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TB/T 2922.5-2002 (TB/T2922.5-2002)

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TB/T 2922.5-2002: PDF in English (TBT 2922.5-2002)
TB/T 2922.5-2002
Mod ASTM C 1260-94
Test Method for Alkali Reactivity of Aggregates for
Railway Concrete – Rapid Mortar-Bar Method
ISSUED ON. MAY 17, 2002
Issued/Approved by. Ministry of Railways of PRC
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Terms ... 4
4 Principle ... 5
5 Materials ... 5
6 Apparatus ... 5
7 Laboratory Temperature and Humidity ... 6
8 Procedures ... 6
9 Result Calculation and Processing ... 9
10 Evaluation ... 10
11 Report ... 10
This Standard was prepared according to ASTM C 1260-94 Standard Test Method for
Potential Alkalization of Cement-Aggregate Mixture (Mortar-Rod Method) of American
Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), and combined with China’s laboratory
conditions and levels; its major technical content is equivalent to the ASTM C 1260-94;
but the test procedures and methods are appropriately modified. Therefore, this
Standard is the modification and adoption of ASTM C 1260-94.
The serial standards that are relevant to this Standard include.
TB/T 2922.1 Test Methods for Alkali Reactivity of Aggregates for Railway Concrete –
Petrographic Facies Method
TB/T 2922.2 Test Methods for Alkali Reactivity of Aggregates for Railway Concrete –
Chemical Method
TB/T 2922.3 Test Methods for Alkali Reactivity of Aggregates for Railway Concrete –
Mortar Bar Method
TB/T 2922.4 Test Methods for Alkali Reactivity of Aggregates for Railway Concrete –
Rock Column Method
The specific operating procedures of different test methods in these serial standards
are independent; but the evaluation of the test results is interrelated; the users shall
select appropriate method to test and evaluate according to the actual situations.
This Standard was proposed and under the jurisdiction of Research Institute of
Standards and Measurement, Ministry of Railways.
Drafting organizations of this Standard. Railway Engineering Research Institute of
China Academy of Railway Sciences.
Chief drafting staffs of this Standard. Xie Yongjiang, Wang Jiawei, and Pan Tingyu.
This Standard was entrusted to the Railway Engineering Research Institute of China
Academy of Railway Sciences to explain.
This Standard was first-time published in May 2002.
Test Method for Alkali Reactivity of Aggregates
for Railway Concrete – Rapid Mortar-Bar Method
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the sampling method, apparatus, test procedures, result
treatment method, etc. of using the rapid mortar bar method to inspect the alkali
reactivity of aggregate for railway concrete.
This Standard is applicable to evaluate the alkali-silicate reactivity of siliceous
aggregate; it is also applicable to the alkali-silicate reactivity of components in the
carbonate aggregate.
2 Normative References
The following standards contain provisions which, through reference in this Standard,
constitute provisions of this Standard. At the time of publication, the editions indicated
are valid. All standards are subject to revision. The parties who are using this Standard
shall explore the possibility of using the latest version of the following standards.
GB/T 17671-1999 Method of Test Cements – Determination of Strength
JC/T 681-1997 Mixer for Mixing Mortars
JGJ 52-1992 Standard for Technical Requirements and Test Method of Sand and
Crushed Stone (or Gravel) for Ordinary Concrete
JGJ 53-1992 Quality Standard and Test Method of Gravel and Crushed Stone for
Ordinary Concrete
TB/T 2922.3-1998 Test Methods for Alkali Reactivity of Aggregates for Railway
Concrete - Mortar Bar Method
3 Terms
3.1 Alkali reactivity
The characteristics of expansion, cracks, even damage of concrete caused by the
chemical reaction between certain minerals in the aggregate and alkali (K2O, Na2O) in
into the test mould; flatten the test-piece surface, number, and mark the test direction.
Three test-pieces shall be made against each aggregate according to the above
8.4 Preparation of test-piece curing solution
Weigh 40.00g of sodium hydroxide, dissolve into 1L volumetric flask containing 900mL
of distilled water; titrate the distilled water into the flask till the solution volume reaches
1.0L, then the 1N sodium hydroxide solution is the test-piece curing solution. The
preparation amount of test-piece curing solution shall be confirmed according to the
amount of test-pieces and provisions of 8.7.
8.5 Test-piece pre-curing
Place the formed test-piece with mold into the standard curing room for curing 24h±2h.
After taking out test mould and removing mold, rapidly place the test-piece into the
test-piece holder in the curing container. Immerse the test-piece completely with water,
cover the curing container; place the curing container into 80°C±2°C water bath or
oven for 24h±2h.
8.6 Measurement of the initial length of the test-piece
Take out the curing container from the water bath or oven one by one; untighten the
cover of the curing container, take out test-piece one by one from the curing container;
quickly use a rag to wipe the test-piece surface and probe surface; then use the length
measuring instrument to measure the test-piece length, which is the initial length of the
test-piece. The time from the test-piece taken out of the water to after the initial length
is read out shall be controlled within 15s±5s. Use wet rag to cover the test-piece with
initial length read till the initial length of other test-pieces has been read.
NOTE 1. before measurement, place the length measuring instrument into 20°C±2°C constant
temperature room for 24h. Before each measurement, firstly calibrate the zero point of the
length measuring instrument (the same below).
NOTE 2. The reading for the initial length of each test-piece shall be the initial reading when
test-piece is just placed on the corresponding position of the length measuring instrument.
NOTE 3. Only when the lengths of all test-pieces in one curing container are measured and put
into water bath or oven, can the next curing container be taken out.
8.7 Test-piece curing
Place the curing container with sufficient amount of curing solution into 80°C±2°C
water bath or oven till the temperature of curing solution in the curing container reaches
80°C±1°C. Vertically place the test-piece that has been measured initial length onto
the test-piece holder in the curing container; immerse the test-piece totally into the
(Above excerpt was released on 2018-01-26, modified on 2021-06-07, translated/reviewed by: Wayne Zheng et al.)
Source: https://www.chinesestandard.net/PDF.aspx/TBT2922.5-2002