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CNCA C11-01-2020

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BASIC DATA
Standard ID CNCA C11-01-2020 (CNCA-C11-01-2020)
Description (Translated English) Compulsory product certification implementation rules -- Automobile
Sector / Industry China Compulsory Certification (CCC) Implementation Rules
Classification of Chinese Standard CNC
Word Count Estimation 188,170
Date of Issue 4/16/2020
Date of Implementation 4/16/2020
Administrative Organization National Certification and Accreditation Administration Committee
Summary This rule is based on the safety risks and certification risks of automobile products, and stipulates the basic principles and requirements that include the mandatory certification of all vehicles within its scope of application. Its purpose is to ensure that certified vehicles continue to comply with laws, regulations and standards.

CNCA-C11-01:2020
CNCA / CCC
Serial No.: CNCA-C11-01:2020
CNCA-C11-01-2020
Compulsory product certification implementation rules -
Automobile
ISSUED ON: APRIL 16, 2020
IMPLEMENTED ON: APRIL 16, 2020
Issued by: Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People's
Republic of China
Table of Contents
0 Introduction ... 4 
1 Application scope ... 4 
2 Terms and definitions ... 5 
3 Certification basis standards ... 6 
4 Certification mode ... 6 
5 Division of certification unit... 7 
6 Certification entrusting ... 8 
7 Certification implementation ... 8 
8 After-certificate supervision ... 14 
9 Certificate ... 17 
10 Certification mark and vehicle conformity certificate ... 20 
11 Charges ... 20 
12 Certification responsibility ... 20 
13 Certification implementation detailed-rules ... 20 
Attachment 1: Certification items and requirements ... 22 
Attachment 1-1: Type test items and basis standards ... 22 
Attachment 1-2: Type test of parallelly-imported automobile ... 46 
Attachment 1-3: Single vehicle certification test items and standards ... 47 
Attachment 1-4: Implementation procedures for self-commitment to environmental
protection ... 57 
Attachment 1-Appendix A: Implementation procedures for parallel management of
average fuel consumption of passenger car enterprises and new energy automobile
points ... 59 
Attachment 2: Certification implementation ... 60 
Attachment 2-1: Implementation procedures for automotive design appraisal ... 60 
Attachment 2-2: Implementation procedures for certification of new technology
products ... 62 
Attachment 3: Basis for dividing model series, units and models ... 65 
Attachment 4: Information required for certification ... 70 
Attachment 4-Appendix A: Vehicle construction and technical parameters ... 72 
Attachment 4-Appendix B: Vehicle construction and technical parameters for single
vehicle certification ... 142 
Attachment 5: Sample-sending requirements and detail of samples ... 146 
Attachment 6: Factory inspection requirements ... 160 
Attachment 6-Appendix A: Conformity inspection of vehicle construction and technical
parameters ... 168 
Attachment 7: Verification and test items for conformity of non-mass-produced
vehicle products ... 170 
Attachment 8: Vehicle conformity certificate ... 174 
Attachment 8-Appendix A: Technical parameter items of vehicle conformity of
automobile products ... 182 
Attachment 8-Appendix B: Format of conformity technical parameters of category M1
and M1G complete single-stage vehicles ... 189 
0 Introduction
This Rules is established based on the safety risk and certification risk of automobile
products; stipulates the basic principles and requirements for compulsory certification
of all vehicles within its scope of application. Its purpose is to ensure that certified
vehicles continue to comply with laws, regulations, and standards.
This Rules is used in conjunction with the general implementation rules issued by
Certification and Accreditation Administration (CNCA), such as “China Compulsory
Certification Implementation Rules - Manufacturing Enterprise Classification
Management, Certification Mode Selection and Determination”, “China Compulsory
Certification Implementation Rules - Utilization of Manufacturing Enterprise Testing
Resource and Other Certification Results”, “China Compulsory Certification
Implementation Rules - Factory Inspection General Requirements”.
According to the general implementation rules and the requirements of this Rules, the
certification body shall prepare the certification implementation detailed-rules; and,
implement it together with the general implementation rules and this Rules.
The manufacturing enterprise shall ensure that the certified products it produces can
continue to meet the requirements of certification and applicable standards.
1 Application scope 
This Rules applies to category M automobiles, category N automobiles, and category
O trailers, which can be driven on China highways and urban roads (including
complete-vehicle and incomplete-vehicle).
This Rules does not apply to low-speed automobiles (general term for three-wheeled
automobiles and low-speed trucks), vehicles traveling on rails, trolleybuses, wheeled
mobile machinery for special purpose that is not designed to be driven and used on
roads but is mainly used for construction of closed roads and places, agricultural and
forestry tractors, engineering machinery, and Class-III chassis.
If any applicable scopes are adjusted due to laws, regulations or changes in relevant
product standards, technology and industry policy factors, it shall be subject to the
announcement issued by CNCA.
For vehicles applying for exemption from certification due to scientific research,
testing, and samples required for certification testing, etc., it shall be implemented in
accordance with "China Compulsory Certification Management Regulations" and
relevant regulations of the CNCA.
After the certification body confirms that the application materials submitted by the
CLIENT are complete and formulates a test plan, the type test is carried out.
Laboratory shall conduct the type test to the samples; shall ensure that the test
conclusions are true and accurate; integrally record the whole test and archive for
retaining, so that the record of test process and results is traceable.
If a test item is unqualified, it is allowed to rectify after analyzing the cause of the
nonconformity. After rectification, it shall conduct the test again. For any items
required for retest, the laboratory shall report the test situation to the certification body,
and the certification body shall reconfirm the test plan.
For products that have obtained compulsory product certification (including
self-declaration), the results shall be directly recognized. For those that recognize the
test results of other conformity assessment systems, the certification body shall refine
the relevant requirements in the implementation detailed-rules.
7.1.4.1 If the manufacturing enterprise has the test conditions required by "China
Compulsory Certification Implementation Rules - Utilization of Manufacturing
Enterprise Testing Resource and Other Certification Results" and certification
standards, the certification body can use the testing resources of manufacturing
enterprise to conduct production on-site sampling test (or witness test). The test
report shall be issued by the designated laboratory. In the certification implementation
detailed-rules, the certification body shall specify the specific requirements and
procedures.
7.1.4.2 For enterprises with the conditions, some items can be carried out by means
of design appraisal. The certification body, together with the CLIENT and the
laboratory, jointly formulate a plan; at the product design stage, use review,
verification, and other methods to confirm the compliance of the design with
certification standards; jointly issue a design appraisal report to be trusted as the
result of type test. The certification body shall carry out design appraisal according to
Attachment 2-1.
7.1.4.3 For the same model of products produced in different production sites under
the same manufacturer, on the premise of ensuring production conformity, simplify the
type test process and reduce the test items of the same part.
7.1.4.4 For some type test items, the enterprise self-commitment method is used
instead of test. After obtaining the certificate, the certification body shall conduct strict
supervision and random inspection; carry out it in accordance with Attachment 1-4.
7.1.4.5 For automobile products that adopt new technologies, it shall at least ensure
that their characteristics such as safety, environmental protection are not lower than
the compulsory certification requirements for automobile products. If the
implementation rules for compulsory certification of relevant vehicle components are
involved, the corresponding implementation rules shall also be met. The
review + production conformity factory on-site inspection.
7.2.2.1 Production conformity control plan review
Manufacturing enterprises of mass-produced vehicles shall formulate production
conformity control plan according to the requirements of Attachment 6 in this Rules;
and, submit it to certification body for review. Certification body shall inform CLIENT of
the review results.
When production conformity control plan can meet the production conformity review
requirements of Attachment 6 in this Rules, then the production conformity control
plan is reviewed as qualified. If certification body believes that there is defect in
production conformity control plan, manufacturing enterprises shall make correction
and resubmit. Certification body shall inform the CLIENT of the review result after
review again.
If the certification body and manufacturing enterprises cannot agree on production
conformity control plan, then the certification body can accept production conformity
control plan of the manufacturing enterprises, provided that manufacturing enterprises
agree and guarantee to cooperate with the certification body for conducting
subsequent product sampling test recheck.
After production conformity control plan formulated by manufacturing enterprises is
reviewed and approved, certification body shall formulate the production conformity
inspection (factory on-site inspection) scheme according to the plan; the scheme shall
include product, site and scope to be inspected.
7.2.2.2 Production conformity factory on-site inspection
The certification body shall appoint qualified compulsory product certification
inspectors to form an inspection group, to conduct on-site inspections of production
conformity inspections of the manufacturing enterprises. Under normal circumstances,
during the factory inspection, the manufacturing enterprise shall have the products
that have been entrusted for certification in production.
7.2.3 Factory inspection of non-mass-produced vehicles
Inspection shall be carried out according to the factory quality assurance capability
review + product conformity on-site test or inspection.
In case that the non-mass-produced vehicles are refitting vehicles on basis of vehicles
without certificate (including suspension, cancellation and revoke of original basic
vehicle model certificate), the certification body shall combine with refitting items and
additional content to conduct factor inspection against the basic vehicle model
producers and manufacturing enterprises.
Under normal circumstances, during the factory inspection, the manufacturing
national provisions; and, be defined in the certification implementation detailed-rules.
7.3 Certification evaluation and decision
Certification body shall make comprehensive evaluation for type test, initial factory
inspection results, and relevant data/information; if evaluation is passed, issue
certification certificates; if evaluation is not passed, certification shall be terminated.
7.4 Certification time-limit
Certification body shall make clear provisions to time-limit of each link for certification;
and, ensure that the relevant works are completed within the time-limit. The CLIENT
shall actively cooperate with certification activities. In general, certificate shall be
issued to the CLIENT within 90 days since certification entrusting is accepted.
8 After‐certificate supervision 
After-certificate supervision refers to the supervision the certification body implements
for the certified manufacturing enterprise and products.
Certification body shall combine classification management and actual situation of the
manufacturing enterprises; clearly define, in the certification implementation
detailed-rules, the specific requirements for selection of after-certification supervision
method.
8.1 After-certification follow-up inspection
8.1.1 Principle of after-certification follow-up inspection
Based on classification management, certification body shall implement the effective
follow-up inspection to the certified product and its manufacturing enterprise, so as to
validate that the quality assurance capability of the manufacturing enterprise
continuously complies with the certification requirements; and ensure that the certified
products are continuously in accordance with standards’ requirements; and maintain
the conformity with type test samples.
After-certification follow-up inspection shall be carried out when manufacturing
enterprises are under normal production. For non-continuously-produced products,
CLIENT shall submit the related production plan to the certification body, so that the
after-certification follow-up inspection can be effectively conducted.
The certification body shall earnestly perform its main responsibility; and for the
product conformity and standard compliance of the certified products covered by the
certificate issued by this body, carry out regular or special after-certification
supervision and random inspection. The random inspection shall fully integrate the
external quality information and the hotspots of the industry and the public. It shall use
If it adopts “market sampling test or inspection” to implement the supervision, CLIENT,
producer, and manufacturing enterprise shall cooperate; and confirm the samples that
are sampled from market.
8.3.2 Content of market sampling test or inspection
Certification body shall formulate the content and requirements for market sampling
test or inspection in the implementation detailed-rules. The certification body shall
prepare sampling test scheme according to product characteristics; designate the
personnel to take the samples from certified products that are being sold in market
according to sampling test scheme.
8.4 Application of quality information
Enterprises shall establish the user complaint information’s collection, summary,
analysis and saving system; and guarantee to fully open the user complaint
information to the certification body; must not hide or destroy the user complaint
information. When certification body conducts after-certificate supervision, it shall take
the contents of quality information involving the requirements of this Rules as the
important inputs - such as user complaints, high social concerns, quality defects
investigation, risk early-warning, major quality accidents, supervision sampling
inspection, special inspection. Certification body shall ensure that it shall not disclose
the user complaint information of the enterprise to any third party, except to report to
the certification competent administrative department. Certification body shall
establish the user complaint and other related quality information gathering,
processing, feedback system and related procedures for vehicle safety, environmental
protection and other items that are involved in this Rules, so as to strengthen the
supervision to the certified enterprises and products; meet demand of government
managing information; and promote certification result admissibility. Certification body
shall meet the requirements of general rules provided by certification information.
8.5 Frequency and time of after-certificate supervision
The certification body shall formulate a supervision sampling scheme and an annual
supervision plan. For the sampling test items, it shall consider the production
conformity control plan of the manufacturing enterprise; within one period of the
certificate, cover the major safety and environmental protection items. On the basis of
classification management, different types of manufacturing enterprises shall be
subject to different after-certification supervision frequencies. The supervision time
shall be reasonably determined and shall be clarified in the certification
implementation detailed-rules.
8.6 Record of after-certificate supervision
Certification body shall appropriately record and archive the whole process of
after-certification supervision, so that the certification process and results are
traceable.
Certification Management Regulation”, the certificate shall be accompanied with
annex - indicating the name and serial number of the products, involved in this
certificate, that comply with the standards and certification implementation rules that
are quoted by this Implementation Rules. If certificate has changes, it shall indicate
the version number changed, so as to clearly show the change times of this product.
For multistage manufacturing vehicles, it shall indicate the producers and
manufacturing enterprises of the previous stage and their product model series and
unit information. If the products at the previous stage have obtained compulsory
product certification, it shall indicate that certificate number.
Certificate shall indicate whether the involved product is the complete-vehicle.
For products that are certified according to non-mass-produced vehicles,
parallelly-imported vehicles and single vehicle, the certificate must list the vehicle
identification code of the covered product. The certificate for parallelly-imported
vehicle and single vehicle certification must indicate "parallel import" and "single
vehicle certification".
Related contents of identification of each part, system or assembly of the
complete-vehicle shall be consistent with CCC certificate of component product or the
structure technical parameters that were filed to certification body.
9.3 Changes of the certificate
After certificate is obtained, when there are any changes in the certificate; or the
certified products have technical changes (design, structure parameters, critical
parts/raw materials etc.) which may affect the compliance of relevant standards; or
production conformity may be influenced because the factory changes the production
conformity control plan and production conditions; or other matters the certification
body defines in certification implementation detailed-rules change, then the CLIENT
shall apply for change entrusting to certification body. Changes can only be
implemented after the approval is obtained from certification body.
Certification body shall define the specific requirements for changes in the certification
implementation detailed-rules, including scope and procedure of certification changes.
The certification body shall evaluate the provided data according to changing content,
so as to determine whether changes can be approved. If sample test and/or factory
inspection are necessary, change can only be approved after the inspection and/or
test are qualified. Sample test can be carried out using the testing resources of
manufacturing enterprises that meet the requirements of 7.1.4.1.
If requirements are met, changes are approved. If a new certificate is issued, the
number and approving effective date on the new certificate are unchanged in principle,
indicating the approval date for changes. If it is not necessary to issue a new
certificate, a change confirmation sheet shall be issued, in which the change content
and approval date for changes shall be indicated.
10 Certification mark and vehicle conformity certificate 
10.1 Certification mark
The management and use of certification mark shall comply with the provisions of
"Announcement of the CNCA on the Reform of Compulsory Product Certification
Mark" (Announcement No. 10 of 2018 by the CNCA).
For automobiles that have obtained the certificates, the prescribed certification mark
shall be affixed to the upper right corner of the front windshield of the automobile
(according to the driving direction of the automobile). Trailers shall be pasted with the
specified certification mark at obvious place. It shall use the certification mark with
specification of 60mm. For the vehicles certified in multistage, the certification marks
in different stages shall be maintained.
10.2 Product conformity certificate
Producers or manufacturing enterprises shall submit the vehicle conformity
certificate’s parameter and style to certification body according to rules’ requirements.
Style, related requirements and parameters of vehicle conformity certificate are
shown in Attachment 8. Each certified vehicle must be attached with a vehicle
conformity certificate in the accompanying documents, so as to explicitly indicate the
information of certified product to consumers or relevant departments.
11 Charges 
The certification body shall formulate charging standards in accordance with national
regulations and publish a list of charging standards.
12 Certification responsibility 
The certification body shall be responsible for the certification conclusion. Between
the certification body and the contracted laboratory, the responsibilities and
obligations in all aspects of certification shall be clearly defined.
Certification-related parties shall, in accordance with the requirements of laws and
regulations, bear corresponding responsibilities and obligations for product quality.
13 Certification implementation detailed‐rules 
According to the principle and requirements of this Implementation Rules, certification
body shall formulate scientific, reasonable and feasible certification implementation
requirements for bus construction". Special school buses shall be tested in
accordance with GB 24407 "The safety technique specifications of special school".
Category N and O tank vehicles shall be tested in accordance with GB 28373 "Tank
vehicles of categories N and O with regard to rollover stability". Their results shall
meet the requirements of GB 7258 "Technical specifications for safety of power-driven
vehicles operating on roads".
01-05 Motor vehicles forward visibility for drivers
The forward visibility for drivers of category M1 automobiles shall meet the
requirements of GB 11562 "Motor vehicles forward visibility for drivers - Requirements
and measurement methods".
01-06 Devices for indirect vision of automobiles
The performance of the automobile's sight glass shall meet the requirements of GB
15084 "Motor vehicles - Devices for indirect vision - Requirements of performance
and installation". The installation of the devices for indirect vision on the vehicle shall
meet the requirements of GB 15084 "Motor vehicles - Devices for indirect vision -
Requirements of performance and installation" and GB 7258 "Technical specifications
for safety of power-driven vehicles operating on roads".
01-07 Windshield defrosting device of automobiles
The windshield defrosting device of category M1 automobiles shall meet the
requirements of GB 11555 "Motor vehicles - Windshield demisting and defrosting
systems - Performance requirements and test methods". The windshield defrosting
device of electric vehicles shall comply with GB/T 24552 "Electric vehicles -
Windshield demisters and defrosters system - Performance requirements and test
methods" (the defrosting test ambient temperature is -10°C for fuel cell electric
vehicles).
01-08 Windshield demisting device of automobiles
The windshield demisting device of category M1 automobiles shall meet the
requirements of GB 11555 "Motor vehicles - Windshield demisting and defrosting
systems - Performance requirements and test methods". The windshield demisting
device of electric vehicles shall comply with GB/T 24552 "Electric vehicles -
Windshield demisters and defrosters system - Performance requirements and test
methods".
01-09 Automobile windscreen wiper
Various types of automobile windscreen wipers shall meet the requirements of GB
7258 "Technical specifications for safety of power-driven vehicles operating on roads".
The windscreen wiper of category M1 automobiles shall meet the requirements of GB
The hood latch of the automobile shall meet the requirements of GB 11568 "Motor
vehicles - Hood latch system".
01-17 Protective devices against unauthorized use of automobiles
The protective devices against unauthorized use of automobiles shall meet the
requirements of GB 15740 "Protective devices against unauthorized use of motor
vehicles".
01-18 Automobile driving record device and event data recording system (EDR)
The automobile driving record device shall meet the requirements of GB 7258
"Technical specifications for safety of power-driven vehicles operating on roads" and
GB/T 19056 "Vehicle travelling data recorder".
The event data recording system (EDR) of passenger cars shall comply with the
requirements of GB 7258 "Technical specifications for safety of power-driven vehicles
operating on roads".
01-19 Bus construction
01-19-01 Safety requirements for bus construction
Buses shall meet the requirements of GB 13094 "The safety requirements for bus
construction" and GB 7258 "Technical specifications for safety of power-driven
vehicles operating on roads".
01-19-02 Structure requirements of low floor city-bus and low entry city-bus
Low floor city-bus and low entry city-bus shall meet GB 19260 "Structure
requirements of low floor city-bus and low entry city-bus".
01-19-03 Requirements for sleeper bus construction
Sleeper buses shall meet the requirements of GB/T 16887 "Safety requirements for
sleeper bus construction" and GB 7258 "Technical specifications for safety of
power-driven vehicles operating on roads".
01-19-04 Requirements for construction of special school bus
Special school buses shall meet the requirements of GB 24407 "The safety technique
specifications of special school" and GB 7258 "Technical specifications for safety of
power-driven vehicles operating on roads".
01-20 Safety specifications for road transportation vehicle of explosive
substance and chemical toxic substance
The road transportation vehicle of explosive substance and chemical toxic substance
shall meet the requirements of GB 20300 "Safety specifications for road
01-25 Requirements for electronic toll collection
Vehicles with optional ETC device shall meet the requirements of GB/T 38444
"Electronic toll collection - On board unit".
01-26 Tail lifts for vehicle
The vehicle models with optional tail lifts shall comply with GB/T 37706 "Installation
and operation technical requirements of tail lifts for vehicle".
01-27 Automobile's overspeed alarm and speed limitation functions
The automobile's overspeed alarm and speed limitation functions shall meet the
requirements of GB/T 24545 "Requirement of speed limitation system for motor
vehicles" or GB 24545 "Requirements and test methods of speed limitation system for
motor vehicles" and GB 7258 "Technical specifications for safety of power-driven
vehicles operating on roads".
02 Passive safety
02-01 Door locks, door hinges, sliding door retention components of
automobiles
Door locks, door hinges and sliding door retention components of category M1 and N1
automobiles shall comply with the requirements of GB 15086 "Motor vehicles door
locks and retention components performance requirements and test methods".
02-02 Installation of door locks and retention components for automobiles
The installation of door locks and retention components for M1 and N1 automobiles
shall comply with the requirements of GB 15086 "Motor vehicles door locks and
retention components performance requirements and test methods".
02-03 Automobile seats and anchorages
All seats of category M1 and N automobiles, and seats used in class A and class I
buses in category M2 and M3 automobiles shall comply with the requirements of GB
15083 "Strength requirement and test method of automobile seats, their anchorages
and any head restraints". Passenger seats used in buses other than class A and class
I in category M2 and M3 automobiles shall meet the requirements of GB 13057
"Strength of the seats and their anchorages of passenger vehicles". The seats used
for special student school buses shall comply with the requirements of GB 24406 "The
strength of student seat systems and their anchorages of special school bus".
02-04 Prevent passengers from being injured by luggage movement
The seats or isolation devices that constitute the luggage compartment in category
M1 automobiles shall meet the requirements of GB 15083 "Strength requirement and
GB 11566 "External projections for passenger car". The external projections of the
cab of category N automobiles shall meet the requirements of GB 20182 "The cab of
commercial vehicles - External projections".
02-09 Interior fittings of passenger car
The interior fittings of category M1 automobiles shall meet the requirements of GB
11552 "The interior fittings of passenger car".
02-10 Wheel guards
The wheel guards of category M1 automobiles shall meet the requirements of GB
7063 "The wheel guards of motor vehicles".
02-11 Roof crush resistance of passenger cars
The roof crush resistance of category M1 automobiles shall meet the requirements of
GB 26134 "Roof crush resistance of passenger cars".
02-12 Front and rear protective devices
The front and rear protective devices of category M1 automobiles shall meet the
requirements of GB 17354 "Front and rear protective devices for passenger cars".
02-13 Protection of drivers from being injured by steering mechanism
The protection of drivers from being injured by steering mechanism for category M1
automobiles and the category N1 automobiles with a total mass of 1500kg or less
shall comply with the requirements of GB 11557 "The stipulation protecting drivers
from being injured by motor vehicle steering mechanism".
02-14 Protection of occupants in the event of a frontal collision
The frontal collision occupant protection of category M1 automobiles, category N1
automobiles with a maximum design total mass not greater than 2500kg, and
multi-purpose trucks shall comply with the requirements of GB 1155...