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Chinese Standard: 'GB1886.15-2015'
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GB 1886.15-2015
National Food Safety Standard
- Food Additives - Phosphoric Acid
食品安全国家标准 食品添加剂 磷酸
Issued by: National Health and Family Planning Commission of PRC
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Molecular Formula and Relative Molecular Mass ... 4
3 Technical Requirements ... 4
Appendix A Test Methods ... 6
National Food Safety Standard
– Food Additives – Phosphoric Acid
1 Scope
This Standard is applicable to food additive of phosphoric acid produced by thermal
2 Molecular Formula and Relative Molecular Mass
2.1 Molecular formula
2.2 Relative molecular mass
97.99 (according to international relative atomic mass in 2007)
3 Technical Requirements
3.1 Sensory requirements
The sensory requirements shall meet the requirements of Table 1.
3.2 Physical and chemical indicators
The physical and chemical indicators shall conform to the provisions of Table 2.
weighing, the phosphoric acid content was determined.
A.4.1.2 Reagents and materials
A. Hydrochloric acid.
A. Preparation of quimociac solution
a) Take 70g of sodium molybdate to dissolve in 150mL of water; this solution is
b) Take 60g of citric acid to dissolve in a mixed solution of 150mL of water and 85mL
of nitric acid; this solution is Solution-B;
c) Pour Solution-A into Solution-B under stirring condition; this solution is Solution-
d) Add 35 mL of nitric acid to 100 mL of water, and then add 5 mL of quinoline; this
solution is Solution-D;
e) Pour Solution-D into Solution-C and mix well. After standing for 12h, filter by a
glass sand crucible; add 280 mL of acetone; dilute with water to 1000 mL and
mix well; and store in a polyethylene bottle.
A.4.1.3 instruments and equipment
A. Glass sand crucible: filter plate pore size 5μm~15μm.
A. Electric oven: the temperature can be controlled at 180°C±5°C or
A.4.1.4 Analysis procedures
A. Preparation of test solution
Take about 1g of specimen, accurate to 0.0002g; put it in a 100mL beaker; add 5mL of
hydrochloric acid and an appropriate amount of water; cover the watch glass; boil for
10min; after cooling, transfer to a 500mL volumetric flask; add 10mL of hydrochloric
acid, and dilute with water to the mark, shake well.
A. Preparation of blank test solution
While preparing the test solution, except for not adding specimen, other operations
and the added amounts of reagents are the same as those in A.
A. Determination
Pipette 10mL of test solution and blank test solution into 250mL beakers respectively;
A.5.2 Reagents and materials
A.5.2.1 Hydrochloric acid solution: 1+1.
A.5.2.2 Nitric acid solution: 1+15.
A.5.2.3 Sodium hydroxide solution: 200 g/L.
A.5.2.4 Citric acid - trisodium citrate buffer solution: pH = 5.5~6. Take 270g of trisodium
citrate (Na3C6H5O7 · 2H2O) and 24g of citric acid (C6H6O7 · H2O) to dissolve in water,
dilute to 1000mL, and mix well.
A.5.2.5 Bromocresol green indicator liquid: 1 g/L.
A.5.2.6 Fluoride standard solution: 1mL of such solution contains 2μg of fluorine (F).
Prepare just before use. Pipette 2mL of the fluoride standard solution prepared
according to GB/T 602; place it in a 100mL volumetric flask; dilute with water to the
mark; and shake well.
A.5.3 Instruments and equipment
A.5.3.1 Fluoride ion selective electrode.
A.5.3.2 Saturated calomel electrode.
A.5.3.3 Potentiometer: The accuracy is 2mV/div.
A.5.3.4 Electromagnetic stirrer.
A.5.4 Analysis procedures
A.5.4.1 Drawing of working curve
Pipette 0.00mL, 1.00mL, 3.00mL, 5.00mL, 7.00mL, 10.00mL of fluoride standard
solutions into the 50mL volumetric flasks, respectively; add 1mL hydrochloric acid
solution, 5 drops of citric acid - trisodium citrate buffer solution and 2 drops of
bromocresol green indicator liquid; adjust the solution to blue by sodium hydroxide
solution; then adjust the solution to just yellow by nitric acid solution; add 20mL of citric
acid - trisodium citrate buffer solution; and dilute with water to scale and mix well. Pour
the solution into a 50mL dry beaker; place it on an electromagnetic stirrer; insert a
fluoride ion selective electrode and a saturated calomel electrode; connect the
potentiometer; stir for a while; adjust the potentiometer to zero point; then measure;
and record the......
Related standard:   GB 1886.11-2016  GB 1886.20-2016
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