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YY/T 0811-2021 PDF in English

YY/T 0811-2021 (YY/T0811-2021, YYT 0811-2021, YYT0811-2021)
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YY/T 0811-2021English170 Add to Cart 0-9 seconds. Auto-delivery. Extensively irradiation-crosslinked ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fabricated forms for surgical implant applications Valid

Standards related to: YY/T 0811-2021

YY/T 0811-2021: PDF in English (YYT 0811-2021)

YY/T 0811-2021
ICS 11.040.40
C 35
Replacing YY/T 0811-2010
Extensively irradiation-crosslinked ultra-high molecular
weight polyethylene fabricated forms for surgical implant
Issued by: National Medical Products Administration
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Terms and definitions ... 6
4 Sampling ... 6
5 Relevant requirements for extensively crosslinked UHMWPE products ... 6
6 Biocompatibility ... 8
Annex A (informative) Basic principle ... 9
Bibliography ... 11
Extensively irradiation-crosslinked ultra-high molecular
weight polyethylene fabricated forms for surgical implant
1 Scope
This Standard specifies relevant requirements and test methods for irradiation-
crosslinked (extensively crosslinked) ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene
fabricated (UHMWPE) forms for surgical implant applications.
This Standard is applicable to pure resin powder required by GB/T 19701.1 or
extensively irradiation-crosslinked UHMWPE products produced by molding
compounds required by GB/T 19701.2. This Standard is only applicable to UHMWPE
products that have been extensively irradiated by γ rays and electron beam ionizing
radiation sources.
This Standard does not apply to UHMWPE that has only been treated with gas plasma,
ethylene oxide or ionizing radiation with a dose of less than 40kGy, that is, materials
that have undergone routine sterilization only.
NOTE 1: The exact relationship between the mechanical properties of the above articles and the in
vivo performance has not been established. Although scientists are devoted to the study of the
relationship between polymer structure, polymer properties and polymer design, the above
relationship has not been satisfactorily explained. The following mechanical tests are commonly
used to assess the repeatability of manufacturing procedures and are suitable for comparative studies
of different materials.
NOTE 2: The following warning text applies only to the test method part of Chapter 5. This
Standard does not attempt to describe all the safety issues involved, even those related to its use. It
is the responsibility of the user of this Standard to establish appropriate safety and operating
practices, and to clarify the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to application.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this
document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,
the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
GB/T 16886.1, Biological evaluation of medical devices -- Part 1: Evaluation and
testing within a risk management process
GB/T 16886.2, Biological evaluation of medical devices -- Part 2: Animal welfare
GB/T 16886.3, Biological evaluation of medical devices -- Part 3: Tests for
genotoxicity, carcinogenicity and reproductive toxicity
GB/T 16886.4, Biological evaluation of medical devices -- Part 4: Selection of tests
for interactions with blood
GB/T 16886.5, Biological evaluation of medical devices -- Part 5: Tests for in vitro
GB/T 16886.6, Biological evaluation of medical devices -- Part 6: Tests for local
effects after implantation
GB/T 16886.7, Biological evaluation of medical devices -- Part 7: Ethylene oxide
sterilization residuals
GB/T 16886.9, Biological evaluation of medical devices -- Part 9: Framework for
identification and quantification of potential degradation products
GB/T 16886.10, Biological evaluation of medical devices -- Part 10: Tests for
irritation and skin sensitization
GB/T 16886.11, Biological evaluation of medical devices -- Part 11: Tests for
systemic toxicity
GB/T 16886.12, Biological evaluation of medical devices -- Part 12: Sample
preparation and reference materials
GB/T 19701.1, Implants for surgery -- Ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene --
Part 1: Powder form
GB/T 19701.2, Implants for surgery -- Ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene --
Part 2: Moulded forms
GB/T 21461.2, Plastics -- Ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (PE-UHMW)
moulding and extrusion materials -- Part 2: Preparation of test specimens and
determination of properties
YY/T 0772.4, Surgical implants - Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene - Part
4: Test method for oxidation index
YY/T 0814, Standard test method for evaluating trans-vinylene yield in irradiated
ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene fabricated forms intended for surgical
implants by infrared spectroscopy
YY/T 0815, Standard test method for measurement of enthalpy of fusion, percent
crystallinity, and melting point of ultra-high-molecular weight polyethylene by
means of differential scanning calorimetry
YY/T 1430, Standard test method for small punch testing of ultra-high molecular
weight polyethylene used in surgical implants
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 UHMWPE fabricated form
UHMWPE of any shape made of pure polymer powder for surgical implants before
crosslinking, packaging and sterilization.
3.2 extensively crosslinked UHMWPE
Crosslinked UHMWPE material that is formed by receiving γ and/or electron beam
ionizing radiation with a total dose exceeding 40kGy.
3.3 ionizing radiation
γ rays or high-energy electron radiation.
3.4 crosslinking
The process of generating chemical bonds between UHMWPE molecular chains by
ionizing radiation.
4 Sampling
If applicable, each batch of powder and products shall be determined according to the
requirements of this Standard. The sampling size and steps can be in accordance with
the provisions of GB/T 21461.2 or the agreement between the buyer and the seller.
5 Relevant requirements for extensively crosslinked
UHMWPE products
5.1 Requirements for synthetics
The powder and molding compound for manufacturing extensively crosslinked
UHMWPE materials shall meet the requirements of GB/T 19701.1 and GB/T 19701.2.
5.2 Physical requirements
Annex A
Basic principle
A.1 This standard aims to provide the minimum necessary test methods for determining
the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of radiation extensively crosslinked
UHMWPE materials for orthopedic or spinal implants.
A.2 One of the purposes of this Standard is to provide guidance to regulatory authorities
and surgical implant manufacturers through a set of standard test methods for
determining the characteristics of extensively crosslinked UHMWPE materials.
A.3 Even though it is now possible to identify test methods for characterizing
extensively crosslinked UHMWPE, it is still not possible to specify acceptable
minimum values for each test method. Because in most of the above-mentioned test
methods, the correlation between the measured properties of the material and the
clinical performance is currently unknown. Therefore, material manufacturers are
required to formulate minimum standards for the production process of their
extensively crosslinked UHMWPE materials. At the same time, use the test methods
provided by this Standard to verify the production process.
A.4 Although the minimum test methods necessary for the verification of the
production process of extensively crosslinked UHMWPE materials are listed in Table
1, they are not necessarily implemented as routine tests in quality control.
Manufacturers need to be responsible for developing technical specifications for their
materials, and decide which of the test methods listed in Table 1 will be routinely tested
and implemented in the quality control program.
A.5 Fatigue resistance is an attribute we want extensively crosslinked UHMWPE to
have. Table 2 lists the fatigue crack growth test methods used to test this property. The
fatigue crack growth test described in ASTM E 647 is based on the principles of linear
elastic fracture mechanics (e.g., assumed under plane strain conditions), but it is not
strictly applicable to ductile polymers (such as UHMWPE, whether extensively
crosslinked or not). Therefore, the interpretation of the current UHMWPE fatigue crack
growth test data is still limited, because the test results are only applicable to samples
with specific geometries. Furthermore, there is still debate in the theoretical community
as to which of the extensively crosslinked UHMWPE properties, such as the Paris
regime index and/or the initial value of ΔK, is most effective for determining in fatigue
crack growth tests. If a more effective UHMWPE fatigue performance test is
determined in the future, it may also be included in Table 1.
A.6 Free radical analysis is also considered an important test for extensively crosslinked
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.