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Chinese Standard: 'CQC-C1116-2018'
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CQC-C1116-2018English2399 Add to Cart Days<=12 China Compulsory Certification Implementation Detailed-Rules - Electric Bike CQC-C1116-2018 Valid CQC-C1116-2018


Standard ID CQC-C1116-2018 (CQC C1116-2018; CQC-C11-16-2018; CQC-C1116-2018)
Description (Translated English) China Compulsory Certification Implementation Detailed-Rules - Electric Bike
Sector / Industry China Quality Certification Center - CCC Implementation Detailed-Rules

China Compulsory Certification Implementation Detailed-Rules - Electric Bike
Mandatory product certification implementation rules electric bicycle
Released on August 20,.2018
Implemented on August 20,.2018
China Quality Certification Center
table of Contents
0. Introduction 1
0.1 Definition of Terms 1
0.2 Production enterprise classification management requirements 2
0.3 Production enterprise inspection resource utilization requirements 3
1. Scope 4
2. Certification according to standard 4
3. Authentication mode 5
3.1 Basic mode of certification 5
3.2 Applicability of the certification model 6
4. Certification unit division 6
5. Certification commission 7
5.1 Proposal and acceptance of certification entrustment 7
5.2 Application Information 7
5.3 Implementation Arrangement 7
5.4 Certification Process 8
6. Certification Implementation 8
6.1 Type test 8
6.2 Initial Factory Inspection 11
6.3 Acquisition of relevant certification results 13
6.4 Certification Evaluation and Decision 14
6.5 Certification time limit 14
7. Supervision after certification 15
7.1 Follow-up inspection after certification 15
7.2 Production site sampling inspection or inspection 16
7.3 Market sampling test or inspection 17
7.4 Frequency of supervision after certification 17
7.5 Records of post-certification supervision 18
7.6 Evaluation of the results of supervision after certification 18
8. Certificate 18
8.1 Maintenance of the certificate 18
8.2 Contents of the certificate 19
8.3 Change of Certification Certificate 19
8.4 Cancellation, suspension and withdrawal of certificates 20
8.5 Use of the certificate 20
9. Certification mark 20
9.1 Logo Style 21
9.2 Marks plus 21
10 Product Certificate 21
11 fee 21
12 Certification Responsibility 22
13 Process and time limit requirements related to technical disputes, complaints, and appeals 22
Annex 1 List of certification entrustment materials 23
Annex 2 Structure and technical parameters of electric bicycle products 25
Annex 3 Type test items and basis criteria 42
Annex 4 Electric Bicycle Test Scheme 45
Annex 5 Production conformity review requirements 51
Annex 6 Product Certificate 82
0 Preface
The implementation rules for compulsory product certification for electric bicycles (hereinafter referred to as the “Regulations”) are
According to the "Compulsory Product Certification Implementation Rules Electric Bicycle" (CNCA-C11-16..2018)
(hereinafter referred to as. the implementation rules) requirements, as a supporting document of the implementation rules, and
Implementation rules are used together.
All the contents and implementation rules of the product scope and certification basis applicable to these Implementation Rules
The relevant regulations are consistent and are based on the National Certification and Accreditation Administration (hereinafter referred to as
It is said that the National Certification and Accreditation Administration has revised the catalogue, catalogue adjustment and other announcements.
CQC maintains the effectiveness and enhancement of product certification in accordance with the provisions of the certification implementation rules.
Develop and publish this certification based on the principles of product quality, service certification, and control of certification risks.
Implementing Regulations. These rules are combined with the production enterprise by establishing the classification management requirements of the production enterprise.
The classification of the implementation requirements for mandatory certification of electric bicycles.
0.1 definition of terms
0.1.1 Electric bicycles and their related terms are defined in GB 17761-2018 "Electric bicycle safety
Full technical specification.
0.1.2 Using production enterprise equipment testing (referred to as TMP method)
The inspection equipment of the factory inspection and testing institution is used by the engineer of the designated inspection and testing institution.
For testing, the factory shall send inspection personnel to assist. Reviewed by the relevant designated inspection and testing agency
The nuclear approval issued a test report.
0.1.3 Production enterprise witness detection (referred to as WMT method)
The engineers of the designated inspection and testing organization witnessed the inspection conditions of the factory inspection and testing institutions and
The factory inspection and testing organization uses its own equipment to complete all tests or submitted to the factory.
Test plan, witness part of the test conditions and test items. Factory inspection and testing agency
The person in charge is responsible for issuing the original record and following the regulations with the engineer who witnessed the inspection and testing organization.
The format of the drafting test report. The inspection report shall be issued and approved by the relevant designated inspection and testing organization.
0.2 Production enterprise classification management requirements
CQC collects and organizes various types of information related to the quality of certified products and their manufacturing companies.
Dynamic classification management of production enterprises. Certification client, producer, manufacturer
Should be coordinated.
CQC divides production enterprises into four categories, which are represented by Class A, Class B, Class C, and Class D, respectively.
0.2.1 Source of classification information
(1) Factory inspection results;
(2) Test results of sample detection and/or supervised sampling (including type test, production site
Sampling or market sampling, etc.) and the authenticity of the sample;
(3) Test results such as national or provincial spot checks and CCC special spot checks;
(4) Coordination between the certification client, the producer (manufacturer), and the production enterprise to supervise the license
(5) Judicial judgment, complaint and arbitration, media exposure and feedback on consumer quality information;
(6) The quality status of the certified product;
(7) Other information.
0.2.2 Classification principle
Table 1 Classification principles of production enterprises
Enterprise classification principle
Class A
At the same time meet the following requirements.
1. Key production processes (including at least. frame forming, vehicle code marking, etc.) and process inspection
Subcontracting (excluding subordinate factories of the same group company);
2. The producer (manufacturer) or manufacturer must have the independent design capability of the certified product and have independence.
Inspection capability (including at least. vehicle safety, mechanical safety, electrical safety, etc.) and inspection
Ability to meet or equivalently meet the technical capability requirements of Chapter 5 of ISO /IEC 2725;
3. For two consecutive years, the factory inspection and evaluation passed without serious non-conformity, and the product inspection was not qualified;
4. The results of national, industry and provincial quality supervision and spot checks, and CCC special supervision and inspection results are all qualified;
5. The quality information feedback of the product users and the public has no serious quality problems, and no social problems have occurred.
Quality complaints and/or incidents that are adversely affected.
Class B
Other manufacturing companies except Class A, Class C, and Class D.
For a production enterprise without any quality information, the classification rating defaults to Class B.
Class C
One of the following conditions is met.
1. The factory inspection conclusion is judged as “on-site verification” (except for the reason of standard revision);
2. There is a problem with the quality of the product and it is the responsibility of the company, but it is not serious enough to suspend the certificate;
3. CQC According to the comprehensive evaluation results of quality information related to the manufacturer and certified products, it is considered that it needs to be adjusted to category C.
Class D
One of the following conditions is met.
1. The factory inspection conclusion is judged as “not passed”;
2. After the certificate is obtained, the supervision result is unqualified (except for the specification/identification);
3. Refusing to inspect and/or supervise sampling without justification;
4. There are major problems in product quality and are corporate responsibility, involving suspension or revocation of certification;
5. National, provincial and CCC special inspections and other conclusions are unqualified and affect product safety performance issues
(except for the specification/identification);
6.CQC According to the comprehensive evaluation results of quality information related to the production enterprise and certified products, it is considered that it needs to be adjusted to
Class D
0.2.3 Classification evaluation and results
CQC will determine according to the various classifications of quality information collected in real time according to the above classification principles.
The classification result (category) of the production company.
CQC reclassifies the production enterprise according to various types of information on a regular or irregular basis.
Dynamic management. In case of any changes, the CQC public documents shall prevail. In principle, the production company
The classification results shall be upgraded step by step in the order of DCBA, step by step in the order of ABCD
Decline or adjust directly to the appropriate category after risk assessment.
0.3 Production enterprise testing resource utilization requirements
0.3.1 Scope
Applicable to the difference test supplemented by the post-certification supervision sampling test and certificate change.
0.3.2 Implementation
If the production enterprise has the mandatory product certification implementation rules, the production enterprise testing resources and
The requirements for the use of other certification results and the testing equipment and testing capabilities required by the certification standards,
The certification client, producer or manufacturer can submit the inspection to the certification body
Resources (hereinafter referred to as factory inspection and testing institutions) apply and conduct self-examination. Self-check results
And relevant materials submitted to the CQC for review, the materials have been audited to meet the requirements of the factory inspection and testing machine
To implement production site TMP testing or WMT testing using production enterprise testing resources.
The following is also referred to as on-site inspection.
In principle, CQC does not separately organize audits of factory inspection and testing organizations. Certification commission
The application for review by the person's factory inspection and testing agency shall be submitted at the same time as the production site inspection application.
The CQC organization designated the inspection and testing organization technical experts to conduct inspection and inspection at the same time.
Field inspection, the audit team first conducts inspection and inspection agency capacity review, and saves the corresponding audit evaluation
Record and pass the production site inspection after passing the test.
0.3.3 Maintenance of qualifications
The CQC shall conduct periodic inspections of approved factory inspection and inspection agencies (eg, once a year,
Can be determined according to the frequency of use). In principle, inspection and testing institutions need to combine work
The factory is supervised after being certified. The factory inspection and testing organization shall participate in the comparison test or capability verification.
Ensure the accuracy and effectiveness of the test results.
If the production enterprise has demand, it can be carried out for the on-site inspection project proposed by the certification client.
For a single verification, the verification results are only valid for this on-site inspection project. Factory inspection machine
The structure can no longer be supervised to maintain qualifications. When the same project needs to be tested on site, it should be applied again.
Please review.
1. Scope of application
These rules apply to the use of car battery as an auxiliary energy, with pedal riding ability, can
A two-wheeled bicycle that implements electric assisted or/and electric drive functions.
Due to changes in laws and regulations or related product standards, technologies, industrial policies, etc.
The adjustment of the scope of application caused shall be subject to the announcement issued by the CNCA.
2. Certification basis
According to the standard GB 17761-2018 "Electric Bicycle Safety Technical Specifications".
The latest version issued by the national standardization administrative department shall be implemented in accordance with the standards. when
When new applicable standards or other versions of the standard are to be added, they should be issued by the National Certification and Accreditation Administration.
The implementation of the relevant standards required by the implementation of the announcement.
3. Authentication mode
The basic certification mode stipulated in the Regulations refers to the self-discipline and effectiveness of the production enterprise.
Management and stable production are prerequisites to ensure that products continue to meet mandatory certification standards.
Target, based on the inherent safety risk characteristics of the product and the production process commonly used by the company
A combination of basic elements of product certification.
CQC According to the mandatory product certification implementation rules, production enterprise classification management, certification
Model selection and determination requirements for the implementation of classified management of production enterprises, combined with certification risks
Control capability and production enterprise classification management results are gradually increased based on the basic certification model
Certification elements to determine the certification model that can be applied to manufacturing companies of different capabilities and levels.
3.1 Basic mode of certification
The basic certification mode for implementing compulsory certification of electric bicycle products is.
Type test initial factory inspection (enterprise quality assurance capability and product consistency check)
Supervised after being certified;
Electric bicycle manufacturer's quality assurance ability and product consistency check according to production one
The method of caustic inspection is carried out.
Type testing is primarily used for products that require certification evaluation based on testing.
The mode of supervision after obtaining the certificate is the follow-up inspection, production or on-site sampling test after the certificate is obtained.
Or one of the three methods or combinations of inspections, market sampling tests or inspections. Take if necessary
One or a combination of the following.
(1) Obtain real test samples by taking samples from the market/production site;
(2) Adopting a follow-up inspection/flight check without prior notice;
(3) increase the frequency of supervision after obtaining the certificate;
(4) Increase the coverage of inspection/inspection and increase the probability of finding disqualification.
Combined with the classification management principle of production enterprises, in the post-certification supervision of different types of enterprises
Consider, where appropriate, the combination of relevant certification elements.
3.2 Applicability of the certification model
Class A and Class B. After the certificate is obtained, the supervision can be followed by the follow-up inspection after the certificate is obtained, and the production site is drawn.
One or a combination of three methods. sample inspection or inspection, market sampling inspection or inspection.
Class C, Class D. After the certificate is obtained, the supervisor should use the follow-up inspection and supervision sampling test after the certificate is obtained.
(production site sampling and/or market sampling), follow-up inspection/flying without prior notice
Check and increase the frequency of supervision after obtaining the certificate.
The certification client can apply for the applicable certification mode according to his actual situation.
CQC combines with the production enterprise according to the characteristics of the application for certification and the principle of certification risk control.
The classification management result determines the authentication mode that the certification client can apply.
4. Certification unit division
In principle, the certification client should submit the certification commission according to the principle of unit division. CQC press
The unit division principle issues a certificate of certification.
In principle, the same producer (manufacturer), the same manufacturer (place) produced
An electric bicycle product that does not differ significantly in the following aspects is an authentication unit.
(1) The same frame, fork, or the same structure is used to secure the main components;
(2) the same electric assist or electric drive mode;
(3) The same structure type (transmission mode, drive wheel and battery position, motor type);
(4) The same battery type (lead acid battery/lithium battery, etc.).
Multiple "models (or sizes)" products can be included in the same unit. CQC is in production
On the basis of enterprise classification management, the division of units of production enterprises of category A is appropriately relaxed.
Can only have the following two.
(1) The same frame, fork, or the same structure is used to secure the main components;
(2) The same electric assist or electric drive.
5. Certification commission
CQC accepts producers (manufacturers) or sales of products within the scope of the rules
Products produced, sold or imported by importers and importers (hereinafter collectively referred to as certification clients) are certified.
5.1 Proposal and acceptance of certification entrustment
The certification client should be able to bear the relevant quality and legal responsibilities.
The certification client must fill in the necessary company information and product information as required. CQC based on relevance
Request to review the application and send a notice of acceptance or disapproval within 2 working days.
Or ask the certification client to re-apply the application for rectification after rectification.
The certification client shall be responsible for the authenticity and legality of the submitted certification entrustment materials.
Inadmissible in one of the following circumstances.
(1) Among the certification documents of the certification client, the producer (manufacturer), and the production company,
The business scope does not cover the certified products; the legal proof materials are missing;
(2) The circumstances that are not allowed to be accepted by other laws and regulations.
5.2 Application Information
The certification client shall, after accepting the certification entrustment intention, entrust the certification according to Annex 1 of the Rules.
The requirements of the Information List provide the required information.
After receiving valid certification entrusting materials, CQC will entrust the certification according to the relevant review requirements.
The material is subject to compliance review. If the information does not meet the requirements, notify the certification client to supplement and improve.
CQC is responsible for reviewing, managing, preserving, and confidentializing relevant information and reviewing the results of the data.
Inform the certification client.
5.3 Implementation arrangements
CQC sends the product evaluation activity meter to the certification client when accepting the entrusted certification intention
Plan, which stipulates that CQC and the certification client agree that the two parties are in the various aspects of certification implementation.
Related responsibilities and arrangements.
According to the actual and classified management of the production enterprise, CQC will cooperate with the certification client and inspection.
The testing organization coordinates the development of a type test plan.
5.4 Certification Process
The certification client submits the power of attorney to CQC, and CQC accepts the intention to entrust the certification process.
The electric bicycle product certification process is.
The certification client submits the certification information (online or in writing) → CQC according to the entrustment unit
Data review, determine the test plan and issue type test requirements → certification client according to the type
The test requires the sample to be sent, the designated laboratory to carry out the type test and the type test to CQC.
Report→CQC arranges factory inspection according to the production consistency control plan submitted by the certification client
→ Conduct factory site inspection → audit type test report, factory inspection report and certification
The evaluation and approval of the results, the issuance of the certification certificate → daily supervision and inspection of the certified production enterprises.
Related standard: CQC-C1115-2017    CQC-C1106-2014
Related PDF sample: CQC-C1110-2014    CQC-C1109-2014