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GB/T 9109.5-2017 PDF in English


GB/T 9109.5-2017 (GB/T9109.5-2017, GBT 9109.5-2017, GBT9109.5-2017)
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GB/T 9109.5-2017: PDF in English (GBT 9109.5-2017)

GB/T 9109.5-2017
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 75.180.30
E 98
Replacing GB/T 9109.5-2009
Petroleum and liquid petroleum products dynamic
measurement - Part 5: Calculation of oil quantities
(ISO 4267-2:1988, Petroleum and liquid petroleum products - Calculation of oil
quantities - Part 2: Dynamic measurement, NEQ)
ISSUED ON: MAY 12, 2017
IMPLEMENTED ON: DECEMBER 01, 2017
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of PRC;
National Standardization Administration.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
Introduction ... 5
1 Scope ... 6
2 Normative references ... 6
3 Terms, definitions, symbols... 7
4 Significant digits of measurement parameters and numerical rounding ... 10
5 Preparation of basic data ... 12
6 Fuel quantity calculation formula ... 13
7 Measurement bills ... 19
8 Calculation method of oil quantity ... 22
Appendix A (Normative) Measurement data reading rules ... 32
Appendix B (Normative) Calculation method of oil volumetric pressure correction
factor ... 35
Appendix C (Normative) Hydrocarbon compressibility factor ... 37
Appendix D (Normative) Conversion of petroleum and liquid petroleum products from
20 °C density to 15 °C density ... 38
Appendix E (Informative) Air buoyancy correction factor table ... 40
Appendix F (Informative) Format and content of measurement bills ... 41
Appendix G (Normative) Conversion factor from 15 °C density to barrel/t ... 42
Petroleum and liquid petroleum products dynamic
measurement - Part 5: Calculation of oil quantities
1 Scope
This Part of GB/T 9109 specifies the oil quantity calculation method for dynamic
measurement of petroleum and liquid petroleum products (hereinafter referred to as oil);
defines the terms and symbols used in the dynamic measurement of oil products; gives
the weight in air under different measurement methods using different measuring
instruments, OR the formula for calculating the oil quantity under standard reference
conditions; provides the relevant measurement parameters, correction factors,
corresponding formulas and tables, which are involved in the calculation of the oil
quantity.
This Part only applies to the dynamic measurement of single-phase oil products.
This Part does not apply to the oil quantity calculation of liquefied petroleum gas and
stable light hydrocarbons.
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the dated
documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this document;
for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the amendments) is
applicable to this standard.
GB/T 260 Test method for water in petroleum products - Distillation method
GB/T 1884 Crude petroleum and liquid petroleum products - Laboratory
determination of density - Hydrometer method
GB/T 1885-1998 Petroleum measurement tables
GB/T 4756 Method for manual sampling of petroleum liquids
GB/T 6531 Crude petroleum and fuel oils - Determination of sediment - Extraction
method
GB/T 8170 Rules of rounding off for numerical values & expression and judgement
of limiting values
GB/T 8929 Crude petroleum - Determination of water - Distillation method
4.1.1 Depending on the density reading and density conversion, keep 1 decimal place,
that is, 0.1 kg/m3.
4.1.2 Measurement of moisture content in oil (distillation method), round to two
decimal places 0.01%.
4.1.3 Temperature readings shall be kept to one decimal place, which is 0.1 °C. The
arithmetic mean of the measurement temperature is rounded to 0.25 °C.
4.1.4 When the pressure reading is in kPa, take an integer. When it is in MPa, take two
decimal places. The measurement pressure is rounded to 50 kPa (gauge pressure).
4.1.5 The cumulative volume reading of the flowmeter is rounded to 0.001 m3. The
continuous measurement of long-distance pipelines can be rounded to 1 m3.
4.1.6 The cumulative mass reading of the mass instrument can be rounded to 0.001 t;
the continuous measurement of long-distance pipelines can be rounded to 1 t.
Note: In order to ensure the consistency and accuracy of the oil quantity calculation results, the
minimum requirements for the effective digits of each measurement parameter are given above.
4.2 Numerical rounding off
4.2.1 The numerical rounding off method shall comply with the provisions of GB/T
8170. In most cases, the number of decimal places used is affected by the data source.
In the absence of other limiting factors, rounding off shall be performed, according to
the decimal places specified in Table 2. However, the data in Table 2 are not the
accuracy requirements of measuring instruments. When testing the consistency of the
calculation method with this Part, the number of displayed digits shall not be less than
10.
4.2.2 MF, Ctl, Cpl, Csw, Fa shall be rounded to the fourth decimal place, in accordance
with the provisions of GB/T 8170.
4.2.3 The oil quantity settlement value follows the requirements of GB/T 8170; the
volume value is rounded to 0.001 m3; the mass value is rounded to 0.001 t.
Example:
Volume (m3): 88256.7885, rounded to 88256.788
Weight (t): 8332.5755, rounded to 8332.576
Flowmeter factor: 1.00165, rounded to 1.0016
1.00155, rounded to 1.0016
Density (kg/m3): 834.45, rounded to 834.4
5.3 Measuring temperature
The measurement temperature of oil products shall be measured or recorded, using a
mercury-in-glass thermometer, which has a graduation value of not less than 0.2 °C,
OR other types of temperature transmitters, which are not lower than the same accuracy
requirements.
5.4 Measuring pressure
Oil measuring pressure shall be measured or recorded, using a 0.4 grade pressure gauge
or other types of pressure transmitters, which are not lower than the same accuracy
requirements.
5.5 Sampling
Oil sampling shall be carried out, in accordance with the requirements specified in
GB/T 4756 or GB/T 27867.
5.6 Density
5.6.1 Apparent density (ρt)
Density of oil at test temperature. It is usually obtained by manual or automatic
sampling, laboratory testing, OR through online measurement by a density measuring
instrument.
5.6.2 Standard density (ρ20)
Density of oil under standard reference conditions. It is usually calculated by looking
up the Table in GB/T 1885.
5.6.3 Density at 15 °C (ρ15)
The density of oil at 15 °C. It is usually converted from the density at 20 °C.
5.7 Moisture content
It is measured according to GB/T 8929; it can also be measured according to GB/T 260
and GB/T 6531. With the agreement of both parties to the trade, it may also use other
continuous automatic moisture content (or sediment) measuring instruments, which
have an accuracy level equivalent to the above method.
6 Fuel quantity calculation formula
6.1 Method overview
6.1.1 The settlement basis for oil trade is divided into weight or volume in the air.
Therefore, oil quantity calculation is also divided into two methods: gravimetric oil
quantity calculation method and volumetric oil quantity calculation method. At present,
domestically, the weight of oil products in the air is used as the basis for trade settlement.
6.1.2 The dynamic measurement of oil products is divided into two categories: basic
error method and flowmeter factor method. The oil quantity transfer agreement, which
is signed by both parties in the trade, determines whether the basic error method or the
flowmeter factor method will be used in the calculation of oil quantity.
The basic error method means that during the operation of the flowmeter, if the error is
within the allowable basic error (±0.20%) limit, the flowmeter factor MF is regarded as
1.0000, that is, the flowmeter indication error is not corrected, meanwhile the measured
oil quantity after correction of temperature, pressure, deducting moisture content, is the
delivery quantity, which is recognized by both parties to the trade.
The flowmeter factor method means that during the measurement period of the
flowmeter, the volume measured by the flowmeter is multiplied by the flowmeter factor,
after temperature and pressure correction, to obtain the gross standard volume. The
gross standard volume is deducted by the moisture content, to obtain the net standard
volume, which is used as the oil delivery quantity, as recognized by both parties to the
trade. OR multiply the net standard volume of the oil product by the standard density
of the oil product, then multiply it by the air buoyancy correction factor (Fa), to get the
net weight of the oil product in the air, as the delivery quantity. Both parties shall clarify
the specific determination method and use method of the flowmeter factor in the
handover agreement.
6.1.3 Taking the volume-weight method as an example (flowmeter factor method),
during the measurement period, record the indicated volume (Vt), which is measured
by the flowmeter under the measurement temperature and measurement pressure. Based
on the flowmeter factor corresponding to the different operating flow rates of the
flowmeter, multiply the indicated volume by the flowmeter factor MF, temperature
correction factor Ctl, pressure correction factor Cpl, to obtain the gross standard volume.
If water needs to be deducted from it, deduct it to obtain the net standard volume of the
oil, as the measurement result. OR multiply the net standard volume of the oil product
by the standard density of the oil product, then multiply it by the air buoyancy correction
factor (Fa), to get the net weight of the oil product in the air, as the measurement result.
It can also use the net standard volume of the oil, which is multiplied by the weight
conversion factor (Fw), to get the net weight of the oil in the air.
6.2 Volume settlement
6.2.1 Calculation formula
a) The gross standard volume in air is calculated according to formula (1):
formula (22). Using the flowmeter factor method, the MF is calculated or looked up
Table, according to the flowmeter factor table corresponding to the average mass during
the flowmeter measurement period.
Note that some mass flowmeter transmitters have MF configuration correction function.
The transmitter configuration MF value shall be confirmed in advance (the original
value shall be 1.0000), to prevent secondary MF correction of the flowmeter
measurement value.
6.3.4 Calculation formula of oil moisture content
msw is calculated according to formula (26):
7 Measurement bills
7.1 Measurement data requirements
7.1.1 Use standardized conditions and prescribed calculation procedures, to obtain
consistent calculation results from the same set of oil quantity data; standardize the
calculation rules for oil quantity (volume or mass).
7.1.2 The measurement bill is a written notice from the trading parties, confirming the
quantity of oil products received or delivered (including the main quality indicators),
which is the basis for the financial settlement of the trading parties.
If the ownership or custody of the oil products changes during the transfer, the
measurement bill will serve as a contract between the authorized representatives of the
relevant parties for the measurement quantity and quality inspection of the transferred
oil products.
7.1.3 Ensure that copies of measurement bills (including faxes) are clearly written,
unless the relevant parties agree to make modification or deletion on the measurement
bills. If this happens, it shall be explained and signed on this measurement bill.
Otherwise, modification and deletion on the measurement bill are prohibited.
7.1.4 If there is an error in the measurement bill, the bill shall be marked "invalid" and
a new bill shall be prepared. If the invalid measurement bill has a mechanically printed
number, then this number can be printed on the new measurement bill; the invalid
measurement bill must be clamped (or attached) to the new measurement bill, to prove
the validity of the above-mentioned printed number.
7.2 Calculation process of measurement parameters
During the oil measurement and calculation process, the order of each measurement
Appendix A
(Normative)
Measurement data reading rules
A.1 Flowmeter reading
A.1.1 For measuring stations (points) where the flowmeter is equipped with a glass
density float meter, when the measuring time is not greater than 8 hours, only the
starting and ending volume indication values of the flowmeter are recorded. When the
measurement time is greater than 8 hours, the readings at the beginning and end of
measurement and the flowmeter volume indication value every 8 hours need to be
recorded. For some measurement stations (points), record the cumulative value of the
flowmeter every 2 hours; settle it once every 8 hours.
A.1.2 For measuring stations (points) where the flowmeter is equipped with an online
density meter, the volume value indicated by the flowmeter head and the mass value
displayed by the mass instrument shall be recorded, as required by A.1.1. For some
metering stations (points), record the cumulative value of the flowmeter once every 2
hours; set it once every 8 hours.
A.2 Temperature and pressure measurement
A.2.1 The graduation value of the thermometer is not greater than 0.2 °C. The maximum
allowable error of the temperature transmitter is better than ±0.2%. The accuracy level
of the pressure gauge is not less than 0.4; the maximum allowable error of the pressure
transmitter is better than ±0.2%.
A.2.2 The temperature and pressure measurement points shall be selected closest to the
outlet of the flowmeter.
A.2.3 For loading measurement, the temperature and pressure shall be measured once,
10 minutes after the measurement starts (the oil in the tank flows through the flowmeter),
10 minutes before the measurement ends, and in the middle of the measurement. The
arithmetic mean of the three temperatures and pressures shall be taken as average
temperature and pressure of oil.
A.2.4 For shipping measurement, the temperature and pressure shall be measured 10
minutes after the measurement starts (the oil in the tank flows through the flowmeter)
and 10 minutes before the measurement ends, and once every 1 hour. Take the
arithmetic mean of each measured temperature and pressure, within the measurement
time, as the average temperature and pressure of the oil product.
A.2.5 For continuous oil measurement in pipelines, temperature and pressure
measurements shall be taken once every 2 hours. Take the arithmetic mean of four
temperature and pressure measurements, within 8 hours, as the average temperature and
pressure of the oil within 8 hours.
A.3 Sampling
A.3.1 Automatic sampling shall comply with the requirements of GB/T 27867. Manual
sampling shall comply with the requirements of GB/T 4756. The sampling location
shall be on the pipeline close to the outlet of the flowmeter. In case of dispute, the flow
rate sample shall prevail.
A.3.2 For loading measurement without automatic sampler, sampling shall be taken
once at the beginning, middle and 10 minutes before the end of measurement; the
samples shall be mixed into a combined specimen with equal volume (or mass).
A.3.3 For shipment measurement without automatic sampler, sampling shall be done
once the measurement starts and the oil in the tank flows to the sampler; then take
sample once every 1 hour (shipping flow rate is greater than 2000 m3/h) or 2 hours
(shipping flow rate is not more than 2000 m3/h). Mix the samples with equal volumes
(or masses) into a combined specimen.
A.3.4 For continuous oil measurement in pipelines, take sample once every 2 hours;
blend it into a combined specimen every 4 hours.
A.4 Determination of oil density using glass density float meter
A.4.1 The measurement method shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 1884.
A.4.2 For loading and shipping measurement, make a combined specimen during the
entire measurement process, to measure the density.
A.4.3 For continuous oil delivery measurement in pipelines, make a combined
specimen once every 4 hours. Use the arithmetic mean of the test results of the
secondary combined specimens within 8 hours as the 8-hour density measurement
result. It may also densify the number of samples within 8 hours.
A.5 Determination of moisture content in crude oil
A.5.1 The determination of moisture content of crude oil shall comply with the
provisions of GB/T 8929.
A.5.2 Make a combined specimen for the entire measurement process of loading and
shipping.
A.5.3 For continuous oil measurement in pipelines, prepare a combined specimen once
every 4 hours, to measure its volumetric (or mass) moisture content. Take the arithmetic
mean of the measured results of the secondary combined specimens within 8 hours, as
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Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.