plates, sheets and
strips for general engineering - Part 1. Technical conditions of delivery
GB/T 3880.2 Wrought aluminum and aluminum alloy plates, sheets and
strips for general engineering - Part 2. Mechanical properties
GB/T 3978 Standard illuminants and geometric conditions
GB/T 3979 Methods for the measurement of object color
GB/T 9286 Paints and varnishes - Cross cut test for films
GB/T 16865 Test pieces and method for tensile test for wrought aluminum
and magnesium alloys products
GB/T 18284 QR code
GB/T 20197 Define, classify, marking and degradability requirement of
degradable plastic
CY/T 3 Color assessment lighting and observation condition
GA 666 Reflective film for the license plate of motorcycle
GA 802 Types of motor vehicle - Terms and definitions
GA 804 License plate of motor vehicle special sealing device
NY 345.1 Tractor number plate
QB/T 1012 Offset paper
Notice on carrying out the work of replacing the diplomatic vehicles of
diplomatic corps in China (WF [2017] No.10)
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document.
3.1
License plate of motor vehicle
A statutory sign that permits a motor vehicle to travel on a road within the
territory of the People’s Republic of China, the number of which is the motor
vehicle’s registration number.
3.2
Registration number of motor vehicle
The number assigned to the motor vehicle according to the rules when
handling the motor vehicle registration business. The motor vehicle’s
registration number includes. the abbreviation of the province, autonomous
region, municipality directly under the central government represented by
Chinese characters, the licensing authority’s code represented by English
5.10 Chinese characters used for the abbreviation of dedicated license
plate
The abbreviations for Chinese characters used in the registration numbers of
various motor vehicles of dedicated license plates are as follows.
a) The license plate of the consular vehicle and the license plate of the
consular motorcycle use the Chinese character “Consulate”;
b) The license plate of the embassy vehicle and the license plate of the
embassy motorcycle use the Chinese character “Embassy”;
c) The license plate of the police vehicle and the license plate of the police
motorcycle use the Chinese character “Police”;
d) The license plate of the training vehicle and the license plate of the training
motorcycle use the Chinese character “Training”;
e) The license plate of the trailer uses the Chinese character “Trailer”;
f) The license plate of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region’s vehicle
entry-exit the Mainland is “Hong Kong”;
g) The license plate of the Macao Special Administrative Region’s vehicle
entry-exit the Mainland is “Macao”;
h) The temporary driving license plate of the trial vehicle is “Trial”;
i) The temporary driving license plate of the special type vehicle is “Special”.
5.11 Blank character
The blank character effectively separates the registration number of motor
vehicle. The blank character is stamped in the same way as the serial number,
the color is the same as that of the serial number.
5.12 Pattern effect of license plate
The rendering of the pattern of license plate is as shown in Appendix B.
6 Technical requirements
6.1 Materials
6.1.1 Substrate
6.1.1.1 Metal materials
well as the letters of the licensing authority shall be surrounded by the secret
marks which represent the manufacturing organization of license plate. The
secret marks are formed by stamping. The location shall be consistent with the
pattern.
6.2.2 Paper license plate
There shall be a unified secret mark on the front side of the license plate, the
position and pattern of the secret mark shall be consistent. The back side of the
license plate shall have a miniature text consisting of the English letter “LSXSC”.
6.3 Production sequence markings of metal license plate
6.3.1 Basic requirements
The metal license plate shall have a unique production sequence marking on
each side. Except that the marking for the license plate of the Hong Kong &
Macao entry-exit vehicles, the license plate of the embassy vehicle, the license
plate of consular vehicle, the license plate of the embassy motorcycle, the
license plate of the consular motorcycle is one the back side, the marking for
the other license plate is on the front side. The production sequence marking
shall be legible.
6.3.2 Content
6.3.2.1 Composition
The production sequence marking consists of a production serial number, a
check code, a two-dimensional barcode.
6.3.2.2 Production serial number
6.3.2.2.1 The production serial number consists of 13 digits. 2 digits of the
administrative division code of provinces, autonomous regions and
municipalities directly under the Central Government, 1 digit of check code, 10
digits of sequence number, that is.
6.3.2.2.2 The administrative division codes of provinces, autonomous regions
and municipalities directly under the Central Government shall comply with the
provisions of GB/T 2260.
6.3.2.2.3 The arrangement of the 10-digit sequence number is from
Sequence number (10-digit Arabic numerals)
Verification digit (1-digit Arabic
numeral or English letter X)
2 digits of the administrative division code of provinces, autonomous
regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government
6.6.2 Paper license plate
The appearance requirements of the paper license plate are as follows.
a) The background color of the license plates of temporary entry vehicles
and the license plates of temporary entry motorcycle which drive within
the region uses the sky blue (PB09) in GB/T 3181;
b) The background color of the license plates of temporary entry vehicle and
the license plates of temporary entry motorcycle which drive across the
region uses the brownish yellow color (YR06) in GB/T 3181;
c) The background color of the license plates of temporary driving vehicles
which drive across the administrative regions uses the sky blue (PB09) in
GB/T 3181;
d) The background color of the license plate of temporary driving vehicles for
trial purposes as well as the license plate of temporary driving special
motor vehicle which drive across the administrative jurisdiction uses the
brownish yellow (YR06) in GB/T 3181;
e) The layout is clean, the text and shade are clear and complete, there is
no marks, no paste, no shortage of calligraphy;
f) The production sequence markings shall be clear and complete.
6.7 Size
6.7.1 Profile size
The profile size of the license plate shall comply with the requirements of the
specifications in clause 5. The error of the profile size of the license plate of 88
mm x 60 mm is ±0.5 mm. The error of the profile size of the license plates of
other specifications is ±0.5%.
6.7.2 Character’s size
The size of the license plate’s character shall comply with the specifications of
clause 5, the error is ±1%.
6.7.3 Stamping size
The periphery of the metal license plate shall have ribs which have a convex
value of not less than 1 mm. The characters and blank characters shall project
from the license plate of not less than 1 mm. The ribs, characters, blank
characters of the license plates of large-and-medium new energy vehicles and
the license plates of small new energy vehicles shall project from the license
plate of not less than 1.2 mm. The edges of the character and rib shall be neat.
6.8 Retroreflective performance
The value of the retroreflection coefficient of the reflective surface of the metal
license plate shall comply with the provisions of GA 666.
6.9 Chroma performance
6.9.1 Paint film’s color
The color of the red paint film used for the metal license plate shall be the bright
red color (R03) in GB/T 3181.
6.9.2 Reflective surface’s color
6.9.2.1 Retroreflective color
The retroreflective color of the reflective surface of the metal license plate shall
comply with the provisions of GA 666.
6.9.2.2 Surface color
The surface color of the reflective surface of the metal license plate shall comply
with the provisions of GA 666.
6.10 Temperature resistance
The metal license plate shall have no cracking, peeling, chipping or warping in
the environment of -40 °C ~ 60 °C.
6.11 Bending resistance
When the metal license plate is bent by external force, the surface of the license
plate shall not have any damage such as cracking, peeling, interlaminar
separation.
6.12 Impact resistance
When the metal license plate is impacted by external force, there shall be no
crack or interlaminar separation beyond the circular zone which uses the
impacted point as the center and the radius of 6 mm at the surface of the impact
surface.
6.13 Solvent resistance
The metal license plate shall be capable of withstanding the etching of the
solvent and shall have no signs of color fading, color changing, discoloration,
softening, wrinkles, blistering, cracking, delamination, curling or dissolution at
surface.
c) The license plate of temporary driving vehicle can be completely stripped
from the automobile-grade float glass by hand, there is no residual glue
on the glass.
6.17 Blown-sand resistance
The metal license plate shall be able to withstand the blown sand. After being
tested according to the method as specified in 7.16, the surface shall be free
from damage, dent, peeling off, color fading.
7 Test methods
7.1 Testing of materials
7.1.1 Aluminum material
7.1.1.1 Test the general requirements for testing aluminum materials in
accordance with the requirements of GB/T 3880.1.
7.1.1.2 Test the mechanical properties of aluminum materials according to the
requirements of GB/T 16865.
7.1.1.3 Use a thickness gauge which has an accuracy of 1 μm to test the
thickness of the oxide or resin coating of the aluminum material.
7.1.1.4 Use a Vernier caliper to test the thickness of the aluminum material.
7.1.2 Special watermark paper
Use the viewer to check the watermark.
7.1.3 Offset printing paper
Follow the requirements of QB/T 1012 for testing and quantitation.
7.1.4 Reflective film
In the daytime environment with an illuminance greater than 150 lx, visually
check the abbreviations of Chinese characters of provinces, autonomous
regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government or the dedicated
markings for new energy vehicles.
7.2 Inspection of character and secret mark
7.2.1 Characters
In a daytime environment with an illuminance greater than 150 lx, collect the
character image on the front side of the license plate, carry out superimposed
7.6 Testing of size
7.6.1 Profile size
Use the length measurement tool to measure the profile size of the license plate.
7.6.2 Character’s size
Use the length measurement tool to measure the character’s size of the license
plate.
7.6.3 Stamping size
Use the length measurement tool to measure the stamping size of the license
plate.
7.7 Test of retroreflective performance
Test device and methods are as specified in GA 666. When testing the
retroreflective coefficient of a color on a license plate, use a low-reflectance
black material to shade other color parts.
7.8 Test of chroma performance
7.8.1 Paint film’s color
According to the requirements of GB/T 3181, use colorimetry to carry out test.
7.8.2 Retroreflective color
Use the standard illuminant A light source (color temperature 2856 K) as
specified in GB/T 3978, at an observation angle of 0.2° and an incident angle
of 0°. When testing a certain color on the license plate, use black material with
low-reflectance to shade other color parts, use the method as specified in GB/T
3979 to measure the chromaticity coordinates.
7.8.3 Surface color
Use the standard illumination D65 light source (color temperature 6500 K) as
specified in GB/T 3978, at a field angle of 2° and the geometric condition of
45/0. When testing a certain color on the license plate, it shall use the black
material with low-reflectance to shade other color parts. Follow the method as
specified in GB/T 3979, test the L*, a*, b* of each color.
7.9 Temperature resistance test
Put the license plate into the test chamber, then gradually increase the
temperature of the test chamber to 60 °C ± 2 °C, keep the license plate at this
temperature for 7 hours; after completion, remove the license plate and leave it
the exposure frame at least 1 m above the ground. The license plate faces the
south, at an angle to the horizontal plane of 45°. The surface of the license plate
shall not be blocked by other objects from sunlight. There shall be no
accumulated water. The exposure location shall be as close as possible to the
actual use environment or the most severe place of a certain climate type.
After the license plate begins to be exposed to the sun, make surface inspection
once a month. After one year, make inspection once every 3 months, until it is
finished. After the natural exposure test is completed, carry out inspection and
record the test results.
7.14.4 Artificial climate accelerated-aging test
Select metal license plates of different colors, to make a 140 mm x 70 mm
specimen which contains characters, put it into the aging chamber. The aging
chamber uses a xenon lamp as the light source, the front side of the specimen
is irradiated by light at a wavelength of 290 nm ~ 800 nm. The radiation intensity
is 550 W/m2. Within the overall area of the specimen, the deviation of the
radiation intensity shall not exceed 10%. During the test, use the continuous
illumination, the blackboard’s temperature is 65 °C ± 3 °C, the relative humidity
when the water is not sprayed is 65% ± 5%, the water spray period is 18 min /
102 min (water-spray time / non-water-spray time). After finishing the test, use
the 5% diluted hydrochloric acid solution to rinse the surface for 45 s, then use
water to rinse it thoroughly, use a clean soft cloth to wipe it dry, finally carry out
inspection and record the test results.
7.15 Adhesion test
7.15.1 Adhesion of reflective film
Place the metal license plate in a low-temperature chamber at -20 °C for 1 h,
then take out the specimen, immediately peel off the reflective film from the
bonded bottom plate by hand, check and record the test results; if it can be
peeled off manually, fix the license plate, apply a tensile force of 30 N on the
peeling reflective film’s end, to check whether the reflective film can be pulled
off at a uniform speed.
7.15.2 Adhesion of ink or hot-stamping film
For the test device and test method, it shall follow the provisions of GB/T 9286
to select the single-edge cutting tool at a cutting distance of 2 mm. Use the
background color portion as the testing surface for the white license plate; use
the coloring part of the character as the testing surface of the black-character
license plate.
7.15.3 Adhesion of license plate of temporary driving vehicles
When the exit-factory inspection fails, the unqualified batches shall be
subjected to 100% repeated exit-factory inspection. The products which pass
the re-inspection can be exit-factory. For the unqualified products, it shall
register the unqualified products in the information management system of the
license plate of motor vehicles, dispose the unqualified products.
8.4 Supervisory inspection
8.4.1 Metal license plate
After the normal production of the metal license plate or the semi-finished
license plate, the inspection shall be carried out once every 2 years in case of
continuous production. The inspection items shall include all other inspection
items than the weathering resistance test. The inspection shall be carried out
once every 4 years in case of continuous production according to all the type
inspection items.
8.4.2 Paper license plate
After the normal production of the paper license plate, the inspection shall be
carried out semi-annually. The inspection items shall include all type inspection
items.
9 Marking, packaging, transport, storage
9.1 Requirements for markings
The markings shall satisfy.
a) Each package of the license plate shall be identified of the license plate’s
type, quantity, range of registration number of motor vehicle, code of
licensing authority, package’s profile size, total mass, name of production
organization, address and date of exit-factory;
b) Each package of semi-finished products shall be identified of the type and
quantity of semi-finished products, the range of production serial numbers,
the profile size of the package, the total mass, the name of production
organization, address and date of exit-factory;
c) The marking on the packaging box shall comply with the provisions of
GB/T 191.
9.2 Packaging requirements
9.2.1 Semi-finished products
Packaging shall meet.
coverage, it is laterally horizontal, longitudinally perpendicular to the
ground, the longitudinally included angle is not more than 15° (the
longitudinally included angle of the license plate of motorcycle is inclined
upwards for not more than 30°);
d) The mounting holes shall all be fitted with a sealing device that meets the
requirements of GA 804, unless otherwise the installation cannot be
carried out due to the restrictions of vehicle;
e) When the license plate frame is used to support installation, the edge of
the inner side of the license plate frame is more than 5 mm apart from the
edge of the character of the registration number of motor vehicle, it shall
not cover the production sequence marking;
f) There shall be no other light source around the license plate that affects
the identification of the license plate.
10.2 Paper license plate
The installation requirements for the paper license plate are as follows.
a) The license plate of temporary entry vehicle shall be placed on the right
side of the front windshield inside the vehicle. The license plate of the
temporary entry motorcycle shall be carried with the vehicle;
b) The license plate of the temporary driving vehicle shall be pasted in the
lower left corner or lower right corner of the front windshield in the vehicle,
at a position where the driver's line of sight shall not be affected. The other
piece of the passenger vehicle shall be attached to the lower left corner of
the rear windshield. It shall be carried with the vehicle if there is no front
windshield;
c) If the temporary license plate is not returned after receiving the metal plate
number, the temporary license plate will be invalid on the second day.
11 Replacement
When the license plate is unclear and incomplete due to the following conditions,
which may affect the identification, or when the traffic control department of the
public security organ specifies replacement, it shall replace the license plate.
a) The license plate’s character has been altered and cannot be restored;
b) The reflection of the license plate’s characters is obviously inconsistent or
the reflection of the background color is obviously uneven;
c) The mounting hole of the license plate is damaged or has other